Vergil, Aeneid III 258-277

Dīxit, et in silvam pennīs ablāta refūgit.

At sociīs subitā gelidus formīdine sanguis

dēriguit: cecidēre animī, nec iam amplius armīs,260

sed vōtīs precibusque iubent exposcere pācem,

sīve deae seu sint dīrae obscēnaeque volucrēs.

et pater Anchīsēs passīs dē lītore palmīs

nūmina magna vocat meritōsque indīcit honōrēs:

'Dī, prohibēte minās; dī, tālem āvertite cāsum265

et placidī servāte piōs.' Tum lītore fūnem

dēripere excussōsque iubet laxāre rudentīs.

Tendunt vēla Notī: fugimus spūmantibus undīs

quā cursum ventusque gubernātorque vocābat.

Iam mediō appāret flūctū nemorōsa Zacynthos270

Dūlichiumque Samēque et Nēritos ardua saxīs.

effugimus scopulōs Ithacae, Lāërtia rēgna,

et terram altrīcem saevī exsecrāmur Ulixī.

mox et Leucātae nimbōsa cacūmina montis

et formīdātus nautīs aperītur Apollō.275

Hunc petimus fessī et parvae succēdimus urbī;

ancora dē prōrā iacitur, stant lītore puppēs.

CORE VOCABULARY

penna (pinna), ae, f.: a feather, 12.750; wing, pinion, 3.258; in the form pinna, a pinnacle, battlement, palisade, 7.159.

refugiō, fūgī, 3, n. and a.: to fly, 3.258; flee away, 6.472; recede, stand distant, 3.536; shrink, 2.12; w. acc., start back from, 2.380; shrink from, refuse, 7.618; fugere, refugere, to fly to and fro, 12.753.

subitus, a, um: having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

gelidus, a, um: adj. (gelū), frosty, ice-cold; cold, cool, icy, chilling, 2.120; chilled, 3.30.

formīdō, inis, f.: dread, dismay, apprehension, terror, fear, 2.76; awe, 7.608; personif., Fear, Dismay, 12.335. (formīdō)

dērigēscō, riguī, 3, inc. n.: to grow completely stiff; to be cold, stiff; to be cold, stiff, paralyzed with fear, 3.260; stand staring, 7.447.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

amplus, a, um: (adj.), spacious, large, ample, 2.310; splendid, magnificent, glorious, 4.93; comp., amplior, us, larger; (adv.), amplius, more, longer, 1.683.

iubeō, iussī (fut. perf. iussō for iusserō, 11.467), iussus, 2, a.: to order, request, usually w. inf., freq.; bid, 2.3; ask, invite, 1.708; will, wish, desire, 3.261; direct, enjoin, admonish, 3.697; persuade, advise, 2.37; to clear by command, 10.444; w. subj., 10.53.

exposcō, poposcī, 3, a.: to ask importunately; to beg, entreat, seek, 3.261.

sīve or seu: (conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

dīrus, a, um: (adj.), accursed; portentous; fearful, dreadful, awful, dire, cruel, horrible, freq.; accursed, 2.261; unhallowed, impious, 6.373; foul, carrion, 3.262; wild, furious, ardent, 9.185; pl., dīra (adv.), fearfully, 10.572.

obscēnus, a, um: adj. (caenum), filthy, indecent, loathsome, foul, 3.241; horrible, 3.367.

Anchīsēs, ae, m.: son of Capys and Themis, and father of Aeneas by Venus, 2.687, et al.

pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.: to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

palma, ae, f.: the palm of the hand, 8.69; the hand, 1.93; palm branch, 5.111; a palm branch or wreath as the symbol of victory; reward, prize, 5.349; victory; a victor, 5.339.

meritus, a, um: having deserved, deserving, 3.667; (pass.), deserved, merited, 4.611; due, 5.652. (mereō)

indīcō, dīxī, dictus, 3, a.: to declare, 7.616; ordain, appoint, 5.758; order, summon, 11.737.

minae, ārum, f.: the projecting parts; points, pinnacles, battlements, 4.88; threats, menaces, 4.44; perils, 6.113; curses, 3.265. (cf. -mineō in immineō, etc.)

