VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

(prep. w. acc., and adv.), over, 3.194; above, 12.839; upon, 9.553; after its case, 4.240; (adv.), above, 7.32.

9

(prep. w. acc., and adv.), over, 3.194; above, 12.839; upon, 9.553; after its case, 4.240; (adv.), above, 7.32.

4

(adv.), for the last time, 3.68. (superus)

2

the end, 12.803; pl., suprēma, ōrum, the last honors, rites, 6.213. (superus)

2

the calf of the leg; the leg, 1.337.

3

to raise, prick up, 4.183; rise, spring up, arise, 3.513, et al.; as an enemy, 10.28; to swell, 9.30; to tower up, 10.725; increase, grow, rise, 4.274; impend, threaten, 4.43. Cf. subrigō. (sub and regō)

47

a hog, swine, 1.635; sow, 3.390.

8

to take up, 4.391; receive, catch, 1.175; conceive, beget, 4.327; undertake, 6.629; reply, 6.723; to take up the new-born child; (pass.), to be born, 4.327. (sub and capiō)

7

to stir up, turn up; to rekindle, 5.743; rouse, incite, 2.618; call forth, 8.455.

10

suspected, conjectured, guessed at; in suspicion, suspicious, mistrusted, 2.36; causing suspicion, fear, apprehension; distrusted, 3.550. (suspiciō)

3

a looking up; upward views; distance upward, height, 6.579; elevation, 9.530. (suspiciō)

2

to hang up, 6.859; hang, 1.318; p., suspēnsus, a, um, suspended, scarcely touching the ground or water, 7.810; hanging, 8.190; as adj., in suspense, uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, 6.722; anxious, 2.729; filled with awe, 3.372.

10

in suspense, uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, 6.722; anxious, 2.729; filled with awe, 3.372.

7

to look up to, 6.668; behold, see; look upon with wonder; admire; survey, 1.438. (sub and speciō, look)

6

to breathe from beneath or deeply; to sigh, 1.371.

1

to uphold; hold up, support, sustain, 10.339; poise, 10.304; second, support, 11.224; maintain, 12.662; bear up against, withstand, 11.873. (sustineō)

6

to hold up; sustain, bear, 7.786; hold up, poise, 12.726; hold, wave, 7.398; check, withstand, 10.799; keep off, 11.750; repel, 9.708; maintain, support. (sub and teneō)

10

adj. (suō), stitched together, sewed; made of stitched hides or skins, 6.414.

2

his, her, its, their; his own, etc., 6.641, et al.; proper, appropriate, peculiar; fitting, 5.54; favorable, friendly, propitious, 5.832; emphatic for ēius, 4.633. (suī)

1

his, her, its, their; his own, etc., 6.641, et al.; proper, appropriate, peculiar; fitting, 5.54; favorable, friendly, propitious, 5.832; emphatic for ēius, 4.633. (suī)

68

a Trojan warrior, 12.363.

1

a Tyrian prince, the husband of Dido, 1.343, et al.

7

adj. (Sӯchaeus), pertaining to Sӯchaeus, of Sychaeus, 4.552.

1

adj. (Sӯmaethum), of Symaethum, a river and town on the eastern coast of Sicily; Symaethian, 9.584.

1

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

3

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

5

to melt; drip, be drenched, 1.173; to waste away, be wan, 12.221.

1

a melting, wasting away; repining, woe, grief, 6.442. (tābeō)

1

adj. (tabeō), melting away; wasting, consuming, 3.137.

1

a board, plank, 1.119.

2

a planking; floor, platform, story, 2.464. (tabula)

2

corrupt matter; putrid blood; gore, 3.29. (tābeō)

5

a ridge of the Apennines south of Caudium, 12.715.

1

to be silent, not to speak, 2.94; to be still, quiet, hushed, 4.525; leave unmentioned; p., tacēns, entis, noiseless, silent, 6.265.

3

passed over in silence, unmentioned, 6.841; unobserved, 2.568; unexpressed, secret, hidden, 4.67; silent, in silence, 2.125; silent, speechless, 4.364; still, noiseless, 6.386; calm, 1.502; quiet, solitary, in the night, 7.343; per tacitum, in silence, quietly, 9.31. (taceō)

1

passed over in silence, unmentioned, 6.841; unobserved, 2.568; unexpressed, secret, hidden, 4.67; silent, in silence, 2.125; silent, speechless, 4.364; still, noiseless, 6.386; calm, 1.502; quiet, solitary, in the night, 7.343; per tacitum, in silence, quietly, 9.31. (taceō)

22

a touching; touch, 2.683. (tangō)

2

pitch-pine, 4.505; a brand, 7.71; torch, nuptial torch, 4.18; marriage, 4.339.

