Vergil, Aeneid X 198-214

Ille etiam patriis agmen ciet Ocnus ab oris,

fatidicae Mantus et Tusci filius amnis,

qui muros matrisque dedit tibi, Mantua, nomen,200

Mantua diues auis, sed non genus omnibus unum:

gens illi triplex, populi sub gente quaterni,

ipsa caput populis, Tusco de sanguine uires.

hinc quoque quingentos in se Mezentius armat,

quos patre Benaco uelatus harundine glauca205

Mincius infesta ducebat in aequora pinu.

it grauis Aulestes centenaque arbore fluctum

uerberat adsurgens, spumant uada marmore uerso.

hunc uehit immanis Triton et caerula concha

exterrens freta, cui laterum tenus hispida nanti210

frons hominem praefert, in pristim desinit aluus,

spumea semifero sub pectore murmurat unda.

Tot lecti proceres ter denis nauibus ibant

subsidio Troiae et campos salis aere secabant.

CORE VOCABULARY

patrius, a, um: adj. (pater), pertaining to one's father or ancestors; a father's, 2.658; paternal, natural to a father, 1.643; exacted by a father, 7.766; due to, felt for a father or parent, 9.294; ancestral, hereditary, 3.249; of one's country, native, 3.281; belonging to the nation, of the country, 11.374.

cieō, cīvī, citus, 2, a.: to cause, to move; stir, 2.419; agitate, move, 4.122; excite, kindle, rouse, 6.165; raise, 12.104; call upon, invoke, 3.68; call up, exhibit, 5.585; of tears, shed, 6.468.

Ocnus, ī, m.: founder of Mantua, 10.198.

ōra, ae, f.: a margin, border, 12.924; coast, shore, 3.396; region, 2.91; rim, extremity, 10.477; pl., outline, compass, 9.528.

fātidicus, a, um: adj. (fātum and dīcō), prophetic, soothsaying, 8.340.

Mantō, ūs, f.: a nymph and prophetess, mother of Ocnus, founder of Mantua, 10.199.

Tuscus, a, um: (adj.), Etrurian, Tuscan.

fīlius, iī, m.: a son, 1.325. (rel. to fēmina)

Mantua, ae, f.: a city of northern Italy, on the Mincius.

avus, ī, m.: a grandfather, grandsire, 2.457; sire, father, ancestor, 6.840.

triplex, icis: adj. (trēs and plicō), threefold, triple, 10.784, et al.

quaternī, ae, a: (adj. num. distr.), by fours, four by four; of four kinds, 10.202. (quattuor)

quīngentī, ae, a: num. adj. (quīnque and centum), five hundred, 10.204.

Mēzentius, iī, m.: tyrant of Agylla or Caere, and ally of Latinus and Turnus, 7.648.

armō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

Bēnācus, ī, m.: a lake in Cisalpine Gaul, through which flows the Mincius, 10.205.

vēlō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to veil, 3.405; cover, clothe; bind around, wreathe, crown, 5.72; festoon, adorn, 2.249; to shade by bearing in the hand, 7.154; 11.101. (vēlum)

arundō, inis, f.: a reed, arrow, 4.73.

glaucus, a, um: (adj.), dark, 6.416; sea-green, 12.885. (γλαυκός, bluish gray)

Mincius, iī, m.: the river Mincius, flowing by Mantua northerly into the Po.

īnfestus, a, um: infested; unsafe, hostile, inimical, 2.571; dangerous, mortal, 2.529; fatal, pernicious, destructive, 5.641.

pīnus, ūs or ī: a pine tree, pine, 3.659, et al.; (meton.), a ship, 5.153; a torch, 7.397; a pine brand or torch, 9.522.

Aulestēs, is, m.: an Etruscan chief, 10.207.

centēnus, a, um: distr. num. adj. (centum); pl., a hundred each, 9.162; sing. (after the analogy of multus, many a), a unit repeated the hundredth time, render by the plural, a hundred, 10.207; as cardinal, a hundred, 10.566.

verberō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to lash, beat, strike, 3.423, et al. (verber)

adsurgō, surrēxī, surrēctus, 3, n.: to rise up; rise, 4.86; swell, fume, 10.95.

spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

vadum, ī, n.: a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

marmor, oris, n.: marble, 6.69; of the surface of the sea, 10.208.

immānis, e: (adj.), vast, huge, immense, 1.110; wild, savage, barbarous, 1.616; cruel, ruthless, 1.347; unnatural, monstrous, hideous, 6.624; (adv.), immāne, wildly, fiercely, 12.535.

Trītōn, ōnis, m.: Triton, a son of Neptune, 1.144; pl., Trītōnēs, um, m., sea-gods of the form of Triton, 5.824.

caerulus, a, um: (adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

concha, ae, f.: a shellfish; cockle shell, shell; a shell used as a trumpet; conch, 6.171; 10.209.

exterreō, uī, itus, 2, a.: to frighten; alarm, startle, terrify, 3.307; flutter in terror, 5.505; p., exterritus, a, um, startled; roused, 4.571.

fretum, ī, n.: a frith or strait; water; the sea, 1.557.

tenus: (prep. w. gen. or abl., placed after its case), as far as; up to, 2.553; down to, to, 3.427; to, 1.737; hāc tenus, separated by tmesis, thus far, 5.603.

hispidus, a, um: (adj.), shaggy, hairy, 10.210.

nō, nāvī, nātus, 1, n.: to swim, 1.118.

praeferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.: to carry before, bear, 7.237; offer, 11.249; present, exhibit, 10.211; put before or first, 5.541; choose rather, prefer.

pristis, is, f.: 1. A sea-monster, 10.211. 2. Pristis, the Pristis, one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.154. (another form for pistrīx)

alvus, ī, f.: the abdomen, the belly; waist, 12.273; body, 2.51.

spūmeus, a, um: adj. (spūma), foamy, frothy, foaming, 2.419.

sēmifer, fera, ferum: (adj.), half wild; savage; half brute, 10.212; subst., sēmifer, ferī, m. (sc. homō), half beast, 8.267.

murmurō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to murmur, mutter, roar, 10.212. (murmur)

lēctus, a, um: gathered, collected, 6.228; picked, culled; chosen, choice, 9.272, et al. (legō)

procer, eris, m.: a chief, noble; pl., procerēs, um, elders, nobles, princes, 1.740. (in the sing. found only in the acc.)

ter: (num. adv.), thrice, three times, 1.94, et al. (trēs)

dēnī, ae, a: (adj. num. distrib.), ten by ten; ten each; (as cardinal), ten, 1.381.

subsidium, iī, n.: that which remains behind; a reserve; support; relief, 10.214; aid, 12.733. (sub and cf. sedeō)

Trōia, ae, f.: 1. Troy, the capital of the Troad, 2.625, et al. 2. A city built by Helenus in Epirus, 3.349. 3. A part of the city of Acesta in Sicily, 5.756. 4. The name of an equestrian game of Roman boys, 5.602.

sāl, salis, m.: salt; brine, salt water, 1.173; (meton.), the sea, 1.35.

secō, secuī, sectus, 1, a.: to cut, freq.; cut off, 4.704; engrave, carve, 3.464; cut through, cleave, 5.218, et al.; of the channel of a river, 8.63; sail through, pass, 8.96; speed, 6.899; shape out mentally, form, 10.107.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-x-198-214