Vergil, Aeneid II 318-346

Ecce autem tēlīs Panthūs ēlapsus Achīvum,

Panthūs Othryadēs, arcis Phoebīque sacerdōs,

sacra manū victōsque deōs parvumque nepōtem320

ipse trahit cursūque āmēns ad līmina tendit.

'Quō rēs summa locō, Panthū? Quam prēndimus arcem?'

Vix ea fātus eram gemitū cum tālia reddit:

'Vēnit summa diēs et inēluctābile tempus

Dardaniae. Fuimus Trōës, fuit Īlium et ingēns325

glōria Teucrōrum; ferus omnia Iuppiter Argōs

trānstulit; incēnsā Danaī dominantur in urbe.

Arduus armātōs mediīs in moenibus astāns

fundit equus victorque Sinōn incendia miscet

īnsultāns. Portīs aliī bipatentibus adsunt,330

mīlia quot magnīs umquam vēnēre Mycēnīs;

obsēdēre aliī tēlīs angusta viārum

oppositīs; stat ferrī aciēs mūcrōne coruscō

stricta, parāta necī; vix prīmī proelia temptant

portārum vigilēs et caecō Mārte resistunt.'335

Tālibus Othryadae dictīs et nūmine dīvum

in flammās et in arma feror, quō trīstis Erīnys,

quō fremitus vocat et sublātus ad aethera clāmor.

Addunt sē sociōs Rhīpeus et maximus armīs

Ēpytus, oblātī per lūnam, Hypanisque Dymāsque340

et laterī adglomerant nostrō, iuvenisque Coroebus

Mygdonidēs—illīs ad Trōiam forte diēbus

vēnerat īnsānō Cassandrae incēnsus amōre

et gener auxilium Priamō Phrygibusque ferēbat,

īnfēlīx quī nōn spōnsae praecepta furentis345

audierit!

CORE VOCABULARY

Panthūs (Panthous), ī, m.: Panthus, son of Othrys and father of Euphorbus, slain at the capture of Troy, 2.318, et al.

ēlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slip or glide forth or away; escape from, 1.242; spring aside, dodge, 5.445.

Achīvī, ōrum or um: the Greeks, the Achaeans 2.102.

Ōthryadēs, ae, m.: Othryades, son of Othrys; Panthus, 2.319.

Phoebus, ī, m.: Phoebus or Apollo, 1.329, et al.

sacrum, ī, n.: a holy thing; pl., sacra, ōrum, n., sacred symbols, rites, 12.13; sacred rites, ceremonies, sacrifices, 2.132; sacred things, utensils, symbols, 2.293; mysteries, 3.112.

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

nepōs, ōtis, m.: a grandson, 2.702; pl., nepōtēs, um, grandchildren; posterity, descendants, 2.194.

āmēns, entis: out of one’s mind or senses; amazed, beside one’s self, frantic, mad, furious, 2.314; 4.203; distracted, 3.307.

prehendō (prēndō), ī, ēnsus, 3, a.: to lay hold of; seize, 2.592; catch, 3.450; seize, hold for defense, 2.322; overtake, reach, 6.61.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

inēluctābilis, e: (adj.), that can not be averted by struggling; inevitable, 2.324; resistless, 8.334.

tempus, oris, n.: 1. Time in general, a period, time, 1.278; interval or space of time, 4.433; crisis, circumstance, juncture, 7.37; season, fitting time, opportunity, proper moment, 4.294; ex longō (tempore), in or for a long time, 9.64. 2. The temple of the forehead, 9.418; commonly pl., 2.684; of animals, 12.173.

Dardania, ae, f.: Troy, 2.281.

Trōes, m.: (subst.), the Trojans, 1.30, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

Īlium, iī, n.: Troy, 1.68, et al.

Teucrī, ōrum, m.: the Trojans, descendants of Teucer, 1.38, et al.; adj., Teucrian, Trojan, 9.779, et al. (Teucer)

Iuppiter, Iovis, m.: Jupiter, son of Saturn and Rhea, and king of the gods, 1.223; Iuppiter Stygius, Pluto, 4.638.

Argī, ōrum, m., and Argos, n.: Argos, the capital of Argolis, and a favorite abode of Juno, 1.24; Greece, 2.95. (nom. and acc.)

trānsferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.: to carry over; transfer, remove, 1.271; give over, 2.327.

incendō, cendī, cēnsus, 3, a.: to set fire to, burn, 2.353; kindle, 3.279; illuminate, 5.88; (fig.), of the mind, fire, inflame, 1.660; arouse, rouse to action, 5.719; excite, irritate, enrage, madden, provoke, 4.360; disturb, rend, fill, 10.895.

Danaī, ōrum, m.: the Greeks, 2.327.

dominor, ātus sum (pass. inf., dominārier, 7.70), 1, dep. n.: to be lord or master; rule, reign, be supreme, 2.363; foll. by abl. w. in, 2.327; by abl. without in, 6.766; and in 1.285; take possession, overrun, prevail. (dominus)

arduus, a, um: (adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

armātī, ōrum, m.: armed men, warriors, 2.485. (armō)

adstō, stitī, 1, n.: to stand at, near, or upon; alight, 1.301; stand, 9.677; be present, 3.150; stand or be ready, 3.123; impend, 3.194.

