Vergil, Aeneid VII 170-191

Tectum augustum, ingens, centum sublime columnis170

urbe fuit summa, Laurentis regia Pici,

horrendum siluis et religione parentum.

hic sceptra accipere et primos attollere fascis

regibus omen erat; hoc illis curia templum,

hae sacris sedes epulis; hic ariete caeso175

perpetuis soliti patres considere mensis.

quin etiam ueterum effigies ex ordine auorum

antiqua e cedro, Italusque paterque Sabinus

uitisator curuam seruans sub imagine falcem,

Saturnusque senex Ianique bifrontis imago180

uestibulo astabant, aliique ab origine reges,

Martiaque ob patriam pugnando uulnera passi.

multaque praeterea sacris in postibus arma,

captiui pendent currus curuaeque secures

et cristae capitum et portarum ingentia claustra185

spiculaque clipeique ereptaque rostra carinis.

ipse Quirinali lituo paruaque sedebat

succinctus trabea laeuaque ancile gerebat

Picus, equum domitor, quem capta cupidine coniunx

aurea percussum uirga uersumque uenenis190

fecit auem Circe sparsitque coloribus alas.

CORE VOCABULARY

augustus, a, um: (adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

sublīmis, e: (adj.), raised up, elevated, uplifted, 11.602; aloft; on high, 1.259; through the air, 1.415; on high, 6.720; to heaven, 5.255; of lofty soul, 12.788; (adv.), sublīme, loftily, aloft, on high, 10.664.

columna, ae, f.: a column, pillar, 1.428; Proteī columnae, the pillars of Proteus; the northern extremities of Egypt, 11.262.

Laurēns, entis: adj. (Laurentum), of Laurentum, the ancient capital of Latium; Laurentine, Laurentian, 5.797, et al., subst., Laurentēs, um, pl. m., the Laurentians, 7.63, et al.

rēgia: a palace, 7.171. (rēgius, a, um, sc. domus)

Pīcus, ī, m.: the son of Saturn, grandfather of Latinus, king of the aborigines, changed by Circe into a woodpecker, 7.48, et al.

horrendus, a, um: to be shuddered at; dreadful, fearful, 2.222; awe-inspiring, venerable, 6.10; strange, wonderful, 8.565; fierce, warlike, 11.507. (horreō)

religiō, ōnis, f.: reverence for divine things; piety, devotion, 2.715; sanctity, 8.349; worship, sacred ceremonial, observance, 3.409; sacred thing, symbol, token, 2.151; object of worship; divinity, 12.182; augury, 3.363.

scēptrum, ī, n.: a royal staff; scepter, 1.653; freq.; (meton.), rule, sway, power, royal court, realm, 9.9; 1.253; authority, 11.238.

attollō, 3, a.: to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

fascis, is, m.: a bundle; burden, pl., fascēs, ium, the fasces or bundle of rods, a symbol of authority, borne by the lictors before the higher magistrates of Rome, 6.818; (meton.), civil honors.

ōmen, inis, n.: a prognostic, token, sign, omen, 2.182; (meton.), evil, 2.190; auspicious beginning, 7.174; pl., auspices; rites, 1.346; in ōmen, as or for a warning, 12.854.

cūria, ae, f.: one of the divisions of the Quirites of which the Comitia Curiata were composed; the place for the meeting of their senate; hence, a senate house, 7.174.

epulae, ārum, f.: a banquet, feast, 1.79; food, 1.216. (sing. epulum)

ariēs, ietis (oblique cases often trisyll. aryetis, etc.), m.: a ram, freq.; a military engine, a battering ram, 2.492.

cōnsīdō, sēdī, sessus, 3, n.: to sit or settle down together or completely; sink, 2.624; sit, 4.573; sit in mourning, 11.350; take a seat, 5.136; alight, 3.245; settle, 10.780; dwell, 1.572; abide, rest, 11.915; to lie at anchor, to anchor, 3.378; to be moored, stationed, 7.431.

effigiēs, ēī, f.: something molded or fashioned; a figure, likeness, or image, 3.148. (effingō)

avus, ī, m.: a grandfather, grandsire, 2.457; sire, father, ancestor, 6.840.

cedrus, ī, f.: the cedar, 11.137; cedar wood, 7.178.

Italus, ī, m.: the ancient king from whom Italy was supposed to have been named, 7.178.

Sabīnus, ī, m.: Sabinus or Sabus, the founder of the race of Sabines, 7.138.

vītisator, ōris, m.: a vine-planter, 7.179. (vītis, a vine, and 1. serō)

curvus, a, um: (adj.), curved, bent, bending, 2.51; winding, 2.748; crooked.

falx, falcis, f.: a sickle, 4.513; a pruning hook or knife; scythe, 7.635.

Sāturnus, ī, m.: a deified king of Latium, whose reign was the “golden age"; identified by the Romans with the Greek Cronos, 8.319, et al.

Iānus, ī, m.: an ancient divinity of Latium, probably symbolizing the sun, represented with two faces, 7.180, et al.

bifrōns, frontis: (adj.), two-faced, double-faced, 7.180.

vestibulum, ī, n.: entrance, porch, portal, vestibule, 2.469, et al.

adstō, stitī, 1, n.: to stand at, near, or upon; alight, 1.301; stand, 9.677; be present, 3.150; stand or be ready, 3.123; impend, 3.194.

orīgō, inis, f.: a source, origin, beginning, 1.372; descent, lineage, birth, 1.286; source, root, founder, 12.166. (orior)

Māvortius, a, um or Mārtius, a, um: adj. (Māvors), pertaining to Mavors or Mars; ; warlike, martial; of Mars, 1.276; son of Mars, 6.777; received in battle, honorable, 7.182; sacred to Mars, 9.566.

postis, is, m.: a post; doorpost, jamb, 3.287; door, 2.480. (rel. to pōnō)

captīvus, a, um: adj. (capiō), taken in war; captured, captive, 2.765; of a captive or of captives, 10.520; subst., captīvus, ī, m., a captive, 9.273.

pendeō, pependī, 2, n.: to hang, foll. by abl. alone or w. prep., 2.546, et al.; 5.511; be suspended, 1.106; cling, 9.562; bend, stoop forward, 5.147; (meton.), linger, delay, 6.151; listen, hang upon, 4.79.

secūris, is, f.: an ax, 2.224, et al. (secō)

crista, ae, f.: a crest, plume, 3.468; helmet, 7.185.

claustra, ōrum, n. pl: fastenings; bolts, bars; barriers, 1.56; narrows, straits, 3.411. (claudō)

spīculum, ī, n.: a sharp point; (meton.), an arrow, a dart, javelin, spear, 5.307.

clipeus, ī, m., and clipeum, ī, n.: a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

rōstrum, ī: a bill, beak, 6.597; the beak of a ship, 5.143; pl., Rōstra, ōrum, n., the platform or tribunal for magistrates and orators in the Roman forum, so called because adorned with the beaks of the captured ships of Antium; the Rostra. (rōdō, gnaw)

carīna, ae, f.: the keel of a ship, ship, 4.398; a boat, 6.391; frame, timber, 5.682.

Quirīnālis, ae: adj. (Quirīnus), pertaining to Quirinus or Romulus; Quirinal, 7.187.

lituus, ī, m.: an augur's staff or wand, 7.187; a cornet, trumpet, clarion, 6.167.

succingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.: to gird beneath; gird up; wrap, 10.634; gird, 1.323. (sub and cingō)

trabea, ae, f.: a toga of purple cloth, or one of white cloth with horizontal purple stripes, worn by Roman dignitaries, and ascribed to the primitive Latin kings, 7.612.

laeva, ae, f. (sc. manus): the left hand, 1.611; ab laevā, on the left side, 8.460.

ancīle, is, n.: a small oval shield, 7.188; pl., ancīlia, ium, the sacred ancilia, made by the Romans in imitation of the ancile which came down from heaven, 8.664.

domitor, ōris, m.: a tamer, 7.189; ruler, sovereign, 5.799. (domō)

percutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.: to smite through; strike, smite, 4.589; p., percussus, a, um, struck, smitten, 7.503; of the effect of sound, reverberating, echoing, penetrated, filled, 1.513; 8.121. (per and quatiō)

virga, ae, f.: a twig, bough, branch, 6.144; a wand (the caduceus of Mercury), 4.242. (vireō)

venēnum, ī, n.: a poisonous drug; poison, venom, 2.221; a charm, drug, 7.190; poison of love, 1.688.

Circē, ēs or ae, f.: a sorceress, daughter of Helios and Perse or Perseis, 3.386, et al.

spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.: to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

āla, ae, f.: a wing, 1.301; the feather of an arrow, 9.578; the wing of an army; cavalry, 11.730; troop, battalion, 11.604; horsemen, mounted huntsmen, 4.121.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-vii-170-191