Vergil, Aeneid XII 411-440

Hic Venus indigno nati concussa dolore

dictamnum genetrix Cretaea carpit ab Ida,

puberibus caulem foliis et flore comantem

purpureo; non illa feris incognita capris

gramina, cum tergo uolucres haesere sagittae.415

hoc Venus obscuro faciem circumdata nimbo

detulit, hoc fusum labris splendentibus amnem

inficit occulte medicans, spargitque salubris

ambrosiae sucos et odoriferam panaceam.

fouit ea uulnus lympha longaeuus Iapyx420

ignorans, subitoque omnis de corpore fugit

quippe dolor, omnis stetit imo uulnere sanguis.

iamque secuta manum nullo cogente sagitta

excidit, atque nouae rediere in pristina uires.

'arma citi properate uiro! quid statis?' Iapyx425

conclamat primusque animos accendit in hostem.

'non haec humanis opibus, non arte magistra

proueniunt, neque te, Aenea, mea dextera seruat:

maior agit deus atque opera ad maiora remittit.'

ille auidus pugnae suras incluserat auro430

hinc atque hinc oditque moras hastamque coruscat.

postquam habilis lateri clipeus loricaque tergo est,

Ascanium fusis circum complectitur armis

summaque per galeam delibans oscula fatur:

'disce, puer, uirtutem ex me uerumque laborem,435

fortunam ex aliis. nunc te mea dextera bello

defensum dabit et magna inter praemia ducet.

tu facito, mox cum matura adoleuerit aetas,

sis memor et te animo repetentem exempla tuorum

et pater Aeneas et auunculus excitet Hector.'440

CORE VOCABULARY

Venus, eris, f.: Venus, goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Aphrodite, daughter of Jupiter and Dione, 1.411, et al.; (meton.), love, lust, 6.26.

indīgnus, a, um: (adj.), unworthy; unmeet, unjust, 10.74; disgraceful, shameful, revolting, cruel, 2.285; once with gen., 12.649; n. pl. subst., indīgna, ōrum, indignities, 12.811.

concutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.: to shake completely; shake, 2.629; push, 8.237; rouse, spur, 8.3; sift, examine, search, 7.338; agitate, strike with panic, terrify, 4.666; smite, afflict, 5.700. (com- and quatiō)

dictamnus, ī, f., -um, ī, n.: dittany, an aromatic plant found on Mount Dicte, in Crete, 12.412. (Dicte)

genetrīx, īcis, f.: she who brings forth; mother, 1.590, et al. (gignō)

Crētaeus, a, um: adj. (Crēta), of Crete; Cretan, 3.117.

carpo, carpsī, carptus, 3, a.: to pluck or pull, crop, browse upon, eat, graze; cause to graze, pasture; gather, 6.146; (fig.), catch, breathe, enjoy, 1.388; consume, 4.2; devour, waste, 4.32; carpere prāta, etc., to course over.

Īda, ae, f.: 1. Mount Ida in Crete, where Jupiter was reared, 12.412. 2. A mountain in the Troad, where Ganymede was caught up by the eagle of Jupiter, 2.801. 3. A Nymph, 9.177.

pūbēs, eris: (adj.), grown up, pubescent; of plants, mature, full grown, 12.413.

caulis, is, m.: a stalk, 12.413.

folium, iī, n.: a leaf, 1.175.

comāns, antis: hairy, 3.468; crested, 2.391; leafy, 12.413. (como -are)

purpureus, a, um: adj. (purpura), of purple; purple-colored, scarlet, red, purple, 1.337; of blood, 9.349; ruddy, glowing, brilliant, 1.591.

incognitus, a, um: (adj.), unknown, unnoticed, unperceived, 12.859; not understood, 1.515.

capra, ae, f.: a she-goat; a goat. (caper)

grāmen, inis, n.: grass, 3.537, et al.; a blade of grass or of grain, 7.809; plant; herb, 2.471; pasture, meadow; grassy field, plain, 7.655.

haereō, haesī, haesus, 2, n.: to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

sagitta, ae, f.: an arrow, 1.187, et al.

obscūrus, a, um: (adj.), dim, dark, dusky, obscure, 1.411; uncertain; of persons, unseen, 2.135; in the darkness, 6.268; pl., obscūra, ōrum, dim places; obscurity, uncertainty, 6.100.

circumdō, dedī, datus, dare, 1, a.: to put or throw around; (with abl.), to encircle, surround, encompass, inclose with, 1.368; of dress, gird, 9.462; adorn, 6.207; set, 1.593; border, 4.137; (with dat.), throw around, 2.792; twine or coil around, 2.219; put round, 2.510.

nimbus, ī, m.: a violent rain; storm, tempest, 1.51; a black cloud, thunder-cloud, cloud, 3.587; a bright cloud; the nimbus surrounding a god, 2.616; cloud of smoke, 5.666; a multitude, 7.793.

lābrum, ī, n.: a vat or tub; a bowl, vase, vessel, 8.22.

splendeō, uī, 2, n.: to shine, gleam, 7.6.

