The Ω-Conjugation: Α-Perfect Liquid Verbs

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332. Some liquid and mute verbs make a perfect active system without -κ-, with the tense suffix -α- (indicative), generally with a change of vowel or consonant in the stem, often with intransitive or present meaning. Thus φαίνω (φαν-, show) besides the κα- perfect πέ-φαγκα (have shown), makes πέ-φην-α (have appeared); κτείνω (κτεν-, κτον-kill) makes ἐ-κτον-α (have killed; in prose always ἀπ-έκτονα); ἐγείρω (ἐγερ-, waken), makes ἐγρ-ήγορ-α  (am awake; Attic reduplication, 291.c); so also ἀκούω (ἀκου-hear), ἀκ-ήκο-α (for ἀκ- ήκοϝ-αhave heard, 27).

333. The inflection is like that of the κα- perfect (synopsis, 336).

Suggested Citation

Meagan Ayer, ed. Goodell’s School Grammar of Attic Greek. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/grammar/goodell/%CF%89-conjugation-%CE%B1-perfect-liquid-verbs