Vergil, Aeneid X 287-307

Interea Aeneas socios de puppibus altis

pontibus exponit. multi seruare recursus

languentis pelagi et breuibus se credere saltu,

per remos alii. speculatus litora Tarchon,290

qua uada non sperat nec fracta remurmurat unda,

sed mare inoffensum crescenti adlabitur aestu,

aduertit subito proras sociosque precatur:

'nunc, o lecta manus, ualidis incumbite remis;

tollite, ferte rates, inimicam findite rostris295

hanc terram, sulcumque sibi premat ipsa carina.

frangere nec tali puppim statione recuso

arrepta tellure semel.' quae talia postquam

effatus Tarchon, socii consurgere tonsis

spumantisque rates aruis inferre Latinis,300

donec rostra tenent siccum et sedere carinae

omnes innocuae. sed non puppis tua, Tarchon:

namque inflicta uadis, dorso dum pendet iniquo

anceps sustentata diu fluctusque fatigat,

soluitur atque uiros mediis exponit in undis,305

fragmina remorum quos et fluitantia transtra

impediunt retrahitque pedes simul unda relabens.

CORE VOCABULARY

intereā: (adv.), amid these things; meanwhile, in the meantime, 1.418, et al.

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

puppis, is, f.: the hinder part of a ship; the stern, 5.12; (by synecdoche), a vessel, boat, ship, 1.69; (meton.), crew, 8.497.

pōns, pontis, m.: a bridge; a bridge connecting battlements and towers, 9.530; gangway, bridge for embarking, 10.288.

expōnō, posuī, positus (expostus), 3, a.: to put forth; plunge, 10.305; to land, 6.416; to put out or extend, 10.654; expose to, 10.694.

multī, ōrum, m.: subst., many men, many, 2.124, et al.

recursus, ūs, m.: a running back; return; retreat, 5.583; a receding, an ebbing, 10.288. (recurrō)

langueō, uī, 2, n.: to be faint, to languish, grow feeble; p., languēns, entis, of the sea, 10.289; of flowers, drooping, 11.69.

pelagus, ī, n.: the sea; open sea, main, 1.138; flood, 1.246.

brevis, e: (adj.), short, of space, 3.507; shallow, 5.221; of time, brief, 10.467; subst. pl., brevia, ium, n., shoals, 1.111.

saltus, ūs, m.: a leap, bound, spring, 2.565; an ascending, 6.515. (saliō)

rēmus, ī, m.: originally steering-oar; an oar, 1.104.

speculor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.: to look out, mark, survey, behold, espy, 7.477; watch, consider, observe, 1.516. (specula)

Tarchō, ōnis or ontis, m.: an Etrurian prince, ally of Aeneas, 11.727, et al.

vadum, ī, n.: a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

spīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to breathe, blow, 5.844; palpitate, 4.64; pant; breathe heavily, 7.510; heave, boil, 10.291; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; w. acc., 1.404; p., spīrāns, antis, lifelike, breathing, 6.847.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

frangō, frēgī, frāctus, 3, a: to break, 1.104; crush, grind, 1.179; dishearten, discourage, 2.13; baffle; weaken, impair, ruin, destroy, 3.53.

remurmurō, 1, a.: to give back a murmur; resound, 10.291.

inoffēnsus, a, um: (adj.), unobstructed; unbroken, smooth, 10.292.

adlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to glide to; (with dat., rarely acc.), sail to, reach, 3.569; advance, glide (with abl. of manner), 10.269; fly to, 9.474; descend, fall upon, 12.319.

aestus, ūs, m.: glowing heat; summer; a boiling; a billowy motion; waves of flame, flames, 2.706; wave, surge, 1.107; tide, sea, flood, 3.419; tide (of feeling), agitation, 4.532.

prōra, ae, f.: the extreme forward part of a ship; the prow, 1.104.

