Latin Core Vocabulary

Headwordsort descending Definitions Part of Speech Semantic Group Frequency Rank
ā ab abs from, by (+abl.) Preposition Place 21
abeō -īre -iī -itum go away Verb: Irregular Motion 553
absum abesse āfuī be away, absent Verb: Irregular Travel 445
ac and in addition, and also, and; (after comparatives) than; simul ac, as soon as; → atque Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 36
accēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum approach Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 614
accidō -cidere -cidī fall; happen Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 799
accipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum receive Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Social Life 110
ācer ācris ācre sharp, piercing Adjective: 3rd Declension Other Senses 587
aciēs -ēī f. edge; line of battle Noun: 5th Declension War and Peace 439
ad to, up to, towards (+acc.) Preposition Place 14
addō -dere -didī -ditum give to Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Social Life 433
addūcō -ere -dūxī -ductum lead to, induce Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 886
adeō (adv.) to such a degree, so Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 555
adeō -īre -iī -itum go to Verb: Irregular Motion 595
adhibeō -hibēre -hibuī -hibitum apply Verb: 2nd Conjugation Making/Doing 959
adhūc thus far, to this point Adverb Place 379
adsum adesse affuī be present Verb: Irregular Place 279
adveniō -īre -vēnī -ventum come to, arrive at Verb: 4th Conjugation Travel 987
adversus (-um) (adv. and prep.) facing, opposite, against, opposed (to) Adverb War and Peace 460
adversus -a -um facing, opposed; unfavorable Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension War and Peace 657
advertō -vertere -vertī -versum turn towards Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 986
aedēs -is f. building; (pl.) house Noun: 3rd Declension The House 965
aeger aegra aegrum sick Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Life and Being 810
aegrē with difficulty Adverb Life and Being 984
aequē equally Adverb Justice 904
aequor aequoris n. level surface, sea, plain Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 424
aequus -a -um equal Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Justice 610
āēr āeris m. air Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 845
aes aeris n. copper, bronze Noun: 3rd Declension Business/Money 744
aetās -tātis f. age, time of life Noun: 3rd Declension Lengths of Time 308
aeternus -a -um everlasting, eternal Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Lengths of Time 734
aethēr aetheris n. pure upper air, ether, heaven, sky Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 851
aevum -i n. eternity; lifetime, age Noun: 2nd Declension Lengths of Time 875
afferō afferre attulī allātum bring to Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 514
afficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum affect, visit with (+ abl.) Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Social Life 958
ager agrī m. field Noun: 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 324
agitō -āre drive Verb: 1st Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 578
āgmen -minis n. line of march Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 358
agō agere ēgī āctum drive, do, act Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 69
aiō say, affirm, say yes; ut āiunt: as they say Verb: Irregular Speech/Oratory 406
albus -a -um white Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Vision 925
aliēnus -a -um foreign, strange Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Geography 367
aliquandō at some time, at length Adverb Time 763
aliquis -quae -quod some, any; si quis, si quid: anyone who, anything that Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 77
aliter otherwise, differently Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 782
alius -a -ud other, another; ālias: at another time Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 37
alō alere aluī alitum nourish Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Life and Being 817
alter altera alterum other of two Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 148
altus -a -um high, lofty; deep Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Geography 159
amīcitia -ae f. friendship Noun: 1st Declension Social Life 690
amīcus -a -um friendly; (as subst.) friend Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 198
āmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum let go, send away Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 486
amnis -is m. river, torrent Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 467
amō -āre to love; amāns -ntis m./f.: lover Verb: 1st Conjugation Love 219
amor -ōris m. love Noun: 3rd Declension Love 116
amplus -a -um large, spacious Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 915
an or (in questions); utrum ... an: whether ... or Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 94
anima -ae f. breath, spirit Noun: 1st Declension Life and Being 493
animal -ālis n. a living being, an animal Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 547
animus -ī m. spirit, mind Noun: 2nd Declension Life and Being 40
annus -ī m. year Noun: 2nd Declension Lengths of Time 167
ante before, in front of (adv. and prep. + acc.) Preposition Time 112
antequam before Conjunction Time 787
antīquus -a -um ancient, old-time, former Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Lengths of Time 617
