Cumae and Environs

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Map of Cumae and environs. Cumae is where Aeneas goes to visit his father in the underworld in Aeneid Book 6. The entrance and exit from the underworld are both located around Lake Avernus (Avernus Lacus). Caieta is mentioned by Vergil in Aeneid 6.900-901 as a port named for Aeneas's nurse. 

Ancient coastline and elevation data supplied by the Ancient World Mapping Center.

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Aeneid 6.1-5

Sīc fātur lacrimāns, classīque immittit habēnās

et tandem Euboïcīs Cūmārum adlābitur ōrīs.

Obvertunt pelagō prōrās; tum dente tenācī

ancora fundābat nāvīs et lītora curvae

praetexunt puppēs. 

Aeneid 6.201-204

Inde ubi vēnēre ad faucēs grave olentis Avernī,

tollunt sē celerēs liquidumque per āëra lāpsae

sēdibus optātīs geminā super arbore sīdunt,

discolor unde aurī per rāmōs aura refulsit.

Aeneid  6.232-235

At pius Aenēās ingentī mōle sepulcrum

impōnit suaque arma virō rēmumque tubamque

monte sub āëriō, quī nunc Mīsēnus ab illō

dīcitur aeternumque tenet per saecula nōmen.

Aeneid 6.900-901

Tum sē ad Cāiētae rēctō fert līmite portum.

Ancora dē prōrā iacitur; stant lītore puppēs.

Aeneid 7.1-4

Tu quoque litoribus nostris, Aeneia nutrix,

aeternam moriens famam, Caieta, dedisti;

et nunc seruat honos sedem tuus, ossaque nomen

Hesperia in magna, si qua est ea gloria, signat.


Caieta: a town in Latium. It was situated on a promontory opposite to the city of Formiae, and forms the northern extremity of the extensive bay anciently called the Sinus Caietanus, and still known as the Golfo di Gaeta. (Smith)

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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
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Date: 
June 2015
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