L. Cornēliō Lentulō Fulviō Flaccō cōnsulibus, quibus Hierō Rōmam vēnerat, etiam contrā Ligurēs intrā Ītaliam bellum gestum est et dē hīs triumphātum. Carthāginiēnsēs tamen bellum reparāre temptābant, Sardiniēnsēs, quī ex condiciōne pācis Rōmānīs pārēre dēbēbant, ad rebellandum impellentēs. Vēnit tamen Rōmam lēgātiō Carthāginiēnsium et pācem impetrāvit.
Defeat of the Lugurians (237 CE); Roman seizure of Sardinia and Corsica (239 BCE)
Quibus: supply annīs (Hazzard). Antecedent is consulibus
contrā Ligurēs: [the Ligures] inhabited the upper part of the Po valley. In early times they served as mercenaries in the armies of Carthage. They were not subdued finally by the Romans until after a long and fierce struggle. Genua was their chief city (Hazzard).
dē hīs: "over them," the regular expression used for a triumph celebrated for a victory over an enemy (Hazzard)
Sardiniēnsēs: When a revolt occurred in Sardinia, Rome took advantage of the exhausted condition of Carthage, and demanded the surrender of the island and an additional indemnity of 1200 talents. Corsica was obtained in a similar manner. This was the beginning of the Roman provincial system. Each province was governed by a praetor and paid taxes to the Roman people (Hazzard).
ex condiciōne pācis: i.e., one of the conditions of the outcome of the First Punic War
Rōmānīs pārēre: pāreo takes a dative object.
ad rebellandum: gerundive denoting purpose (AG 500.4)
impellentēs: nominative agreeing with Carthāginiēnsēs and governing Sardiniēnsēs (Hazzard)
|Cornēlius, ī, m.||
the name of a large and important gens at Rome. See Asina, Cinna, Dolābella, Faustus, Fuscus, Galbus, Lentulus, Rūfinus, Scīpiō, Sulla.
|Lentulus, ī, m.||
the name of a Roman family. (1) (L.) Cornēlius Lentulus, consul 275 B.C.; (2) L. Cornēlius Lentulus, consul 237 B.C.; (3) P. Cornēlius Lentulus, consul 71 B.C.
|Fulvius, ī, m.||the name of a Roman gens|
|Flaccus, ī, m.||
(1) (M.) Fulvius Flaccus, consul 264 B.C.; (2) Q. Fulvius (Flaccus), consul 237 B.C.
|Hierō, ōnis, m.||
king of Syracuse, an ally of the Romans
|Ligurēs, um, pl. m.||
the people of Liguria, a district on the western coast of Italy
|Ītalia, ae, f.||Italy|
|triumphō, āre, āvī, ātus||to celebrate a triumph|
|Carthāginiēnsis, e, adj.||
Carthaginian; as subst., Carthāginiēnsēs, ium, pl. m., the Carthaginians
|reparō, āre, āvī, ātus||to renew|
|Sardiniēnsēs, ium, pl. m.||
the Sardinians, inhabitants of the island of Sardinia
|rebellō, āre, āvī, ātus||to wage war again, rebel|
|impellō, ere, pulī, pulsus||to urge on, incite, impel|
|lēgātiō, ōnis [legō], f.||an embassy|
|impetrō, āre, āvī, ātus||
to procure, gain; accomplish, bring to pass; succeed