Vergil, Aeneid VII 445-474

Tālibus Allēctō dictīs exārsit in īrās.445

at iuvenī ōrantī subitus tremor occupat artūs,

dēriguēre oculī: tot Erīnys sībilat hydrīs

tantaque sē faciēs aperit; tum flammea torquēns

lūmina cunctantem et quaerentem dīcere plūra

reppulit, et geminōs ērēxit crīnibus anguīs,450

verberaque īnsonuit rabidōque haec addidit ōre:

'Ēn ego victa sitū, quam vērī effēta senectūs

arma inter rēgum falsā formīdine lūdit.

Respice ad haec: adsum dīrārum ab sēde sorōrum,

bella manū lētumque gerō.'455

Sīc effāta facem iuvenī coniēcit et ātrō

lūmine fūmantīs fīxit sub pectore taedās.

Ollī somnum ingēns rumpit pavor, ossaque et artūs

perfundit tōtō prōruptus corpore sūdor.

Arma āmēns fremit, arma torō tēctīsque requīrit;460

saevit amor ferrī et scelerāta īnsānia bellī,

īra super: māgnō velutī cum flamma sonōre

virgea suggeritur costīs undantis aēnī

exsultantque aestū laticēs, furit intus aquāī

fumidus atque altē spūmīs exūberat amnis,465

nec iam sē capit unda, volat vapor āter ad aurās.

Ergō iter ad rēgem pollūtā pāce Latīnum

indīcit prīmīs iuvenum et iubet arma parārī,

tūtārī Ītaliam, dētrūdere fīnibus hostem;

sē satis ambōbus Teucrīsque venīre Latīnīsque.470

Haec ubi dicta dedit dīvōsque in vōta vocāvit,

certātim sēsē Rutulī exhortantur in arma.

hunc decus ēgregium fōrmae movet atque iuventae,

hunc atavī rēgēs, hunc clārīs dextera factīs.

CORE VOCABULARY

Allēctō, ūs, f.: Alecto, one of the furies, 7.324, et al.

dictum, ī, n.: a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

exārdēscō, ārsī, ārsus, 3, inc. n.: to begin to burn; (fig.), to be roused to anger; kindle, burn, 2.575; 5.172.

subitus, a, um: having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

tremor, ōris, m.: a trembling; quaking; tremor, a shudder, horror, 2.121. (tremō)

artus, ūs, m.: a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

dērigēscō, riguī, 3, inc. n.: to grow completely stiff; to be cold, stiff; to be cold, stiff, paralyzed with fear, 3.260; stand staring, 7.447.

Erīnys, yos, f.: a fury, 2.337; pest, scourge, curse, 2.573.

sībilō, 1, n. and a.: to hiss, 7.447. (sībilus, a hissing)

hydrus, ī, m.: a water-serpent; snake, 7.447.

flammeus, a, um: adj. (flamma), like flame; fiery, flaming, 7.448.

torqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to wind, turn, twist, 4.575; roll along, 6.551; whirl, hurl, 3.208; shoot, 5.497; cast, dash, 1.108; direct, 4.220; turn away, 6.547; turn, cause to revolve, 4.269; control, 12.180; p., tortus, a, um, whirled, whirling, impetuous, 7.567.

cunctor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.: to delay, hesitate, linger, wait, 4.133; keep one's ground, stand at bay, 10.717.

repellō, reppulī, repulsus, 3, a.: to push or drive back; repel, 2.13; reject, refuse, disdain, 4.214.

geminus, a, um: (adj.), twin, 1.274, et al.; twofold, 6.203; double, two, 4.470; pl., geminī, ae, a, twin, 2.500; two, 1.162.

ērigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.: to raise up, rear, erect, 4.495; cast upward, 3.423. (ex and regō)

crīnis, is, m.: the hair, 1.480; train of meteors, 5.528; (often in the pl.), the hairs of the head, the hair.

anguis, is, m. and f.: a snake of any kind, serpent, 2.379; hydra, 8.300.

verber, eris, n.: a lash, whip; a stripe, blow, 6.558, et al.; flapping, beating, 12.876.

īnsonō, uī, 1, n.: to sound within; resound, snap, 5.579; (w. acc.), sound, crack (as to, or with) the lash, 7.451.

rabidus, a, um: (adj.), raving, savage, mad, raging, 6.421; frenzied; frantic, raving, 6.80.

