1.13

Τότε μὲν οὖν παρ᾽ αὐτῷ ἑστιαθέντες ἐμείναμεν, ἕωθεν δὲ διαναστάντες ἐτασσόμεθα· καὶ γὰρ οἱ σκοποὶ ἐσήμαινον πλησίον εἶναι τοὺς πολεμίους. τὸ μὲν οὖν πλῆθος τῆς στρατιᾶς δέκα μυριάδες ἐγένοντο ἄνευ τῶν σκευοφόρων καὶ τῶν μηχανοποιῶν καὶ τῶν πεζῶν καὶ τῶν ξένων συμμάχων· τούτων δὲ ὀκτακισμύριοι μὲν ἦσαν οἱ Ἱππόγυποι, δισμύριοι δὲ οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν Λαχανοπτέρων. ὄρνεον δὲ καὶ τοῦτό ἐστι μέγιστον, ἀντὶ τῶν πτερῶν λαχάνοις πάντῃ λάσιον, τὰ δὲ ὠκύπτερα ἔχει θριδακίνης φύλλοις μάλιστα προσεοικότα. ἐπὶ δὲ τούτοις οἱ Κεγχροβόλοι τετάχατο καὶ οἱ Σκοροδομάχοι. ἦλθον δὲ αὐτῷ καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς Ἄρκτου σύμμαχοι, τρισμύριοι μὲν Ψυλλοτοξόται, πεντακισμύριοι δὲ Ἀνεμοδρόμοι· τούτων δὲ οἱ μὲν Ψυλλοτοξόται ἐπὶ ψυλλῶν μεγάλων ἱππάζονται, ὅθεν καὶ τὴν προσηγορίαν ἔχουσιν· μέγεθος δὲ τῶν ψυλλῶν ὅσον δώδεκα ἐλέφαντες· οἱ δὲ Ἀνεμοδρόμοι πεζοὶ μέν εἰσιν, φέρονται δὲ ἐν τῷ ἀέρι ἄνευ πτερῶν· ὁ δὲ τρόπος τῆς φορᾶς τοιόσδε. χιτῶνας ποδήρεις ὑπεζωσμένοι κολπώσαντες αὐτοὺς τῷ ἀνέμῳ καθάπερ ἱστία φέρονται ὥσπερ τὰ σκάφη. τὰ πολλὰ δ᾽ οἱ τοιοῦτοι ἐν ταῖς μάχαις πελτασταί εἰσιν. ἐλέγοντο δὲ καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν ὑπὲρ τὴν Καππαδοκίαν ἀστέρων ἥξειν Στρουθοβάλανοι μὲν ἑπτακισμύριοι, Ἱππογέρανοι δὲ πεντακισχίλιοι. τούτους ἐγὼ οὐκ ἐθεασάμην· οὐ γὰρ ἀφίκοντο. διόπερ οὐδὲ γράψαι τὰς φύσεις αὐτῶν ἐτόλμησα· τεράστια γὰρ καὶ ἄπιστα περὶ αὐτῶν ἐλέγετο.

They decide to join the Moon people and their allies in a war against the Sun.  The various contingents are described.

ἑστιαθέντες: aor. pass. part. of ἑστιάω, "having been treated as guests."

διαναστάντες: aor. part. of διανίστημι, "having risen."

ἐτασσόμεθα: impf. mid., "we arranged ourselves."

πλησίον εἶναι τοὺς πολεμίους: indir. statement after ἐσήμαινον, "that the enemy was near."

δέκα μυριάδες ἄνευ τῶν ...: "100,000 without (auxillaries and allies)," the fantastic numbers echo Herodotus᾽ account of the Persian host.

δισμύριοι οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν Λαχανοπτέρων: "20,000 riding on Grass-plumers."

ἀντὶ τῶν πτερῶν: "instead of plumage."

τὰ ὠκύπτερα: "wing-feathers."

ἐπὶ δὲ τούτοις: "next to these."

τετάχατο: plup. 3 pl. mid., "had arrayed themselves."

ἦλθον δὲ αὐτῷ: "came with him (i.e. Endymion)."

ἀπὸ τῆς ἄρκτου: "from the Bear" i.e. the constellation Ursa Major

ὅσον δώδεκα ἐλέφαντες: "approximately the size of twelve elephants," ὅσον = "approximately" with numbers (LSJ IV.3).