12

it irks, wearies, disgusts me, thee, etc.; I (thou, he, etc.) am wearied, tired, 4.451.

3

a band, fillet; hairband; ribbon, braid, forming the ends of the vitta, 5.269.

2

a Rutulian, 9.418.

1

sandals; winged sandals, 4.239. (tālus, ankle)

1

a monetary weight or sum, varying in different periods and countries, but around 60-70 lb., usually gold or silver; a large sum, weight, or amount, 5.112, et al.

6

(adj.), such, in kind or nature; correlative to quālis, such, 1.503; such, of such sort or kind, 1.74; without quālis, such as has been said, 1.50; such as follows; this, 1.131; so distinguished, so great, 1.335; so critical, 11.303; introducing a comparison, 9.710.

148

a Rutulian, 12.513.

1

correlative to quam, so much, by so much, 7.787; without quam, so as, so much, in such a manner, to such a degree, freq.

23

(conj.), however, notwithstanding, nevertheless, still, yet.

38

a Rutulian, 12.513.

1

(adv.), at length, at last, finally, 2.76, et al.; pray then, now, 1.369. (tam)

42

to touch, 3.324, et al.; of lightning, strike, blast; of touching a shore, reach, enter, arrive at, 4.612; (fig.), affect, move, 1.462; encounter, experience, 4.551; overtake, come home to, 4.596.

15

by so much, so much, 6.79. (tantus)

2

(adv.), so much, 6.877; just so much; only, 2.23; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.

27

(adv.), so much, 6.877; just so much; only, 2.23; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.

9

(adj.), so great, such, regularly followed by quantus; alone, 1.606, et al.; explanatory, so great, such, 1.33, et al.; followed by quam, so great as, 6.352, et al.; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.

118

a coverlet; tapestry, hanging; a carpet, 9.358; abl. pl., tapētīs (perhaps from tapētum, ī), with housings, 7.277.

3

an Etrurian prince, ally of Aeneas, 11.727, et al.

11

to render slow; hinder, cripple, delay, 5.453; impede, enfeeble, 6.731; hold back, detain, retard, 11.21. (tardus)

7

(adj.), slow, sluggish, tardy, 5.154; backward, lingering, coming on late, 1.746; sluggish, gross, carnal, 6.720.

10

Tarentum, a city of Greek origin on the coast of lower Italy, 3.551.

1

a follower of Camilla, 11.656.

1

(adj.), pertaining to the Tarpeian rock or precipitous part of the Capitoline Hill at Rome; Tarpeian, 8.347.

2

(adj.), Tarquinian; the designation of the Roman gens to which belonged Tarquinius Priscus and Tarquinius Superbus, 6.817; subst., Tarquinius, iī, Tarquinius or Tarquin, 8.646.

2

a Rutulian slain by Aeneas, 10.550.

1

the lower world, Hades; especially that portion which was set apart for the wicked; Tartarus, 5.734, et al.

10

adj. (Tartarus), pertaining to Tartarus; Tartarean, 6.551; in a general sense, infernal, Tartarean, 6.295.

7

the lower world, Hades; especially that portion which was set apart for the wicked; Tartarus, 5.734, et al.

1

Titus Tatius, a Sabine king, at first hostile to Romulus, but at last joint king with him over Romans and Sabines, 8.638.

1

adj. (taurus), of bulls; bull’s-, 9.706.

1

adj. (taurus), of a bull or bull's, 1.368.

1

a bull, steer, ox, bullock, 2.202, et al.

21

a covering; roof, 2.302; a house, 1.425; building, 3.134; 6.29; palace, 1.632; habitation, dwelling, abode, 6.211; shelter, haunt, covert, 6.8; battlement, 9.558. (tegō)

83

to cover, 3.25, et al.; cover in the funeral urn, inclose, 6.228; surround, encompass, 11.12; protect, defend, shield, 2.430; shelter, 3.583; hide, conceal, 3.236; shut up, 2.126; overshadow, 8.95.

2

adj. (Tegea), of Tegea, a town in Arcadia; Tegean, Arcadian, 5.299.

2

a means of covering; skin, hide, 1.275; clothing, 3.594; shield, 9.577; tegmen crūrum, close-fitting trousers worn by Phrygians, 11.777. (tegō)

13

to cover, 3.25, et al.; cover in the funeral urn, inclose, 6.228; surround, encompass, 11.12; protect, defend, shield, 2.430; shelter, 3.583; hide, conceal, 3.236; shut up, 2.126; overshadow, 8.95.

39

a web; the long thread of a woven fabric; the warp; web, 4.264. (texō)

5

a people of Acarnania, a part of whom migrated to the island of Capreae in the Bay of Naples, 7.735.

