Vergil, Aeneid III 675-691

At genus ē silvīs Cyclōpum et montibus altīs675

excītum ruit ad portūs et lītora complent.

Cernimus astantīs nēquīquam lūmine torvō

Aetnaeōs frātrēs caelō capita alta ferentīs,

concilium horrendum: quālēs cum vertice celsō

āëriae quercūs aut cōniferae cyparissī680

cōnstiterunt, silva alta Iovis lūcusve Diānae.

Praecipitīs metus ācer agit quōcumque rudentīs

excutere et ventīs intendere vēla secundīs.

Contrā iussa monent Helenī, Scyllamque Charybdinque

inter, utrimque viam lētī discrīmine parvō,685

nī teneam cursūs: certum est dare lintea retrō.

Ecce autem Boreās angustā ab sēde Pelōrī

missus adest: vīvō praetervehor ōstia saxō

Pantagiae Megarōsque sinūs Thapsumque iacentem.

Tālia mōnstrābat relegēns errāta retrōrsus690

lītora Achaemenidēs, comes īnfēlīcis Ulixī.


Cyclōps, ōpis, m.: a Cyclops, one of the Cyclopes, fabulous giants of Sicily, supposed to have a round eye in the middle of the forehead, 3.569.

exciō, cīvī or ciī, ītus, 4, a., and excieō, itus, 2, a.: to rouse up or forth; call forth, assemble, 5.107; arouse, excite, agitate, 4.301; stir, shake, 12.445.

ruō, ruī, rutus, 3, n. and a.: to fall with violence; tumble down, fall, freq.; fall in battle, 10.756; of the sun, go down, set, 3.508; rush forward, 2.64; of the chariot of Nox, hasten up; ascend, rise, 2.250; advance, 10.256; plunge, rush, 2.353; flee, 12.505; tremble, quake, 8.525; hasten, pass away, 6.539; cause to fall; cast down, 9.516; plow, 1.35; cast, throw up, 1.85; throw up or together, 11.211.

portus, ūs, m.: a port, harbor, haven, 1.159, et al; (fig.), 7.598.

compleō, ēvī, ētus, 2, a.: to fill up; fill, 2.20; complete, 5.46; fulfill, 9.108.

adstō, stitī, 1, n.: to stand at, near, or upon; alight, 1.301; stand, 9.677; be present, 3.150; stand or be ready, 3.123; impend, 3.194.

nēquīquam: (adv.), in vain, to no purpose, 2.515.

torvus, a, um: stern, grim, wild; savage, lowering, 3.677; fierce, 6.571; shaggy, 3.636; adv., torvum and torva, sternly, wildly, 7.399; 6.467.

Aetnaeus, a, um: adj. (Aetna), of Aetna; Aetnaean, 3.678.

concilium, iī, n.: a body called together; assembly, council, 2.89; throng, company, 3.679. (com- and root cal-, call)

horrendus, a, um: to be shuddered at; dreadful, fearful, 2.222; awe-inspiring, venerable, 6.10; strange, wonderful, 8.565; fierce, warlike, 11.507. (horreō)

vertex, icis, m.: a whirl; whirlpool, 7.567; vortex, 1.117; whirling column of flame, 12.673; the top, crown of the head, the head, 1.403; summit, top, 1.163; mountain summit, height, 3.679; ā vertice, from on high, from above, 1.114. (vertō)

celsus, a, um: adj. (cellō, rise), high, lofty, 1.56, et al.

āerius, a, um: (adj.), pertaining to the air; airy, aërial, 5.520; rising into the air; towering, lofty, 3.291; air-cleaving, 9.803.

quercus, ūs, f.: an oak tree, 3.680; (meton.), an oak leaf crown, 6.772.

cōnifer, era, erum: adj. (cōnus and ferō), cone-bearing, 3.680.

cyparissus, ī, f.: a cypress, 3.680.

Iuppiter, Iovis, m.: Jupiter, son of Saturn and Rhea, and king of the gods, 1.223; Iuppiter Stygius, Pluto, 4.638.

lūcus, ī, m.: a consecrated wood; sacred grove, 6.259, et al.; in general, a grove, wood, forest.

