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[51] ὁρῶν δὲ Φράστωρ αὐτὴν οὔτε κοσμίαν οὖσαν οὔτ᾽ ἐθέλουσαν αὑτοῦ ἀκροᾶσθαι, ἅμα δὲ καὶ πεπυσμένος σαφῶς ἤδη ὅτι Στεφάνου μὲν οὐκ εἴη θυγάτηρ, Νεαίρας δέ, τὸ δὲ πρῶτον ἐξηπατήθη, ὅτ᾽ ἠγγυᾶτο ὡς Στεφάνου θυγατέρα λαμβάνων καὶ οὐ Νεαίρας, ἀλλὰ τούτῳ ἐξ ἀστῆς αὐτὴν γυναικὸς οὖσαν πρότερον πρὶν ταύτῃ συνοικῆσαι, ὀργισθεὶς δ᾽ ἐπὶ τούτοις ἅπασιν, καὶ ὑβρίσθαι ἡγούμενος καὶ ἐξηπατῆσθαι, ἐκβάλλει τὴν ἄνθρωπον ὡς ἐνιαυτὸν συνοικήσας αὐτῇ, κυοῦσαν, καὶ τὴν προῖκα οὐκ ἀποδίδωσιν.

[52] λαχόντος δὲ τοῦ Στεφάνου αὐτῷ δίκην σίτου εἰς Ὠιδεῖον κατὰ τὸν νόμον ὃς κελεύει, ἐὰν ἀποπέμπῃ τὴν γυναῖκα, ἀποδιδόναι τὴν προῖκα, ἐὰν δὲ μή, ἐπ᾽ ἐννέ᾽ ὀβολοῖς τοκοφορεῖν, καὶ σίτου εἰς Ὠιδεῖον εἶναι δικάσασθαι ὑπὲρ τῆς γυναικὸς τῷ κυρίῳ, γράφεται ὁ Φράστωρ Στέφανον τουτονὶ γραφὴν πρὸς τοὺς θεσμοθέτας, Ἀθηναίῳ ὄντι ξένης θυγατέρα αὐτῷ ἐγγυῆσαι ὡς αὑτῷ προσήκουσαν, κατὰ τὸν νόμον τουτονί. καί μοι ἀνάγνωθι αὐτόν.“Νόμος

ἐὰν δέ τις ἐκδῷ ξένην γυναῖκα ἀνδρὶ Ἀθηναίῳ ὡς ἑαυτῷ προσήκουσαν, ἄτιμος ἔστω, καὶ ἡ οὐσία αὐτοῦ δημοσία ἔστω, καὶ τοῦ ἑλόντος τὸ τρίτον μέρος. γραφέσθων δὲ πρὸς τοὺς θεσμοθέτας οἷς ἔξεστιν, καθάπερ τῆς ξενίας.”

[53] τὸν μὲν τοίνυν νόμον ἀνέγνω ὑμῖν, καθ᾽ ὃν ἐγράφη Στέφανος οὑτοσὶ ὑπὸ τοῦ Φράστορος πρὸς τοὺς θεσμοθέτας. γνοὺς δ᾽ ὅτι κινδυνεύσει ἐξελεγχθεὶς ξένης θυγατέρα ἠγγυηκέναι καὶ ταῖς ἐσχάταις ζημίαις περιπεσεῖν, διαλλάττεται πρὸς τὸν Φράστορα καὶ ἀφίσταται τῆς προικός, καὶ τὴν δίκην τοῦ σίτου ἀνείλετο, καὶ ὁ Φράστωρ τὴν γραφὴν παρὰ τῶν θεσμοθετῶν. καὶ ὡς ἀληθῆ λέγω, τούτων ὑμῖν μάρτυρα αὐτὸν τὸν Φράστορα καλῶ, καὶ ἀναγκάσω μαρτυρεῖν κατὰ τὸν νόμον.

Phrastor, when he realized that Phano was not actually Stephanos’ daughter, kicked her out of his house, though she was pregnant, and refused to give back her dowry. Stephanos then brought a suit against Phrastor for the dowry, to which Phrastor responded by alleging that Stephanos betrothed a non-citizen girl to him.

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κοσμίαν: “well-behaved,” “decent”

πεπυσμένος < πυνθάνομαι

ξηπατήθη < ἐξαπατάω

τ(ε) γγυτο: ”when he got engaged to her,” i.e., at the time of the betrothal, < ἐγγυάομαι (mid.) = "have a woman betrothed to one"

οσαν: governed by the earlier ὡς, “on the grounds that she (Phano) was...”

τούτ ξ στς...γυναικός: “(the daughter) of this man (Stephanos) by a citizen woman.” See LSJ ἐκ III.2.

πρίνσυνοικσαι: πρίν + infinitive = “before” (G. 568, S. 2431). Because the preceding πρότερον flags the upcoming πρίν (S. 2440), it is unnecessary to translate both words. Understand Stephanos as subject of συνοικῆσαι.

κβάλλει: a technical (if harsh) way of saying “to divorce.” All that was required for divorce in Athens was for the woman to move out of the house. Either party could initiate.

ς νιαυτόν: ὡς + a numeral (vel sim.) can mean “about, nearly.”

τν προκα οκ ποδίδωσιν: this is very unusual, in that generally after a divorce the dowry was given back to the woman (or more precisely to her κύριος); in this case, Phrastor is withholding it because he felt deceived.

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λαχόντος < λαγχάνω. λαγχάνω δίκην = “to obtain permission to bring a suit” by handing in a statement of the charge to the appropriate magistrate. See §45.