Sinōn, ōnis, m.: a Greek, son of Aesimus, 2.79, et al.

incendium, iī, n.: a burning, conflagration; flame, fire, 2.706; desolation, 1.566; fiery material, firebrand, 9.71. (incendō)

īnsultō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: (w. dat.), to leap upon, bound upon, gallop over, trample on, 12.339; (w. acc.), bound, dance, rush through, 7.581; absol., prance, 11.600; insult, be insolent, mock, 2.330; exult, 10.20. (īnsiliō, leap upon)

bipatēns, entis: adj. (bis and pateō), with twofold opening; with twofold or double doors, 2.330.

adsum, adfuī, esse, irreg. n.: to be near or by; to be present, at hand, or here, 1.595; to have arrived, 2.132; to be with, attend, 2.701; aid, accompany, 10.547; be propitious, 3.116; to beset, 2.330; inf., adfore, to be about to come, destined to come, 7.270. (imp. subj., adforem, -ēs, -et, -ent)

quot: (interrog. and rel. adj. indecl.), how many? so or as many as, 4.181, et al.

Mycēnae, ārum, and Mycēna, ae, f.: Mycenae, an ancient city of Argolis; the abode of Danaus, Pelops, and Agamemnon, 1.284, et al.

obsideō, sēdī, sessus, 2, n. and a.: to sit in or on; abide; hold, occupy, 3.421; besiege, beset, 2.441; throng, 12.133; obstruct, fill up, choke. (ob and sedeō)

angustus, a, um: adj. (angō), strait, narrow, 3.411; straitened, perilous, 11.309; subst., angustum, ī, n., a narrow place, passage, 2.332.

oppōnō, posuī, positus, 3, a.: to place or put before or against, 5.335; oppose, 7.300; present, expose, 2.127; p., oppositus, a, um, placed in the way, opposed, 12.292; opposing, 2.333. (ob and pōnō)

mūcrō, ōnis, m.: a sharp point or edge, esp. of a weapon, 2.333; point of a spear, 11.817; a sword, blade, 2.449.

coruscus, a, um: adj. (coruscō), vibrating, tremulous, waving, 12.701; flashing, 1.164; gleaming, 2.172.

stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.: to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

nex, necis, f.: murder, slaughter, violent death, destruction, death, 2.85, et al. (necō)

vigil, ilis: adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

Mārs (archaic form, Māvors), Mārtis: Mars, son of Jupiter and Juno; the patron of war and tutelar god of the Romans, 1.274, et al.; (meton.), martial spirit, courage, warlike fury, 6.165; battle, conflict, 2.335, et al.

resistō, stitī, 3, n.: to remain standing; stand revealed, 1.588; oppose, withstand, resist, 2.335; interpose, 2.599; halt, stop, falter, 4.76.

dictum, ī, n.: a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

Erīnys, yos, f.: a fury, 2.337; pest, scourge, curse, 2.573.

fremitus, ūs, m.: a murmuring, an uproar, din; tumult, shouting, 2.338, et al.; buzzing, humming; neighing, 11.607. (fremō)

Rīpheus (dissyll.), eī, m.: a Trojan slain in the sack of Troy, 2.339.

Ēpytus, ī, m.: a Trojan, 2.340.

Hypanis, is, m.: a Trojan, 2.340.

Dymās, antis, m.: Dymas, a Trojan warrior, 2.340.

agglomerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to gather, assemble, crowd to, 2.341; sē agglomerāre, to join themselves to, 12.458. (ad and glomerō)

iuvenis, e: (adj.), young; in the vigor or flower of life; young, youthful, freq.; subst., iuvenis, is, c., a young person, youth; young man, 1.321, et al.

Coroebus, ī, m.: Coroebus, a Phrygian chief, son of Mygdon, lover of Cassandra, 2.341.

Mygdonidēs, ae, m.: Mygdonides or Coroebus, a son of Mygdon, king of Phrygia, and ally of the Trojans, 2.342.

Trōia, ae, f.: 1. Troy, the capital of the Troad, 2.625, et al. 2. A city built by Helenus in Epirus, 3.349. 3. A part of the city of Acesta in Sicily, 5.756. 4. The name of an equestrian game of Roman boys, 5.602.

īnsānus, a, um: (adj.), unsound; mad, insane, 6.135; inspired, 3.443.

Cassandra, ae, f.: a daughter of Priam, beloved of Apollo, and inspired by him with prophecy; but because she did not requite his love, condemned to foretell the destruction of Troy without being believed by her countrymen, 2.246.

gener, erī: a son-in-law, 2.344, et al.

Priamus, ī, m.: 1. Priam, son of Laomedon, king of Troy, 1.458, et al. 2. A Trojan youth, son of Polites and grandson of King Priam, 5.564.

Phryges, um, m.: Phrygians; the inhabitants of Phrygia, which originally included the Troad; hence, also, Trojans, 1.468, et al.; sing., Phryx, ygis, m., a Phrygian or Trojan, 12.99.

īnfēlīx, īcis: (adj.), unlucky; unfortunate, luckless, unhappy, 1.475, et al.; sad, miserable, 2.772; of ill omen, ill-starred, ill-boding, fatal, 2.245; unfruitful.

spōnsa, ae, f.: one promised as a bride; the betrothed, 2.345. (spondeō)

furō, uī, 3, n.: to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-ii-318-346