Vergil, Aeneid VII 5-24

At pius exsequiis Aeneas rite solutis,5

aggere composito tumuli, postquam alta quierunt

aequora, tendit iter uelis portumque relinquit.

aspirant aurae in noctem nec candida cursus

luna negat, splendet tremulo sub lumine pontus.

proxima Circaeae raduntur litora terrae,10

diues inaccessos ubi Solis filia lucos

adsiduo resonat cantu, tectisque superbis

urit odoratam nocturna in lumina cedrum

arguto tenuis percurrens pectine telas.

hinc exaudiri gemitus iraeque leonum15

uincla recusantum et sera sub nocte rudentum,

saetigerique sues atque in praesepibus ursi

saeuire ac formae magnorum ululare luporum,

quos hominum ex facie dea saeua potentibus herbis

induerat Circe in uultus ac terga ferarum.20

quae ne monstra pii paterentur talia Troes

delati in portus neu litora dira subirent,

Neptunus uentis impleuit uela secundis,

atque fugam dedit et praeter uada feruida uexit.

CORE VOCABULARY

exsequiae, ārum, f.: funeral rites, 7.5. (ex and sequor)

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

rīte: (adv.), properly, fitly, rightly, 6.145; justly, meetly, 3.36; well, 3.107. (rītus)

agger, eris, m.: materials gathered to form an elevation; a heap of earth or stones, dike, embankment, bank, 1.112; 2.496; heap of earth, 9.567; top, summit, ridge, raised surface, 5.44, 273; a rampart, 9.769, et al.; a height or rising ground, 12.446; aggerēs, mountains, mountain ramparts, 6.830. (aggerō)

tumulus, ī, m.: a rising ground; a low hill, 9.195; a mound, 2.713; sepulchral mound, sepulcher, tomb, 3.304; 11.103. (tumeō)

queō, quīvī or quiī, quitus, quīre, irreg. n.: to be able, can, 6.463.

vēlum, ī, n.: a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

portus, ūs, m.: a port, harbor, haven, 1.159, et al; (fig.), 7.598.

adspīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to breathe to or upon, 5.607; breathe or emit fragrance, 1.694; (fig.), inspire, 9.525; aid, favor, prosper, 2.385; aspire, 12.352.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

splendeō, uī, 2, n.: to shine, gleam, 7.6.

tremulus, a, um: tremulous, quivering, 7.395. (tremō)

Circaeus, a, um: adj. (Circē), of Circe, 7.10.

rādō, rāsī, rāsus, 3, a.: to rub, scrape, graze; skim along or over, 5.170; coast along, sail near to, 3.700.

inaccessus, a, um: (adj.), difficult of approach, perilous to be approached; dangerous, 7.11; impervious, 8.195.

sōl, sōlis, m.: the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

lūcus, ī, m.: a consecrated wood; sacred grove, 6.259, et al.; in general, a grove, wood, forest.

adsiduus, a, um: adj. (adsideō), abiding by; persistent, constant, 4.447; perpetual, frequent, 9.245.

resonō, āvī, 1, n. and a.: to sound again or loudly; reëcho, resound, 4.668; (w. acc.), make resound, fill, 7.12.

cantus, ūs, m.: a singing or playing; melody; song, 1.398; strain, sound, 6.165; incantation, charm, 7.754. (canō)

ūrō, ussī, ūstus, 3, a.: to burn; burn up, 2.37; inflame with love, 4.68; trouble, disturb, torment, 1.662.

odōrātus, a, um: sweet-smelling, fragrant, 6.658.

nocturnus, a, um: adj. (nox), pertaining to the night; nightly, nocturnal, in the night, by night, 4.490.

cedrus, ī, f.: the cedar, 11.137; cedar wood, 7.178.

argūtus, a, um: clear; clear-sounding; melodious; whistling, rattling, whizzing, 7.14.

tenuis, e: adj. (cf. tendō), stretched out; slender, thin, 4.278; light, 3.448; little, 10.511; airy, ethereal, 6.292; delicate, fine, 4.264; scanty, yielding a scanty livelihood, 8.409; reduced, perishing, sinking, 5.690; simple, trivial, humble.

percurrō, cucurrī or currī, cursus, 3, n. and a.: to run through or over, 8.392; (fig.), run over in narration, relate briefly, 6.627.

