Chapter 5.31

Cōnsurgitur ex cōnsiliō; comprehendunt utrumque et ōrant nē suā dissēnsiōne et pertināciā rem in summum perīculum dēdūcant: facilem esse rem, seu maneant, seu proficīscantur, sī modo ūnum omnēs sentiant āc probent; contrā in dissēnsiōne nūllam sē salūtem perspicere. Rēs disputātiōne ad mediam noctem perdūcitur. Tandem dat Cotta permōtus manūs: superat sententia Sabīnī. Prōnūntiātur prīmā lūce itūrōs. Cōnsūmitur vigiliīs reliqua pars noctis, cum sua quisque mīles circumspiceret, quid sēcum portāre posset, quid ex īnstrūmentō hībernōrum relinquere cōgerētur. Omnia excōgitantur, quārē nec sine perīculō maneātur et languōre mīlitum et vigiliīs perīculum augeātur. Prīmā lūce sīc ex castrīs proficīscuntur ut quibus esset persuāsum nōn ab hoste sed ab homine amīcissimō Ambiorige cōnsilium datum, longissimō āgmine māximīsque impedīmentīs.

指挥官们同意接受安比奥里克斯(Ambiorix)的提议。军队离开了营地。

Consurgitur: 非人称被动式。“他们站了起来”。(Gaisser) (A&G 208.d)

dat...manus: 一个正规的投降,“屈服”(Allen & Judson);manus dare的本意是“伸出自己的手被绑起”。如果有争论出现,Cotta可能已被凯撒命令去向Sabinus投降。

Pronuntiatur: 非人称被动式:“公告已被宣布”(Gaisser)

ituros [esse]:补充(eos)为间接陈述句的主语。

sua: 宾语复数中性词:“他自己的物品”(Gaisser)

quare…augeatur:(解释)他们为什么不能在没有危险的情况下留下,而且(可能会遇到的)危险会增大”(Hodges) (A&G 574)

sic...ut quibus esset persuasum:“他们被劝服了”。主语是characteristic。(Hodges)”; “因为他们被说服了;这是一个因果关系从句,它控制着间接陈述句 (Gaisser); ut quibus, etc: “仿佛他们被说服了”(Allen & Greenough) (A&G 535.e)

non ab hoste...consilium datum: “给出这个建议的Ambiorix不是一个敌人,而是一个很亲密的朋友。”

consurgo, -ĕre, -surrexi, -surrectum: 同时站起;+ex consilio:使会议停止

comprěhendo, -dere, -di, -sum: 握手

dissensĭo, -ōnis f.: 纠纷

pertĭnācĭa, -ae f.: 固执

perspĭcĭo, -ĕre, -spexi, -spectum: 了解,查明

dispŭtātĭo, -ōnis f.: 辩论,讨论

perdūco, -ĕre, -xi, -ctum: 持续

permǒvěo, permǒvēre, permōvi, permōtum: 骚动

prōnuntǐo, prōnuntiare, prōnuntiāvi, prōnuntiātum: 宣布

vǐgǐlǐa, ae f.: 警觉,不眠

circumspĭcĭo, -ĕre, -exi, -spectum: 检查

instrūmentum, i n.: 工具

hībernus, -a, -um: 指冬季的;hīberna, -ōrum:冬季营房

excōgĭto, -āre: 安排,设计

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Christopher Francese, Caesar: Selections from the Gallic War. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2011, revised and enlarged 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-02-3. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/zh-hans/chapter-5-31