Vergil, Aeneid V 799-826

Tum Sāturnius haec domitor maris ēdidit altī:

'Fās omne est, Cytherēa, meīs tē fīdere rēgnīs,800

unde genus dūcis. Meruī quoque; saepe furōrēs

compressī et rabiem tantam caelīque marisque.

Nec minor in terrīs, Xanthum Simoëntaque testor,

Aenēae mihi cūra tuī. Cum Trōïa Achillēs

exanimāta sequēns impingeret agmina mūrīs,805

mīlia multa daret lētō, gemerentque replētī

amnēs nec reperīre viam atque ēvolvere posset

in mare sē Xanthus, Pēlīdae tunc ego fortī

congressum Aenēān nec dīs nec vīribus aequīs

nūbe cavā rapuī, cuperem cum vertere ab īmō810

strūcta meīs manibus periūrae moenia Trōiae.

Nunc quoque mēns eadem perstat mihi; pelle timōrēs.

Tūtus, quōs optās, portūs accēdet Avernī.

Ūnus erit tantum āmissum quem gurgite quaerēs;

ūnum prō multīs dabitur caput.'815

Hīs ubi laeta deae permulsit pectora dictīs,

iungit equōs aurō genitor, spūmantiaque addit

frēna ferīs manibusque omnīs effundit habēnās.

Caeruleō per summa levis volat aequora currū;

subsīdunt undae tumidumque sub axe tonantī820

sternitur aequor aquīs, fugiunt vāstō aethere nimbī.

Tum variae comitum faciēs, immānia cētē,

et senior Glaucī chorus Īnōusque Palaemōn

Trītōnesque citī Phorcīque exercitus omnis;

laeva tenet Thetis et Melitē Panopēaque virgō,825

Nīsaeē Spīōque Thalīaque Cӯmodocēque.

CORE VOCABULARY

Sāturnius, a, um: adj. (Sāturnus), belonging to Saturn; Saturnian; sprung from Saturn; Saturnian, 4.372; subst., Sāturnius, iī, m., the son of Saturn, 5.799; Sāturnia, ae, f., 1. Daughter of Saturn, Juno, 1.23; 2. The city of Saturnia, built by Saturn on the Capitoline hill, 8.358.

domitor, ōris, m.: a tamer, 7.189; ruler, sovereign, 5.799. (domō)

fās, indecl. n.: divine right or law; duty, justice, 3.55; privilege, 9.96; as predicate with esse, permitted, lawful, proper, incumbent, 1.77, et al. (rel. to for)

Cytherēus, a, um: adj. (Cythēra), Cytherean; subst., Cytherēa, ae, f., the Cytherean goddess; Venus, 1.257.

fīdō, fīsus sum, 3, n.: to confide, trust, rely; freq., w. dat., 7.290; w. abl., 5.398; w. inf., dare, 5.69; p., fīdēns, entis, trusting, bold, confident, w. abl., dat., or gen., freq. (rel. to πείθω, persuade)

comprimō, pressī, pressus, 3, a.: to press together; repress, check, restrain, stay, 2.73. (com- and premō)

rabiēs, em, ē, f.: madness, frenzy, fury, fierceness, 2.357, et al.; of inanimate things, 5.802, et al.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

Xanthus, ī, m.: 1. The Xanthus or Scamander, a river near Troy, 5.808, et al. 2. A small river in Epirus named by Helenus after the Trojan Xanthus, 3.350. 3. A river in Lycia, 4.143.

Simoīs, Simoentis, m.: a river which falls into the Scamander near Troy, 1.100, et al.

testor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to testify, bear witness to, with acc. of object witnessed, 3.487; to call to witness, appeal to, with acc. of witness called upon, 2.155; invoke, 12.496; w. object omitted, adjure, implore, 3.599; declare, proclaim, 6.619; beseech (call to witness the offering), 11.559. (testis)

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

Trōius, a, um: (adj.), of Troy, Trojan, 1.119.

