Vergil, Aeneid XI 794-835

Audiit et vōtī Phoebus succēdere partem

mente dedit, partem volucrīs dispersit in aurās:795

sterneret ut subitā turbātam morte Camillam

adnuit ōrantī; reducem ut patria alta vidēret

nōn dedit, inque Notōs vōcem vertēre procellae.

Ergō ut missa manū sonitum dedit hasta per aurās,

convertēre animōs ācrīs oculōsque tulēre800

cūnctī ad rēgīnam Volscī. Nihil ipsa nec aurae

nec sonitūs memor aut venientis ab aethere tēlī,

hasta sub exsertam dōnec perlāta papillam

haesit virgineumque altē bibit ācta cruōrem.

Concurrunt trepidae comitēs dominamque ruentem805

suscipiunt. Fugit ante omnīs exterritus Arrūns

laetitiā mixtōque metū, nec iam amplius hastae

crēdere nec tēlīs occurrere virginis audet.

Ac velut ille, prius quam tēla inimīca sequantur,

continuō in montīs sēsē āvius abdidit altōs810

occīsō pāstōre lupus māgnōve iuvencō,

cōnscius audācis factī, caudamque remulcēns

subiēcit pavitantem uterō silvāsque petīvit:

haud secus ex oculīs sē turbidus abstulit Arrūns

contentusque fugā mediīs sē immiscuit armīs.815

Illa manū moriēns tēlum trahit, ossa sed inter

ferreus ad costās altō stat vulnere mūcrō.

lābitur exsanguis, lābuntur frīgida lētō

lūmina, purpureus quondam color ōra relīquit.

Tum sīc exspīrāns Accam ex aequālibus ūnam820

adloquitur, fīda ante aliās quae sōla Camillae

quīcum partīrī cūrās, atque haec ita fātur:

'Hāctenus, Acca soror, potuī: nunc vulnus acerbum

cōnficit, et tenebrīs nigrēscunt omnia circum.

Effuge et haec Turnō mandāta novissima perfer:825

succēdat pūgnae Trōiānōsque arceat urbe.

Iamque valē.' Simul hīs dictīs linquēbat habēnās

ad terram nōn sponte fluēns. Tum frīgida tōtō

paulātim exsolvit sē corpore, lentaque colla

et captum lētō posuit caput, arma relinquēns,830

vītaque cum gemitū fugit indīgnāta sub umbrās.

Tum vērō immēnsus surgēns ferit aurea clāmor

sīdera: dēiectā crūdēscit pūgna Camillā;

incurrunt dēnsī simul omnis cōpia Teucrum

Tyrrhēnīque ducēs Euandrīque Arcades ālae.835

CORE VOCABULARY

Phoebus, ī, m.: Phoebus or Apollo, 1.329, et al.

succēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n. and a.: to go, come up to or under, with dat., or acc. and prep., or without a case, to go up to, visit, 8.507; ascend, 12.235; come up to, advance to, 2.478; approach, 7.214; encounter, 10.847; enter, 1.627; creep under, disappear beneath, 5.93; to descend into the earth, to be buried, 11.103; take up, take upon one's self, 2.723; go under, be yoked to, 3.541; to follow, 11.481; to turn out well; succeed, come to pass, 11.794. (sub and cēdō)

dispergō, spersī, spersus, 3, a.: to sprinkle, shower around; disperse, scatter, 3.197; diffuse, dissolve, 11.617. (dis- and spargō)

sternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.: to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

subitus, a, um: having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

Camilla, ae, f.: a Volscian heroine, ally of Turnus, 7.803, et al.

adnuō, nuī (ūtus, rare), 3, a. and n.: to nod to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin.; ascent, consent, 4.128; promise, 1.250; direct, permit, 11.20.

redux, ucis: adj. (redūcō), led back, brought back, returning, 1.390.

Notus, ī, m.: identical in meaning with auster; the south-wind, 1.85; wind, 6.355; storm, 1.575.

procella, ae, f.: a gale, storm, squall, tempest, 1.102.

