Vergil, Aeneid III 506-520

Prōvehimur pelagō vīcīna Ceraunia iūxtā,

unde iter Ītaliam cursusque brevissimus undīs.

Sōl ruit intereā et montēs umbrantur opācī;

Sternimur optātae gremiō tellūris ad undam

sortītī rēmōs passimque in lītore siccō510

corpora cūrāmus, fessōs sopor inrigat artūs.

Necdum orbem medium Nox Hōrīs ācta subībat:

haud sēgnis strātō surgit Palinūrus et omnīs

explōrat ventōs atque auribus āëra captat;

sīdera cūncta notat tacitō lābentia caelō,515

Arctūrum pluviāsque Hyadas geminōsque Triōnēs,

armātumque aurō circumspicit Ōrīōna.

Postquam cūncta videt caelō cōnstāre serēnō,

dat clārum ē puppī signum; nōs castra movēmus

temptāmusque viam et vēlōrum pandimus ālās.520

CORE VOCABULARY

prōvehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a.: to carry forward or forth; (pass.), provehor, vectus sum, to be borne, ride, sail forth or away, 3.72; proceed, continue, 3.481.

pelagus, ī, n.: the sea; open sea, main, 1.138; flood, 1.246.

Ceraunia, ōrum, n. pl.: the Ceraunian peaks, a range of mountains on the coast of Epirus, 3.506.

iūxtā: (adv. and prep. w. acc.), near, close, near by, 2.513; at the same time, 2.666; near to, 3.506.

Ītalia, ae (Ī by poetic (epic) license), f.: Italy, 1.2, et al.

ruō, ruī, rutus, 3, n. and a.: to fall with violence; tumble down, fall, freq.; fall in battle, 10.756; of the sun, go down, set, 3.508; rush forward, 2.64; of the chariot of Nox, hasten up; ascend, rise, 2.250; advance, 10.256; plunge, rush, 2.353; flee, 12.505; tremble, quake, 8.525; hasten, pass away, 6.539; cause to fall; cast down, 9.516; plow, 1.35; cast, throw up, 1.85; throw up or together, 11.211.

intereā: (adv.), amid these things; meanwhile, in the meantime, 1.418, et al.

umbrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to shade, 6.772; (pass.), to be thrown into shadow; to be darkened, grow dark, 3.508. (umbra)

opācus, a, um: (adj.), shady, 6.283; obscure, dark, 3.619; subst., opāca, ōrum, n., partitive; opāca viārum, dark pathways, roads, 6.633.

sternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.: to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

optātus, a, um: desired, longed for, much desired, 1.172; (adv.), optātō, according to one's wish; in good time, 10.405.

gremium, iī, n.: the lap, the bosom, 1.685, et al.; ante gremium suum, in front of or before one's self, 11.744.

sortior, ītus sum, 4, dep. n. and a.: to cast lots; obtain, get, take by lot, 3.634; share, 8.445; distribute, 3.510; assign, allot, appoint, 3.376; select, choose, 2.18; 12.920. (sors)

rēmus, ī, m.: originally steering-oar; an oar, 1.104.

passim: (adv.), here and there, in all directions; everywhere, 2.364, et al. (passus)

siccus, a, um: (adj.), dry, 3.135; thirsty, dry, hungry, fasting, 2.358; nearly equivalent to carēns or prīvātus, with abl. foll., drained of blood, 8.261; hence, thirsting for blood, 9.64; subst., siccum, ī, n., dry ground, sand, or land, 10.301.

sopor, ōris, m.: sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

inrigō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to water; (fig.), diffuse, 1.692; pervade, 3.511.

artus, ūs, m.: a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

necdum: (adv.), nor yet; and not yet, 1.25.

hōra, ae, f.: with the Romans, the twelfth part of the period from sunrise to sunset, an hour; in an indefinite sense, 4.679; personif., Hōrae, ārum, f., the Hours, 3.512.

subeō, iī, itus (p. subiēns, euntis), 4, n. and a.: to go or come under, into, or up to; alone, or with acc. and prep., or with dat.; without a case, come up, 2.216; go under, bend, stoop down under, 10.522; come after; follow, 2.725; take one's place, 12.471; enter, 1.171; come into or upon the mind, suggest itself, occur, 2.560; with acc. and prep., go, advance towards, 8.359; with dat., come or go up to, down to, into, 5.203; succeed to, 5.176; come after, follow, 10.371; with acc., approach, enter, 1.400; go under a burden, bear, with abl. of instrument, 2.708; go under the yoke, draw, 3.113; enter the mind of, strike, occur to, 9.757; approach, reach, 3.512; approach, 7.22; meet, encounter, 10.798; attack, 9.344.

sēgnis, e: (adj.), tardy, sluggish, dilatory, backward, 11.736; slothful, inactive, 3.513; mean-spirited, cowardly, 9.787; helpless, 10.700; (fig.), idle, exhausted; comp., sēgnior, less glorious, less divine, 4.149; less rapid, 7.383.

strātum, ī, n.: that which is spread out; a layer, cover; bed, couch, 3.513; pavement, 1.422. (sternō)

Palinūrus, ī, m.: 1. The pilot of Aeneas, 3.202, et al. 2. Promontory said to have been named from him, Palinurus, now Palinuro, 6.381.

explōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to ascertain by calling out; investigate, search; reconnoiter, explore, examine, 1.307; observe, 3.514; find out, determine, 1.77.

captō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.: to lay hold upon vigorously, of the air, 3.514. (capiō)

notō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to mark; to observe, note, mark, 3.515. (nota)

lābor, lapsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slide, glide down, or slip, freq.; fall down, 2.465; ebb, 11.628; pass away, 2.14; descend, 2.262; glide, sail, skim along, 8.91; flow, 3.281; fall, perish, 2.430; decline, 4.318; faint, 3.309.

Arctūrus, ī, m.: the principal star in the constellation Boötes; Arcturus, 1.744, et al.

pluvius, a, um: adj. (pluō), causing rain or attended by rain; rainy, 1.744.

Hyades, um, f.: the Hyades, daughters of rain; the seven stars in the head of Taurus, whose rising, which occurs in the month of May, was thought to betoken rain, 1.744.

geminus, a, um: (adj.), twin, 1.274, et al.; twofold, 6.203; double, two, 4.470; pl., geminī, ae, a, twin, 2.500; two, 1.162.

triō, ōnis, m.: an ox as the breaker of the sod in plowing; the “Team” or “Wain”; pl., Triōnēs, um, m., the constellation of the greater and lesser bear, 1.744.

armātus, a, um: armed, charged, 12.857. (armō)

circumspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a. and n.: to look around; cast a glance round upon; survey, 2.68; look round and see, 12.896; observe, 3.517; look round for, look out, seek. (cīrcum and speciō, look)

Ōrīōn, ōnis, m.: a fabulous giant, celebrated as a hunter; the constellation Orion, 1.535, et al.

serēnus, a, um: (adj.), clear, calm, tranquil, serene, 3.518, et al.; fair, 2.285; subst., serēnum, ī, n. (sc. caelum), a clear sky.

puppis, is, f.: the hinder part of a ship; the stern, 5.12; (by synecdoche), a vessel, boat, ship, 1.69; (meton.), crew, 8.497.

vēlum, ī, n.: a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.: to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

āla, ae, f.: a wing, 1.301; the feather of an arrow, 9.578; the wing of an army; cavalry, 11.730; troop, battalion, 11.604; horsemen, mounted huntsmen, 4.121.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-iii-506-520