Vergil, Aeneid VIII 18-35

Talia per Latium. quae Laomedontius heros

cuncta uidens magno curarum fluctuat aestu,

atque animum nunc huc celerem nunc diuidit illuc20

in partisque rapit uarias perque omnia uersat,

sicut aquae tremulum labris ubi lumen aenis

sole repercussum aut radiantis imagine lunae

omnia peruolitat late loca, iamque sub auras

erigitur summique ferit laquearia tecti.25

nox erat et terras animalia fessa per omnis

alituum pecudumque genus sopor altus habebat,

cum pater in ripa gelidique sub aetheris axe

Aeneas, tristi turbatus pectora bello,

procubuit seramque dedit per membra quietem.30

huic deus ipse loci fluuio Tiberinus amoeno

populeas inter senior se attollere frondes

uisus (eum tenuis glauco uelabat amictu

carbasus, et crinis umbrosa tegebat harundo),

tum sic adfari et curas his demere dictis:35

CORE VOCABULARY

Latium, iī, n.: a country of ancient Italy, extending from the left bank of the lower Tiber to Campania, 1.6; (meton.), for Latīnī, the Latins, people of Latium, 10.365, et al. (2. latus; Virgil, 8.323, derives it from lateō)

Lāomedontēus, a, um: adj. (Lāomedon), pertaining to Laomedon, father of Priam; Laomedontean, Trojan, 4.542.

hērōs, ōis, m.: a demigod; a hero, 6.192, et al.; an illustrious man, champion, hero, 5.453.

fluctuō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to wave, fluctuate; (fig.), toss, 4.532; rage, boil, 12.527. (fluctus)

aestus, ūs, m.: glowing heat; summer; a boiling; a billowy motion; waves of flame, flames, 2.706; wave, surge, 1.107; tide, sea, flood, 3.419; tide (of feeling), agitation, 4.532.

versō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.: to turn much; writhe, 11.753; turn, 5.408; handle, wield, 9.747; to buffet, drive, beat round and round, 5.460; drive to and fro, 12.664; toss about, 6.362; turn, hurry, 4.286; involve in or distract with, 7.336; with or without mente, pectore, etc., revolve, meditate, devise, consider, 1.657. (vertō)

tremulus, a, um: tremulous, quivering, 7.395. (tremō)

lābrum, ī, n.: a vat or tub; a bowl, vase, vessel, 8.22.

aēnus, a, um: adj. (aes), of bronze; brazen, 2.470; subst., aēnum, ī, n., a bronze or brazen vessel; caldron, 1.213, et al.

repercutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.: to strike back; reflect, 8.23.

radiō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to emit rays of light; flash, beam, be radiant, 8.616. (radius)

pervolitō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.: to fly about; flit around, 8.24.(pervolō)

lātē: (adv.), widely; far and wide, 1.21; on all sides, far around, 1.163; all over, 12.308. (lātus)

ērigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.: to raise up, rear, erect, 4.495; cast upward, 3.423. (ex and regō)

feriō, 4, a.: to smite or strike, 1.103; cut, 4.580; pierce, 12.304; slay, 10.315; strike or slay the covenant victim; hence, of a treaty, to make, 10.154.

laquear, āris, n.: a ceiling with hollows or panels; a paneled or fretted ceiling, 1.726.

āles, itis (gen. pl. sometimes alituum, 8.27): adj. (āla), winged, swift, 5.861, et al.; subst. c., a bird, 1.394; an owl, 12.862.

pecus, udis, f.: one animal of a flock or herd; an animal, 1.743; a sheep, 3.120; victim for sacrifices, 4.63.

sopor, ōris, m.: sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

gelidus, a, um: adj. (gelū), frosty, ice-cold; cold, cool, icy, chilling, 2.120; chilled, 3.30.

axis, is, m.: an axle; synecdoche, car, chariot, 5.820; the axis of the heavens, the sky, the heavens, 4.482; the pole; the north pole, the north.

Aenēās, ae, m.: 1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.

turbō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

prōcumbō, cubuī, cubitus, 3, n.: to lie down; to bend, lean forward, lie along, 8.83; bend down, lie prostrate; fall upon, 11.150; bend to, ply the oars, 5.198; to fall in death or battle, 2.426; fall down, sink in ruins, 2.505.

sērus, a, um: (adj.), late, freq.; late in life, 6.764; slow, tardy, 2.373; too late, 5.524; (adv.), sērum, late, 12.864.

quiēs, ētis, f.: rest, repose, 3.495; sleep, 2.268; respite, intermission, 1.723.

fluvius, iī, m.: a stream; river, 1.607; water, fountains, abundant water; secundō fluviō, by the favoring stream, with or down the stream, 7.494. (fluō)

Tiberīnus (Thӯbrinus, 12.35), a, um: adj. (Tiberis), pertaining to the Tiber; Tiberine, 1.13, et al.; subst., Tiberīnus, m., the river-god, Tiber; the Tiber, 6.873.

amoenus, a, um: (adj.), charming; usually to the sight, delightful, pleasant, 6.638.

pōpuleus, a, um: adj. (pōpulus), of the poplar tree; poplar-, 5.134.

senex, senis: (adj.), old, aged, hoary, 7.180; (comp.) senior, ōris, older; very aged, 5.179; hoary, 5.704.

attollō, 3, a.: to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

frōns, frondis, f.: a leaf, 3.449; leafage, foliage; leafy spray, branch, twig, bough, 2.249; a leafy crown, a garland, wreath, 4.148.

tenuis, e: adj. (cf. tendō), stretched out; slender, thin, 4.278; light, 3.448; little, 10.511; airy, ethereal, 6.292; delicate, fine, 4.264; scanty, yielding a scanty livelihood, 8.409; reduced, perishing, sinking, 5.690; simple, trivial, humble.

glaucus, a, um: (adj.), dark, 6.416; sea-green, 12.885. (γλαυκός, bluish gray)

vēlō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to veil, 3.405; cover, clothe; bind around, wreathe, crown, 5.72; festoon, adorn, 2.249; to shade by bearing in the hand, 7.154; 11.101. (vēlum)

amictus, ūs, m.: a veiling or draping of the person; an upper garment, covering; cloak, mantle, veil, 3.405; 5.421. (amiciō)

carbasus, ī, f. (pl. carbasa, ōrum, n.): linen, cloth or web of lawn, 8.34; canvas; a sail, 3.357.

crīnis, is, m.: the hair, 1.480; train of meteors, 5.528; (often in the pl.), the hairs of the head, the hair.

umbrōsus, a, um: adj. (umbra), shady; dark, shadowy, 8.242.

arundō, inis, f.: a reed, arrow, 4.73.

adfor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a.: to speak to; address, 1.663; beseech, supplicate, 2.700; bid adieu, farewell to, 2.644.

dēmō, dēmpsī, dēmptus, 3, a.: to take away, remove, 2.775. (dē and emō)

dictum, ī, n.: a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

Maps and Images
article Nav

Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-viii-18-35