Achillēs, is (eos or ī), m.: the son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and Thetis, daughter of Nereus, 1.468, et al.

exanimō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to deprive of life; p., exanimātus, a, um, without breath, breathless; disheartened; terrified, 5.805. (ex and anima)

impingō, pēgī, pāctus, 3, a.: to fasten upon; drive, dash against, 5.805. (1. in and pangō)

lētum, ī, n.: death, destruction, 2.134, et al. (cf. dēleō)

gemō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.: to groan, 7.501; sigh, 1.465; bemoan, bewail, lament, 1.221; of inanimate things, creak, 6.413.

repleō, plēvī, plētus, 2, a.: to fill again; fill up, fill, 2.679, et al.

ēvolvō, volvī, volūtus, 3, a.: to roll out or forth, 5.807; unroll a scroll or volume; hence, (fig.), reveal, declare, 9.528.

possum, potuī, posse, irreg. n.: to be able; can, 1.242, et al.; to avail, have influence, power, 4.382. (potis and sum)

Pēlīdēs, ae, m.: 1. The son of Peleus, Achilles, 2.548. 2. Neoptolemus or Pyrrhus, grandson of Peleus, 2.263, et al.

congredior, gressus sum, 3, dep. n.: to step, go together; encounter, 1.475; join battle; proceed to battle, 12.13. (com- and gradior)

nūbēs, is, f.: a cloud, 1.516, et al.; storm, 10.809; the air, 12.856; (fig.), flock, multitude, 7.705.

cavus, a, um: (adj.), hollow, 1.81; concave, 8.599; arching, vaulted, 2.487; cavae manūs, the palms of the hands, 12.86.

īnferus, a, um: (adj.), below, lower; comp., īnferior, ius, lower; less distinguished, inferior, 6.170; superl., īnfimus or īmus, a, um, lowest, deepest, 2.419; inmost, 2.120; below, 4.387; lowest part, bottom of, 3.39; ex īmō, from the foundation, 2.625; īma, ōrum, n., depths.

struō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.: to place side by side or upon; to pile up; build, erect, 3.84; cover, load, 5.54; arrange, 1.704; like īnstruō, to form or draw out a line of battle, 9.42; (fig.), to plan, purpose, intend, 4.271; bring about, effect, 2.60. (rel. to sternō)

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

periūrus, a, um: adj. (per and iūs), violating one's oath; perjured, forsworn, 2.195.

Trōia, ae, f.: 1. Troy, the capital of the Troad, 2.625, et al. 2. A city built by Helenus in Epirus, 3.349. 3. A part of the city of Acesta in Sicily, 5.756. 4. The name of an equestrian game of Roman boys, 5.602.

perstō, stitī, stātus, 1, n.: to continue standing; remain fixed, 5.812; persist, 2.650.

portus, ūs, m.: a port, harbor, haven, 1.159, et al; (fig.), 7.598.

accēdō, cessī, cessus (perf. ind., accēstis for accessistis, 1.201), 3, n.: to go or draw near to; approach, with acc. alone, 1.307. (ad and cedo)

Avernus, ī, m.: Avernus, a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades; hence, the lower world, Avernus, 6.126; portus Avernī, the harbor of Cumae, near Avernus, 5.813. (ἄορνος, birdless)

gurges, itis, m.: a whirlpool, gulf, 3.421; flood, 2.497; wave, billow, 3.564; rolling, raging sea, abyss, 1.118; sea, ocean, 7.704.

multī, ōrum, m.: subst., many men, many, 2.124, et al.

permulceō, mulsī, mulsus or mulctus, 2, a.: to stroke; calm, soothe, cheer, 5.816.

dictum, ī, n.: a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

genitor, ōris, m.: he who begets; father, sire, 1.155, et al. (gignō)

spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

frēnum, ī, n.; in the pl. sometimes frēnī, ōrum: a bit, 4.135; bridle, reins, 3.542; (fig.), 6.100.

ferus, ī, m.: a wild beast; in gen., a brute; a beast, 2.51; courser, steed, 5.818; stag, 7.489.

effundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.: to pour out or forth; shed, 2.271; throw, cast out, 7.780; cast, 6.339; overthrow, 11.485; bring out, 9.68; unbind, dishevel, 4.509; dissolve, 2.651; let loose, throw out, 5.818; spend, lose, waste, 5.446; of words, utter, 5.780; (pass.), effundī, dart, 5.145; flow, 6.686. (ex and fundō)

habēna, ae, f.: a rein, 1.63, et al.; strap, thong, 9.587; whip, 7.380; immissīs or laxīs habēnīs, with all the reins let out, without restraint, unchecked, 5.662; pressīs or adductīs habēnīs, with tightened reins, 12.622. (habeō)

caerulus, a, um: (adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

subsīdō, sēdī, sessus, 3, n. and a.: to sit or settle down, 12.492; to sink down, fall, subside, 5.820; remain, 5.498; subside, remain below, be lost or disappear, 12.836; (w. acc.), to lie in wait for, remain, or watch for the spoils of, 11.268.

tumidus, a, um: adj. (tumeō), swollen, 1.142; distended, 10.387; elated, 9.596; incensed, angry, 6.407; causing to swell, swelling, 3.357.

axis, is, m.: an axle; synecdoche, car, chariot, 5.820; the axis of the heavens, the sky, the heavens, 4.482; the pole; the north pole, the north.

tonō, uī, 1, n. and a.: to thunder, 3.571, et al.; of speech, 11.383; (with acc.), utter, invoke with a loud voice, thunder forth, 4.510.

sternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.: to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

vāstus, a, um: (adj.), empty, void, wild, waste, 9.323; vast, unbounded, 1.118; huge, enormous, immense, 3.647; deep-, vast-, sounding, 1.245.

nimbus, ī, m.: a violent rain; storm, tempest, 1.51; a black cloud, thunder-cloud, cloud, 3.587; a bright cloud; the nimbus surrounding a god, 2.616; cloud of smoke, 5.666; a multitude, 7.793.

immānis, e: (adj.), vast, huge, immense, 1.110; wild, savage, barbarous, 1.616; cruel, ruthless, 1.347; unnatural, monstrous, hideous, 6.624; (adv.), immāne, wildly, fiercely, 12.535.

cētus, ī, m.; cētos, ī, n.; pl.: cētē, κῆτος, whales, sharks, sea-monsters, 5.822.

senex, senis: (adj.), old, aged, hoary, 7.180; (comp.) senior, ōris, older; very aged, 5.179; hoary, 5.704.

Glaucus, ī, m.: a fabled fisherman of Boeotia, one of the Argonauts, who was transformed into a sea-god, 5.823. 2. The father of Deiphobe, the Cumaean sibyl, 6.36. 3. A Lycian prince, allied with Priam, and slain by Ajax, son of Telamon, 6.483.

chorus, ī, m.: a dance in a circle; a dance; a company of singers or dancers, choir, train, 1.499; band, troop, 5.581; festival, 11.737.

Īnōus, a, um: adj. (Īnō), pertaining to Ino, daughter of Cadmus and mother of Melicertes or Palaemon; Inoan, 5.823.

Palaemōn, onis, m.: Palaemon, a sea-god, son of Athamas and Ino; also called Melicerta, 5.823.

Trītōn, ōnis, m.: Triton, a son of Neptune, 1.144; pl., Trītōnēs, um, m., sea-gods of the form of Triton, 5.824.

Phorcus, ī, m.: a sea-god, son of Neptune or Pontus and Gaia, 5.240; a Latin patriarch, 10.328.

laeva, ōrum, n.: the left-hand places; waters or waves on the left hand, 5.825.

Thetis, idis or idos, f.: Thetis, daughter of Nereus and Doris, married to Peleus, of Thessaly, by whom she became the mother of Achilles, 5.825.

Melitē, ēs, f.: Melite, a sea nymph, 5.825.

Panopēa, ae, f.: Panopea, a sea-nymph, daughter of Nereus, 5.240.

Nīsaeē, ēs, f.: one of the Naiads.

Spīō, ūs, f.: Spio, one of the Nereids, 5.826.

Thalīa, ae, f.: Thalia, an Oceanid or sea-nymph, 5.826.

Cȳmodocē, ēs, and Cȳmodocēa, ae, f.: Cymodoce, a Nereid, 5.826; 10.225.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-v-799-826