Vergil, Aeneid XI 648-663

At mediās inter caedēs exsultat Amāzōn

ūnum exserta latus pūgnae, pharetrāta Camilla,

et nunc lenta manū spargēns hastīlia dēnset,650

nunc validam dextrā rapit indēfessa bipennem;

aureus ex umerō sonat arcus et arma Diānae.

Illa etiam, sī quandō in tergum pulsa recessit,

spīcula conversō fugientia dērigit arcū.

At circum lēctae comitēs, Lārīnaque virgō655

Tullaque et aerātam quatiēns Tarpēia secūrim,

Ītalides, quās ipsa decus sibi dīa Camilla

dēlēgit pācisque bonās bellīque ministrās:

quālēs Thrēiciae cum flūmina Thermōdontis

pulsant et pīctīs bellantur Amāzones armīs,660

seu circum Hippolytēn seu cum sē Martia currū

Penthesilēa refert, māgnōque ululante tumultū

fēminea exsultant lūnātīs agmina peltīs.

CORE VOCABULARY

exsultō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.: to spring; move with bold or exulting strides, 2.470; 10.643; advance proudly, 10.550; bound, 12.688; rise, surge in billows, swell, 3.557; bubble, 7.464; pant, 5.137; exult, rejoice, triumph, 2.386. (exsiliō)

Amāzōn, onis, f.: an Amazon, one of the race of female warriors, said to have dwelt on the Thermodon, in Asia Minor, 11.648, et al.

exserō, uī, tus, 3, a.: to thrust out; expose, uncover; p., exsertus, a, um, stripped; naked, 1.492.

pharetrātus, a, um: adj. (pharetra), bearing the quiver, 11.649.

Camilla, ae, f.: a Volscian heroine, ally of Turnus, 7.803, et al.

lentus, a, um: (adj.), adhesive, clammy, sticky, viscid; tough, 12.773; pliant, limber, 6.137; ductile, malleable, 7.634; slender, 3.31; 12.489; sluggish, creeping, 5.682; quiet, 7.28; inactive, 12.237.

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.: to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

hastīle, is, n.: the shaft of a spear; a spear, lance, javelin, 1.313, et al.; a spear-like sapling or branch; a shoot, 3.23. (hasta)

dēnseō, ēre, and dēnsō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to make thick; thicken; close up, 12.264; cast thick, shower, 11.650; gather together, crowd, 7.794. (dēnsus)

indēfessus, a, um: (adj.), unwearied, 11.651.

bipennis, e: adj. (bis and penna), two-winged; two-edged, 11.135; subst., f., a two-edged ax, 2.627; a battle-ax, 2.479.

umerus, ī, m.: the upper bone of the arm; the shoulder, 1.501, and freq.

arcus, ūs, m.: a bow, 5.500, et al.; the rainbow, 5.88.

Diāna, ae, f.: a goddess of the Italians, and regarded by them as one with the Greek Artemis, daughter of Latona, and sister of Apollo; called Luna, as goddess of the moon; Hecate, as an infernal deity, invoked in magic rites, 4.511; and Diana, as goddess of the chase, 1.499. (rel. to Iānus = Diānus)

recēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n.: to go back, retire, withdraw, 12.129; recede, retreat, 2.633; stand apart, retire, 2.300; depart, 2.595; disappear, 3.72; vanish, 5.526.

spīculum, ī, n.: a sharp point; (meton.), an arrow, a dart, javelin, spear, 5.307.

dērigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.: to lay straight, bring into a definite line; to aim, direct, 1.401, et al. (dē and regō)

circum: (adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

Lārīna, ae, f.: a follower of Camilla, 11.655.

Tulla, ae, f.: a follower of Camilla, 11.656.

aerātus, a, um: adj. (aes), furnished with copper, bronze; made of bronze, 2.481; bronze-covered; with brazen prow, 8.675; armed with bronze; armed, 7.703.

quatiō, no perf., quassus, 3, a.: to shake, freq.; brandish, 11.767; flap, 3.226; shatter, 2.611; make tremble, 5.200; thrill, penetrate, 3.30; ransack, beat up, search, scour, 11.513; torment, 6.571; assault, 9.608; spur, 12.338.

Tarpēia (trisyll.), ae, f.: a follower of Camilla, 11.656.

secūris, is, f.: an ax, 2.224, et al. (secō)

Ītalides, um, f.: Italian women; Italian nymphs, 11.657. (Italus)

dīvus (dīus), a, um: (adj.), divine; godlike, 11.657; subst., dīvus, ī, m., a god, freq.; the image of a god, 12.286; dīva, ae, f., a goddess, 1.632, et al.

dēligō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.: to choose from; choose, 2.18. (dē and legō)

ministra, ae, f.: a female attendant; maid servant; counselor, attendant, 11.658. (minister)

Thrēicius, a, um: (adj.), Thracian, 3.51, et al.; Thracian in character, northern, 11.659.

Thermōdōn, ontis, m.: a river of Pontus, in the country of the Amazons, 11.659.

pulsō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.: to beat much; batter, buffet, 5.460; strike, 6.647; lash, 3.555; beat with the hoofs, dash along, 11.660; violate, insult, 12.286; pulsate, throb, 5.138; rebound, 4.313. (pellō)

pingō, pīnxī, pīctus, 3, a.: to paint, 5.663; color, stain, dye, 7.252; tattoo, 4.146.

bellō, āvī, ātus, 1, n., and bellor, dep. 1, n.: to wage war; fight, 1.466; dep., 11.660; subst., bellāns, antis, c. pl., bellantēs, ium or um, combatants, warriors, 1.466. (bellum)

Hippolytē, ēs, f.: an Amazon, captured by Theseus, 11.661.

Māvortius, a, um or Mārtius, a, um: adj. (Māvors), pertaining to Mavors or Mars; ; warlike, martial; of Mars, 1.276; son of Mars, 6.777; received in battle, honorable, 7.182; sacred to Mars, 9.566.

Penthesilēa, ae, f.: Penthesilea; the queen of the Amazons slain by Achilles at Troy, 1.491.

ululō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to howl, 6.257; wail, shriek, 4.168; to utter wild cries of triumph, 11.662; shriek the name of; invoke with cries, 4.609.

tumultus, ūs, m.: commotion; uproar; outcry, 9.397; shouting, cries, 3.99; haste, 11.447; uprising, 6.857. (tumeō)

fēmineus, a, um: adj. (fēmina), pertaining to women; female, 9.142; a woman’s, of a woman, 2.584; of women, 4.667; fit for a woman, 12.53.

lūnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to shape like a half moon; p., lūnātus, a, um, shaped like the half moon; crescent-shaped, crescent-, 1.490.

pelta, ae, f.: a light crescent-shaped shield, 1.490.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-xi-648-663