pecten, inis, m.: a comb; a weaver's sley; an instrument for striking the strings of the lyre; a plectrum, 6.647. (pectō)

tēla, ae, f.: a web; the long thread of a woven fabric; the warp; web, 4.264. (texō)

exaudiō, īvī, or iī, ītus, 4, a.: to hear distinctly; hear, 1.219; catch the sound, hear from afar, 7.15; listen to, heed, 11.157.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

leō, leōnis, m.: a lion, 2.722, et al.

recūsō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to bring a reason against; object; reject, decline, 5.417; refuse, 2.607; shrink back, recoil, 5.406. (re- and causa)

sērus, a, um: (adj.), late, freq.; late in life, 6.764; slow, tardy, 2.373; too late, 5.524; (adv.), sērum, late, 12.864.

rudō, īvī, ītus, 3, n. and a.: to send forth a loud, rough sound; bellow, roar, of men, 8.248; of beasts, 7.16; of the roaring sound of the rushing water, 3.561. (p. gen. pl., rudentum, 7.16)

saetiger, era, erum: adj. (saeta and gerō), bristle-bearing, bristly, 7.17.

sūs, suis, c.: a hog, swine, 1.635; sow, 3.390.

praesaepe, is, n.: an inclosure, fold, stall, stable, pen, 7.17; hive, 1.435.(rel. to praesaepio)

ursus, ī, m.: a bear.

saeviō, iī, ītus, 4, n.: to be fierce; to be furious, rage; be angry, 6.544. (saevus)

atque, or ac: (conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

ululō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to howl, 6.257; wail, shriek, 4.168; to utter wild cries of triumph, 11.662; shriek the name of; invoke with cries, 4.609.

lupus, ī, m.: a wolf, 3.428, et al.

herba, ae, f.: any grassy or herbaceous growth; grass, turf, 1.214, et al; fodder; herb, plant, 3.650; grassy land, pasture, meadow, 3.221; a plant.

induō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.: to put into; put on, assume, 1.684; clothe; surround, crown, 3.526; pierce, slay, 10.682; (pass. as middle, w. acc.), gird one's self with, put on, 2.393; induere in vultūs, transform to the features, 7.20.

Circē, ēs or ae, f.: a sorceress, daughter of Helios and Perse or Perseis, 3.386, et al.

mōnstrum, ī, n.: the thing which warns; an omen, a portent, 3.26; supernatural token, sign, 12.246; a prodigy, marvel, wonder, terror, 3.583; monster, 2.245. (moneō)

Trōes, m.: (subst.), the Trojans, 1.30, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

nēve or neu: (conj.), or not, and not, nor, neither, w. subj. or imperat., 7.202; ne — neu (nēve), that not — nor, lest — or lest, 2.188.

dīrus, a, um: (adj.), accursed; portentous; fearful, dreadful, awful, dire, cruel, horrible, freq.; accursed, 2.261; unhallowed, impious, 6.373; foul, carrion, 3.262; wild, furious, ardent, 9.185; pl., dīra (adv.), fearfully, 10.572.

subeō, iī, itus (p. subiēns, euntis), 4, n. and a.: to go or come under, into, or up to; alone, or with acc. and prep., or with dat.; without a case, come up, 2.216; go under, bend, stoop down under, 10.522; come after; follow, 2.725; take one's place, 12.471; enter, 1.171; come into or upon the mind, suggest itself, occur, 2.560; with acc. and prep., go, advance towards, 8.359; with dat., come or go up to, down to, into, 5.203; succeed to, 5.176; come after, follow, 10.371; with acc., approach, enter, 1.400; go under a burden, bear, with abl. of instrument, 2.708; go under the yoke, draw, 3.113; enter the mind of, strike, occur to, 9.757; approach, reach, 3.512; approach, 7.22; meet, encounter, 10.798; attack, 9.344.

Neptūnus, ī, m.: Neptune, one of the sons of Saturn, and brother of Jupiter, Juno, and Pluto; identified by the Romans, as god of the sea, with the Greek Poseidon, 1.125.

vadum, ī, n.: a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

fervidus, a, um: adj. (ferveō), glowing hot; glowing; fired, 9.736; furious, 7.397; boiling, 7.24; threatening, 12.894; eager, impetuous, 12.748.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-vii-5-24