Vergil, Aeneid III 121-134

Fāma volat pulsum rēgnīs cessisse paternīs

Īdomenēa ducem, dēsertaque lītora Crētae,

hoste vacāre domum sēdēsque astāre relictās.

Linquimus Ortygiae portūs pelagōque volāmus

bacchātamque iugīs Naxon viridemque Donūsam,125

Ōlearon niveamque Paron sparsāsque per aequor

Cycladas, et crēbrīs legimus freta concita terrīs.

Nauticus exoritur variō certāmine clāmor:

hortantur sociī Crētam proavōsque petāmus.

Prōsequitur surgēns ā puppī ventus euntīs,130

et tandem antīquīs Cūrētum adlābimur ōrīs.

Ergō avidus mūrōs optātae mōlior urbis

Pergameamque vocō, et laetam cognōmine gentem

hortor amāre focōs arcemque attollere tēctīs.

CORE VOCABULARY

volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.: to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

paternus, a, um: adj. (pater), pertaining to a father; a father's, of a father, 5.81; derived from a father; paternal, ancestral, 3.121.

Īdomeneus (quadrisyll.), eī, m.: Idomeneus, king of Crete, and conspicuous among the Greek chiefs at Troy, 3.122, et al.

Crēta, ae, f.: Crete, a large island south of the Aegean Sea, now Candia, 3.104.

adstō, stitī, 1, n.: to stand at, near, or upon; alight, 1.301; stand, 9.677; be present, 3.150; stand or be ready, 3.123; impend, 3.194.

linquō, līquī, 3, a.: to leave, 1.517, and freq.; desert, abandon, flee from, 3.213; pass by, 3.705; depart from, leave, 3.124; of death, yield up, 3.140; give up or over, desist from, 3.160.

Ortygia, ae, f.: quail-island. 1. Ortygia, an ancient name of Delos, 3.124. 2. Ortygia, an island forming part of the city of Syracuse, 3.694.

portus, ūs, m.: a port, harbor, haven, 1.159, et al; (fig.), 7.598.

pelagus, ī, n.: the sea; open sea, main, 1.138; flood, 1.246.

bacchor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.: to perform the orgies of Bacchus; rage, rave, 6.78; rush or run madly or wildly, 4.301; fly wildly, 4.666; p., bacchātus, a, um, resounding with the revels of Bacchus, 3.125; filling with fury, spreading fury, 10.41. (Bacchus)

Naxos, ī, f.: Naxos, one of the Cyclades, east of Paros, noted for its wine and the worship of Bacchus, 3.125.

viridis, e: adj. (vireō), verdant, green, 3.24; green wood-, 7.677; fresh, blooming, 5.295; vigorous, 6.304.

Donūsa, ae, f.: an island between the Cyclades and Crete; one of the Sporades, 3.125.

Ōlearos, ī, f.: one of the Cyclades, southwest of Paros, 3.126.

niveus, a, um: adj. (nix), snowy, of snow; snow-white, 1.469.

Paros, ī, f.: Paros, an island in the Aegean, one of the Cyclades, celebrated for its statuary marble, 3.126.

spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.: to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

Cyclades, um, f.: the Cyclades, the islands grouped around Delos in the Aegean Sea, 3.127.

crēber, bra, brum: (adj.), repeated, frequent, 2.731; coming thick and fast, 11.611; blowing fresh; fresh, 5.764; abounding in, full of, 1.85.

fretum, ī, n.: a frith or strait; water; the sea, 1.557.

cōnserō, sēvī, situs or satus, 3, a.: to sow or plant.

nauticus, a, um: (adj.), of ships; pertaining to seamen or sailors; nautical, 3.128.

exorior, ortus sum, 4, dep. n.: to rise up; come forth, appear, rise, 4.130; arise, 3.128; spring up, arise, 4.625.

certāmen, inis, n.: a striving, a struggle; effort, 5.197; combat, emulation, strife, 3.128; battle, war, 8.639; contest, game, 5.286. (certō)

proavus, ī, m.: a great-grandfather; sire, ancestor, 3.129.

prōsequor, secūtus sum, 3, dep. a.: to follow on after; follow, pursue, 6.476; attend, 3.130; greet, 11.107; without an object, go on, 2.107.

puppis, is, f.: the hinder part of a ship; the stern, 5.12; (by synecdoche), a vessel, boat, ship, 1.69; (meton.), crew, 8.497.

Cūrētēs, um, m.: the earliest inhabitants of Crete; Cretans, 3.131.

adlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.: to glide to; (with dat., rarely acc.), sail to, reach, 3.569; advance, glide (with abl. of manner), 10.269; fly to, 9.474; descend, fall upon, 12.319.

ōra, ae, f.: a margin, border, 12.924; coast, shore, 3.396; region, 2.91; rim, extremity, 10.477; pl., outline, compass, 9.528.

avidus, a, um: adj. (aveō, desire), longing, eager, 1.514; eagerly, quickly, 6.210; with longing, 3.132; eager for destruction, devouring, destructive, baneful; with infin., 12.290; with gen., eagerly, desirous of, eager for, 9.661.

optātus, a, um: desired, longed for, much desired, 1.172; (adv.), optātō, according to one's wish; in good time, 10.405.

mōlior, ītus sum, 4, dep. a. and n.: to pile up; build, erect, construct, 1.424; plan, undertake, attempt, 2.109; pursue, 6.477; cleave, 10.477; contrive, devise, 1.564; occasion, 1.414; prepare, equip, 4.309; arrange, adjust, 12.327; of missiles, discharge, hurl, 10.131. (mōlēs)

Pergameus, a, um: adj. (Pergamus), of Pergamus, Pergamean; Trojan, 3.110. Pergamea (sc. urbs), the city built by Aeneas in Crete, 3.133.

cognōmen, inis, n.: a name common to a family; a surname; name, 1.267.

focus, ī, m.: a fireplace, hearth, 5.660; home, 3.134; place where the funeral pyre has been consumed, place of burning, 11.212; fire, firebrand, 12.285.

attollō, 3, a.: to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

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Suggested Citation

Christopher Francese and Meghan Reedy, Vergil: Aeneid Selections. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2016. ISBN: 978-1-947822-08-5. http://dcc.dickinson.edu/vergil-aeneid/vergil-aeneid-iii-121-134