aperiō aperīre aperuī apertum open Verb: 4th Conjugation The House 837
appāreō -ēre -uī appear, become visible Verb: 2nd Conjugation Vision 830
appellō -pellāre call, address, name Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 700
aptus -a -um fit, suitable Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 916
apud near, in the presence of (+acc.) Preposition Place 205
aqua -ae f. water Noun: 1st Declension Earth and Water 272
āra -ae f. altar Noun: 1st Declension Religion 374
arbitror arbitrārī arbitrātus sum consider, think Verb: Deponent Education/Knowledge 963
arbor arboris f. tree Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 468
ārdeō ārdēre ārsī ārsum blaze, glow; be eager Verb: 2nd Conjugation Air and Fire 618
argentum -ī n. silver, money Noun: 2nd Declension Business/Money 849
arma -ōrum n. pl. arms, weapons Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 98
ars artis f. skill Noun: 3rd Declension Education/Knowledge 258
arvum -ī n. ploughed land, field Noun: 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 637
arx arcis f. citadel, castle; summit Noun: 3rd Declension The City 638
ascendō -ere -scendī -scēnsum climb up, ascend Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Travel 990
aspiciō -ere -spēxī -spectum look to or at, behold Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Vision 483
astrum -ī n. star; constellation Noun: 2nd Declension Air and Fire 685
at but, but yet Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 74
atque and in addition, and also, and; (after comparatives) than; simul atque, as soon as; → ac Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 35
auctor -ōris m. originator, founder Noun: 3rd Declension Writing/Poetry 546
auctōritās -ātis f. influence, clout, authority Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 898
audāx audācis bold, daring; reckless Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 876
audeō audēre ausus sum dare, be eager Verb: 2nd Conjugation Personality Traits/Characteristics 270
audiō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum hear, listen to Verb: 4th Conjugation Other Senses 165
auferō auferre abstulī ablātum take away Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 556
augeō augēre auxī auctum increase Verb: 2nd Conjugation Making/Doing 709
aura -ae f. breeze Noun: 1st Declension Air and Fire 420
aureus -a -um golden; splendid Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Business/Money 691
auris -is f. ear Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 366
aurum -ī n. gold Noun: 2nd Declension Business/Money 303
aut or Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
autem moreover, but, however Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 123
auxilium -ī n. support, assistance; (pl.) auxiliary forces Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 543
avis -is f. bird Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 855
barbarus -ī m. foreigner, barbarian Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 768
beātus -a -um happy, blessed, prosperous, fortunate Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 408
bellum -ī n. war Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 86
bene well Adverb Personality Traits/Characteristics 235
beneficium -ī n. service, kindness Noun: 2nd Declension Social Life 182
bonus -a -um good Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 68
bōs bovis m. ox; gen. pl. boum Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 808
brevis -e short, shallow, brief Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 589
breviter briefly Adverb Measurement 992
cadō cadere cecidī cāsum fall, be killed Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 210
caecus -a -um blind, unseeing; dark, obscure Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Vision 728
caedēs -is f. killing, slaughter Noun: 3rd Declension Violence 415
caedō caedere cecīdī caesum strike, kill, cut down Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 612
caelestis -e from or of heaven; caelestēs, the gods Adjective: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 960
caelum -ī n. sky, heavens Noun: 2nd Declension Air and Fire 117
campus -ī m. plain, field Noun: 2nd Declension Earth and Water 391
candidus -a -um white, fair Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Vision 692
canis -is m./f. dog Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 687
canō canere cecinī cantum sing Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Writing/Poetry 389
capiō capere cēpī captum seize Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō War and Peace 131
caput capitis n. head Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 124
careō -ēre -uī lack (+ abl.) Verb: 2nd Conjugation Business/Money 572
carmen -inis n. song Noun: 3rd Declension Writing/Poetry 254
cārus -a -um dear Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 462
castrum -ī n. fortress, (regularly plural, castra camp) Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 224
castus -a -um pure, spotless, chaste Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 838
cāsus -ūs m. a fall; chance, accident Noun: 4th Declension Violence 344
causa -ae f. cause, reason; causā + preceding genitive, for the sake of Noun: 1st Declension Speech/Oratory 107
caveō cavēre cāvī cautum be on guard, beware Verb: 2nd Conjugation Violence 941
cēdō cēdere cessī cessum go, move; yield Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 304
