The Ω-Conjugation Passive System: Vowel Verbs, Not Contracting

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302. This includes an aorist and a future. The passive stem is formed by adding to the verb-stem the passive suffix, which is -θη- before a single consonant, -θε- before two consonants or a vowel (Θη-passive).

303. The aorist passive takes the active endings throughout.

304. The indicative takes the augment (§ 265) and the secondary endings, with -σαν in the third plural.

305. The subjunctive adds to the passive stem the mode suffix -ω:η-; -θέω:η- contracts to -θῶ- οr -θῆ- and the inflection, except for accent, is like any active subjunctive.

306. The optative adds to the passive stem the mode suffix -ιη-, in the plural and dual -ι- or -ιη- (-ιε- in the third plural); -θε-ι- contracts to -θει- and hence the accent can not precede -θει-.

307. The imperative adds to the passive stem the imperative endings, with -τι for -θι (§ 47 and 47.b).

308. The infinitive adds -ναι to the passive stem, and accents the penult (§ 296.a).

309. The participle adds -ντ- to the passive stem, and is declined as in § 165.

310. The future passive adds to the passive stem the future suffix -σο:ε- with the middle endings, in the indicative, optative, infinitive, and participle.

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/goodell/%CF%89-conjugation-passive-system-vowel-verbs-not-contracting