Vergil, Aeneid VI 282-294

In mediō rāmōs annōsaque bracchia pandit

ulmus opāca, ingēns, quam sēdem Somnia vulgō

vāna tenēre ferunt, foliīsque sub omnibus haerent.

multaque praetereā variārum mōnstra ferārum,285

Centaurī in foribus stabulant Scyllaeque bifōrmēs

et centumgeminus Briareus ac bēlua Lernae

horrendum strīdēns, flammīsque armāta Chimaera,

Gorgones Harpyïaeque et fōrma tricorporis umbrae.

Corripit hīc subitā trepidus formīdine ferrum290

Aenēās strictamque aciem venientibus offert,

et nī docta comes tenuīs sine corpore vītās

admoneat volitāre cavā sub imāgine fōrmae,

inruat et frūstrā ferrō dīverberet umbrās.


medium, iī, n.: medium, iī, n., the middle, midst, 2.218; the intervening space, 6.131; ad medium, in the middle of the body, 12.273; in medium, into the midst, in public; before them, 5.401; for the common weal, 11.335.

rāmus, ī, m.: a branch, bough, 4.485, et al.; limb, 8.318; wreath, 5.71.

annōsus, a, um: adj. (annus), full of years; aged, old, 4.441; hoary, 6.282.

bracchium, iī, n.: strictly, the forearm from the hand to the elbow; in general, the arm, 2.792, et al.; (fig.), limb, branch, of a tree, 6.282; sail-yard, 5.829; of walls, 3.535.

pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.: to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

ulmus, ī, f.: an elm tree, elm, 6.283.

opācus, a, um: (adj.), shady, 6.283; obscure, dark, 3.619; subst., opāca, ōrum, n., partitive; opāca viārum, dark pathways, roads, 6.633.

somnium, iī, n.: a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

folium, iī, n.: a leaf, 1.175.

haereō, haesī, haesus, 2, n.: to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

mōnstrum, ī, n.: the thing which warns; an omen, a portent, 3.26; supernatural token, sign, 12.246; a prodigy, marvel, wonder, terror, 3.583; monster, 2.245. (moneō)

Centaurus, ī, m.: 1. A Centaur, a fabulous monster, with a human head and neck and the body of a horse, 6.286. 2. The name of a ship in the fleet of Aeneas (fem.), 5.122.

foris, is, f.: a door; often in the pl. with reference to double doors, 1.505; door or entrance. (rel. to θύρα)

stabulō, 1, n.: to be in a stall or standing-place; to stay, harbor, dwell, 6.286. (stabulum)

Scylla, ae, f.: 1. A dangerous rock on the Italian side of the Straits of Messana opposite Charybdis, 3.420; personified as a monster, half woman and half fish, 3.424. 2. The name of one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.122.

bifōrmis, is: adj. (bis and fōrma), of twofold shape or form, two-formed, 6.25.

centumgeminus, a, um: (adj.), hundredfold; of the hundred- (or many-) handed Briareus, 6.287.

Briareus (trisyll.), eī, m.: Briareus, or Aegaeon, one of the three Uranids, or sons of Uranus, giant monsters with a hundred (i.e. very many) hands, 6.287.

atque, or ac: (conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

bēlua, ae, f.: a beast, large, monstrous, or hideous, 6.287.

Lerna, ae, f.: Lerna, a marshy forest near Argos, where the Lernaean hydra was slain by Hercules, 6.287, et al.

horrendum: (adv.), frightfully, fearfully, 6.288. (horreō)

strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3: to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

armō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

Chimaera, ae, f.: 1. A monster, said to have infested Lycia, having the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon, and breathing out fire, 6.288. 2. The name of one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.118.

Gorgō, onis: the common name of the three daughters of Phorcus, terrible on account of their snaky hair; especially, the head of the Gorgon on the shield of Minerva, 2.616.

Harpȳia (trisyll.), ae, f.: a Harpy, a fabled monster, half woman and half bird, 3.112, et al.

tricorpor, oris: adj. (trēs and corpus), three-bodied, 6.289.

corripiō, ripuī, reptus, 3, a.: to take completely or eagerly; to grasp, snatch, seize, catch, 1.45; hurry away, 1.100; tear away; hasten on, take, 1.418; raise quickly, rouse, 4.572; sē corripere, to hasten away, 6.472. (com- and rapiō)

subitus, a, um: having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

trepidus, a, um: (adj.), agitated, uneasy, disturbed, trembling, affrighted, 2.380; excited, tumultuous, 11.300; confused, in disorder, 10.283; alarmed, fearful of, anxious for, w. gen., 12.589; panic-stricken, 12.583.

formīdō, inis, f.: dread, dismay, apprehension, terror, fear, 2.76; awe, 7.608; personif., Fear, Dismay, 12.335. (formīdō)

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.: to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

doctus, a, um: well-informed; learned, wise, experienced, skillful, 10.225, et al. (doceō)

tenuis, e: adj. (cf. tendō), stretched out; slender, thin, 4.278; light, 3.448; little, 10.511; airy, ethereal, 6.292; delicate, fine, 4.264; scanty, yielding a scanty livelihood, 8.409; reduced, perishing, sinking, 5.690; simple, trivial, humble.

admoneō, uī, itus, 2, a.: to put in mind; remind; admonish, warn, with acc., 4.353; incite, urge on, 10.587; with interrogative clause, 10.153; remind, remonstrate, caution.

volitō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. n.: to fly about, whirl about, hover, flit, 6.329; ride or gallop around, 12.126; circulate, pass rapidly, fly. (1. volō)

cavus, a, um: (adj.), hollow, 1.81; concave, 8.599; arching, vaulted, 2.487; cavae manūs, the palms of the hands, 12.86.

inruō, ruī, 3, n. and a.: to rush in, break in, 2.757; rush on, 2.383; rush, 9.555.

dīverberō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.: to strike asunder, cleave, cut, 5.503.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5.