celebrō -āre frequent, throng, crowd Verb: 1st Conjugation The City 893
celer -is -e swift Adjective: 3rd Declension Time 745
celeriter quickly Adverb Time 967
cēnseō cēnsēre cēnsuī cēnsum assess, rate; think, decide Verb: 2nd Conjugation Education/Knowledge 928
centum one hundred Adjective: Numeral Measurement 730
cernō cernere crēvī crētum discern, separate Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 655
certē certainly, surely Adverb Measurement 601
certō -āre decide by contest; fight, compete, vie Verb: 1st Conjugation Athletics 864
certus -a -um sure, fixed Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 285
cēterum for the rest, in addition, however that may be Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 571
cēterus -a -um the other, the others, the rest Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 596
cibus -ī m. food Noun: 2nd Declension Life and Being 863
cingō cingere cīnxī cīnctum encircle, surround, gird Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 814
cinis cineris m./f. ashes, embers Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 779
circā around (adv. and prep. +acc.) Preposition Place 735
citus -a -um swift; citō swiftly Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Time 590
cīvis -is m./f. citizen Noun: 3rd Declension The City 471
cīvitās -ātis f. citizenship, state Noun: 3rd Declension The City 346
clāmor -ōris m. outcry, shout Noun: 3rd Declension Speech/Oratory 605
clārus -a -um clear, distinguished Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 395
classis -is f. class, division, fleet Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 505
claudō claudere clausī clausum close, shut Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō The House 392
coepī coepisse coeptus begin Verb: Irregular Time 312
cōgitō -āre think, reflect Verb: 1st Conjugation Education/Knowledge 515
cōgnōscō -gnōscere -gnōvī -gnitum learn, understand Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 339
cōgō cōgere coēgī coāctum drive together; compel Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 250
cohors cohortis f. cohort, band, troop Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 666
colligō -ere -lēgī -lēctum gather together, collect Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 820
colō colere coluī cultum inhabit, cultivate Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Animals/Plants 333
color -ōris m. color Noun: 3rd Declension Vision 725
coma -ae f. hair, tresses Noun: 1st Declension The Body 405
comes comitis m./f. companion, comrade; attendant, follower Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 448
committō -mittere -mīsī -missum join, entrust to (+ dat.); perform, do Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Social Life 608
commūnis -e common, general Adjective: 3rd Declension The City 660
comparō -āre get ready, provide; compare Verb: 1st Conjugation Business/Money 890
compōnō -pōnere posuī positum build, construct, arrange Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Making/Doing 443
concēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum yield, withdraw Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 663
condīciō -ōnis f. agreement, condition Noun: 3rd Declension Business/Money 920
condō -dere -didī -ditum build, found; store up; hide, conceal Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō The City 540
cōnferō cōnferre contulī collātum collect, bring to Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 645
cōnficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum complete, accomplish; destroy, kill, consume Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Violence 894
cōnfiteor cōnfitērī cōnfessus sum admit (a fact), confess (a crime); reveal, disclose Verb: Deponent Justice 972
coniunx coniugis m./f. spouse, husband, wife Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 218
cōnor cōnārī cōnātus sum try, attempt Verb: Deponent Making/Doing 905
cōnsequor -sequī -secūtus sum follow up, overtake, attain Verb: Deponent Motion 917
cōnsilium -ī n. plan; council, group of advisors Noun: 2nd Declension The City 217
cōnsistō -sistere -stitī take position; consist in, be composed of Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Speech/Oratory 780
cōnstituō -stituere -stituī -stitūtum establish, put together Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Making/Doing 652
cōnstō -stāre -stitī agree; constat, it is established that (+ acc. and infin.) Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 731
cōnsuētūdo -inis f. custom, habit Noun: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 954
cōnsul -ulis m. consul Noun: 3rd Declension The City 321
cōnsulō -sulere -suluī -sultum consult, plan (+ acc.); consider the interests of (+dat) Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō The City 757
cōnsūmō -sūmere -sūmpsī -sūmptum to use up, consume Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Life and Being 869
contemnō -temnere -tempsī -temptum despise, scorn, disdain Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Emotions 615
contineō -tinēre -tinuī -tentum contain, restrain Verb: 2nd Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 804
contingō -tingere -tigī -tactum touch, be contiguous to Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Place 494
contrā against, opposite (adv. and prep. +acc.) Preposition Place 271
conveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum assemble, meet; agree Verb: 4th Conjugation Social Life 698
