450. Syntax (σύνταξις arranging together) is the arrangement of words in combination, usually in sentences, which may be simple, compound, or complex. For undeveloped and incomplete sentences see §§ 490 - 493.
451. A simple sentence consists of one finite verb, with or without other words. According to the mode of the verb we distinguish Indicative, Subjunctive, Optative, and Imperative sentences. Some forms of Negative and Incomplete sentences will also be treated separately.