Vergil, Aeneid III 655-674

Vix ea fātus erat summō cum monte vidēmus655

ipsum inter pecudēs vāstā sē mōle moventem

pāstōrem Polyphēmum et lītora nōta petentem,

mōnstrum horrendum, īnforme, ingēns, cui lūmen adēmptum.

Trunca manum pīnus regit et vēstīgia firmat;

lānigerae comitantur ovēs; ea sōla voluptās660

sōlāmenque malī.

Postquam altōs tetigit flūctūs et ad aequora vēnit,

lūminis effossī fluidum lavit inde cruōrem

dentibus īnfrendēns gemitū, graditurque per aequor

iam medium, necdum flūctus latera ardua tīnxit.665

Nōs procul inde fugam trepidī celerāre receptō

supplice sīc meritō tacitīque incīdere fūnem,

vertimus et prōnī certantibus aequora rēmīs.

Sēnsit, et ad sonitum vōcis vēstīgia torsit.

vērum ubi nūlla datur dextrā adfectāre potestās670

nec potis Īoniōs flūctūs aequāre sequendō,

clāmōrem immēnsum tollit, quō pontus et omnēs

intremuēre undae, penitusque exterrita tellūs

Ītaliae curvīsque immūgiit Aetna cavernīs.

CORE VOCABULARY

pecus, udis, f.: one animal of a flock or herd; an animal, 1.743; a sheep, 3.120; victim for sacrifices, 4.63.

vāstus, a, um: (adj.), empty, void, wild, waste, 9.323; vast, unbounded, 1.118; huge, enormous, immense, 3.647; deep-, vast-, sounding, 1.245.

mōlēs, is, f.: a cumbrous mass; a heavy pile or fabric; mound, rampart, 9.35; dike, 2.497; a mass of buildings, vast buildings, 1.421; structure, 11.130; frame or figure, 2.32; bulk, 5.118; weight, 7.589; pile, mass, 1.61; gigantic frame, 5.431; warlike engine, siege tower, 5.439; array, pomp, train, 12.161; body of soldiers, phalanx, 12.575; heavy storm, tempest, 5.790; toil, work, labor, 1.33.

pāstor, ōris, m.: one who feeds; herdsman, shepherd, 2.58. (pāscō)

Polyphēmus, ī, m.: a cyclops, son of Neptune, 3.657.

mōnstrum, ī, n.: the thing which warns; an omen, a portent, 3.26; supernatural token, sign, 12.246; a prodigy, marvel, wonder, terror, 3.583; monster, 2.245. (moneō)

horrendus, a, um: to be shuddered at; dreadful, fearful, 2.222; awe-inspiring, venerable, 6.10; strange, wonderful, 8.565; fierce, warlike, 11.507. (horreō)

īnfōrmis, e: shapeless; deprived of beauty, deformed, blank, waste; misshapen, hideous, 3.658; uncouth, foul, 6.416; unseemly, dishonored, 12.603.

adimō, ēmī, ēmptus, 3, a.: to take to one’s self; take from or away, 4, 244; pluck out, 3, 658. (ad and emō)

truncus, a, um: adj. (truncus), stripped of its branches, 3.659; mutilated, maimed, mangled, 6.497; broken, shattered, 11.9.

manus, ūs, f.: the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.

pīnus, ūs or ī: a pine tree, pine, 3.659, et al.; (meton.), a ship, 5.153; a torch, 7.397; a pine brand or torch, 9.522.

fīrmō, āvī, ātus, 3, a.: to make firm or strong; make steady, assure, 3.659; to establish, mature; confirm, 2.691; ratify, 12.212; encourage, 3.611, secure, guard, 11.466. (fīrmus)

lāniger, era, erum: adj. (lāna, wool, and gerō), bearing wool; fleecy, 3.660.

comitor, ātus sum, 1. dep. a.: to accompany, attend, follow, 3.660; p., comitātus, a, um, attended, accompanied, 1.312, et al. (comes)

ovis, is, f.: a sheep, 3.660.

sōlāmen, inis, n.: a means of consoling; a solace, 3.661; consolation, 10. (sōlor)

malum, ī, n.: an evil, a misfortune, calamity, adversity; suffering, woe, misery, 1.198; misdeed, crime, sin, wickedness, 6.739; pest, curse, scourge, 4.174; mischief, poison, 7.375.

veniō, vēnī, ventus: to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.