convertō -vertere -vertī -versum turn about, turn, change Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 834
convīvium -iī n. banquet, feast Noun: 2nd Declension Social Life 921
cōpia -ae f. abundance; (pl.) troops Noun: 1st Declension War and Peace 331
cor cordis n. heart; cordī est, it is pleasing to (+ dat.) Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 795
cornu -ūs n. horn Noun: 4th Declension Animals/Plants 591
corpus corporis n. body Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 75
corrumpō -rumpere -rūpī -ruptum break up, destroy, ruin Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 870
crēdō crēdere crēdidī crēditum believe Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 109
creō -āre produce, create; elect, choose Verb: 1st Conjugation Making/Doing 978
crēscō crēscere crēvī crētum grow, increase Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Animals/Plants 609
crīmen -inis n. verdict, accusation Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 475
culpa -ae f. guilt, fault, blame Noun: 1st Declension Justice 769
cum with (prep. + abl.); when, since, although (conjunction + subj.) Preposition Conjunctions/Adverbs 10
cūnctus -a -um entire all together Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 292
cupīdō -inis f. desire, eagerness, craving Noun: 3rd Declension Love 906
cupiō -ere -īvī -ītum desire Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Love 441
cūr why? Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 404
cūra -ae f. care, concern Noun: 1st Declension Love 186
cūrō -āre watch over, look after, care for (+ acc.) Verb: 1st Conjugation Love 743
currō currere cucurrī cursum run Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Athletics 562
currus -ūs m. chariot Noun: 4th Declension Athletics 491
cursus -ūs m. course, advance Noun: 4th Declension Athletics 351
custōs custōdis m. guardian Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 622
damnō -āre condemn Verb: 1st Conjugation Justice 751
damnum -ī n. damage, injury Noun: 2nd Declension Violence 926
down from, about, concerning (+ abl.) Preposition Place 46
dēbeō dēbēre dēbuī dēbitum owe, be obliged Verb: 2nd Conjugation Business/Money 155
decem ten Adjective: Numeral Measurement 914
dēcernō -cernere -crēvī -crētum determine, decide Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 800
decet decēre decuīt it is right, proper, fitting (+ acc. + infin.) Verb: Impersonal Personality Traits/Characteristics 718
decus decoris n. beauty, grace; ornament, glory, honor Noun: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 548
dēdūcō -dūcere -dūxī -ductum launch, lead away Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Travel 661
dēfendō -fendere -fendī -fēnsum defend, ward off Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 653
dēferō -ferre -tulī -lātum carry away, report Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 805
deficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum fail, give out; revolt from Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō War and Peace 676
deinde/dein then, next Adverb Time 150
dēnique finally Adverb Time 796
dēscendō -scendere -scendī -scēnsum climb down, descend Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Travel 802
dēserō -ere dēseruī dēsertum leave, desert, abandon Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 544
dēsīderō -āre long for, desire greatly Verb: 1st Conjugation Love 892
dēsinō -sinere -siī -situm leave off, cease Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 624
dēsum -esse -fuī be lacking Verb: Irregular Business/Money 463
deus -ī m.; dea -ae f. god; goddess Noun: 2nd Declension Religion 42
dexter -tra -trum right; dextera -ae f.: right hand Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Place 260
dīcō dīcere dīxī dictum say; causam dīcere, plead a case; diem dīcere, appoint a day Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Speech/Oratory 33
diēs diēī m./f. day Noun: 5th Declension Lengths of Time 54
differō differre distulī dīlātum scatter; publish, divulge; differ; defer, postpone Verb: Irregular Making/Doing 880
difficilis -e not easy, hard, difficult Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 861
dīgnitās -ātis f. worth, reputation, honor Noun: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 956
dīgnus -a -um worthy Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 291
dīligō -ligere -lēxī -lēctum choose, cherish, love Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Love 973
dīmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum send away Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 777
discēdō -ere -cessī -cessum go away, depart Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Travel 726
disciplīna -ae f. training, instruction; learning, discipline Noun: 1st Declension Education/Knowledge 982
discō -ere didicī learn Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 465
diū: for a long time Adverb Time 361
dīversus -a -um different, diverse Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Other Senses 641
dīves dīvitis rich (poet. dīs, dītis) Adjective: 3rd Declension Business/Money 564
dīvidō -ere dīvīsī dīvīsum divide, separate Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Making/Doing 628
dīvitiae -ārum f. pl. riches, wealth Noun: 1st Declension Business/Money 712
dīvus -a -um divine, godlike; (as subst.) a god Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Religion 962