ēn: (interj.), lo! behold! with nom., 1.461; in indignation, 4.597.

situs, ūs, m.: position; order, 3.451; being let alone; neglect, roughness, squalor, mold, 6.462; rust, decrepitude, dotage, 7.440. (sinō)

vērus, a, um: (adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

effētus, a, um: adj. (ex and fētus, productive), no longer producing; exhausted, 5.396; incapable (w. gen.), 7.440.

senectūs, ūtis, f.: old age, 5.416; personified, 6.275. (senex)

formīdō, inis, f.: dread, dismay, apprehension, terror, fear, 2.76; awe, 7.608; personif., Fear, Dismay, 12.335. (formīdō)

lūdō, lūsī, lūsus, 3, n. and a.: to play, frolic, sport, 1.397, et al.; play with dice, 9.336; make sport of, mock, delude, deceive, 1.352; make one's sport, 11.427.

adsum, adfuī, esse, irreg. n.: to be near or by; to be present, at hand, or here, 1.595; to have arrived, 2.132; to be with, attend, 2.701; aid, accompany, 10.547; be propitious, 3.116; to beset, 2.330; inf., adfore, to be about to come, destined to come, 7.270. (imp. subj., adforem, -ēs, -et, -ent)

dīrus, a, um: (adj.), accursed; portentous; fearful, dreadful, awful, dire, cruel, horrible, freq.; accursed, 2.261; unhallowed, impious, 6.373; foul, carrion, 3.262; wild, furious, ardent, 9.185; pl., dīra (adv.), fearfully, 10.572.

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

lētum, ī, n.: death, destruction, 2.134, et al. (cf. dēleō)

effor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.: to speak forth; speak, say, 6.560. (ex and for)

coniciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.: to throw together; pile up, 5.662; throw, cast, hurl, 2.545; turn, 12.483. (com- and iaciō)

āter, tra, trum: (adj.), black; dark, gloomy, 1.60, et al.; smoky, lurid, 7.456; 4.384; clotted, dark, 3.622; soiled, blackened, 2.272; (fig.), sad, fatal, 6.429; venomous, deadly; of the odor of smoke, 12.591.

fūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to smoke, 3.3, et al.; send up vapor; fume, reek, 2.698; foam, 12.338. (fūmus)

fīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.: to fix or fasten; freq., the object in or on which, in the abl., 1.212; abl. w. prep., 6.636; acc. w. prep., 9.408; fasten up, suspend from, 3.287; hang up, 1.248; set up, establish, make, 6.622; transfix, pierce, 5.516; hurl (fix by hurling), 10.883; wound, 10.343; inscribe, 11.84.

taeda, ae, f.: pitch-pine, 4.505; a brand, 7.71; torch, nuptial torch, 4.18; marriage, 4.339.

pavor, ōris, m.: a trembling, panic, fear, terror, 2.229; throbbing; eager, trembling, anxiety, 5.138. (paveō)

perfundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.: to pour over or along; wash, 3.397; overspread, overflow, 11.626; spot, stain, 2.221; anoint, 5.135; besprinkle, 12.611.

prōrumpō, rūpī, ruptus, 3, a. and n.: to cause to burst forth; cast forth, 3.572; spring forth, 10.796; rush, run, burst into, 7.32; p., prōruptus, a, um, breaking, starting out, 7.459; dashing, rushing, broken, 1.246.

sūdor, ōris, m.: sweat, 2.174. (sūdō)

āmēns, entis: out of one’s mind or senses; amazed, beside one’s self, frantic, mad, furious, 2.314; 4.203; distracted, 3.307.

fremō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.: to make a murmuring noise; to roar, 1.56; whinny, neigh, 12.82; raise lamentations, 6.175; whiz, 12.922; resound, 4.668; rage, 5.19; to be fierce, furious, 4.229; fume, rave, 12.535; shout and sing, 4.146; a., rage, rave for, clamor for, 11.453, et al.; ore fremere, applaud, shout applause, 5.385; p., fremēns, entis, raging, 4.229.

torus, ī, m.: a bed, couch, 1.708; seat, 5.388; royal seat, throne, 8.177; bank, 6.674; the swelling part of flesh; a brawny muscle.

requīrō, quīsīvī or quīsiī, quīsītus, 3, a.: to seek much or earnestly; seek out, search for, 3.170; demand; ask, question, 2.390; inquire, 2.506; speak with regret of, mourn, 1.217. (re- and quaerō)

saeviō, iī, ītus, 4, n.: to be fierce; to be furious, rage; be angry, 6.544. (saevus)

scelerō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.: to make impious; desecrate, pollute, 3.42; p., scelerātus, a, um, foul with crime; polluted, impious, wicked, 2.231; accursed, 6.563; pertaining to the guilty or to guilt, due to wickedness, 2.576; sacrilegious, 9.137. (scelus)

