(1) Trānsāctō bellō Macedonicō secūtum est Syriacum contrā Antiochum rēgem P. Cornēliō Scīpiōne M. Aciliō Glabriōne cōnsulibus.

(2) Huic Antiochō Hannibal sē iūnxerat, Carthāginem, patriam suam, metū nē Rōmānīs trāderētur, relinquēns. M. Acilius Glabriō in Achaiā bene pūgnāvit. Castra rēgis Antiochī nocturnā pūgnā capta sunt, ipse fugātus. Philippō, quia contrā Antiochum Rōmānīs fuisset auxiliō, fīlius Dēmētrius redditus est.

    Roman-Seleucid War, 192–189 BCE

    For details, see Polybius 20.1–3 and 7; 21.4; Livy 36.1–19; Nepos, Hannibal 7–8.

    (1) Trānsāctō bellō Macedonicō: ablative absolute using a perfect passive participle (AG 419). For the Macedonian War, see Brev. 4.1–2.

    Syriacum: supply bellum (Hazzard)

    contrā Antiochum rēgem: The most illustrious of the family of the Seleucidae, kings of Syria, was Antiochus, surnamed the Great. After having conquered Coele-Syria and Palestine, he was urged by Hannibal, who had taken refuge at his court, to make war on the Romans. He invaded Greece, but was defeated by L. Scipio at Thermopylae in 191 BCE, and again at Mt. Sipylus in Magnesia in 190 BCE, when he was compelled to sue for peace (Hazzard).

    P. Cornēliō Scīpiōne M. Aciliō Glabriōne cōnsulibus: ablative absolute with form of esse understood (AG 419.a). Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica and Manlius Acilius Glabrio were consuls in 191 BCE.

    (2) Hannibal: Eutropius discusses Hannibal's involvement in the Second Punic War in Brev. 3.7 ff.

    metū nē Rōmānīs trāderētur: fear clause (AG 564).

    nocturnā pūgnā: the Battle of Thermopylae, 191 BCE. This was not the famous Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BCE. Because of the strategic advantage of the location, there were several famous battles there.

    ipse: Antiochus Rēx

    Philippō: Philip V, King of Macedonia. For Eutropius' account of the Second Macedonian War, see Brev. 4.1–2.

    quia contrā Antiochum Rōmānīs fuisset auxiliō: double dative construction (AG 382 n.1)

    fīlius Dēmētrius: Philip V's son Demetrius was displayed as a hostage in Flaminius' triumph in Brev. 4.2.

    Core Vocabulary | Numbers | Dates


    M., abbreviation of the praenomen Marcus; M'., abbreviation of the praenomen Manius

    Syriacus, a, um, adj.

    belonging to Syria, Syrian; Syriacum bellum, Syro—Aetolian War, 192—189 B.C.

    Antiochus, ī, m.

    kings of Syria: Antiochus II., called Theos, 261–246 B.; Antiochus III., called the Great, 223–187 B.C.; Antiochus IV., called Epiphanes, 175–164 B.C.


    abbreviation of the praenomen or nomen Publius

    Scīpiō, ōnis, m.

    the name of one of the most illustrious families of Rome, Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 83 B.C., Cn. Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 222 B.C., L. (Cornēlius) Scīpiō, consul 259 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 218 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō, consul 191 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō, praetor 94 B.C., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō Āfricānus, consul 205 BC the conqueror of Hannibal in the First Punic War., P. Cornēlius Scīpiō Āfricānus (Minor), consul 147 B.C. He brought the Third Punic War to a close by capturing and destroying Carthage., L. Cornēlius Scīpiō Asiāgenēs, consul 83 B.C., P. (Cornēlius) Scīpiō Nāsīca, consul 91 B.C.

    Acilius —i

    M. Acilius Glabriō, consul 191 B.C.

    Glabriō, ōnis, m.

    M. Acilius Glabriō, consul 191 B.C.

    Hannibal, alis, m.

    the son of Hamilcar Barca, the great general of the Carthaginians in the second Punic war

    Philippus, ī, m.

    (1) Philip V., king of Macedonia 220—178 B.C.; (2) (M. Iūlius) Philippus I., Roman emperor 244–249 A.D.; (3) (M. Iūlius) Philippus II., son of (2); (4) L. Mārcius Philippus, consul 91 B.C.; (5) Q. Mārcius Philippus, consul 186 B.C.

    Carthāgō, inis, f.

    (1) Carthage, a city founded by the Phoenicians on the northern coast of Africa; destroyed by the Romans 146 BC; (2) Carthāgō Nova, a city founded by the Carthaginians on the eastern coast of Spain

    Cornēlius, ī, m.

    the name of a large and important gens at Rome. See Asina, Cinna, Dolābella, Faustus, Fuscus, Galbus, Lentulus, Rūfinus, Scīpiō, Sulla.

    Achaia, ae, f.

    a district in the Peloponnesus. Later the Roman province of Southern Greece

    nocturnus, a, um [nox], adj. by night, nocturnal
    Dēmētrius, ī, m.

    son of Philip V., king of Macedonia

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