dō dare dedī datum give Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 28
doceō -ēre -uī doctum teach Verb: 2nd Conjugation Education/Knowledge 393
doleō -ēre doluī feel pain or grief, grieve Verb: 2nd Conjugation Emotions 785
dolor -ōris m. pain, grief Noun: 3rd Declension Emotions 193
dolus -ī m. artifice, device, trick Noun: 2nd Declension Deception 701
dominus -ī m.; domina -ae f. household master, lord; mistress Noun: 2nd Declension The Household 241
domus -ūs f. house, home Noun: 4th Declension The House 73
dōnec until Conjunction Time 771
dōnō -āre present with a gift (+ acc. of person and abl. of thing) Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 606
dōnum -ī n. gift, present Noun: 2nd Declension Social Life 476
dormiō -īre sleep Verb: 4th Conjugation Life and Being 975
dubitō -āre hesitate, doubt Verb: 1st Conjugation Education/Knowledge 521
dubius -a -um doubtful; (as subst.) a doubt; sine dubiō, without a doubt, certainly Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Deception 528
dūcō dūcere dūxī ductum lead; uxōrem dūcere, marry Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 133
dulcis -e sweet Adjective: 3rd Declension Other Senses 383
dum while (+ indic.); until (+ subj.); provided that (+ subj.) Conjunction Time 103
duo duae duo two Adjective: Numeral Measurement 221
dūrus -a -um hard, tough, harsh Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Other Senses 249
dux ducis m./f. leader, general Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 239
ecce behold! Adverb Vision 643
ēdīcō -dīcere -dīxī -dictum declare Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Speech/Oratory 996
ēdō ēdere ēdidī ēditum put forth, state, explain Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Speech/Oratory 688
ēdūcō -dūcere -dūxī -ductum lead forth Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 935
efficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum bring about, complete; render (+ ut + subj.) Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Making/Doing 573
effundō -fundere -fūdī -fūsum pour out Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Earth and Water 719
ego meī mihi mē I, me Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
ēgredior ēgredī ēgressus sum stride out, depart, disembark from (+ abl.) Verb: Deponent Travel 912
ēgregius -a -um distinguished, uncommon Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 860
ēligō ēligere ēlēgī ēlēctum pick out, select Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō The City 942
enim for, indeed Conjunction Pronouns/Interrogatives 57
(adv.) there, to that place Adverb Place 470
eō īre iī/īvī itum go Verb: Irregular Motion 97
epistula -ae f. letter Noun: 1st Declension Writing/Poetry 951
eques equitis m. horseman, knight Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 296
equus -ī m. horse Noun: 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 248
ergō therefore Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 134
ēripiō -ripere -ripuī -reptum snatch away, rescue, save Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Verbs of Transport 349
errō -āre go astray, wander Verb: 1st Conjugation Travel 402
error -ōris m. wandering; error, mistake Noun: 3rd Declension Travel 832
et and Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 1
etiam also, even Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 67
ex, ē out of, from (+ abl.) Preposition Place 26
excipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum take out Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Verbs of Transport 394
exemplum -ī n. example, sample, copy Noun: 2nd Declension Speech/Oratory 519
exeō -īre -iī -itum go forth Verb: Irregular Motion 597
exerceō -ercēre -ercuī -ercitum train, exercise, carry on Verb: 2nd Conjugation Athletics 576
exercitus -ūs m. army Noun: 4th Declension War and Peace 267
exigō -igere -ēgī -āctum drive out; collect Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 500
exīstimō -āre think, believe Verb: 1st Conjugation Education/Knowledge 613
experior -perīrī -pertus sum try thoroughly, test, experience Verb: Deponent Education/Knowledge 713
exsilium -ī n. exile, banishment Noun: 2nd Declension Travel 794
exspectō -āre watch, wait, expect Verb: 1st Conjugation Vision 442
extrēmus -a -um farthest, situated at the end or tip, extreme Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Geography 385
fābula -ae f. account, tale, story Noun: 1st Declension Writing/Poetry 966
faciēs -ēī f. form, appearance Noun: 5th Declension Vision 479
facilis -e easy Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 451
facinus facinoris n. deed, crime Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 646
faciō facere fēcī factum do, make Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Making/Doing 32
factum -ī n. deed, accomplishment Noun: 2nd Declension Making/Doing 611
fallō fallere fefellī falsum deceive Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Deception 503
falsus -a -um deceptive, false Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Deception 633
fāma -ae f. rumor, fame Noun: 1st Declension Speech/Oratory 278
famēs -is f. hunger, famine Noun: 3rd Declension Life and Being 828
familia -ae f. household, family Noun: 1st Declension The Household 943
fateor fatērī fassus sum admit, confess; profess, declare; assent, say yes Verb: Deponent Justice 689
fātum -ī n. fate; death Noun: 2nd Declension Religion 157
fax facis f. torch Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 511