Diāna, ae, f.: a goddess of the Italians, and regarded by them as one with the Greek Artemis, daughter of Latona, and sister of Apollo; called Luna, as goddess of the moon; Hecate, as an infernal deity, invoked in magic rites, 4.511; and Diana, as goddess of the chase, 1.499. (rel. to Iānus = Diānus)

praeceps, cipitis: adj. (prae and caput), head foremost; headlong, 2.307; deep, 11.888; hurried, hasty, quick, speedy, 4.573; flying, running swiftly, 2.516; 3.598; rash, impetuous, fiery, 9.685; prolept., ready to sink, 10.232; subst., praeceps, n., a steep, precipice, verge, 2.460; in praeceps, headlong; downwards, 6.578.

quōcumque: (adv.), indef., to whatever place, whithersoever, wherever; however, 12.203; separated by tmesis, 2.709.

rudēns, entis, m.: a rope; cord; pl., rudentēs, um or ium, cordage, 1.87.

excutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.: to shake out or off, 2.224; throw or cast down, 1.115; cast out, 10.590; drive away, 3.200; expel, 7.299; shake out, uncoil, 3.267; uncoil and arrange (set the sails), 3.683; deprive of, 6.353; throw aside, break, 12.158; hurry forth, call forth, 9.68. (ex and quatiō)

vēlum, ī, n.: a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

contrā: (prep. and adv.; prep. w. acc.), over against; opposite to, 1.13; against, 5.370; to, 9.280; on the contrary, 12.779; on the other hand, in reply, 1.76.

iussum, ī, n.: a thing ordered; command, injunction, order, 1.77, et al. (iubeō)

Helenus, ī, m.: a prophet, son of Priam; carried away captive by Pyrrhus to Epirus, where he became the husband of Andromache and ruler of a small kingdom, 3.329, et al.

Scylla, ae, f.: 1. A dangerous rock on the Italian side of the Straits of Messana opposite Charybdis, 3.420; personified as a monster, half woman and half fish, 3.424. 2. The name of one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.122.

Charybdis, is, f.: a whirlpool near the Sicilian coast, in the Straits of Messina, opposite the rock of Scylla; personified as a monster, 3.420.

lētum, ī, n.: death, destruction, 2.134, et al. (cf. dēleō)

discrīmen, inis, n.: a separating interval, space, 5.154; separation, division, 10.382; distance, 3.685; difference, distinction, 1.574; variation, division, of sound; note, 6.646; crisis, danger, peril, 1.204; pl., difference, 10.529. (discernō)

linteum, ī, n.: linen cloth; sailcloth; a sail, 3.686. (līnum)

retrō: (adv.), back, backwards, 2.753. (re-)

Boreās, ae, m.: the north wind, 3.687; the god of the north wind, Boreas, son of the river-god Strymon (others, the north), 10.350.

angustus, a, um: adj. (angō), strait, narrow, 3.411; straitened, perilous, 11.309; subst., angustum, ī, n., a narrow place, passage, 2.332.

Pelōrus, ī, m., and Pelōrum, ī, n.: the northeastern cape of Sicily, 3.411.

adsum, adfuī, esse, irreg. n.: to be near or by; to be present, at hand, or here, 1.595; to have arrived, 2.132; to be with, attend, 2.701; aid, accompany, 10.547; be propitious, 3.116; to beset, 2.330; inf., adfore, to be about to come, destined to come, 7.270. (imp. subj., adforem, -ēs, -et, -ent)

vīvus, a, um: adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

praetervehor, vectus sum, 3, pass. of praetervehō, as dep. a.: to go by; pass, sail by, 3.688.

ōstium, iī, n.: a mouth; entrance, gate, door, 6.81; pl., ōstia, ōrum, harbor, port, 5.281; mouth of a river, 1.14. (1. ōs)

Pantagiās, ae, m.: Pantagias, a river on the east coast of Sicily, 3.689.

Megarus, a, um: adj. (Megara), of or belonging to Megara; pertaining to the Sicilian Megara; Megarean, 3.689.

Thapsus, ī, f.: Thapsus, a city and peninsula of the eastern coast of Sicily, 3.689.

mōnstrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to show, point out, indicate, 1.444; inform, tell, 1.321; direct, incite, 9.44; ordain, appoint, prescribe, 4.636. (mōnstrum)

relegō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.: to gather again; pass by, survey again; coast again, 3.690.

retrōrsus: (adv.), backwards, back; again, 3.690. (retrō and versus from vertō)

Achaemenidēs, ae, m.: Achaemenides, a companion of Ulysses, 3.614.

īnfēlīx, īcis: (adj.), unlucky; unfortunate, luckless, unhappy, 1.475, et al.; sad, miserable, 2.772; of ill omen, ill-starred, ill-boding, fatal, 2.245; unfruitful.

Ulixēs, is, eī or ī, m.: Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5.