πεζοὶ μέν...φέρονται δὲ: "while foot-soldiers, yet are carried...."

χιτῶνας ποδήρεις ὑπεζωσμένοι κολπήσαντες αὐτοὺς τῷ ἀνέμῳ: "by girding their foot-length chitons and letting them fill with wind." The Wind-walkers secure their chitons (the long woolen tunic worn next to the skin) presumably with a belt or rope so that they can then allow the chitons to fill up with air.  The Wind-walkers essentially use their tunics like sails and propel themselves along as a kind of boat in the sky.

ὥσπερ τὰ σκάφη: "like boats."

τὰ πολλά: "for the most part" (S. 1609).

ἀφίκοντο: aor. 3 pl. of ἀφικνέομαι, "they arrived."

γράψαι: aor. infin. of γράφω, "to write."

τεράστια καὶ ἄπιστα ἐλέγετο: After all this fantastic account, the author demures to report anything he did not see himself, for what he heard about these creatures is "unbelievable."

VERB LIST

ἑστιάω: entertain as a guest

ἕωθεν: at daybreak

διανίστημι: get up, arise

σκοπός, ὁ: a lookout, watcher

σημαίνω: indicate, signal

πλησίον: near, nearby

μυριάς, -άδος, ἡ: a number of 10,000, a myriad 

σκευοφόρος, ον, ὁ: (as substantive) a baggage carrier

μηχανοποιός, ὁ: an engineer

πεζός, ὁ: (as substantive) a footsoldier

ὀκτακισμύριοι, -αι, -α: eighty thousand 

Ἱππόγυποι, οἱ: the Vulture-cavalry

δισμύριοι, αι, -α: twenty thousand

λαχανόπτερος, ὁ: vegetable-winged

ὄρνεον, τό: a bird

πτερόν, τό: a feather

λάχανα, τά: vegetables, greens

πάντῃ: on every side

λάσιος, -ον: hairy, shaggy

ὠκύπτερα, τά: the long quill-feathers in a wing, wings

θριδακίνη, ἡ: lettuce

φύλλον, τό: a leaf

προσέοικα: be like, resemble (+ dat.)

Κεγχροβόλοι, οἱ: the Millet-throwers

Σκοροδομάχοι, οἱ: the Garlic-fighters

Ἄρκτος, ἡ: the bear (i.e. the constellation Ursa Major)

τρισμύριοι, -αι, -α: thirty thousand (lit. three times ten thousand)

Ψυλλοτοξότης, ου, ὁ: a flea-archer

πεντακισμύριοι, -αι, -α: fifty thousand (lit. five times ten thousand)

Ἀνεμοδρόμοι, οἱ: the Wind-walkers

ψύλλα, -ης, ἡ: a flea

ἱππάζομαι: drive horses and chariot

προσηγορία, ἡ: a name

δώδεκα: twelve

ἐλέφας, -αντος, ὁ: an elephant

ἀήρ, ἀέρος, ὁ: air

πτερόν, τό: wing

φορά, ἡ: a carrying, conveyance, motion

χιτών, -ῶνος, ὁ: a tunic

ποδήρης, -ες: reaching to the feet

ὑποζώννυμι: undergird, brace

κολπόω: swell, to fill (with wind)

καθάπερ: just as

ἱστίον, τό: a sail

σκάφος, -ους, τό: the hull of a ship

πελταστής, -οῦ, ὁ: peltast, a type of light infantryman (opp. hoplite)

Καππαδοκίος, -α, -ον: Cappadocian

ἀστήρ, -έρος, ὁ: a star

Στρουθοβάλανοι, οἱ: Sparrow-acorns

ἑπτακισμύριοι, -αι, -α: seventy thousand

Ἱππογέρανοι, οἱ: the Crane-cavalry

πεντακισχίλιοι, -αι, -α: five thousand

θεάομαι: look at, see

τεράστιος, -ον: monstrous, bizarre

ἄπιστος, -ον: not to be trusted, unbelievable

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Suggested Citation

Eric Casey, Stephen Nimis, and Evan Hayes, Lucian: True History, Book 1. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. ISBN: 978-1-947822-05-4. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/lucian-true/book-1/1-13