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54. Initial σ- followed by a vowel is often weakened to the rough breathing.

Greek ὑπό ὑπέρ ἅλς ἕρπω ἵστημι ἅλλομαι
Latin sub super sal serpo sisto salio

55.   a. Between vowels σ is apt to disappear.

b. Between consonants σ disappears.

c. When inflection brings two sigmas together, one disappears.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.