Vergil, Aeneid IX 691-716

Ductōrī Turnō dīversā in parte furentī

turbantīque virōs perfertur nūntius, hostem

fervere caede novā et portās praebēre patentīs.

Dēserit inceptum atque immānī concitus īrā

Dardaniam ruit ad portam frātrēsque superbōs.695

et prīmum Antiphatēn (is enim sē prīmus agēbat),

Thēbānā dē mātre nothum Sarpēdonis altī,

coniectō sternit iaculō: volat Ītala cornus

āera per tenerum stomachōque īnfīxa sub altum

pectus abit; reddit specus ātrī vulneris undam700

spūmantem, et fīxō ferrum in pulmōne tepēscit.

Tum Meropem atque Erymanta manū, tum sternit Aphidnum,

tum Bitiān ārdentem oculīs animīsque frementem,

nōn iaculō (neque enim iaculō vītam ille dedisset),

sed māgnum strīdēns contorta phalārica vēnit705

fulminis ācta modō, quam nec duo taurea terga

nec duplicī squāmā lōrīca fidēlis et aurō

sustinuit; conlāpsa ruunt immānia membra,

dat tellūs gemitum et clipeum super intonat ingēns.

Tālis in Euboicō Bāiārum lītore quondam710

saxea pīla cadit, māgnīs quam mōlibus ante

cōnstrūctam pontō iaciunt, sīc illa ruīnam

prōna trahit penitusque vadīs inlīsa recumbit;

miscent sē maria et nigrae attolluntur harēnae,

tum sonitū Prochyta alta tremit dūrumque cubīle715

Īnarimē Iovis imperiīs imposta Typhoeō.


ductor, ōris, m.: a leader, 1.189; captain, commander, 5.133; prince, king, 9.691. (dūcō)

Turnus, ī, m.: the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.

furō, uī, 3, n.: to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

perferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.: to carry or bear through; carry, restore, return, 11.717; report, 5.665; convey completely, carry home, 10.786; reach the mark, 12.907; undergo, endure, suffer, 3.323; (w. reflex. pron.), betake one's self, go, 1.389; p., perlātus, a, um, carried to the mark; striking, 11.803.

ferveō, ferbuī, 2, n., and fervō, fervī, 3, n.: to boil; (fig.), to blaze, be bright, 4.567; flash, 8.677; glow, 11.195; stir, be alive, teeming, 4.407; move, speed on, 1.436; rage, 9.693.

patēns, entis: open; broad, gaping, 11.40.

inceptum, ī, n.: a beginning; deliberation, 11.469; undertaking, design, purpose, 1.37; measure, movement, 12.566. (incipiō)

immānis, e: (adj.), vast, huge, immense, 1.110; wild, savage, barbarous, 1.616; cruel, ruthless, 1.347; unnatural, monstrous, hideous, 6.624; (adv.), immāne, wildly, fiercely, 12.535.

concieō, īvī, itus, 2, a.: to call together; incite, to stir up, arouse; enrage, fire, make furious, 9.694; hurl, shoot from, 12.921; disturb, 3.127; (pass.), to be impelled on, dart along, 11.744; hasten, speed, 12.902.

Dardanius, a, um: adj. (Dardanus), Dardanian, Trojan, 5.711; subst., Dardanius, iī, m., the Dardanian; the Trojan, 12.14.

ruō, ruī, rutus, 3, n. and a.: to fall with violence; tumble down, fall, freq.; fall in battle, 10.756; of the sun, go down, set, 3.508; rush forward, 2.64; of the chariot of Nox, hasten up; ascend, rise, 2.250; advance, 10.256; plunge, rush, 2.353; flee, 12.505; tremble, quake, 8.525; hasten, pass away, 6.539; cause to fall; cast down, 9.516; plow, 1.35; cast, throw up, 1.85; throw up or together, 11.211.

Antiphatēs, ae, m.: Antiphates, son of Sarpedon, slain by Turnus, 9.696.

Thēbānus, a, um: adj. (Thēbē), of Thebe, in Mysia; Theban, 9.697.

nothus, a, um: (adj.), illegitimate, bastard; subst., nothus, ī, m., a bastard son, 9.697; a horse of mixed breed, 7.283.

Sarpēdōn, onis, m.: Sarpedon, son of Jupiter and Europa, killed at the siege of Troy by Patroclus, 1.100, et al.

coniciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.: to throw together; pile up, 5.662; throw, cast, hurl, 2.545; turn, 12.483. (com- and iaciō)

sternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.: to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

iaculum, ī, n.: a thing hurled; a spear, dart, or javelin, 3.46, et al. (iaciō)

volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

Italus, a, um: Italian, 3.440, et al.; subst., Italī, ōrum, m., the Italians, 1.109. (Ītalia)

cornus, ī, f.: a cornel cherry tree; a spear shaft; a lance or javelin, shaft, 12.267.

stomachus, ī, m.: the gullet; chest, stomach, 9.699.

īnfīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.: to fasten in or upon, w. dat. or abl., 1.45, et al; thrust, 12.721; p., īnfīxus, a, um, thrust deeply, deep, 4.689.

abeō, īvī, or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.: to go away, depart, 2.675; go off, go aside, turn off, 5.162; pass into, sink into, 9.700; go forward, take the lead, 5.318; retreat, 2.382; change or be transformed.

specus, ūs, m., f., and n.: a cave, cavern; cavity, deep wound, 9.700.

āter, tra, trum: (adj.), black; dark, gloomy, 1.60, et al.; smoky, lurid, 7.456; 4.384; clotted, dark, 3.622; soiled, blackened, 2.272; (fig.), sad, fatal, 6.429; venomous, deadly; of the odor of smoke, 12.591.

spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.: to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

fīgō, fīxī, fīxus, 3, a.: to fix or fasten; freq., the object in or on which, in the abl., 1.212; abl. w. prep., 6.636; acc. w. prep., 9.408; fasten up, suspend from, 3.287; hang up, 1.248; set up, establish, make, 6.622; transfix, pierce, 5.516; hurl (fix by hurling), 10.883; wound, 10.343; inscribe, 11.84.

pulmō, ōnis, m.: a lung; lungs, 9.701.

tepēscō, uī, 3, inc. n.: to grow warm, 9.701. (tepeō)

Merops, opis: a Trojan, 9.702.

Erymās, antis, m.: a Trojan slain by Turnus, 9.702.

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

Aphidnus, ī, m.: a Trojan, 9.702.

Bitiās, ae, m.: 1. Bitias, a Carthaginian nobleman, 1.738. 2. A Trojan, 9.672.

ārdēns, entis: burning, hot, sparkling, flaming, 5.637; bright, 4.482; impassioned, ardent, eager, 1.423; spirited, fiery, 1.472; glowing, lofty, 6.130; fierce, furious, 2.529; angry, 6.467. (ardeo)

fremō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.: to make a murmuring noise; to roar, 1.56; whinny, neigh, 12.82; raise lamentations, 6.175; whiz, 12.922; resound, 4.668; rage, 5.19; to be fierce, furious, 4.229; fume, rave, 12.535; shout and sing, 4.146; a., rage, rave for, clamor for, 11.453, et al.; ore fremere, applaud, shout applause, 5.385; p., fremēns, entis, raging, 4.229.

māgnum: (adv.), largely, widely, greatly, loudly, 9.705.

strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3: to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

contorqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to turn round entirely, twist; turn, 3.562; hurl, cast, lance, 2.52; 9.705.

phalārica, ae, f.: a heavy spear wound with combustibles; fiery dart, 9.705.

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

fulmen, inis, n.: lightning, 10.177; thunderbolt, 2.649, et al.; thunder, 1.230. (fulgeō)

modus, ī, m.: a method, 4.294; mode, manner, way, 1.354, et al.; a measure, of song, measure, strain, note, 7.701, et al.; bound, limit, end, 4.98, et al.; fashion, of building, 11.328; abl., modō, in the manner or fashion; like, 9.119.

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

taureus, a, um: adj. (taurus), of bulls; bull’s-, 9.706.

duplex, icis: adj. (duo and plicō), twofold, double, 1.655; lying over each other, lapping, 9.707; both, 1.93; twin, 12.198.

squāma, ae, f.: a scale of fishes, serpents, etc.; of the small plates or scales of armor, 11.488; singular as a collective, scales, 5.88, et al.

lōrīca, ae, f.: a leather corselet; a corselet of any material; a hauberk, cuirass, coat of mail, 3.467; 10.485, et al. (lōrum)

conlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to slip or fall together or completely; sink down, 6.226; swoon, faint, 4.391; fall, 4.664.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

clipeus, ī, m., and clipeum, ī, n.: a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

super: (adv.), above, 4.684, et al.; above, from above, 10.384; moreover, 4.606; besides, 1.29; more than enough, 2.642; remaining, surviving, left (with ellipsis of esse), 3.489, et al.; still (or above), 4.684; of time, in, during, 9.61.

intonō, uī, ātus 1, n. and a.: to thunder, 1.90; (impers.), intonat, it thunders, 2.693.

Euboicus, a, um: (adj.), of Euboea, an island on the eastern coast of Greece; Euboean, 6.2.

Bāiae, ārum, f.: Baiae, a town on the Bay of Naples, west of Puteoli, 9.710.

saxeus, a, um: adj. (saxum), rocky, stony, 9.711.

pīla, ae, f.: a pier; mole, 9.711.

mōlēs, is, f.: a cumbrous mass; a heavy pile or fabric; mound, rampart, 9.35; dike, 2.497; a mass of buildings, vast buildings, 1.421; structure, 11.130; frame or figure, 2.32; bulk, 5.118; weight, 7.589; pile, mass, 1.61; gigantic frame, 5.431; warlike engine, siege tower, 5.439; array, pomp, train, 12.161; body of soldiers, phalanx, 12.575; heavy storm, tempest, 5.790; toil, work, labor, 1.33.

cōnstruō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.: to pile together, heap, gather, build up, 9.712.

ruīna, ae, f.: a falling down; fall, overthrow; convulsion, commotion, destructive force, 1.129; onset, shock, 11.613; pl., ruin, overthrow, destruction, 1.238; dare, trahere ruīnam, to fall in ruins, 2.310; bring destruction, 12.454. (ruō)

prōnus, a, um: (adj.), inclined, stooping or bending forward, 3.668; leaning 8.236; descending, falling, 11.485; going down, 9.713; favorable, safe, 5.212.

penitus: adv. (cf. penes), inwardly, far within, deep, deeply, 1.200; wholly, entirely, 6.737; afar, 11.623; far away, 1.512.

vadum, ī, n.: a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

inlīdo, līsī, līsus, 3, a.: to dash upon, thrust, drive upon, 1.112; dash into, 5.480. (1. in and laedō)

recumbō, cubuī, 3, n.: to lie down again; sink down, 9.713; depend, rest, 12.59. (re- and cubō, lie down)

attollō, 3, a.: to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

harēna, ae, f.: sand, 1.112; sandy shore, strand, 1.540; sandy ground, arena; space for races; an arena, 5.336.

sonitus, ūs, m.: a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

Prochyta, ae, f.: an island near the Bay of Naples, now Procida, 9.715.

tremō, uī, 3, n. and a.: to tremble, quake, shake, quiver, 5.198; tremble at, fear, dread, 8.296.

dūrus, a, um: (adj.), hard, to the touch; tough, stiff, 5.403; hardy, 5.730; sturdy, 7.504; strong, 2.479; harsh, unpleasant; stern, cruel; inexorable; insensible, 4.428; difficult, 1.563; grievous, heavy, 4.488; rough, dangerous, 3.706; much enduring, 2.7; 4.247; much suffering, tired with grief, 12.873.

cubīle, is, n.: a lair, bed, couch, 3.324. (cubō, lie down)

Īnarimē, ēs, f.: an island at the entrance of the Bay of Naples, called also Aenaria and Pithecusa, now Ischia, 9.716.

Iuppiter, Iovis, m.: Jupiter, son of Saturn and Rhea, and king of the gods, 1.223; Iuppiter Stygius, Pluto, 4.638.

Typhōeus (trisyll.), eī or eos, m.: Typhoeus or Typhon, a giant struck down to Hades by the thunderbolt of Jupiter.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5.