ō: (interj. expressing joy, grief, astonishment, desire, or indignation), O! oh! ah! w. voc., 2.281, et al.; w. sī and the subj., oh that, 11.415; sometimes placed after the word to which it relates, 2.281.

lēctus, a, um: gathered, collected, 6.228; picked, culled; chosen, choice, 9.272, et al. (legō)

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

incumbō, cubuī, cubitus, 3, n.: to lay one's self upon; lean or recline upon; (w. dat.), lie on or stretch over, 2.205; fall upon, 1.84; bend to, ply, 5.15; hasten, urge, press on, 2.653; overhang, 2.514; press or bend toward, 5.325; (w. ad and acc.), lean, hang, incline, 8.236; absolute, bend to, urge on the work, 4.397.

ratis, is, f.: a raft, float; bark, boat, ship, 1.43, et al.

findō, fidī, fissus, 3, a.: to split, cleave, sever, crack; separate, divide, 6.540.

rōstrum, ī: a bill, beak, 6.597; the beak of a ship, 5.143; pl., Rōstra, ōrum, n., the platform or tribunal for magistrates and orators in the Roman forum, so called because adorned with the beaks of the captured ships of Antium; the Rostra. (rōdō, gnaw)

sulcus, ī, m.: a furrow, 6.844; furrow, 1.425; track, train, 2.697.

carīna, ae, f.: the keel of a ship, ship, 4.398; a boat, 6.391; frame, timber, 5.682.

statiō, ōnis, f.: a standing; place of standing; station, post, 9.183; anchorage, 2.23; resting-place, haunt, 5.128. (stō)

recūsō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to bring a reason against; object; reject, decline, 5.417; refuse, 2.607; shrink back, recoil, 5.406. (re- and causa)

arripiō, uī, reptus, 3, a.: to seize for one’s self; seize, 9.561; lay hold upon; surprise, 9.13; (fig.), hasten to, gain, 3.477. (ad and rapiō)

effor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.: to speak forth; speak, say, 6.560. (ex and for)

cōnsurgō, surrēxī, surrēctus, 3, n.: to rise together, rise up; rise at once, 8.110; rise, 5.20; rise or spring to the oars, ply, 10.299.

tōnsa, ae, f.: an oar, 7.28.

spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

Latīnus, a, um: adj. (Latium), of Latium; Latin, 1.6, et al.; Latīna, ae, f., a Latin woman, 12.604.

siccum, ī, n.: dry ground, sand, or land, 10.301.

innocuus, a, um: (adj.), harmless, involving no danger to any one, 7.230; (pass.), unharmed, safe, 10.302.

īnflīgō, flīxī, flīctus, 3, a.: to strike, dash on or against, 10.303.

dorsum, ī, n.: the back, 11.577; a ridge, reef of rocks, 1.110; a bank, 10.303.

pendeō, pependī, 2, n.: to hang, foll. by abl. alone or w. prep., 2.546, et al.; 5.511; be suspended, 1.106; cling, 9.562; bend, stoop forward, 5.147; (meton.), linger, delay, 6.151; listen, hang upon, 4.79.

inīquus, a, um: unequal; uneven in surface, rounding, 10.303; of the sun, torrid, 7.227; too narrow, dangerous, 5.203; treacherous, 11.531; morally, unfavorable, hard, inequitable, 4.618; unjust, cruel, 1.668, et al.

anceps, cipitis: adj. (am- and caput), two-headed or two-edged, 7.525; (fig.), twofold, 3.47; uncertain, wavering, doubtful, 5.654; 10.304; perplexed, perplexing, intricate, 5.589.

sustentō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.: to uphold; hold up, support, sustain, 10.339; poise, 10.304; second, support, 11.224; maintain, 12.662; bear up against, withstand, 11.873. (sustineō)

fatīgō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to weary, tire, 1.316; exhaust, 11.306; goad, 9.610; harass, vex, pursue, 6.533; infuriate, 9.63; rouse, 4.572; beat up, hunt, scour, 9.605; disturb, confound, 1.280; strike upon, beat, 10.304; demand with importunity, clamor for, 7.582.

frāgmen, inis, n.: a fracture; a piece broken off, fragment, 9.569. (frangō)

fluitō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens, n.: to float, 5.867. (fluō)

trānstrum, ī, n.: a cross-timber; a thwart, transom, or bench for rowers; bench, 3.289. (trāns)

impediō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.: to hinder, 9.385; hamper, 10.553; involve, intersect, 5.585; combine, 8.449. (1. in and pēs)

retrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.: to draw back, 10.307; lead back, recall, 5.709.

relābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slip back; retreat, 10.307.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-x-287-307