Vergil, Aeneid VII 25-36

Iamque rubescebat radiis mare et aethere ab alto25

Aurora in roseis fulgebat lutea bigis,

cum uenti posuere omnisque repente resedit

flatus, et in lento luctantur marmore tonsae.

atque hic Aeneas ingentem ex aequore lucum

prospicit. hunc inter fluuio Tiberinus amoeno30

uerticibus rapidis et multa flauus harena

in mare prorumpit. uariae circumque supraque

adsuetae ripis uolucres et fluminis alueo

aethera mulcebant cantu lucoque uolabant.

flectere iter sociis terraeque aduertere proras35

imperat et laetus fluuio succedit opaco.


rubēscō, rubuī, 3, inc. n.: to grow or turn red; begin to glow, redden, 3.521. (rubeō)

radius, iī, m.: a staff, rod; spoke of a wheel, 6.616; beam, ray, 5.65; a shuttle, 9.476; the representation of rays on a crown, 12.163.

altum, ī, n.: the deep; the lofty; the deep sea, the main, the deep, 1.3; the sky, heaven, air, 1.297; from far, far-fetched, remote, 8.395. (altus)

aurōra, ae, f.: the dawn, morning, 3.521; personified, Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, who precedes the horses of the sun-god, 4.585; the east, 8.686; the sun, 6.535.

roseus, a, um: adj. (rosa), pertaining to roses; rose-colored; rosy, 1.402.

fulgeō, fulsī, 2, and fulgō, 3, n.: to shine brightly; flash, gleam, glance, 5.562.

lūteus, a, um: adj. (lūtum, a plant yielding a yellow dye), yellowish; gold-colored, saffron-hued, 7.26.

bīgae, ārum, f. pl: a team of two horses; a car or chariot drawn by two horses; a car, 2.272; bīgīs in albīs, in a chariot drawn by two white horses, 12.164. . (bis and iugum)

repēns, entis: (adv.), suddenly, unexpectedly, 1.594.

resīdō, sēdī, 3, n.: to sit or settle down; seat one's self, 1.506; settle, take up one's abode, 5.702; retreat, 9.539; sink, subside, 7.27; come to an end, 9.643; of passion, become quiet, calm, subside, 6.407.

flātus, ūs, m.: a blowing; wind; a blast, 4.442; breath, snorting, 11.911; (fig.), boasting, pride, 11.346. (flō, blow)

lentus, a, um: (adj.), adhesive, clammy, sticky, viscid; tough, 12.773; pliant, limber, 6.137; ductile, malleable, 7.634; slender, 3.31; 12.489; sluggish, creeping, 5.682; quiet, 7.28; inactive, 12.237.

lūctor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.: to struggle, strive, contend, 1.53; wrestle, 6.643; w. inf., 12.387.

marmor, oris, n.: marble, 6.69; of the surface of the sea, 10.208.

tōnsa, ae, f.: an oar, 7.28.

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

lūcus, ī, m.: a consecrated wood; sacred grove, 6.259, et al.; in general, a grove, wood, forest.

prōspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, n. and a.: to look forth, forward; to see afar, in the distance, descry, see, 3.648; to look forth or out upon, w. dat., 1.127. (prō and speciō, look)

fluvius, iī, m.: a stream; river, 1.607; water, fountains, abundant water; secundō fluviō, by the favoring stream, with or down the stream, 7.494. (fluō)

Tiberīnus (Thӯbrinus, 12.35), a, um: adj. (Tiberis), pertaining to the Tiber; Tiberine, 1.13, et al.; subst., Tiberīnus, m., the river-god, Tiber; the Tiber, 6.873.

amoenus, a, um: (adj.), charming; usually to the sight, delightful, pleasant, 6.638.

vertex, icis, m.: a whirl; whirlpool, 7.567; vortex, 1.117; whirling column of flame, 12.673; the top, crown of the head, the head, 1.403; summit, top, 1.163; mountain summit, height, 3.679; ā vertice, from on high, from above, 1.114. (vertō)

rapidus, a, um: adj. (rapiō), that tears away; violent, fierce; swiftly moving, rapid, 1.42; speedy, quick, prompt, 5.513.

flāvus, a, um: (adj.), yellowish; yellow, 7.31; gold-tinted, golden, 1.592; 4.559; yellow-haired, golden-haired; pale green, 5.309.

harēna, ae, f.: sand, 1.112; sandy shore, strand, 1.540; sandy ground, arena; space for races; an arena, 5.336.

prōrumpō, rūpī, ruptus, 3, a. and n.: to cause to burst forth; cast forth, 3.572; spring forth, 10.796; rush, run, burst into, 7.32; p., prōruptus, a, um, breaking, starting out, 7.459; dashing, rushing, broken, 1.246.

circum: (adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

adsuēscō, suēvī, suētus, 3, a. and n.: to accustom to, make familiar, habituate to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin., to get or become accustomed, be wont, learn; with abl., 7.746; adsuēscere bella animīs, instead of adsuēscere animōs bellīs, to cherish war in the heart, 6.832.

alveus, ī, m.: a cavity, hollow; the hollow trunk of a tree; (meton.), a boat, 6.412. (alvus)

mulceō, mulsī, mulsus or mulctus, 2, a.: to stroke; lick, 8.634; (fig.), soothe, caress, comfort, 1.197; mitigate, soften, calm, 1.66; to make harmonious, charm, 7.34.

cantus, ūs, m.: a singing or playing; melody; song, 1.398; strain, sound, 6.165; incantation, charm, 7.754. (canō)

volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

flectō, flexī, flexus, 3, a. and n.: to bend; make by twisting, weave, 7.632; turn, guide, 1.156; rein, manage, 9.606; influence, sway, bend, move; retain, check, 12.46.

prōra, ae, f.: the extreme forward part of a ship; the prow, 1.104.

succēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n. and a.: to go, come up to or under, with dat., or acc. and prep., or without a case, to go up to, visit, 8.507; ascend, 12.235; come up to, advance to, 2.478; approach, 7.214; encounter, 10.847; enter, 1.627; creep under, disappear beneath, 5.93; to descend into the earth, to be buried, 11.103; take up, take upon one's self, 2.723; go under, be yoked to, 3.541; to follow, 11.481; to turn out well; succeed, come to pass, 11.794. (sub and cēdō)

opācus, a, um: (adj.), shady, 6.283; obscure, dark, 3.619; subst., opāca, ōrum, n., partitive; opāca viārum, dark pathways, roads, 6.633.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5.