Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
Pholoē, ēs, f.

a Cretan woman, slave of Aeneas, 5.285.

1
Cycnus, ī, m.

a king of the Ligurians, friend of Phaëthon, placed among the constellations, as the swan, 10.189.

1
pluvia, ae (sc. aqua), f.

rain (pluvius)

1
dēfēnsor, ōris, m.

a defender, protector; applied also to inanimate things, 2.521. (dēfendō)

1
pōpulus, ī, f.

a poplar tree; a wreath of poplar, 8.276.

1
dēscēnsus, ūs, m.

a going down; descent, 6.126. (dēscendō)

1
praevertō, vertī, versus, 3, a.

to turn before; to preoccupy, prepossess, 1.721; surpass, 7.807; pass. as dep. (only in pres.), praevertor, to surpass, outstrip, 1.317.

1
disiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to disjoin, separate, drive away from, 1.252.

1
Prīvernus, ī, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 9.576.

1
Euphrātēs, is, m.

the Euphrates.

1
relegō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to gather again; pass by, survey again; coast again, 3.690.

1
explōrātor, ōris, m.

a scout, 11.512. (explōrō)

1
Fādus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 9.344.

1
Rhēsus, ī, m.

a Thracian king allied with the Trojans, 1.469.

1
Fescennīnus, a, um

adj. (Fescennia), of Fescennia, a Tuscan city on the Tiber, 7.695.

1
sēminō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to plant, sow; produce, 6.206. (sēmen)

1
generātor, ōris, m.

one who begets; a breeder, 3.704. (generō)

1
simplex, plicis

(adj.), uncompounded, simple; unmixed, 6.747; single, one, the same.

1
sodālis, e, c.

a comrade, companion, 10.386.

1
Grynēus, a, um

(adj.), of Grynia, a town in Asia Minor, the seat of one of the oracles of Apollo; Gryneian, 4.345

1
squāmeus, a, um

adj. (squāma), covered with scales; scaly, 2.218.

1
honōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to honor; keep, observe with honor, 5.50. (honōs)

1
hyacinthus, ī, m.

a hyacinth.

1
superbus, a, um

adj. (super), overbearing, haughty, proud, insolent, fierce, 1.523; superior, mighty, 1.21; audacious, 12.326; hard, cruel, 12.877; stately, superb, magnificent, splendid, 1.639.

1
Imbrasus, ī, m.

a Lycian, 12.343.

1
impēnsē

(adv.), (comp.), impēnsius, with unusual or much outlay; carefully, earnestly, 12.20. (impēnsa)

1
Tagus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 9.418.

1
Tetrica, ae, m.

a mountain in the Sabine country, 7.713.

1
Thymbraeus, ī, m.

a Trojan warrior, 12.458.

1
Tityos, ī, m.

a giant, son of Jupiter and Elara, who was slain by Apollo for offering violence to Latona, 6.595.

1
intrāctātus, a, um

(adj.), unhandled, untried, 8.206.

1
Acamās, antis, m.

Acamas, a son of Theseus and Phaedra, 2.262.

1
Īō, ūs, f.

Io, daughter of Inachus, changed into a cow, watched by Argus, and again restored to her own form, and worshiped by the Egyptians as Isis, 7.789.

1
addīcō, dīxī, dictus, 3, a.

to pronounce for; assign to; give up to, 3.653.

1
Lātōnia, ae, f.

Diana, 11.534.

1
victrīx, īcis, f.

a female conqueror; in triumph, 7.544; as adj., victorious, 3.54. (vincō)

1
Leleges, um, m.

Pelasgian tribes of Asia Minor and Greece, 8.725.

1
liquēscō, licuī, 3, inc. n.

to become fluid or liquid; melt, 8.446. (liqueō)

1
Maeōn, onis, m.

Maeon, a Rutulian, 10.337.

1
aquila, ae, f.

an eagle, 11.752, et al.

1
armiger, erī, m.

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

1
Memnōn, onis, m.

Memnon, son of Tithonus and Aurora, king of the Ethiopians, and slain by Achilles at Troy, 1.489.

1
aspargō, inis, f.

a sprinkling upon; spray, 3.534. (aspergō)

1
Athōs (acc. on, ōna), m.

a mountain in Macedonia on the Strymonian gulf, 12.701.

1
bimembris, is

adj. (bis and membrum), having two kinds of members; subst., bimembrēs, ium, m., Centaurs, 8.293.

1
calamus, ī, m.

a reed or cane; an arrow, 10.140.

1
nūntia, ae, f.

a messenger, 4.188.

1
Cōrus, ī, m.

Corus or Caurus, the northwest wind, 5.126.

1
Oīleus (trisyll.), eī, ī, or eos

patronymic, son of Oileus, the king of Locris, 1.41.

1
opertum, ī

a covered or secret place; partitive, operta tellūris, hidden, unseen regions of the earth, 6.140. (operiō)

1
contrārius, a, um

adj. (contrā), opposite; (fig.), contrary, opposed, opposing, 2.39; unfavorable, adverse, 1.239; subst., contrāria, ōrum, n. pl., opposite things, different counsels, 12.487.

1
Crustumerī, ōrum, m.

the people of Crustumerium, a town of the Sabines, or a town itself, 7.631.

1
cūra, ae, f.

care, solicitude, anxiety, 1.261; toil; charge, duty, 1.704; love, passion, pang, 4.531; affection, love, 1.646; thought, 9.757; grief, anguish, 4.332; personified, Cūrae, Cares, 6.274.