fēlīciter luckily Adverb Personality Traits/Characteristics 994
fēlīx -īcis lucky Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 309
fēmina -ae f. woman Noun: 1st Declension People 501
ferē almost Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 907
ferō ferre tulī lātum bear, carry, endure Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 45
ferrum -ī n. iron, iron weapon or implement Noun: 2nd Declension Violence 231
ferus -a -um wild, fierce; fera -ae f.: wild animal Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 222
fessus -a -um weary, tired Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Life and Being 625
fidēlis -e faithful Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 979
fidēs -eī f. trust, faith Noun: 5th Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 184
fīlia -ae f.; fīlius -ī m. daughter; son Noun: 1st Declension The Household 909
fingō fingere fīnxī fīctum shape; invent Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Making/Doing 721
fīnis -is m. end, boundary Noun: 3rd Declension Geography 236
fīō fierī factus sum become, happen, be done Verb: Irregular Life and Being 146
flamma -ae f. flame, fire Noun: 1st Declension Air and Fire 298
fleō flēre flēvī flētum weep Verb: 2nd Conjugation Emotions 457
flōs flōris m. flower, bloom Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 818
fluctus -ūs m flood, billow, surf Noun: 4th Declension Earth and Water 498
flūmen -inis n. stream, river Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 283
fluō fluere fluxī fluxum flow Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Earth and Water 772
foedus -a -um foul Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Other Senses 922
fōns fontis m. spring, fountain Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 706
for fārī fātus sum report, say Verb: Deponent Speech/Oratory 739
fore Verb: Irregular Life and Being 985
fōrma -ae f. shape; beauty Noun: 1st Declension Other Senses 422
fors fortis f. chance Noun: 3rd Declension Religion 993
forsitan, fortasse perhaps, perchance Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 833
fortē by chance Adverb Religion 579
fortis -e brave Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 286
fortūna -ae f. fortune Noun: 1st Declension Religion 138
forum -ī n. market-place, forum Noun: 2nd Declension The City 811
frangō frangere frēgī frāctum break, shatter Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 345
frāter frātris m. brother Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 225
frequēns -ntis in large numbers, often Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 918
frōns frontis f. forehead, brow; front Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 559
frūctus -ūs m. fruit, crops; enjoyment, delight Noun: 4th Declension Animals/Plants 927
frūmentum -ī n. grain Noun: 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 936
fruor fruī frūctus sum enjoy the produce of, profit by, use (+ abl.) Verb: Deponent Emotions 923
frūstrā in vain Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 694
fuga -ae f. flight, route Noun: 1st Declension Travel 364
fugiō fugere fūgī fugitum flee, escape Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Travel 177
fugō -āre put to flight Verb: 1st Conjugation Travel 957
fundō fundere fūdī fūsum pour, scatter Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Earth and Water 523
fūnus fūneris n. funeral; death; dead body Noun: 3rd Declension Religion 524
furor -ōris m. rage, fury Noun: 3rd Declension Emotions 466
gaudeō gaudēre gāvīsus sum rejoice Verb: 2nd Conjugation Emotions 407
gaudium -ī n. delight, joy, pleasure Noun: 2nd Declension Emotions 727
gēns gentis f. family, clan Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 194
genus generis n. origin, lineage, kind Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 170
gerō gerere gessī gestum bear, manage; bellum gerere, wage war Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 237
gīgnō gīgnere genuī genitum beget, bear, bring forth Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Life and Being 667
gladius -ī m. sword Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 862
glōria -ae f. glory, fame Noun: 1st Declension Social Life 360
gradus -ūs m. step, pace; grade, rank Noun: 4th Declension War and Peace 577
grātia -ae f. favor, influence, gratitude Noun: 1st Declension Social Life 380
grātus -a -um pleasant; grateful Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 434
gravis -e heavy, serious Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 140
habeō habēre habuī habitum have, hold Verb: 2nd Conjugation Other Senses 39
haud not Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 226
hīc here; hinc: from here Adverb Place 80
hic haec hoc this, these Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
hiems hiemis f. winter Noun: 3rd Declension Lengths of Time 803
hodiē today Adverb Lengths of Time 981
homō hominis m. human being Noun: 3rd Declension People 88
honestus -a -um honorable Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 580
honor -ōris m. honor, glory; office, post Noun: 3rd Declension The City 290
hōra -ae f. hour Noun: 1st Declension Lengths of Time 664
hortor hortārī hortātus sum urge strongly, advise, exhort Verb: Deponent Speech/Oratory 887
hospes hospitis m. guest, guest-friend; stranger; host Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 873
hostis -is m./f. stranger, enemy Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 93
