α. . . . Μελικέρτα, μιῆς ἐπὶ πότνια Βύνη
ση. .[.]τ̣[. . .]φ̣[ Λε]ανδρίδες εἴ τι παλαιαί
φθ[έγγ]ονται[ ]υφαν ἱστορίαι.
Ino, the daughter of Cadmus, having been driven mad by Hera, fled her husband and jumped into the sea with her son, Melicertes. His body was washed up on the shores of Tenedos, where an altar was placed in his honor. Subsequently, whenever the city was threatened, a woman sacrificed her own child on this altar and was herself blinded. The custom was later abolished when the Penthelidae, the descendants of Orestes and Erigone (the daughter of Aegisthus), settled in Lesbos and exerted their influence on the nearby islands.
Μελικέρτης, -ου, ὁ: Melicertes, son of Athamas and Ino, metamorphosed into a marine divinity under the name of Palaemon
πότνια -ης, ἡ: mistress, queen
Βύνη -ης, ἡ: Byne, an old name for the sea goddess Ino
Λεανδρίς -ίδος: (adj.) Leandrian, of Leander, author of a local history of Miletus
φθέγγομαι: utter a sound
ἱστορία -ης, ἡ: inquiry; written history; story
Α. . . . Μελικέρτα, μιῆς ἐπὶ πότνια Βύνη
Ἑξῆς• ἐπεὶ σὺν Μελικέρτῃ τῷ παιδὶ ἑαυ-
τὴν κατεπόντισεν Ἰνώ, ἐξέπε-
σεν εἰς αἰγιαλὸν τῆς Τενέδου τὸ σῶ-
5 μ[α] τοῦ Μελικέρτου• τοὺς δὲ ἐκεῖ πο-
τε κατοικοῦντας Λέλεγας ποιῆσαι
αὐτῷ βωμόν, ἐφ' οὗ ἡ πόλις ποιεῖ
θυσίαν, ὅταν περὶ μεγάλων φο-
βῆται, τοι[ά]νδ[ε]• γυνὴ τὸ ἑαυτῆς βρέ-
10 φος κα[ταθύσα]σα παραχρῆμα τυφλοῦ-
ται. τοῦ[το δ' ὕς]τερον κατελύθη, ὅτε
οἱ ἀπὸ Ὀ[ρέστου] Λέ[σβ]ον ᾤκησαν.
Α. . . . "Melicertes, august Byne on one. . ."
Next: When Ino threw herself into
the sea with her child Melicertes, the body
of Melicertes washed up on the shore
of Tenedos. And [he says] that the5
Leleges, who lived there at one time,
made an altar for him, on which the city makes
a sacrifice, whenever it is afraid
great matters, in the following way: a woman sacrifices her own new-born
child [and] is immediately blinded10
Later, this was brought to an end
when the descendents of Orestes settled at Lesbos.
O Melicertes, the august Byne upon one . . .
. . . if the old Leandrian stories tell something . . .