Vergil, Aeneid X 380-398

Obvius huic prīmum fātīs adductus inīquīs380

fit Lagus. hunc, vellit māgnō dum pondere saxum,

intortō fīgit tēlō, discrīmina costīs

per medium quā spīna dabāt, hastamque receptat

ossibus haerentem. Quem nōn super occupat Hisbō,

ille quidem hōc spērāns; nam Pallās ante ruentem,385

dum furit, incautum crūdēlī morte sodālis

excipit atque ēnsem tumidō in pulmōne recondit.

Hinc Sthenium petit et Rhoetī de gente vetustā

Anchemolum thalamōs ausum incestāre novercae.

Vōs etiam, geminī, Rutulīs cecidistis in arvīs,390

Daucia, Lārīdē Thymberque, simillima prōlēs,

indiscrēta suīs grātusque parentibus error;

at nunc dūra dedit vōbīs discrīmina Pallās.

nam tibi, Thymbre, capūt Euandrius abstulit ēnsis;

tē dēcīsa suum, Lārīdē, dextera quaerit395

sēmianimēsque micant digitī ferrumque retrāctant.

Arcadas accēnsōs monitū et praeclāra tuentīs

facta virī mixtus dolor et pudor armat in hostīs.

CORE VOCABULARY

obvius, a, um: adj. (ob and via), in the way; presenting one's self or itself; meeting, 1.314; against, 6.880; opposing, 9.56; in the way of; exposed to, 3.499; obvius fierī, to encounter, meet, 10.380.

inīquus, a, um: unequal; uneven in surface, rounding, 10.303; of the sun, torrid, 7.227; too narrow, dangerous, 5.203; treacherous, 11.531; morally, unfavorable, hard, inequitable, 4.618; unjust, cruel, 1.668, et al.

Lagus, ī, m.: a Rutulian, 10.381.

vellō, vellī or vulsī, vulsus, 3, a.: to pluck; pull up, 3.28; wrench, tear away, 2.480; tear down, 9.506; move, 11.19; seize, lift, 10.381; vellere sīgna, pluck up the standards from the ground; move the camp, depart.

intorqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to turn or hurl toward, or against, 2.231; shoot, dart, 9.534.

fīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.: to fix or fasten; freq., the object in or on which, in the abl., 1.212; abl. w. prep., 6.636; acc. w. prep., 9.408; fasten up, suspend from, 3.287; hang up, 1.248; set up, establish, make, 6.622; transfix, pierce, 5.516; hurl (fix by hurling), 10.883; wound, 10.343; inscribe, 11.84.

discrīmen, inis, n.: a separating interval, space, 5.154; separation, division, 10.382; distance, 3.685; difference, distinction, 1.574; variation, division, of sound; note, 6.646; crisis, danger, peril, 1.204; pl., difference, 10.529. (discernō)

costa, ae, f.: a rib, 1.211; side.

medium, iī, n.: medium, iī, n., the middle, midst, 2.218; the intervening space, 6.131; ad medium, in the middle of the body, 12.273; in medium, into the midst, in public; before them, 5.401; for the common weal, 11.335.

spīna, ae, f.: a thorn, 3.594, et al.; the vertebrae, spine, backbone, 10.383.

hasta, ae, f.: a spear, 2.50, and freq.; hasta pūra, a headless spear, 6.760; pampinea hasta, a thyrsus, 7.396.

receptō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.: to take back or out; recover, 10.383. (recipiō)

haereō, haesī, haesus, 2, n.: to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

Hisbō, ōnis, m.: a Rutulian, 10.384.

Pallās, antis, m.: 1. A king of Arcadia, great-grandfather of Evander, 8.51. 2. Pallas, son of Evander, 8.104, et al.

ruō, ruī, rutus, 3, n. and a.: to fall with violence; tumble down, fall, freq.; fall in battle, 10.756; of the sun, go down, set, 3.508; rush forward, 2.64; of the chariot of Nox, hasten up; ascend, rise, 2.250; advance, 10.256; plunge, rush, 2.353; flee, 12.505; tremble, quake, 8.525; hasten, pass away, 6.539; cause to fall; cast down, 9.516; plow, 1.35; cast, throw up, 1.85; throw up or together, 11.211.

furō, uī, 3, n.: to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

incautus, a, um: (adj.), unguarded, heedless, 10.386; unsuspecting, 1.350.

crūdēlis, e: adj. (crūdus), unfeeling, ruthless, cruel, inhuman, 2.124; relentless, 1.547; unnatural, 6.24; mortal, deadly, 2.561; bloody, 1.355; bitter, 1.361.

sodālis, e, c.: a comrade, companion, 10.386.

