Chapter 6.14

Druidēs ā bellō abesse cōnsuērunt, neque tribūta ūnā cum reliquīs pendunt; mīlitiae vacātiōnem omniumque rērum habent immūnitātem. Tantīs excitātī praemiīs et suā sponte multī in disciplīnam conveniunt et ā parentibus propīnquīsque mittuntur. Māgnum ibī numerum versuum ēdiscere dīcuntur. Itaque annōs nōn nūllī XX in disciplīnā permanent. Neque fās esse exīstimant ea litterīs mandāre, cum in reliquīs ferē rēbus, pūblicīs prīvātīsque ratiōnibus, Graecīs litterīs ūtantur. Id mihi duābus dē causīs īnstituisse videntur, quod neque in vulgum disciplīnam efferrī velint neque eōs quī discunt litterīs cōnfīsōs minus memoriae studēre; quod ferē plērīsque accidit ut praesidiō litterārum dīligentiam in perdiscendō ac memoriam remittant. In prīmīs hōc volunt persuādēre, nōn interīre animās sed ab aliīs post mortem trānsīre ad aliōs, atque hōc māximē ad virtūtem excitārī putant, metū mortis neglēctō. Multa praetereā dē sīderibus atque eōrum mōtū, dē mundī ac terrārum māgnitūdine, dē rērum nātūrā, dē deōrum immortālium vī ac potestāte disputant et iuventūtī trādunt.

Their privileges. Their doctrines.

sponte: adverbial ablative: unaided; on one’s own accord (Sihler) ( A&G 419.c)

disciplina: Compare Roman Education

quod neque ...velint: ‘because it is supposed that they do not wish’ (Moberly) ( A&G 540).

litteris confisos: 'by trusting to written words' (Allen & Judson) ( A&G 496).

minus studere: ‘to pay less attention to’ (Walker).

minus memoriae studere: 'to cultivate the memory less' (Hodges).

praesidio: lit. ‘because of the protection of’ = ‘depending on’ (Walker).

remittant: 'relax' (Hodges).

quod…remittant: ‘which is the result in most cases, that persons relying on the aid of writing lose their perseverance in learning by heart as well as their retentiveness of memory’ (Peskett).

hoc: (acc.; more usually illud) refers to what follows; hōc (abl.) to what has just been said (Allen & Judson)( A&G 297).

excitari: ‘that men are incited’ (Walker).

multa…disputant: ‘they also theorise largely’ (Moberly).

Drŭĭdes, -um m.: Gallic priests

cōnsuēscō –suēscere –suēvī –suētum:  accustom, (in perf.) be accustomed

tribūtum –ī n.:  payment, tribute

mīlitia –ae f.:  military service

vacatiō –ōnis f.:  freedom, exemption

immūnitās –ātis f.:  exemption, immunity

excitō –āre:  call out, awaken, excite

propinquus –a –um:  near, neighboring; related

versus –ūs m.:  line, verse

permaneō –manēre –mānsī –mānsum:  stay, remain, persevere

fās n. (indecl.):  what is right, divine law

māndo –āre:  entrust, commit, confide

Graecus –a –um:  Greek

efferō –ferre, extulī, ēlātum:  carry out, remove

cōnfīdō –fīdere –fĭsus sum:  trust in, rely on

dīligentia –ae f.:  attentiveness, care, diligence

perdiscō –discere –didicī:  learn thoroughly

remittō –mittere –mīsī –missum:  let go, give up

persuādeō –suadēre –suāsī –suāsum:  convince, persuade

intereō –īre –iī –itum:  go among, be lost in; die

metus –ūs, m.:  fear

neglegō –legere –lēxī –lēctum:  disregard, neglect, be indifferent to

mōtus –ūs m.:  motion, movement

immortālis –e:  immortal

disputō –āre:  examine, investigate, discuss

iuventūs –ūtis f.:  youth

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Christopher Francese, Caesar: Selections from the Gallic War. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2011, revised and enlarged 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-02-3. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/caesar/book-6/chapter-6-14