Vergil, Aeneid IV 437-449

Tālibus ōrābat, tālīsque miserrima flētūs

fertque refertque soror. Sed nūllīs ille movētur

flētibus aut vōcēs ūllās tractābilis audit;

Fāta obstant placidāsque virī deus obstruit aurīs.440

Ac velut annōsō validam cum rōbore quercum

Alpīnī Boreae nunc hinc nunc flātibus illinc

ēruere inter sē certant; it strīdor, et altae

cōnsternunt terram concussō stīpite frondēs;

ipsa haeret scopulīs et quantum vertice ad aurās445

aetheriās, tantum rādīce in Tartara tendit:

haud secus adsiduīs hinc atque hinc vōcibus hērōs

tunditur, et magnō persentit pectore cūrās;

mēns immōta manet, lacrimae volvuntur inānēs.


flētus, ūs, m.: a weeping; tears, 3.599; a flood of tears, 2.271; lamentation, mourning, 4.463; tearful, sad message, 4.437. (fleō)

trāctābilis, e: adj. (trāctō, handle), that can be handled; indulgent, yielding, flexible, 4.439; nōn trāctābilis, unfavorable, inclement, 4.53.

obstō, stitī, stātus, 1, n.: to stand before or against; withstand, oppose, hinder, restrain, 4.91; to be obnoxious, 6.64.

placidus, a, um: adj. (placeō), gentle, calm, tranquil, peaceful, serene, 5.848; inactive, idle, 9.187; friendly, propitious, 3.266; (adv.), placidē, gently, softly, quietly, calmly, 5.86.

obstruō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.: to build before or against; to stop, close up, 4.440.

atque, or ac: (conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

annōsus, a, um: adj. (annus), full of years; aged, old, 4.441; hoary, 6.282.

rōbur, oris, n.: hard oak or wood, 6.181; a tree, 8.315; (meton.), timber, a wooden structure; fabric, 2.260; (fig.), sturdiness, strength, firmness, courage, vigor, 2.639; pl., rōbora, wood, timber, 4.399; vigor, flower, 8.518.

quercus, ūs, f.: an oak tree, 3.680; (meton.), an oak leaf crown, 6.772.

Alpīnus, a, um: adj. (Alpēs), pertaining to the Alps; Alpine, 4.442.

Boreās, ae, m.: the north wind, 3.687; the god of the north wind, Boreas, son of the river-god Strymon (others, the north), 10.350.

flātus, ūs, m.: a blowing; wind; a blast, 4.442; breath, snorting, 11.911; (fig.), boasting, pride, 11.346. (flō, blow)

ēruō, ī, tus, 3, a.: to cast out or up; to overthrow, 2.5.

strīdor, ōris, m.: a harsh, grating, or whizzing sound; a creaking, whistling, 1.87; din, clank, rattling, 6.558; humming, 7.65. (strīdō)

cōnsternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.: to strew over; cover, strew, 4.444.

concutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.: to shake completely; shake, 2.629; push, 8.237; rouse, spur, 8.3; sift, examine, search, 7.338; agitate, strike with panic, terrify, 4.666; smite, afflict, 5.700. (com- and quatiō)

stīpes, itis, m.: a log or post, stem, trunk of a tree, 3.43; club, 7.524.

frōns, frondis, f.: a leaf, 3.449; leafage, foliage; leafy spray, branch, twig, bough, 2.249; a leafy crown, a garland, wreath, 4.148.

haereō, haesī, haesus, 2, n.: to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

scopulus, ī, m.: a projecting ledge of rock; a high cliff or rock, 1.180; crag, 1.45; ledge, reef, 1.145; detached rock, fragment of rock, 12.531.

vertex, icis, m.: a whirl; whirlpool, 7.567; vortex, 1.117; whirling column of flame, 12.673; the top, crown of the head, the head, 1.403; summit, top, 1.163; mountain summit, height, 3.679; ā vertice, from on high, from above, 1.114. (vertō)

aetherius, a, um: adj. (aethēr), pertaining to the upper air; ethereal, heavenly, 1.394, et al.; airy, 8.608.

rādīx, īcis, f.: a root, 3.27, et al.

Tartarus, ī, m., pl., Tartara, ōrum, n.: the lower world, Hades; especially that portion which was set apart for the wicked; Tartarus, 5.734, et al.

secus: following, late; otherwise, differently; nōn or haud secus, not otherwise, not less; likewise, even so, 2.382, et al.; none the less, nevertheless, 5.862; haud secus ac, nor otherwise than, just as. (comp. adv.), sētius, less, the less; haud sētius, not the less, 7.781.

adsiduus, a, um: adj. (adsideō), abiding by; persistent, constant, 4.447; perpetual, frequent, 9.245.

hērōs, ōis, m.: a demigod; a hero, 6.192, et al.; an illustrious man, champion, hero, 5.453.

tundō, tutudī, tūnsus or tūsus, 3, a.: to beat, pound, bruise, strike, smite, 1.481; lash, 5.125; (fig.), importune, assail, 4.448.

persentiō, sēnsī, sēnsus, 4, a.: to feel deeply; feel, 4.448; perceive, 4.90.

immōtus, a, um: (adj.), unmoved, motionless; immovable, 3.77; (fig.), firm, fixed, steadfast, unchangeable, 1.257.

volvō, volvī, volūtus, 3, a.: to roll, 1.86; roll along or down, 1.101; roll or cast up, 3.206; toss, hurl, 12.906; roll over, roll in the dust, 12.329; cast, hurl down, 1.116; 9.512; roll, wheel, 1.163; of books, open, unroll, 1.262; of the Fates, fix the circle of events, decree, ordain, dispose, 1.22; 3.376; of the mind, revolve, meditate, reflect upon, 1.305; pass, continue, live through, experience, endure, suffer, 1.9; rotam volvere, to complete a cycle, period; (pass.), volvī, roll over, roll, 10.590; turn or wind about, 7.350; to be shed, to flow, 4.449; roll on, revolve, 1.269.

inānis, e: (adj.), empty, void, 3.304; light; vain, idle, fruitless, 4.210; valueless, trivial; little, brief, 4.433; lifeless, unreal, 1.464; shadowy, 6.269; unsubstantial, shadowy, airy, phantom, 6.651; subst., ināne, is, n., void space, a void, 12.354.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5.