δίκην σίτου: if the husband did not return his wife’s dowry, the κύριος could bring a lawsuit (either a δίκη σίτου or a δίκη προικός). In a δίκη προικός, one sued for the return of the dowry at once; in a δίκη σίτου (literally a suit for ”bread,” i.e., the maintenance of the woman), one sued for the husband to pay interest on the dowry, which was now considered “on loan” to him.

Ὠιδεον: the Odeon, a roofed theater built by Pericles, was near the Theater of Dionysos and used for musical competitions. It also seems to have served as a courthouse.

ποπέμπῃ: supply a subject like τις.

π’ ννέ(α) βολος: at a (high) rate of 9 obols per mina per month (i.e., 18% interest)

εναι: here with its impersonal sense, “it is possible, permitted” + dat. (in this case, τῷ κυρίῳ)

σίτου...δικάσασθαι: “to sue for maintenance,” genitive of charge (G. 514)

γράφεται...γραφήν: Phrastor brings this (more serious) counter-suit as a way of getting Stephanos to drop his charges. It works.

ς ατ προσήκουσαν: “as if she were his own kin” (LSJ προσήκω III.3).

νόμος: as mentioned above, Kapparis 1999: 198 argues that this and the law in §16 are authentic and are two parts of the same law.

δήμοσια: the property is to be public in the sense that it is confiscated by the state.

το λόντος: “(shall belong to) the one who secures his conviction” < αἱρέω (LSJ A.II.4.c).

γραφέσθων: “let (anyone who wishes) indict (him)”

καθάπερ: καθά + περ = “just as”

τς ξενίας: genitive of charge or crime (see §5); the charge in a γραφὴ ξενίας is posing illegally as a citizen.

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ξελεγχθείς: conditional circumstantial participle (S. 2067), “if convicted of” + infin. ἠγγυηκέναι 

γγυηκέναι καί: the infinitive ἠγγυηκέναι is dependent on ἐξελεγχθείς (“convicted of having betrothed”); Dilts 2009 brackets the καί, following Reiske.

περιπεσεν < περιπίπτω; governed by κινδυνεύσει

φίσταται: “gives up his claim on” + gen. < ἀφίστημι (LSJ B.1)

νείλετο: < ἀναιρέω (middle) “removed, canceled”; supply this verb again in the next clause.

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κόσμιος [–α] –ον: well-ordered, regular, moderate

κροάομαι: to hearken to, listen to; to heed, obey

ξαπατάω ξαπατήσω ξαπάτησα ξαπάτηκα ξαπάτημαι ξαπατήθην: deceive

γγυάω: to betroth

στή –ς : fem. of ἀστός

συνοικέω συνοικήσω συνκησα συνκηκα συνκημαι συνκήθην: to dwell together, live together

ργίζω ργι ργισα ––– ργισμαι ργίσθην: to make angry, provoke to anger, irritate; (mid.) become angry

βρίζω βριζι βρισα βρικα βρισμαι βρίσθην: insult, offend, disrespect

κβάλλω κβαλ ξέβαλον κβέβληκα κβέβλημαι ξεβλήθην: throw, cast out; divorce

νιαυτός –ο : year

κυέω κυήσω κύησα κεκύηκα κεκύημαι κυήθην: to bear in the womb, to be pregnant with

προίξ προικός : gift; dowry

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λαγχάνω λήξομαι λαχον εληχα ––– –––: to obtain by lot; to file suit (absol. and with δίκην)

στος –ου : grain; bread

δεονOdeon, a building built for music, singing exercises, musical shows, poetry competitions, and the like

ποπέμπω ποπέμψω πέπεμψα ποπέπομφα ποπέπεμμαι πεπέμφθην: send away

βολός –ο : an obol

τοκοφορέω: to pay interest

δικάζω δικάσω δίκασα δεδίκακα δεδίκασμαι δικάσθην: to judge, sit in judgment; (mid.) plead a case, go to law; δίκην δικάζεσθαί τινι go to law with someone

κύριος –ου : lord, master

θεσμοθέτης: a lawgiver; at Athens, οἱ θεσμοθέται = the six junior archons

θηναος –α –ον: Athenian

ξένη: a female guest, a foreign woman

ναγιγνώσκω ναγνώσομαι νέγνων νέγνωκα νέγνωσμαι νεγνώσθην: to read

κδίδωμι κδώσω ξέδωκε κδέδωκα κδέδομαι ξεδόθην: to give in marriage

τιμος –ον: dishonored; deprived of civic rights, disenfranchised

δημόσιος –α –ον: belonging to the people

ξεστι: it is possible

καθά: just as

ξενία –ας : guest-friendship

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κινδυνεύω κινδυνεύσω κινδύνευσα κεκινδύνευκα κεκινδύνευμαι κινδυνεύθην: to risk

ξελέγχω ξελέξω ξέλεξα ξέλεχα ξέλεγμαι ξελέχθην: to convict; to verify, to prove

σχατος –η –ον: extreme, severe

ζημία –ας : punishment, penalty

περιπίπτω περιπεσομαι περέπεσον: to fall into (+ dat.), be caught in

διαλλάσσω: reconcile one to another, come to a negotiated settlement

Φράστωρ: Phrastor

φίστημι ποστήσω πέστησα (or πέστην) πέστηκα πέσταμαι πεστάθην: remove; revolt/cause to revolt

ναγκάζω ναγκάσω νάγκασα νάγκακα νάγκασμαι ναγκάσθην: force, compel, constrain

μαρτυρέω μαρτυρήσω μαρτύρησα μεμαρτύρηκα μεμαρτύρημαι μαρτυρήθην: witness to

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Suggested Citation

Deborah Kamen, Pseudo-Demosthenes: Against Neaira. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-10-8.http://dcc.dickinson.edu/against-neaira/51-53