hūc to this place Adverb Place 368
hūmānus -a -um human Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension People 355
humus -ī f. ground; humī: on the ground Noun: 2nd Declension Earth and Water 740
iaceō iacēre iacuī lie Verb: 2nd Conjugation The House 228
iaciō iacere iēcī iactum throw, hurl Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Athletics 899
iam now; already Adverb Time 34
ibi there Adverb Place 619
īctus -ūs m. blow, stroke Noun: 4th Declension Violence 819
īdem eadem idem the same Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 59
ideō for this reason Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 679
igitur therefore Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 313
ignis -is m. fire Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 151
ille illa illud that Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 8
illīc at that place, there; illinc: from that place Adverb Place 396
illūc to that place Adverb Place 955
imāgō -inis f. image, form, figure Noun: 3rd Declension Vision 754
imperātor -ōris m. commander Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 723
imperium -ī n. command, power Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 200
imperō -āre command, control Verb: 1st Conjugation War and Peace 602
impetus -ūs m. attack Noun: 4th Declension Violence 421
impleō -ēre -plēvī -plētum fill in, fill up Verb: 2nd Conjugation Earth and Water 671
impōnō -ere -posuī -positum put in, put on, impose, levy upon Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Measurement 437
in in, on (+ abl.); into, onto (+ acc) Preposition Place 5
incidō incidere incidī fall upon, fall into; happen Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 871
incipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum begin Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Time 411
inde from there, from then Adverb Place 328
indicō -āre point out, show, make known Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 980
īnferō īnferre intulī illātum bring upon, against; bellum īnferre: make war on Verb: Irregular War and Peace 742
īnferus -a -um low; īnferior: lower; īnfimus or īmus: lowest Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Geography 428
ingenium -ī n. disposition, ability, talent Noun: 2nd Declension Education/Knowledge 387
ingēns ingentis huge, enormous Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 202
ingrātus -a -um: unpleasant, disagreeable Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 592
ingredior -gredī -gressus sum: step in, enter Verb: Deponent Motion 885
inimīcus -a -um: unfriendly; (as subst.) enemy Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 952
initium -ī n.: beginning Noun: 2nd Declension Time 865
iniūria -ae f.: injustice, wrong, affront Noun: 1st Declension Justice 381
inquam, inquis, inquit, inquiunt: say (used with direct speech) Verb: Irregular Speech/Oratory 163
īnstituō -stituere -stituī -stitūtum: undertake; equip Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Making/Doing 931
īnsula -ae f.: island Noun: 1st Declension Geography 908
integer -gra -grum: untouched, fresh, complete, whole Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 815
intellegō -legere -lēxī -lēctum: understand Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 512
intendō -tendere -tendī -tentum: stretch out, strain Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 895
inter between, among; during (+ acc.) Preposition Place 64
interficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum kill Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Violence 699
interim meanwhile Adverb Time 693
interrogō -āre put a question to, ask (+ acc.) Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 953
intersum -esse -fuī to be between; take part in, attend (+dat.); interest, it is in the interest of (+ gen.) Verb: Irregular Place 760
intrā within (+ acc.) Preposition Place 704
intrō -āre enter Verb: 1st Conjugation Motion 766
inveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum find; discover Verb: 4th Conjugation Travel 316
invidia -ae f. envy, jealousy, hatred Noun: 1st Declension Emotions 707
ipse ipsa ipsum him- her- itself Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 22
īra irae f. wrath, anger Noun: 1st Declension Emotions 187
īrāscor īrāscī īrātus sum grow angry; īrātus -a -um: angry Verb: Deponent Emotions 809
is ea id he, she, it Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 13
iste ista istud that, that of yours; adv. istīc or istūc: over there; istinc: from over there Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 81
ita thus, so Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 120
itaque and so, therefore Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 208
item likewise Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 932
iter itineris n. journey, route Noun: 3rd Declension Travel 230
iterum again Adverb Time 758
iubeō iubēre iussī iussum bid, order Verb: 2nd Conjugation Justice 84
iūdex iūdicis m. judge, juror Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 839
iūdicium -ī n. judgment, decision, trial Noun: 2nd Declension Justice 749
iūdicō -āre judge, decide Verb: 1st Conjugation Justice 565
iugum -ī n. yoke; ridge, chain of hills Noun: 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 335
iungō iungere iūnxī iūnctum join Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Making/Doing 513
iūrō -āre take an oath, swear; iūs iūrandum, oath Verb: 1st Conjugation Justice 896
