Vergil, Aeneid XII 238-256

Tālibus incēnsa est iuvenum sententia dictīs

iam magis atque magis, serpitque per agmina murmur:

ipsī Laurentēs mūtātī ipsīque Latīnī.240

quī sibi iam requiem pūgnae rēbusque salūtem

spērābant, nunc arma volunt foedusque precantur

īnfectum et Turnī sortem miserantur inīquam.

Hīs aliud māius Iūturna adiungit et altō

dat sīgnum caelō, quō nōn praesentius ūllum245

turbāvit mentēs Italās mōnstrōque fefellit.

namque volāns rubrā fulvus Iovis āles in aethrā

lītoreās agitābat avīs turbamque sonantem

agminis āligerī, subitō cum lāpsus ad undās

cycnum excellentem pedibus rapit improbus uncīs.250

Arrēxēre animōs Italī, cūnctaeque volucrēs

convertunt clāmōre fugam (mīrābile vīsū),

aetheraque obscūrant pennīs hostemque per aurās

factā nūbe premunt, dōnec vī victus et ipsō

pondere dēfēcit praedamque ex unguibus āles255

prōiēcit fluviō, penitusque in nūbila fūgit.

CORE VOCABULARY

incendō, cendī, cēnsus, 3, a.: to set fire to, burn, 2.353; kindle, 3.279; illuminate, 5.88; (fig.), of the mind, fire, inflame, 1.660; arouse, rouse to action, 5.719; excite, irritate, enrage, madden, provoke, 4.360; disturb, rend, fill, 10.895.

dictum, ī, n.: a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

magis, and short form, mage: (adv.), in a greater measure; more, 5.94; 10.481; the more, 7.787; for potius, by preference, rather, 5.29; better, 4.452. (rel. to māgnus)

serpō, serpsī, serptus, 3, n.: to creep, glide, 5.91; steal on or over, 2.269.

murmur, uris, n.: a murmur, 6.709; uproar, 1.124; roaring, reverberation, 1.55; acclamation, applause, 5.369; thunder, 4.160.

Laurentēs, um, pl. m.: the people of Laurentum, the ancient capital of Latium, the Laurentians, 7.63, et al.

Latīnī, ōrum, m.: the people of Latium; the Latins, 12.823, et al.

requiēs, ētis or ēī, f.: repose, rest, 3.393; respite, 4.433; support, comfort, 9.482; cessation, 12.241.

foedus, eris, n.: a treaty, league, alliance, freq., truce, 5.496; side or party, 12.658; covenant, contract, 4.339; laws of hospitality, hospitality, 10.91; pledge, love, 4.520; law, term, condition, rule, 1.62. (rel. to fīdō, trust)

īnfectus, a, um: not done; unworked, unwrought, 10.528; unfinished, unconsummated, 10.720; not actual; untrue, 4.190; of a covenant, not made, unmade, 12.243; broken, 12.286.

Turnus, ī, m.: the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.

miseror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to express, manifest, or feel pity for; compassionate, pity, 1.597. (miser)

inīquus, a, um: unequal; uneven in surface, rounding, 10.303; of the sun, torrid, 7.227; too narrow, dangerous, 5.203; treacherous, 11.531; morally, unfavorable, hard, inequitable, 4.618; unjust, cruel, 1.668, et al.

Iūturna, ae, f.: a Naiad, sister of Turnus, 12.154, et al.

adiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.: to join to, moor, 9, 69; associate with, 8, 515; add, to ally, 7, 238.

Italus, a, um: Italian, 3.440, et al.; subst., Italī, ōrum, m., the Italians, 1.109. (Ītalia)

mōnstrum, ī, n.: the thing which warns; an omen, a portent, 3.26; supernatural token, sign, 12.246; a prodigy, marvel, wonder, terror, 3.583; monster, 2.245. (moneō)

volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

ruber, bra, brum: adj. (rubeō), red, ruddy, 12.247; lītore rubrō, shore of the Mare Rubrum or Persian Gulf, 8.686.

fulvus, a, um: (adj.), reddish or tawny yellow; yellow, 5.374; tawny, 2.722; brown, 11.751; glowing, bright, 12.792.

Iuppiter, Iovis, m.: Jupiter, son of Saturn and Rhea, and king of the gods, 1.223; Iuppiter Stygius, Pluto, 4.638.

āles, itis (gen. pl. sometimes alituum, 8.27): adj. (āla), winged, swift, 5.861, et al.; subst. c., a bird, 1.394; an owl, 12.862.

aethra, ae, f.: the cloudless air; serene sky; heaven, 3.585, et al.

lītoreus, a, um: adj. (lītus), pertaining to the seashore; on the shore; very rarely, on the river bank, 3.390; of the shore, seashore, 12.248.

sonāns, antis: sounding, resounding, murmuring, rustling, rattling, freq. (sonō)

āliger, era, erum: adj. (āla and gerō), wing-bearing; winged, 1.663.

lābor, lapsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slide, glide down, or slip, freq.; fall down, 2.465; ebb, 11.628; pass away, 2.14; descend, 2.262; glide, sail, skim along, 8.91; flow, 3.281; fall, perish, 2.430; decline, 4.318; faint, 3.309.

cycnus, ī, m.: a swan, 1.393.

excellēns, entis: surpassing; beautiful, stately, 12.250.

improbus, a, um: (adj.), not good; bad; malicious, wicked; cruel, 2.80; savage, 10.727; furiously impelled, destructive, 12.687; unappeasable, ravenous, rapacious, 12.250; importunate, raging, 2.356; of military devices, with warlike craft, 11.512; with murderous intent, 11.767; subst., m., shameless, impudent boaster, braggart, 5.397; wretch, 4.386.

uncus, a, um: (adj.), hooked, crooked, 1.169; talon-shaped, hooked, 3.217.

arrigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.: to raise up; erect; bristle up, 10.726; (fig.), to excite, rouse; p., arrēctus, a, um, standing up, rising; erect, 5.426; bristling, 11.754; attentive, 1.152; animated, roused, encouraged, 1.579; ardent, intent; intense, 5.138; in fearful expectation, 12.731. (ad and regō)

Italī, ōrum, m.: the Italians, 1.109. (Ītalia)

mīrābilis, e: adj. (mīror), wonderful, extraordinary, wondrous, admirable, 1.652, et al.; strange, 2.680.

obscūrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to darken, 12.253. (obscūrus)

penna (pinna), ae, f.: a feather, 12.750; wing, pinion, 3.258; in the form pinna, a pinnacle, battlement, palisade, 7.159.

nūbēs, is, f.: a cloud, 1.516, et al.; storm, 10.809; the air, 12.856; (fig.), flock, multitude, 7.705.

unguis, is, m.: a finger-nail, 4.673; talon, 12.255; claw, 5.352; in unguem, (polished) to the nail.

prōiciō, iēci, iectus, 3, a.: to throw or cast forth; to throw or cast down, as an offering; to throw or fling down, 5.402; throw away, 6.835; plunge, 5.859; expose, 11.361; w. dat., 12.256. (prō and iaciō)

fluvius, iī, m.: a stream; river, 1.607; water, fountains, abundant water; secundō fluviō, by the favoring stream, with or down the stream, 7.494. (fluō)

penitus: adv. (cf. penes), inwardly, far within, deep, deeply, 1.200; wholly, entirely, 6.737; afar, 11.623; far away, 1.512.

nūbilus, a, um: adj. (nūbēs), cloudy; subst., nūbilum, ī, cloudy weather; pl., nūbila, ōrum, clouds, 3.586.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-xii-238-256