īnsānia, ae, f.: unsoundness; insanity, madness, folly, frenzy, 2.42; violence, fury, 7.461. (īnsānus)

super: (adv.), above, 4.684, et al.; above, from above, 10.384; moreover, 4.606; besides, 1.29; more than enough, 2.642; remaining, surviving, left (with ellipsis of esse), 3.489, et al.; still (or above), 4.684; of time, in, during, 9.61.

sonor, ōris, m.: a noise, sound; clash, clang, din, 9.651. (sonō)

virgeus, a, um: adj. (virga), of twigs, rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7.463.

suggerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.: to bring or put under or up to; supply, reach, 10.333; place beneath, apply to, 7.463. (sub and gerō)

costa, ae, f.: a rib, 1.211; side.

undō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to rise in waves; of flame, smoke, dust, etc., surge, 2.609; overflow, stream forth, burst forth, gush, 10.908; boil, seethe, 6.218; of lines or reins, hang free, flow, 5.146. (unda)

aēnus, a, um: adj. (aes), of bronze; brazen, 2.470; subst., aēnum, ī, n., a bronze or brazen vessel; caldron, 1.213, et al.

exsultō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.: to spring; move with bold or exulting strides, 2.470; 10.643; advance proudly, 10.550; bound, 12.688; rise, surge in billows, swell, 3.557; bubble, 7.464; pant, 5.137; exult, rejoice, triumph, 2.386. (exsiliō)

aestus, ūs, m.: glowing heat; summer; a boiling; a billowy motion; waves of flame, flames, 2.706; wave, surge, 1.107; tide, sea, flood, 3.419; tide (of feeling), agitation, 4.532.

latex, icis, m.: a liquid; liquor; wine, 1.686; water, 4.512.

furō, uī, 3, n.: to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

intus: (adv.), within, 1.294, et al. (in)

fūmidus, a, um: adj. (fūmus), smoking, 9.75; steaming, 7.465; veiled with smoke, 7.76.

altē: (adv.), aloft, on high; high, 1.337; high up; deeply, deep; comp., altius, higher. (altus)

spūma, ae, f.: froth, foam, spray, 1.35; pl., spray, 3.208. (spuō, spit)

exūberō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to abound, overflow, 7.465.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

vapor, ōris, m.: vapor, steam, 7.466; fiery vapor; fire, 5.683.

polluō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.: to soil, pollute, defile, 3.234; break, violate, 3.61.

Latīnus, ī, m.: Latinus, a king of Latium, whose capital was Laurentum, and whose daughter, Lavinia, became the wife of Aeneas, 6.891, et al. (Latium)

indīcō, dīxī, dictus, 3, a.: to declare, 7.616; ordain, appoint, 5.758; order, summon, 11.737.

iubeō, iussī (fut. perf. iussō for iusserō, 11.467), iussus, 2, a.: to order, request, usually w. inf., freq.; bid, 2.3; ask, invite, 1.708; will, wish, desire, 3.261; direct, enjoin, admonish, 3.697; persuade, advise, 2.37; to clear by command, 10.444; w. subj., 10.53.

tūtor, āvī, ātus sum, 1, dep. intens. a.: to protect, defend, 2.677; befriend, 5.343. (tueor)

Ītalia, ae (Ī by poetic (epic) license), f.: Italy, 1.2, et al.

dētrūdō, trūsī, trūsus, 3, a.: to thrust down or away; push off from, 1.145; drive from, thrust out, 6.584; thrust down, 7.772.

ambō, ae, ō: (adj.), both, 1.458.

Teucrī, ōrum, m.: the Trojans, descendants of Teucer, 1.38, et al.; adj., Teucrian, Trojan, 9.779, et al. (Teucer)

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

Latīnī, ōrum, m.: the people of Latium; the Latins, 12.823, et al.

dīvus (dīus), a, um: (adj.), divine; godlike, 11.657; subst., dīvus, ī, m., a god, freq.; the image of a god, 12.286; dīva, ae, f., a goddess, 1.632, et al.

certātim: (adv.), with striving or contention; emulously, vying one with another; with every blow, 2.628; emulously, 3.290; impatiently, 11.486; as if in rivalry; fiercely, 11.209. (certō)

Rutulī, ōrum, m.: the Rutulians, an ancient tribe of Latium dwelling south of the Tiber, 1.266, et al.

exhortor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to encourage, rouse, 7.472; advise, 8.510; to spur, 11.610.

iuventa, ae, f.: youthfulness; the age of youth; youth, 1.590, et al. (iuvenis)

atavus, ī, m.: a great-great-great-grandfather, or forefather of the fifth previous generation; forefather, 7.474.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-vii-445-474