1

the earth, 6.140; ground, soil, earth, 1.358; land, 1.171; a land (of an island), 1.34; a country, territory, state, kingdom, 11.245; personified, Tellūs, the goddess Tellus or Earth, 4.166.

49

the earth, 6.140; ground, soil, earth, 1.358; land, 1.171; a land (of an island), 1.34; a country, territory, state, kingdom, 11.245; personified, Tellūs, the goddess Tellus or Earth, 4.166.

2

king of the Teleboans in the island of Capreae, 7.734.

1

a missile weapon, freq.; a bolt, 1.665; shaft, arrow, 1.191; spear, lance, javelin, 1.99; weapon, 2.447; point, 12.387; blow or caestus, 5.438.

147

(adv.), by chance; promiscuously, 9.329; in vain, 9.375.

2

to treat recklessly; outrage; desecrate, defile, profane, 6.840.

1

to despise, disdain, scorn, defy, 1.665; p., temnendus, a, um, to be despised; insignificant, small, 10.737.

5

the tongue or pole of a plow or cart; wagon, chariot, 12.470.

1

to attemper; combine in due proportions; with acc., regulate, adjust; refresh; allay, moderate, calm, 1.146; restrain, 1.57; with abl. or dat., abstain from, 2.8. (tempus)

3

a portion of time; a season; weather; flashing light; radiance, 9.20; a storm, tempest, 1.53; cloud, tempest of missiles, 12.284; storm of war, 7.223; calamity, 11.423; cloud, personif., Tempestātēs, um, demons of storms, storms, 5.772. (tempus)

14

a portion of time; a season; weather; flashing light; radiance, 9.20; a storm, tempest, 1.53; cloud, tempest of missiles, 12.284; storm of war, 7.223; calamity, 11.423; cloud, personif., Tempestātēs, um, demons of storms, storms, 5.772. (tempus)

1

a portion of the heavens marked out or cut off for auguries; a place set apart as holy; holy ground; a shrine, fane, chapel, temple, 1.416, et al.(cf. τέμνω, cut off)

34

1. Time in general, a period, time, 1.278; interval or space of time, 4.433; crisis, circumstance, juncture, 7.37; season, fitting time, opportunity, proper moment, 4.294; ex longō (tempore), in or for a long time, 9.64. 2. The temple of the forehead, 9.418; commonly pl., 2.684; of animals, 12.173.

39

1. Time in general, a period, time, 1.278; interval or space of time, 4.433; crisis, circumstance, juncture, 7.37; season, fitting time, opportunity, proper moment, 4.294; ex longō (tempore), in or for a long time, 9.64. 2. The temple of the forehead, 9.418; commonly pl., 2.684; of animals, 12.173.

31

adj. (teneō), holding on or fast; tenacious; adhering to, persistent in, w. gen., 4.188.

4

to stretch; stretch forth or out, 6.314; strain, lift, raise, 2.405; hold, reach out or up, 2.674; direct, 1.410; aim, 5.489; strain, bend, 7.164; shoot, 9.606; stretch, fill, 3.268; n., reach, extend, descend, 4.446; hold, direct one's course, go to, proceed, 5.286, et al.; advance, 12.917; 9.795; hasten, 2.321; make for, advance, 2.205; hold one’s flight, fly, 6.198; make one’s way to, visit (ad omitted), 6.696; maintain, keep one's course, 5.21; stretch the tents; encamp, 2.29; tend, lead, 6.541; struggle, endeavor, strive, 5.155; contend, 12.553; design, purpose, intend, 1.18; essay, try to answer, 9.377; quō tenditis, what is your purpose? 5.670.

71

darkness, 9.425; gloom, 6.238; 2.92; dark abode, 6.545.

17

adj. (tenebrae), dark, dusky, murky, 5.839.

2

an island in the Aegean about five miles from shore in sight of Troy, 2.21.

3

to hold, in every sense, freq.; hold fast, grasp, 2.530; 12.754; cling to, 2.490; keep, hold, 1.482; inhabit, 1.12; gain, reach, 1.400; seize upon, 12.673; hold one's course through, traverse, 7.287; hold, direct one's way, 1.370; retain, 6.235; to have, inherit, 5.121; preserve, maintain, observe, 3.408; govern, rule, 1.236; detain, 1.670; withhold, forbid, 12.819; bind, control, 2.159; fill, possess, 1.132; keep in mind or memory; n., have possession, be master, 2.505; prīma tenēre, to take the lead, 10.157; sē tenēre, stand fast, 7.589. (rel. to tendō)

133

(adj.), tender, 2.406; young, 11.578; light, delicate, 3.449; thin, 9.699.

6

a holding on; a continuous course; course. (teneō)

1

a trial; essay; experiment; approach, 8.144. (temptō)

1

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