1
Cyprus, ī, f.

a large island in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1.622.

1
praecō, ōnis, m.

a herald, 5.245.

1
Dryopes, um, m.

the Dryopes, a Pelasgian tribe, at first of Thessaly, later of Messene, 4.146.

1
ēniteō, uī, 2, n.

to shine forth, 4.150; grow bright.

1
quippe

(conj. and adv.), because indeed, for indeed, for; because forsooth, 1.39; forsooth, while indeed, 4.218; surely, truly, indeed, 12.422.

1
Ēridanus, ī, m.

1. A Greek name of the river Po. 2. The river in the lower world which flows forth and forms the Po in the upper world, 6.659.

1
euhāns, antis, p. n. and a.

crying Euhan! shrieking madly, celebrating, 6.517. (Evan or Euan, i.e. Bacchus)

1
exigō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.

to drive out or work out; drive through, thrust, 10.682; drive, 2.357; investigate, examine, ascertain, 1.309; weigh, consider, determine, 4.476; fulfill; finish, complete, 6.637; of time, spend, pass, 1.75; p. subst., exācta, ōrum, discoveries, 1.309. (ex and agō)

1
exsecō, uī, tus, 1, a.

to cut out, 10.315.

1
extorris, e

adj. (ex and terra), out of one's country; exiled, w. abl., 4.616.

1
famēs, is, f.

hunger, 1.216; famine, 3.256; greed, desire, 3.57; personified, Famine, Hunger, 6.276.

1
fīctus, a, um

feigned, false, 2.107. (fingō)

1
sanciō, sānxī, sānctus, 4, a.

to make sacred; sanction, ratify, 12.200. (sacer)

1
frūstror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to render vain; frustrate, baffle, disappoint, 6.493. (frūstrā)

1
Gallus, ī, m.

a Gaul, 6.858; Gallī, ōrum, m., the Gauls, 8.656.

1
Sīdōn, ōnis, f.

one of the capitals of Phoenicia, 1.619.

1
horrificō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make rough; make to shudder; terrify, 4.465. (horrificus)

1
Hyrtacus, ī, m.

the father of Nisus, 9.406.

1
sufferō, sustulī, sublātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to carry from beneath, bear up, sustain; resist; withstand, 2.492. For the tenses of the perfect stem and participle in the sense of lift up, take away, etc., see tollō. (sub and ferō)

1
superstō, no perf. nor sup., 1, n.

to stand over, 10.540.

1
immeritus, a, um

(adj.), undeserving; guiltless, 3.2.

1
impingō, pēgī, pāctus, 3, a.

to fasten upon; drive, dash against, 5.805. (1. in and pangō)

1
īnflīgō, flīxī, flīctus, 3, a.

to strike, dash on or against, 10.303.

1
īnfrēnus, a, um; also, īnfrēnis, e

unbridled; riding without bridle, 4.41.

1
Tīburs, tis

adj. (Tībur), of Tibur, 9.360; n. pl., Tīburtia, 7.670; subst., Tīburtēs, um, m., the people of Tibur; the Tiburtines, 11.757.

1
innūptus, a, um

(adj.), not veiled; unmarried, virgin-, 2.31.

1
tranquillus, a, um

(adj.), calm, still, 2.203; subst., tranquillum, ī, n., a calm; calm weather, 5.127.

1
trietēricus, a, um

(adj.), triennial, 4.302.

1
invergō, 3, a.

to cause to incline; turn into, pour upon, 6.244.

1
Acmōn, onis, m.

a Trojan, 10.128.

1
iūgerum, ī, n.

a Roman acre, about five eighths of the English acre; a iuger, an acre, 6.596; pl., iūgera, um, acres, 6.596; fields, lands, ground. (rel. to iungō and iugum)

1
valēns, entis

strong, vigorous, powerful, 5.431. (valeō)

1
Ixīōn, onis, m.

the father of Pirithous, and king of the Lapithae, who was bound to an ever revolving wheel in Hades for offering violence to Juno, 6.601.

1
advolvō, volvī, volūtus, 3, a.

to roll to; roll, 6.182.

1
Aequīculus, a, um

adj. (Aequī), of the Aequi, a tribe adjacent to the Latins and Volscians, near Rome; Aequian, 7.747.

1
vepres, is, m.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 8.645.

1
lāpsō, āre, freq. n.

to fall down; slip, 2.551. (1. lābor)

1
vīlis, e

(adj.), of small value; cheap, worthless, insignificant, base, inferior, 11.372.

1
Licymnia, ae, f.

Licymnia, a slave, 9.546.

1
Amāzonis, idis, f.

an Amazon, 1.490.

1
līvidus, a, um

adj. (līveō), lead-colored, livid, dusky, 6.320.

1
Lӯdī, ōrum, m.

the people of Lydia; the Lydians; Etruscans, descendants of the Lydians, 9.11. (from the adj. Lӯdus, a, um, used as subst.)

1
Appennīnicola, ae, m.

a dweller in the Apennines, 11.700. (Appennīnus and colō)

1
mantēle, is, n.

a handcloth, a napkin, towel, 1.702.

1
Argīlētum, ī, n.

the Argiletum, a place in Rome at the foot of the Capitoline hill, 8.345. (argilla, clay; wrongly derived from Argī, lētum)

1
meātus, ūs, m.

a going; passage, course, movement, motion, 6.849. (meō)

1
attāctus, ūs (only in the abl., attāctū), m.

a touching; touch, 7.350. (attingō)

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY