Vergil, Aeneid III 548-569

Haud mora, continuō perfectīs ōrdine vōtīs

cornua vēlātārum obvertimus antemnārum,

Grāiugenumque domōs suspectaque linquimus arva.550

Hinc sinus Herculeī (sī vēra est fāma) Tarentī

cernitur, attollit sē dīva Lacīnia contrā,

Caulōnisque arcēs et nāvifragum Scylacēum.

Tum procul ē flūctū Trīnacria cernitur Aetna,

et gemitum ingentem pelagī pulsātaque saxa555

audīmus longē frāctāsque ad lītora vōcēs,

exsultantque vada atque aestū miscentur harēnae.

Et pater Anchīsēs 'Nīmīrum hīc illa Charybdis:

hōs Helenus scopulōs, haec saxa horrenda canēbat.

Ēripite, ō sociī, pariterque īnsurgite rēmīs.'560

Haud minus ac iussī faciunt, prīmusque rudentem

contorsit laevās prōram Palinūrus ad undās;

laevam cūncta cohors rēmīs ventīsque petīvit.

Tollimur in caelum curvātō gurgite, et īdem

subductā ad Mānīs īmōs dēsēdimus undā.565

ter scopulī clāmōrem inter cava saxa dedēre,

ter spūmam ēlīsam et rōrantia vīdimus astra.

Intereā fessōs ventus cum sōle relīquit,

ignārīque viae Cyclōpum adlābimur ōrīs.

CORE VOCABULARY

continuō: (adv.), immediately, straightway. (continuus)

perficiō, fēcī, fectus, 3, a.: to make completely; finish, complete, 6.745; perform, 3.178; p., perfectus, a, um, worked, wrought, executed, 5.267; fulfilled, 3.548. (per and faciō)

vēlō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to veil, 3.405; cover, clothe; bind around, wreathe, crown, 5.72; festoon, adorn, 2.249; to shade by bearing in the hand, 7.154; 11.101. (vēlum)

obvertō, vertī, versus, 3, a.: to turn towards, 6.3; turn round (towards the sea), 3.549; p., obversus, a, um, turned or turning, wheeling, 11.601; turning against; directly opposite, facing towards, 9.622.

antenna, ae, f.: a sail yard, 3.549.

Grāiugena, ae (quadrasyll.), m.: a native Greek; a Greek, 3.550. (Grāius and gignō)

suspectus, a, um: suspected, conjectured, guessed at; in suspicion, suspicious, mistrusted, 2.36; causing suspicion, fear, apprehension; distrusted, 3.550. (suspiciō)

linquō, līquī, 3, a.: to leave, 1.517, and freq.; desert, abandon, flee from, 3.213; pass by, 3.705; depart from, leave, 3.124; of death, yield up, 3.140; give up or over, desist from, 3.160.

Herculeus, a, um: adj. (Herculēs), of Hercules; Herculean, 3.551, et al.

Tarentum, ī, n.: Tarentum, a city of Greek origin on the coast of lower Italy, 3.551.

attollō, 3, a.: to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

dīva, ae, f.: a goddess, 1.632, et al.

Lacīnius, a, um: adj. (Lacīnium), of Lacinium, a promontory near Croton, on the southern coast of Italy; Lacinian; Dīva Lacīnia, the Lacinian goddess; Juno, 3.552.

contrā: (prep. and adv.; prep. w. acc.), over against; opposite to, 1.13; against, 5.370; to, 9.280; on the contrary, 12.779; on the other hand, in reply, 1.76.

Caulōn, ōnis, m.: Caulon, or Caulonia, a town on the east coast of Bruttium, 3.553.

nāvifragus, a, um: adj. (nāvis and frangō), shipwrecking, 3.553.

Scylacēum, ī, n.: a town on the Bruttian coast, 3.553.

Trīnacrius, a, um: adj. (Trīnacria), Sicilian, 3.384.

Aetna, ae, f.: a volcanic mountain on the eastern coast of Sicily, 3.579.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

pelagus, ī, n.: the sea; open sea, main, 1.138; flood, 1.246.

pulsō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.: to beat much; batter, buffet, 5.460; strike, 6.647; lash, 3.555; beat with the hoofs, dash along, 11.660; violate, insult, 12.286; pulsate, throb, 5.138; rebound, 4.313. (pellō)

exsultō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.: to spring; move with bold or exulting strides, 2.470; 10.643; advance proudly, 10.550; bound, 12.688; rise, surge in billows, swell, 3.557; bubble, 7.464; pant, 5.137; exult, rejoice, triumph, 2.386. (exsiliō)

vadum, ī, n.: a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

aestus, ūs, m.: glowing heat; summer; a boiling; a billowy motion; waves of flame, flames, 2.706; wave, surge, 1.107; tide, sea, flood, 3.419; tide (of feeling), agitation, 4.532.

harēna, ae, f.: sand, 1.112; sandy shore, strand, 1.540; sandy ground, arena; space for races; an arena, 5.336.

Anchīsēs, ae, m.: son of Capys and Themis, and father of Aeneas by Venus, 2.687, et al.

nīmīrum: (adv.), without wonder or doubt; certainly, undoubtedly, doubtless, 3.558. (nī, for nē, and mīrum)

Charybdis, is, f.: a whirlpool near the Sicilian coast, in the Straits of Messina, opposite the rock of Scylla; personified as a monster, 3.420.

Helenus, ī, m.: a prophet, son of Priam; carried away captive by Pyrrhus to Epirus, where he became the husband of Andromache and ruler of a small kingdom, 3.329, et al.

scopulus, ī, m.: a projecting ledge of rock; a high cliff or rock, 1.180; crag, 1.45; ledge, reef, 1.145; detached rock, fragment of rock, 12.531.

horrendus, a, um: to be shuddered at; dreadful, fearful, 2.222; awe-inspiring, venerable, 6.10; strange, wonderful, 8.565; fierce, warlike, 11.507. (horreō)

ō: (interj. expressing joy, grief, astonishment, desire, or indignation), O! oh! ah! w. voc., 2.281, et al.; w. sī and the subj., oh that, 11.415; sometimes placed after the word to which it relates, 2.281.

pariter: (adv.), equally, 2.729; also, in like manner, in the same manner, on equal terms, 1.572; side by side, 2.205; at the same time, 10.865; pariter — pariter, 8.545. (pār)

īnsurgō, surrēxi, rēctus, 3, n.: to rise to; w. dat., 9.34; rise, spring to, ply, 3.207; (without case), lift or raise one's self, rise upward, 5.443.

rēmus, ī, m.: originally steering-oar; an oar, 1.104.

atque, or ac: (conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

iubeō, iussī (fut. perf. iussō for iusserō, 11.467), iussus, 2, a.: to order, request, usually w. inf., freq.; bid, 2.3; ask, invite, 1.708; will, wish, desire, 3.261; direct, enjoin, admonish, 3.697; persuade, advise, 2.37; to clear by command, 10.444; w. subj., 10.53.

rudō, īvī, ītus, 3, n. and a.: to send forth a loud, rough sound; bellow, roar, of men, 8.248; of beasts, 7.16; of the roaring sound of the rushing water, 3.561. (p. gen. pl., rudentum, 7.16)

contorqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to turn round entirely, twist; turn, 3.562; hurl, cast, lance, 2.52; 9.705.

laevus, a, um: (adj.), the left, 10.495; (situated) on the left, 3.412; the left, 3.420; (fig.), ill-starred, unpropitious, baleful, 10.275; infatuated, blind, 2.54.

prōra, ae, f.: the extreme forward part of a ship; the prow, 1.104.

Palinūrus, ī, m.: 1. The pilot of Aeneas, 3.202, et al. 2. Promontory said to have been named from him, Palinurus, now Palinuro, 6.381.

laeva, ae, f. (sc. manus): the left hand, 1.611; ab laevā, on the left side, 8.460.

curvō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to bend, curve, 3.533; swell, 3.564; wind, 7.381. (curvus)

gurges, itis, m.: a whirlpool, gulf, 3.421; flood, 2.497; wave, billow, 3.564; rolling, raging sea, abyss, 1.118; sea, ocean, 7.704.

subdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.: to haul, draw up, 1.573; w. abl. of place, 3.135; (w. acc. and dat.), draw, rescue from, 10.81; draw or take away stealthily, withdraw, 6.524; draw from beneath, 3.565.

Mānēs, ium, m.: the deities of the lower world, 6.896; gods or powers below, 12.646; the spirits or souls of the dead in Hades; ghosts, shades, Manes, 3.63; penalties of the lower world, punishments, expiations, purgatory, 6.743; abode of the dead, 4.387; infernal regions, the world below, 10.820.

dēsīdō, sēdī, 3, n.: to sink down, 3.565.

ter: (num. adv.), thrice, three times, 1.94, et al. (trēs)

cavus, a, um: (adj.), hollow, 1.81; concave, 8.599; arching, vaulted, 2.487; cavae manūs, the palms of the hands, 12.86.

spūma, ae, f.: froth, foam, spray, 1.35; pl., spray, 3.208. (spuō, spit)

ēlīdō, līsī, līsus, 3, a.: to dash forth, out, up, 3.567; suffocate, strangle, 8.289; force out, cause to start out, 8.261. (ex and laedō)

rōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to be moist with dew; (fig.), to drop, drip, 8.645. (rōs)

intereā: (adv.), amid these things; meanwhile, in the meantime, 1.418, et al.

ignārus, a, um: (adj.), not knowing; freq.; unaware, ignorant, 11.154; often w. genit., ignorant of, 1.630; unsuspicious of, 2.106; unconscious, 9.345; not knowing the land; (pass.), unknown, a stranger, 10.706.

Cyclōps, ōpis, m.: a Cyclops, one of the Cyclopes, fabulous giants of Sicily, supposed to have a round eye in the middle of the forehead, 3.569.

adlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to glide to; (with dat., rarely acc.), sail to, reach, 3.569; advance, glide (with abl. of manner), 10.269; fly to, 9.474; descend, fall upon, 12.319.

ōra, ae, f.: a margin, border, 12.924; coast, shore, 3.396; region, 2.91; rim, extremity, 10.477; pl., outline, compass, 9.528.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-iii-548-569