īnficiō, fēcī, fectus, 3, a.: to impart some foreign quality to an object; to taint, infect; poison; stain, 5.413; mix, tincture, 12.418; p., īnfectus, a, um, inwrought, contracted, 6.742; infected, filled, 7.341. (1. in and faciō)

occultē: (adv.), secretly, 12.418. (occultus)

medicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a., and medicor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.: to heal with drugs; heal, 7.756; mix with drugs or poisons; medicate, drug, 6.420. (medicus)

spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.: to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

salūbris (also salūber, m.), e: adj. (salūs), health-bringing; healing, 12.418.

ambrosia, ae, f.: ambrosia, the food of the gods.

sūcus, ī, m.: juice.

odōrifer, era, erum: adj. (odor and ferō), bearing odor; sweet, sweet-scented, 12.419.

panacēa, ae, f.: an herb which cured all diseases; all-heal, 12.419.

foveō, fōvī, fōtus, 2, a.: to keep warm; (fig.), foster, protect, cherish, 1.281; soothe, 12.420; caress, make love to, 1.718; rest, incline, 10.838; to toy away, enjoy, 4.193; cherish, hope, long, desire, 1.18.

lympha, ae, f.: clear spring water; water, 4.635, et al.; pl., for sing., 1.701, et al.

longaevus, a, um: adj. (longus and aevum), of advanced age; aged, 2.525, et al.

Iāpyx, ygis, m.: a son of Iasius and physician of Aeneas, 12.391.

ignōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: not to know; to be ignorant of, 5.849. (rel. to ignārus)

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

excidō, cidī, 3, n.: to fall out; fall from; drop, come from, 2.658; come down, descend, 9.113; depart, 1.26. (ex and cadō)

redeō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.: to go, come back, return; retreat, 9.794.

prīstinus, a, um: (adj.), primitive, pristine, former, 6.473; recent, 10.143; subst., prīstina, ōrum, n., former, first condition, 12.424.

conclāmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to call out aloud; shout, cry, 3.523; call together, 7.504.

accendō, ī, cēnsus, 3, a.: to set fire to, light up, enkindle, 5.4; enrage, exasperate, incense, 1.29; incite, rouse, 4.232. (ad and candō, rel. to candeō)

magistra, ae, f.: a mistress, directress; appositive, masterly, skill-giving, 8.442; teaching, instructive, 12.427. (magister)

prōveniō, vēnī, ventus, 4, n.: to come forth, proceed from, 12.428.

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

remittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.: to let go back; send back, 2.543, et al.; send up, 5.99; repay, 4.436; yield up, resign, 10.828; give up, 11.346; forego, lay aside, 5.419; give back, reëcho, 12.929; sē remittere, to submit, yield, 12.833.

avidus, a, um: adj. (aveō, desire), longing, eager, 1.514; eagerly, quickly, 6.210; with longing, 3.132; eager for destruction, devouring, destructive, baneful; with infin., 12.290; with gen., eagerly, desirous of, eager for, 9.661.

sūra, ae, f.: the calf of the leg; the leg, 1.337.

inclūdō, clūsī, clūsus, 3, a.: to shut in, inclose, 6.680; secrete, 2.19; for interclūdō, stop, choke, 7.534; to mount, set, inlay, adorn, 12.211. (1. in and claudō)

hasta, ae, f.: a spear, 2.50, and freq.; hasta pūra, a headless spear, 6.760; pampinea hasta, a thyrsus, 7.396.

coruscō, 1, a. and n.: to push with the horns; move quickly hither and thither; shake, brandish, wave, swing, 5.642; flash; glisten.

habilis, e: adj. (habeō), handy, wieldy, convenient, easily handled, light, 11.555; well formed, 1.318; well fitted for, adapted to, fit for; well fitted, 9.365

clipeus, ī, m., and clipeum, ī, n.: a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

lōrīca, ae, f.: a leather corselet; a corselet of any material; a hauberk, cuirass, coat of mail, 3.467; 10.485, et al. (lōrum)

Ascanius, iī, m.: Ascanius, son of Aeneas, and traditional founder of Alba Longa, 1.267.

circum: (adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

complector, plexus sum, 3, dep. a.: to embrace; cover, 2.514; hold, 5.31; seize, grasp, 11.743.

galea, ae, f.: a helmet, either of leather or of metal, 3.468, et al.

dēlībō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to sip; kiss, 12.434.

ōsculum, ī, n.: the lip, 1.256; kiss, 1.687. (1. ōs)

mātūrus, a, um: (adj.), ripe, mature; advanced, 5.73.

adolescō, olēvī, ultus, 3, inc. n.: to grow up, of animals or plants; become mature, ripen, 12.438; burn, blaze, 4.379; p., adultus, a, um, grown up; mature, 1.431. (adoleō)

memor, oris: adj. (rel. to mēns and meminī), mindful, remembering, 1.23; heedful, 480; thankful, grateful, 4.539; not forgetting; relentless, 1.4; with nōn or nec, unmindful, regardless, 12.534.

tuī, ōrum, m.: your friends, kinsmen, countrymen, descendants, etc., 3.488; freq. (tuus)

avunculus, ī, m.: an uncle on the mother’s side; uncle, 3.343. (avus)

excitō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.: to rouse up completely; excite, awaken, arouse, 2.594; alarm, 2.728; stimulate, impel, 3.343. (exciō)

Hector, oris, m.: son of Priam, and chief defender of Troy, 1.99, et al.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-xii-411-440