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

sonitus, ūs, m.: a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

hasta, ae, f.: a spear, 2.50, and freq.; hasta pūra, a headless spear, 6.760; pampinea hasta, a thyrsus, 7.396.

rēgīna, ae, f.: a queen, 1.9; princess, 1.273. (rēx)

Volscī, ōrum: the Volsci or Volscians, a warlike tribe of Latium.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

memor, oris: adj. (rel. to mēns and meminī), mindful, remembering, 1.23; heedful, 480; thankful, grateful, 4.539; not forgetting; relentless, 1.4; with nōn or nec, unmindful, regardless, 12.534.

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

exserō, uī, tus, 3, a.: to thrust out; expose, uncover; p., exsertus, a, um, stripped; naked, 1.492.

perferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.: to carry or bear through; carry, restore, return, 11.717; report, 5.665; convey completely, carry home, 10.786; reach the mark, 12.907; undergo, endure, suffer, 3.323; (w. reflex. pron.), betake one's self, go, 1.389; p., perlātus, a, um, carried to the mark; striking, 11.803.

papilla, ae, f.: a nipple; the breast, 11.803.

haereō, haesī, haesus, 2, n.: to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

virgineus, a, um: adj. (virgō), pertaining to a virgin; of a virgin, of virgins; a maiden's, 11.68; maiden-, virgin-, 2.168.

altē: (adv.), aloft, on high; high, 1.337; high up; deeply, deep; comp., altius, higher. (altus)

bibō, bibī, 3, a.: to drink, 1.473, et al.; (fig.), take in, drink in, 1.749; of weapons, 11.804.

cruor, ōris, m.: shed blood; gore, 3.43; 4.455; blood.

concurrō, currī (rarely cucurrī), cursus, 3, n.: to run together or at once; crowd around, 12.297; rush, 2.315; rush to conflict, 7.224; rush against a foe; (with dat.), engage, encounter, 1.493.

trepidus, a, um: (adj.), agitated, uneasy, disturbed, trembling, affrighted, 2.380; excited, tumultuous, 11.300; confused, in disorder, 10.283; alarmed, fearful of, anxious for, w. gen., 12.589; panic-stricken, 12.583.

ruō, ruī, rutus, 3, n. and a.: to fall with violence; tumble down, fall, freq.; fall in battle, 10.756; of the sun, go down, set, 3.508; rush forward, 2.64; of the chariot of Nox, hasten up; ascend, rise, 2.250; advance, 10.256; plunge, rush, 2.353; flee, 12.505; tremble, quake, 8.525; hasten, pass away, 6.539; cause to fall; cast down, 9.516; plow, 1.35; cast, throw up, 1.85; throw up or together, 11.211.

exter (exterus), era, erum: adj. (ex), on the outside; external, foreign, 4.350; superl., extrēmus (or extimus), a, um, outermost; outer, 12.925; last, most distant, farthest, 5.327; remotest, hindmost, last, 5.183; final, 3.714; consummating, finishing, 7.572; last in degree; extreme, basest, worst, 11.701; the instant of, verge of, 2.447; subst., extrēma, ōrum, pl. n., the most distant parts, 1.577; the last sufferings, death, 1.219; perils, 3.315; adv.; extrēma, for the last time, one’s last, 11.865.

Arrūns, untis, m.: Arruns or Aruns, an Etruscan follower of Tarchon, 11.759.

laetitia, ae, f.: joy, 1.514, et al. (laetus)

amplus, a, um: (adj.), spacious, large, ample, 2.310; splendid, magnificent, glorious, 4.93; comp., amplior, us, larger; (adv.), amplius, more, longer, 1.683.

atque, or ac: (conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

continuō: (adv.), immediately, straightway. (continuus)

āvius, a, um: pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

abdō, didī, ditus, 3, a.: to put away; with the point or place where, in the abl. alone or with a prep., the acc. with prep., or the dative; to hide, shut up, 1.60; to bury, plunge, thrust, 2.553.

pāstor, ōris, m.: one who feeds; herdsman, shepherd, 2.58. (pāscō)

lupus, ī, m.: a wolf, 3.428, et al.

