Νέκταρος α[. . . . . .]ν γλύκιον γένος ηραπεδο[
κ[.].δονηδυ[. . . . . . . ]ς ἀμβροσίης
ὑμέας γαῖ' ἀνέδ[ωκε, τ]ὰ καὶ τερπνίστατα πά[ντων
νεῖσθε διὰ γλῶσ[σαν γλεύ]κεος ὅσσα πέρα.
5 δείλαιοι, τυ[τθόν] μιν ἐπὶ πλέον ἢ ὅσον ἄκ[ρον
χεῖλος ἀναγλ[. . . . . . .]π[.]ρ ἀναινομένου
ἀνδρὸς ανουν[. . . . . . . . . .]ς ἐπέτασσεν[.].[
ω.[.] μίαν νης.[
10 της ω. Τυ[ρσην
ἤλυθ' ἄγων π[
πολλά, τὸ δ' ἐκ.[
ἱερὸς εἰ Φοίβου[
15 δημόθεν ως.[
.]στ' ἐπὶ τὴν ν[
Fr. 93 Harder (= 93 Pf., = 196 Mass.)
1-18 init. P.Oxy. 2170, fr. 1, 4-21 [image] Trismegistos 59370
1-7 fin. PSI 1218c, 4-10 [image], Trismegistos 59370
1 P.Mil.Vogl. I 18-III 12 sq. [image] Trismegistos 59371
When Lipara was being besieged by the Etruscans (Τυρσηνοί), the Etruscans pledged to Apollo that, if he gave them the victory, they would sacrifice the most courageous warrior of the Liparians to him after the battle. This was a man with the prescient name of Theudotus (or "Given to the god").
Massimilla, Giulio. 2011. 'Theudotus of Lipara (Callimachus, fr. 93 Pf.).' In Culture in Pieces. Essays on Ancient Texts in Honour of Peter Parsons, edited by Dirk Obbink and Richard Rutherford, 208-19. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
νέκταρ -αρος, τό: nectar
ἀμβροσίη -ης, ἡ: ambrosia
ἀναδίδωμι: give forth, send up; (esp. of the earth) yield
τέρπνιστος -η -ον: most delightful, very pleasant (superlative of τερπνός -ή -όν)
νέομαι: go, come
γλεῦκος -εος, τό: sweet new wine; grape-juice
πέρα: beyond, further
δείλαιος -α -ον: wretched, sorry, paltry 5
τυτθόν: (adv.) a little, a bit (esp. of space)
ἄκρον -ου, τό: the highest or farthest point, tip
Fr. 93b Harder, Σ C (F*D*) Ov. Ib. 465
Thyrreni, obsidentes Liparium castrum, promiserunt Apollini quod, si faceret eos uictores, fortissimum Liparensium ei sacrificarent. habita autem uictoria promissum reddiderunt, immolantes ei quendam nomine Theodotum. Unde Gallus: 'Theodotus captus Phoebo datus hostia, quamuis | nequaquam sit homo uictima grata deo'.
When the Tyrrhenians were besieging the fortress of Lipara they promised Apollo that, if he made them victorious, they would sacrifice the strongest of the Liparians to him. And when they had the victory, they made good the promise, sacrificing to him one named Theodotus. Thus Gallus: "Theodotus, having been captured, was given to Phoebus as a sacrifice, although to the god a man is in no way a pleasing victim."
A sort of nectar...
. . . ambrosia
the earth has produced you, you pass the tongue as really
the most delightful of all things, beyond even sweet new wine.
Wretches, a little more than as far as the edge of the lip . . .5