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380. The various ways of forming the tenses of verbs have now been shown, and are here grouped together.

1. Present System

A. Ω- Conjugation:
Formative-vowel class, suffix -ο:ε- 257)
Tau class, suffix -το:ε- 258)
Iota class, suffix -ιο:ε- 259)
Inceptive class, suffix -σκο:ε-, -ισκο:ε- 260)
Nasal class, sufix -νο:ε-, -ανο:ε- (with or without inserted nasal), -υνο:ε-, -νεο:ε- 261)

B. Mι- Conjugation:
Nasal class, -νυ:ῡ-, -ννυ:ῡ- (§ 356),
Root class, no suffix (§ 357).

2. Future System

Common or sigmatic future: suffix -σο:ε- (§ 278)
Liquid future: suffix -εο:ε- 324; cp.§ 346)
"Doric future": suffix -σεο:ε- (§ 326)

3. Aorist System

Σα- aorist: suffix -σα:ε- 280),
Liquid aorist: suffix -α:ε- with vowel-lengthening (§ 327)
Thematic or formative-vowel aorist: suffix -ο:ε- 347)
Root-aorist, no suffix (§ 366).

4. Perfect Active System

Κα- perfect: suffix -κα:ε- with reduplication (§ 288)
Α- perfect: suffix -α:ε- with reduplication (§ 332)
Root perfect: no suffix, with reduplication (§ 370)

5. Perfect Middle System

No suffix, with reduplication (§ 299)

6. Passive System

Θη- passive: suffix -θε:η- 302)
H- passive: suffix -ε:η- 334)

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Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.