iuvencus, a, um: adj. (iuvenis), young; subst., iuvencus, ī, m., a young bullock, 3.247, et al.; iuvenca, ae, f., a heifer, 8.208, et al.

cōnscius, a, um: adj. (com- and sciō), having complete knowledge; conscious, 5.455; conscious of, 2.141; conscious of guilt, guilty, 2.99; witnessing (w. dat.), 4.167; having knowledge in common, or a mutual understanding; confederate, 2.267.

cauda, ae, f.: the tail, 3.428, et al.

remulceō, mulsī, mulsus, 2, a.: to stroke back; fondle; hide, 11.812.

subiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.: to cast, throw, place or put under, 2.236; (fig.), to excite, kindle, 12.66; to subjoin, utter in reply, answer, 3.314; p., subiectus, a, um, cast under, put under, 6.223; situated under, bowed, bending, 2.721; put down, subdued, conquered, 6.853. (sub and iaciō)

pavitō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.: to be much agitated; tremble, quake with fear; be terrified, 2.107. (paveō)

uterus, ī, m.: the womb, belly, 11.813; cavity, 2.38.

secus: following, late; otherwise, differently; nōn or haud secus, not otherwise, not less; likewise, even so, 2.382, et al.; none the less, nevertheless, 5.862; haud secus ac, nor otherwise than, just as. (comp. adv.), sētius, less, the less; haud sētius, not the less, 7.781.

turbidus, a, um: adj. (turbō), confused; mingled, foul, 6.296; dismal, dark, 6.534; whirling, 5.696; of the mind, sad, troubled, 4.353; startled, in alarm, 11.814; furious, 11.742.

contentus, a, um: content, satisfied, 5.314. (contneō)

immisceō, miscuī, mixtus or mistus, 2, a.: to mingle with; usually w. dat., 2.396; blend with, vanish in, 4.570.

ferreus, a, um: adj. (ferrum), of iron, iron-, 3.45; (fig.), inflexible, stern, iron; of death, 10.745.

costa, ae, f.: a rib, 1.211; side.

mūcrō, ōnis, m.: a sharp point or edge, esp. of a weapon, 2.333; point of a spear, 11.817; a sword, blade, 2.449.

lābor, lapsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slide, glide down, or slip, freq.; fall down, 2.465; ebb, 11.628; pass away, 2.14; descend, 2.262; glide, sail, skim along, 8.91; flow, 3.281; fall, perish, 2.430; decline, 4.318; faint, 3.309.

exsanguis, e: (adj.), without blood; lifeless, 2.542; pale with terror, terrified, 2.212.

frīgidus, a, um: adj. (frīgeō), cold, 7.715; chilling, benumbing; chill, shuddering, 3.29; cool; (fig.), without spirit, slow, w. dat., 11.338.

lētum, ī, n.: death, destruction, 2.134, et al. (cf. dēleō)

purpureus, a, um: adj. (purpura), of purple; purple-colored, scarlet, red, purple, 1.337; of blood, 9.349; ruddy, glowing, brilliant, 1.591.

exspīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to breathe out, 1.44; to expire, die, 10.731.

Acca, ae, f.: a companion of Camilla, 11.820.

aequālis, e: adj. (aequō), equal; of the same age, 10.194; fellow, companion; subst., c., companion, 5.468.

adloquor, locūtus sum, 3, dep. a.: to address, 1, 229.

fīdus, a, um: adj. (fīdō), trustworthy, faithful, trusty, 1.188; safe, secure, hospitable, 5.24; w. gen., tuī fīdissima, most faithful to thee, 12.659.

partior, ītus sum, 4, dep. a.: to share, divide, distribute, 1.194; separate, 5.562. (pars)

hāctenus: (adv.), thus far, so far, of space and time; thus far (separated by tmesis), 5.603; 6.62.

possum, potuī, posse, irreg. n.: to be able; can, 1.242, et al.; to avail, have influence, power, 4.382. (potis and sum)

acerbus, a, um: harsh, bitter, in taste; (fig.), cruel, fierce, 5.462; fatal, direful, sorrowful, sad, mournful, 5.49; 6.429; pl., acerba, ōrum, n., vengeful deeds, 12.500; (adv.), acerba, harshly, savagely, fiercely, 9.794.

