Vergil, Aeneid V 827-851

Hīc patris Aenēae suspēnsam blanda vicissim

gaudia pertemptant mentem; iubet ōcius omnīs

attollī mālōs, intendī bracchia vēlīs.

Ūnā omnēs fēcēre pedem pariterque sinistrōs,830

nunc dextrōs solvēre sinūs; ūnā ardua torquent

cornua dētorquentque; ferunt sua flāmina classem.

Prīnceps ante omnīs dēnsum Palinūrus agēbat

agmen; ad hunc aliī cursum contendere iussī.

Iamque ferē mediam caelī nox ūmida mētam835

contigerat, placidā laxābant membra quiēte

sub rēmīs fūsī per dūra sedīlia nautae,

cum levis aetheriīs dēlāpsus Somnus ab astrīs

āëra dīmōvit tenebrōsum et dispulit umbrās,

tē, Palinūre, petēns, tibi somnia trīstia portāns840

īnsontī; puppīque deus cōnsēdit in altā

Phorbantī similis funditque hās ōre loquēlās:

'Īäsidē Palinūre, ferunt ipsa aequora classem,

aequātae spīrant aurae, datur hōra quiētī.

pōne caput fessōsque oculōs fūrāre labōrī.845

ipse ego paulisper prō tē tua mūnera inībō.'

Cui vix attollēns Palinūrus lūmina fātur:

'Mēne salis placidī vultum flūctūsque quiētōs

ignōrāre iubēs? Mēne huic cōnfīdere mōnstrō?

Aenēān crēdam (quid enim?) fallācibus aurīs850

et caelī totiēns dēceptus fraude serēnī?'

CORE VOCABULARY

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

suspēnsus, a, um: in suspense, uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, 6.722; anxious, 2.729; filled with awe, 3.372.

blandus, a, um: (adj.), fondling; fawning; coaxing; persuasive, alluring, enticing, 1.670; grateful, calm, 5.827.

vicissim: (adv.), in turn, 4.80; in one’s turn, on one’s part, 6.531. (vicis)

pertēmptō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.: to handle completely; test, prove; to search through; thrill, penetrate, pervade, fill, 1.502, et al.

iubeō, iussī (fut. perf. iussō for iusserō, 11.467), iussus, 2, a.: to order, request, usually w. inf., freq.; bid, 2.3; ask, invite, 1.708; will, wish, desire, 3.261; direct, enjoin, admonish, 3.697; persuade, advise, 2.37; to clear by command, 10.444; w. subj., 10.53.

ōcior, ius: adj. comp. (superl., ōcissimus, a, um), swifter, more fleet, 5.319, et al.; (adv.), ōcius, more swiftly; rapidly, speedily, quickly, swiftly, 12.681.

attollō, 3, a.: to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

mālus, ī, m.: a standing pole; a mast, 5.487, et al.

bracchium, iī, n.: strictly, the forearm from the hand to the elbow; in general, the arm, 2.792, et al.; (fig.), limb, branch, of a tree, 6.282; sail-yard, 5.829; of walls, 3.535.

vēlum, ī, n.: a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

ūnā: (adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

pariter: (adv.), equally, 2.729; also, in like manner, in the same manner, on equal terms, 1.572; side by side, 2.205; at the same time, 10.865; pariter — pariter, 8.545. (pār)

sinister, tra, trum: (adj.), left, 7.689; on the left side or left hand, 6.548; (fig.), wrong-headed, perverse, 11.347; adverse, inauspicious, unlucky, ill-boding.

arduus, a, um: (adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

torqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to wind, turn, twist, 4.575; roll along, 6.551; whirl, hurl, 3.208; shoot, 5.497; cast, dash, 1.108; direct, 4.220; turn away, 6.547; turn, cause to revolve, 4.269; control, 12.180; p., tortus, a, um, whirled, whirling, impetuous, 7.567.

dētorqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to turn from; turn off, away, or aside, 5.165; bend, turn, 4.196; return, turn back, 5.832.

flāmen, inis, n.: a blowing; blast, gale, breeze, wind, 4.241. (flō, blow)

prīnceps, ipis: adj. (primus and capiō), first; chief; foremost, 5.160; subst., m., a chief, leader, commander, prince, 1.488; progenitor, founder, ancestor, 3.168.

dēnsus, a, um: (adj.), thick, dense, crowded, compact, in close array, serried, 2.383; frequent, 5.459.

Palinūrus, ī, m.: 1. The pilot of Aeneas, 3.202, et al. 2. Promontory said to have been named from him, Palinurus, now Palinuro, 6.381.

contendō, ī, tentus, 3, a.: to stretch completely; stretch, strain; strain the bow, 12.815; level the arrow, 5.513; shoot, 5.520; endeavor, strive, 1.158; contend, 4.108; hold, steer, 5.834; contend in skill of any kind.

nox, noctis, f.: night, freq.; darkness, 1.89; dark cloud, black storm-cloud, 3.198; sleep, 4.530; death, 12.310; personif., Nox, Night, the goddess of night, 3.512.