effodiō, fōdī, fossus, 3, a.: to dig out, excavate, 1.427; dig up, 1.443; dig, thrust out, 3.663. (ex and fodiō)

fluidus, a, um: adj. (fluō), flowing, fluid, running; dropping, 3.663.

lavō, lāvī, lautus, and lōtus, 1 and 3, a. and n.: to wash, bathe, 3.663; wet, sprinkle, 6.227; p., lautus, a, um, washed; neat, elegant; stately, magnificent, 8.361.

cruor, ōris, m.: shed blood; gore, 3.43; 4.455; blood.

dēns, dentis, m.: a tooth, 3.664; the fluke of an anchor, 6.3.

īnfrendeō, 2, n., and īnfrendō, 3, n.: to gnash, 3.664.

gemitus, ūs, m.: a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

gradior, gressus sum, 3, dep. n.: to step, walk, go, 1.312; move, advance, 10.572.

necdum: (adv.), nor yet; and not yet, 1.25.

arduus, a, um: (adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

tingō, tīnxī, tīnctus, 3, a.: to wet; moisten, 3.665; wash, dip, bathe, 1.745; imbrue, 12.358.

trepidus, a, um: (adj.), agitated, uneasy, disturbed, trembling, affrighted, 2.380; excited, tumultuous, 11.300; confused, in disorder, 10.283; alarmed, fearful of, anxious for, w. gen., 12.589; panic-stricken, 12.583.

celerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.: to speed, hasten, 1.357, et al. (celer)

supplex, icis, c.: a suppliant, 2.542. (supplicō, beseech)

mereō, uī, itus, 2, a. and n., and mereor, itus sum, 2, dep. a. and n.: to deserve, merit, 2.585; earn, gain, win, 11.224; deserve well, 6.664; w. ut, 2.434; bene merēre, to deserve well, 4.317.

incīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.: to cut into; cut upon; cut, 3.667. (1. in and caedō)

fūnis, is, m.: a rope, 2.239, et al.; cord, string, 5.488.

prōnus, a, um: (adj.), inclined, stooping or bending forward, 3.668; leaning 8.236; descending, falling, 11.485; going down, 9.713; favorable, safe, 5.212.

rēmus, ī, m.: originally steering-oar; an oar, 1.104.

sonitus, ūs, m.: a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

torqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.: to wind, turn, twist, 4.575; roll along, 6.551; whirl, hurl, 3.208; shoot, 5.497; cast, dash, 1.108; direct, 4.220; turn away, 6.547; turn, cause to revolve, 4.269; control, 12.180; p., tortus, a, um, whirled, whirling, impetuous, 7.567.

vērum: but indeed, but yet, yet, but, 3.670, et al.

adfectō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.: to strive after; grasp, seize, 3.670; seek. (adficiō)

nec or neque: (adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

Īonius, a, um: (adj.), Ionian, 3.671; subst., Īonium, iī, n., the Ionian sea, 3.211.

aequō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.: to make equal in size, number, weight, etc., 1.193; 5.419; to equalize, divide equally, 1.508; make equal in length, 9.338; in height, raise to, 4.89; to equal, be equal to; to be as high as, on a level with; keep pace with, 6.263; return equally, requite, 6.474; lift, exalt, 11.125; p., aequātus, a, um, made equal or even; steady, 4.587. (aequus)

immēnsus, a, um: unmeasured; boundless; vast, immense, 2.204; mighty, 3.672; insatiate, unbounded, 6.823.

intremō, uī, 3, n.: to tremble, 5.505; quake, 3.581.

penitus: adv. (cf. penes), inwardly, far within, deep, deeply, 1.200; wholly, entirely, 6.737; afar, 11.623; far away, 1.512.

exterreō, uī, itus, 2, a.: to frighten; alarm, startle, terrify, 3.307; flutter in terror, 5.505; p., exterritus, a, um, startled; roused, 4.571.

Ītalia, ae (Ī by poetic (epic) license), f.: Italy, 1.2, et al.

curvus, a, um: (adj.), curved, bent, bending, 2.51; winding, 2.748; crooked.

immūgiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, n.: to bellow within; roar, resound, 3.674.

Aetna, ae, f.: a volcanic mountain on the eastern coast of Sicily, 3.579.

caverna, ae, f.: a hollow; cavern, 2.53, et al. (cavus)

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-iii-655-674