nigrēscō, uī, 3, inc. n.: to become or turn black; grow dark, 4.454. (niger)

circum: (adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

effugiō, fūgī, 3, n. and a.: to flee forth or away; glide away, 2.226; get off, escape; speed along, 5.151; pass swiftly from, flee from, escape from, 2.793; 3.272; escape, 3.653. (ex and fugiō)

Turnus, ī, m.: the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.

mandātum, ī, n.: a charge, order, command, 4.270, et al.

Trōiānus, a, um: adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

arceō, uī, 2, a.: to inclose, shut in; restrain, bind, 2.406; debar, keep off, repel, 1.435; protect, save from, 8.73.

linquō, līquī, 3, a.: to leave, 1.517, and freq.; desert, abandon, flee from, 3.213; pass by, 3.705; depart from, leave, 3.124; of death, yield up, 3.140; give up or over, desist from, 3.160.

habēna, ae, f.: a rein, 1.63, et al.; strap, thong, 9.587; whip, 7.380; immissīs or laxīs habēnīs, with all the reins let out, without restraint, unchecked, 5.662; pressīs or adductīs habēnīs, with tightened reins, 12.622. (habeō)

sponte, f.: abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

paulātim: (adv.), little by little; gradually, 1.720. (paulum)

exsolvō, ī, solūtus, 3, a.: to loosen completely, w. acc. and abl.; disengage, 11.829; set free, deliver, 4.652.

lentus, a, um: (adj.), adhesive, clammy, sticky, viscid; tough, 12.773; pliant, limber, 6.137; ductile, malleable, 7.634; slender, 3.31; 12.489; sluggish, creeping, 5.682; quiet, 7.28; inactive, 12.237.

collum, ī, n.: the neck of men and animals, 1.654, et al.; of a plant, 9.436; pl., the neck, 11.692.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

indīgnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.: to deem unworthy; to fret, chafe, be impatient, 1.55; resent, 2.93; scorn, 8.728; be angry, indignant, 11.831; w. inf., 7.770.

immēnsus, a, um: unmeasured; boundless; vast, immense, 2.204; mighty, 3.672; insatiate, unbounded, 6.823.

feriō, 4, a.: to smite or strike, 1.103; cut, 4.580; pierce, 12.304; slay, 10.315; strike or slay the covenant victim; hence, of a treaty, to make, 10.154.

dēiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.: to cast down, 6.581; strike down, slay, 11.642; drive down, 4.152; shoot or bring down, 5.542; deprive of, 3.317; dēicere vultum, to cast down the eyes, 3.320; (pass.), dēicī, to be disheartened, dismayed, 10.858. (dē and iaciō)

crūdēscō, crūduī, 3, inc. n.: to become harsh; to grow fierce, 7.788. (crūdus)

incurrō, currī or cucurrī, cursus, 3, n.: to run into or against; rush upon, charge, 2.409; 11.759.

dēnsus, a, um: (adj.), thick, dense, crowded, compact, in close array, serried, 2.383; frequent, 5.459.

Teucrī, ōrum, m.: the Trojans, descendants of Teucer, 1.38, et al.; adj., Teucrian, Trojan, 9.779, et al. (Teucer)

Tyrrhēnus, a, um: adj. (Tyrrhēnī), Tyrrhenian; Etruscan, Tuscan, 1.67; subst., Tyrrhēnus, ī, m., a Tuscan, 10.787.

Euander (-drus, 8.100; Ēvander, -drus), drī, m.: Evander, an Arcadian prince, son of Carmentis, and king of Pallanteum on the Tiber, 8.52.

Arcas, adis, m.: an Arcadian, 10.452;(adj.), 11.835.

āla, ae, f.: a wing, 1.301; the feather of an arrow, 9.578; the wing of an army; cavalry, 11.730; troop, battalion, 11.604; horsemen, mounted huntsmen, 4.121.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-xi-794-835