ēnsis, is, m.: a sword, 2.393, et al.; knife, 2.155.

tumidus, a, um: adj. (tumeō), swollen, 1.142; distended, 10.387; elated, 9.596; incensed, angry, 6.407; causing to swell, swelling, 3.357.

pulmō, ōnis, m.: a lung; lungs, 9.701.

recondō, didī, ditus, 3, a.: to place again; put back, up, or away; hide, conceal, 1.681; bury, 10.387; bury in oblivion, 5.302.

Sthenius, iī, m.: a Rutulian slain by Pallas, 10.388.

Rhoetus, ī, m.: a Centaur, 9.345; a Rutulian slain by Euryalus, 9.344; king of the Marrubii, and father of Anchemolus, 10.388.

vetustus, a, um: old, ancient, 2.713. (vetus)

Anchemolus, ī, m.: a Latin warrior, 10.389.

thalamus, ī, m.: a bedchamber; chamber, 2.503; couch, 6.280; marriage, 4.18; bridals, the bride, 7.388; pl., thalamī, ōrum, nuptials, wedlock, marriage, 6.94.

incestō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to defile, pollute, 6.150. (incestus, unclean)

noverca, ae, f.: a step-mother.

geminus, a, um: (adj.), twin, 1.274, et al.; twofold, 6.203; double, two, 4.470; pl., geminī, ae, a, twin, 2.500; two, 1.162.

Rutulus, ī, m.: a Rutulian; Turnus, 7.409; for the pl., the Rutulians, 8.474.

Daucius, a, um: adj. (Daucus), of Daucus, a Rutulian; Daucian, 10.391.

Lārīdēs, is, m.: a Rutulian, son of Daucus, 10.391.

Thymber, brī, m.: a Rutulian, son of Daucus, 10.391.

prōlēs, is, f.: that which springs forth; offspring, race, progeny, 1.75; lineage, 3.180.

indiscrētus, a, um: (adj.), unseparated; undistinguished, 10.392.

Euandrius, a, um: of Evander, Evandrian, 10.394. (Euander)

dēcīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.: to cut, lop off, 11.5. (dē and caedō)

suus, a, um: his, her, its, their; his own, etc., 6.641, et al.; proper, appropriate, peculiar; fitting, 5.54; favorable, friendly, propitious, 5.832; emphatic for ēius, 4.633. (suī)

sēmianimis (in hexam. poetry pron. semyanimis), e: (adj.), half alive; dying, 4.686.

micō, micuī, 1, n.: to vibrate, dart, 2.475; flash, glitter, gleam, 1.90; tremble, quiver, 10.396.

digitus, ī, m.: a finger, 6.647; toe, 5.426.

retrāctō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a. and n.: to handle again; gripe or grasp again, 10.396; take up again, resume, 7.694; recall, 12.11; n., hesitate, hold back, 12.889.

Arcas, adis, m.: an Arcadian, 10.452;(adj.), 11.835.

accendō, ī, cēnsus, 3, a.: to set fire to, light up, enkindle, 5.4; enrage, exasperate, incense, 1.29; incite, rouse, 4.232. (ad and candō, rel. to candeō)

monitus, ūs, m.: an admonition, warning, 4.282. (moneō)

praeclārus, a, um: (adj.), very clear or bright; illustrious, splendid, 4.655.

tueor, tuitus or tūtus sum, 2, dep. a.: to look at, gaze upon, behold, regard, 4.451, et al.; watch, guard, defend, maintain, protect, 1.564, et al.; p., tūtus, a, um, secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; subst., tūtum, ī, n., safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882; adv., tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381.

misceō, miscuī, mixtus or mistus, 2, a.: to mix; mingle (the object with which is in dat., or in abl. alone, or w. prep.), 1.440; unite, 4.112; multiply, 12.720; assemble, flock together, 7.704; confuse, disturb, confound, agitate, 1.134; scatter, 1.191.

armō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-x-380-398