āvertō, vertī, versus, 3, a.: to turn (anything) away from, followed by an abl. with or without a prep., 1.38, et al.; turn or drive away, 1.472, et al.; transfer, with acc. of place, 4.106; drive away, end, 4.547; neut. by omission of se, to turn away, 1.402; (pass.), avertī, as middle or dep., with acc., to be averse to; to shun, loathe.

placidus, a, um: adj. (placeō), gentle, calm, tranquil, peaceful, serene, 5.848; inactive, idle, 9.187; friendly, propitious, 3.266; (adv.), placidē, gently, softly, quietly, calmly, 5.86.

fūnis, is, m.: a rope, 2.239, et al.; cord, string, 5.488.

dēripiō, ripuī, reptus, 3, a.: to tear away; cast off; loosen, 3.267; haul down, launch, 4.593; cut off, 10.414. (dē and rapiō)

excutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.: to shake out or off, 2.224; throw or cast down, 1.115; cast out, 10.590; drive away, 3.200; expel, 7.299; shake out, uncoil, 3.267; uncoil and arrange (set the sails), 3.683; deprive of, 6.353; throw aside, break, 12.158; hurry forth, call forth, 9.68. (ex and quatiō)

laxō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to loosen, slacken; unfasten, undo, open, 2.259; uncoil, let out, 3.267; open, clear, 6.412; of the body, relax, 5.836; of the mind, relieve, 9.225. (laxus)

rudēns, entis, m.: a rope; cord; pl., rudentēs, um or ium, cordage, 1.87.

vēlum, ī, n.: a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

Notus, ī, m.: identical in meaning with auster; the south-wind, 1.85; wind, 6.355; storm, 1.575.

spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

gubernātor, ōris, m.: a helmsman, pilot, 3.269. (gubernō)

nemorōsus, a, um: adj. (nemus), abounding in woods, woody, 3.270.

Zacynthus, ī, f.: an island in the Ionian sea opposite Elis, 3.270.

Dūlichium, iī, n.: Dulichium, an island southeast of Ithaca, belonging to the kingdom of Ulysses, 3.271.

Samē, ēs, f.: Same, a name of Cephallenia, in the Ionian sea, west of the Gulf of Corinth, 3.271.

Nēritos, ī, f.: Neritos, a small island near Ithaca, 3.271.

arduus, a, um: (adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

effugiō, fūgī, 3, n. and a.: to flee forth or away; glide away, 2.226; get off, escape; speed along, 5.151; pass swiftly from, flee from, escape from, 2.793; 3.272; escape, 3.653. (ex and fugiō)

scopulus, ī, m.: a projecting ledge of rock; a high cliff or rock, 1.180; crag, 1.45; ledge, reef, 1.145; detached rock, fragment of rock, 12.531.

Ithaca, ae, f.: Ithaca, the island of Ulysses in the Ionian sea, 3.272.

Lāertius, a, um: adj. (Lāertēs), of Laertes, father of Ulysses; Laertian, 3.272.

altrīx, īcis, f.: a nurse; mother-, nurse-, native-, birth-, 3.273. (alō)

exsecror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.: to curse bitterly; execrate, curse, 3.273. (ex and sacrō)

Ulixēs, is, eī or ī, m.: Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

Leucātēs, ae, m.: Leucata, a promontory of the island of Leucadia, off the coast of Acarnania, 3.274.

nimbōsus, a, um: adj. (nimbus), full of storms; stormy, rainy, 1.535; cloud-covered, 3.274.

cacūmen, inis, n.: a point, peak; summit, 3.274.

formīdō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to be in dread; to dread, fear; p., formīdātus, a, um, formidable, dreadful, 3.275.

nauta, ae, m.: a boatman, ferryman, 6.315; sailor, mariner, 3.207. (nāvis)

Apollō, inis, m.: Apollo, son of Jupiter and Latona; the god of prophecy, medicine, music, poetry, and archery, 2.430; met., a temple of Apollo, 3.275.

succēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n. and a.: to go, come up to or under, with dat., or acc. and prep., or without a case, to go up to, visit, 8.507; ascend, 12.235; come up to, advance to, 2.478; approach, 7.214; encounter, 10.847; enter, 1.627; creep under, disappear beneath, 5.93; to descend into the earth, to be buried, 11.103; take up, take upon one's self, 2.723; go under, be yoked to, 3.541; to follow, 11.481; to turn out well; succeed, come to pass, 11.794. (sub and cēdō)

ancora, ae, f.: an anchor, 1.169.

prōra, ae, f.: the extreme forward part of a ship; the prow, 1.104.

puppis, is, f.: the hinder part of a ship; the stern, 5.12; (by synecdoche), a vessel, boat, ship, 1.69; (meton.), crew, 8.497.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-iii-258-277