ūmidus, a, um: adj. (ūmeō), moist, wet, damp, dewy, 2.8, et al.; liquid, 4.486.

mēta, ae, f.: a meta; one of the cone-shaped pillars, three of which terminated each end of the spina in the Roman circus, and marked the turning point of the course; a turning point, goal, 5.129; (fig.), limit, extremity, end, bound, 1.278; 8.594; meridian, zenith, 5.835; mētae mortis, the bounds of death; i.e., fixed by death, 12.546. (mētior)

placidus, a, um: adj. (placeō), gentle, calm, tranquil, peaceful, serene, 5.848; inactive, idle, 9.187; friendly, propitious, 3.266; (adv.), placidē, gently, softly, quietly, calmly, 5.86.

laxō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to loosen, slacken; unfasten, undo, open, 2.259; uncoil, let out, 3.267; open, clear, 6.412; of the body, relax, 5.836; of the mind, relieve, 9.225. (laxus)

quiēs, ētis, f.: rest, repose, 3.495; sleep, 2.268; respite, intermission, 1.723.

rēmus, ī, m.: originally steering-oar; an oar, 1.104.

sedīle, is, n.: a bench, seat, 1.167. (sedeō)

nauta, ae, m.: a boatman, ferryman, 6.315; sailor, mariner, 3.207. (nāvis)

aetherius, a, um: adj. (aethēr), pertaining to the upper air; ethereal, heavenly, 1.394, et al.; airy, 8.608.

dēlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to glide, slip, or fall down; descend, 3.238; fall in with or upon, 2.377.

somnus, ī, m.: sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

dīmoveō, mōvī, mōtus, 2, a.: to move apart or away; remove, dispel, 3.589; divide, 5.839.

tenebrōsus, a, um: adj. (tenebrae), dark, dusky, murky, 5.839.

dispellō, pulī, pulsus, 3, a.: to drive away; separate, scatter, disperse, 1.538; to part, 5.839.

somnium, iī, n.: a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

īnsōns, sontis: (adj.), innocent, guiltless, unoffending, 2.84.

puppis, is, f.: the hinder part of a ship; the stern, 5.12; (by synecdoche), a vessel, boat, ship, 1.69; (meton.), crew, 8.497.

cōnsīdō, sēdī, sessus, 3, n.: to sit or settle down together or completely; sink, 2.624; sit, 4.573; sit in mourning, 11.350; take a seat, 5.136; alight, 3.245; settle, 10.780; dwell, 1.572; abide, rest, 11.915; to lie at anchor, to anchor, 3.378; to be moored, stationed, 7.431.

Phorbās, antis, m.: Phorbas, a son of Priam, killed at the siege of Troy, 5.842.

loquēla, ae, f.: a talking; speech; a word, 5.842. (loquor)

Īasidēs, ae, m.: a son or descendant of Iasius. 1. Palinurus, 5.843. 2. Iapis, 12.392. (Iasius)

aequō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to make equal in size, number, weight, etc., 1.193; 5.419; to equalize, divide equally, 1.508; make equal in length, 9.338; in height, raise to, 4.89; to equal, be equal to; to be as high as, on a level with; keep pace with, 6.263; return equally, requite, 6.474; lift, exalt, 11.125; p., aequātus, a, um, made equal or even; steady, 4.587. (aequus)

spīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to breathe, blow, 5.844; palpitate, 4.64; pant; breathe heavily, 7.510; heave, boil, 10.291; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; w. acc., 1.404; p., spīrāns, antis, lifelike, breathing, 6.847.

fūror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to steal, w. acc. and dat., 5.845; p., fūrātus, a, um, having stolen, w. dat. and ellipsis of acc., 7.283. (fūr)

paulisper: (adv.), for a short time, a little while, 5.846. (paulum and –per)

ineō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n. and a.: to go into; come upon; enter, 5.114; of a period of time, open, commence, begin; undertake, perform, 5.846.

sāl, salis, m.: salt; brine, salt water, 1.173; (meton.), the sea, 1.35.

quiēscō, quiēvī, quiētus, 3, n.: to rest, 7.6; repose, rest in death, 1.249; be hushed, still, quiet, 4.523; cease from action, 5.784; lie, 10.836; p., quiētus, a, um, at rest, quiet, 5.848; still, calm, tranquil, 5.216; peaceful, in repose, 4.379; gentle, friendly, 1.303. (quiēs)

ignōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: not to know; to be ignorant of, 5.849. (rel. to ignārus)

cōnfīdō, fīsus sum, 3, n. and a.: to put entire trust in; to trust in, w. dat. or abl., 1.452, et al.

mōnstrum, ī, n.: the thing which warns; an omen, a portent, 3.26; supernatural token, sign, 12.246; a prodigy, marvel, wonder, terror, 3.583; monster, 2.245. (moneō)

fallāx, ācis: adj. (fallō), prone to cheat; deceitful, treacherous, false, 5.850, et al.

totiēns (totiēs): num. adj. (tot), so many times, so often, 1.407, et al.

dēcipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.: to deceive; beguile, delude, mislead, 3.181. (dē and capiō)

fraus, fraudis, f.: fraud, deception, treachery, deceit, guile, 4.675; stratagem, ambuscade, 11.522; wickedness; fault, offense, 9.428; mischance, harm, 10.72; hurt, harm, 11.708; treacherous nature, uncertainty, 9.397.

serēnum, ī, n.: (sc. caelum), a clear sky. (serenus, clear, calm, tranquil, serene)

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-v-827-851