Chapter 6.15

Alterum genus est equitum. Hī, cum est ūsus atque aliquod bellum incidit (quod ferē ante Caesaris adventum quotannīs accidere sōlēbat, utī aut ipsī iniūriās īnferrent aut illātās prōpulsārent), omnēs in bellō versantur; atque eōrum ut quisque est genere cōpiīsque amplissimus, ita plūrimōs circum sē ambactōs clientēsque habet. Hanc ūnam grātiam potentiamque nōvērunt.

骑士和侍从。

equites: 比较罗马的骑士阶级

cum est ūsus: “当有需要时”(Rice Holmes). (<A&G 548)

versantur: “参与”;“参加(战争)”(Allen & Judson)

ut quisque amplissimus…ita plurimos: “越有权利...(仆役和门客)人数就更多”(Allen & Greenough);ut quisque…ita: “越多...更多”(Allen & Judson) (A&G 313.a,323.g)

clientes: 比较罗马的庇主和门客

ūsus –ūs m.: 时机;用途;需要,必需品。

adventus –ūs m.: 到来,来临

quotannīs: (副词)每年

prōpulso, -āre: 赶走,打败;反击;击退

verso, -āre: (经常地)转来转去;(过去式)停留

amplus -a, -um: 丰富的,富有的

ambactus –ī m.: 仆使,仆从。

cliēns –entis m.: cliēns –entis m.: 门客

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Christopher Francese, Caesar: Selections from the Gallic War. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2011, revised and enlarged 2018. ISBN: 978-1-947822-02-3. https://dcc.dickinson.edu/zh-hans/chapter-6-15