iūs iūris n. right, justice, law Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 314
iūstus -a -um right, just, fair Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Justice 770
iuvenis -is m. youth Noun: 3rd Declension People 277
iuvō iuvāre iūvī iūtum help, assist; please, delight Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 390
labor -ōris m. toil, exertion Noun: 3rd Declension Business/Money 201
labōrō -āre toil, work; be in trouble or distress Verb: 1st Conjugation Business/Money 900
lacrima -ae f. tear Noun: 1st Declension Emotions 354
laedō laedere laesī laesum injure by striking, hurt Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 783
laetus -a -um glad, joyful Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Emotions 262
lapis lapidis m. stone Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 840
lateō latēre latuī lie hidden, be hidden Verb: 2nd Conjugation Deception 695
lātus -a -um broad, wide Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 824
latus -eris n. side, flank Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 382
laudō -āre praise Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 435
laus laudis f. praise, glory Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 444
lēgātus -ī m. lieutenant, envoy Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 464
legiō -ōnis f. legion Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 370
legō legere lēgī lēctum gather, choose, read Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Writing/Poetry 419
levis -e light, trivial Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 220
lēx lēgis f. law Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 264
līber lībera līberum free; līberī (m. pl.): freeborn children Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Justice 229
liber librī m. book Noun: 2nd Declension Writing/Poetry 901
lībertās -ātis f. freedom Noun: 3rd Declension The City 495
libet libēre libuit or libitum est it is pleasing (+ dat. + infin.) Verb: Impersonal Social Life 729
libīdō -inis f. passion, lust Noun: 3rd Declension Love 761
licet even though Conjunction Justice 778
licet licēre licuit licitum est it is permitted (+ dat. + infin.) Verb: Impersonal Justice 175
līmen līminis n. threshold Noun: 3rd Declension The House 516
lingua -ae f. tongue; language Noun: 1st Declension The Body 732
littera -ae f. letter, (pl.) literature Noun: 1st Declension Writing/Poetry 710
lītus -oris n. shore Noun: 3rd Declension Geography 245
locus -ī m. place; loca (n. pl.) region Noun: 2nd Declension Geography 62
longē far, far off Adverb Measurement 400
longus -a -um long, far Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 142
loquor loquī locūtus sum speak, talk Verb: Deponent Speech/Oratory 310
lūmen luminis n. light Noun: 3rd Declension Vision 375
lūna -ae f. moon Noun: 1st Declension Air and Fire 902
lūx lūcis f. light of day Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 299
maestus -a -um sad, sorrowful; depressing Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Emotions 669
magis more Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 90
magister magistrī m. master, chief Noun: 2nd Declension Education/Knowledge 933
māgnitūdō -inis f. greatness, size Noun: 3rd Declension Measurement 672
māgnus -a -um great Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 25
māiōrēs māiōrum m. ancestors Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 764
male (adv.) badly Adverb Personality Traits/Characteristics 603
mālō mālle māluī prefer Verb: Irregular Emotions 598
malus -a -um bad, evil Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 227
maneō manēre mānsī mānsum remain Verb: 2nd Conjugation Travel 357
manus -ūs f. hand; band of men Noun: 4th Declension The Body 48
mare -is n. sea Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 125
marītus -ī m. husband Noun: 2nd Declension The Household 654
māter mātris f. mother Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 127
māteria -ae f. material, subject matter; timber, lumber Noun: 1st Declension Speech/Oratory 857
medius -a -um middle, central Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Place 162
membrum -ī n. limb, member of the body Noun: 2nd Declension The Body 481
meminī meminisse remember, recollect Verb: Irregular Education/Knowledge 670
memoria -ae f. recollection, memory Noun: 1st Declension Education/Knowledge 627
mēns mentis f. mind Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 173
mēnsa -ae f. table Noun: 1st Declension The House 747
mereō merēre meruī meritum deserve, merit; serve as a soldier Verb: 2nd Conjugation Business/Money 852
metuō metuere metuī to fear, to dread Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Emotions 429
metus -ūs m. fear, dread Noun: 4th Declension Emotions 215
meus -a -um my Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 41
mīles -itis m. soldier Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 161
mīlle (pl.) mīlia thousand Adjective: Numeral Measurement 247
mīror mīrārī mīrātus sum wonder at, marvel at (+ acc.) Verb: Deponent Emotions 504
misceō miscēre miscuī mixtum mix Verb: 2nd Conjugation Earth and Water 425
miser misera miserum wretched, pitiable Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Emotions 137
mittō mittere mīsī missum send, let go Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 114
modo just, just now; modo ... modo: now ... now, at one moment ... at another, sometimes ... sometimes Adverb Time 152
modus -ī m. measure, manner, kind Noun: 2nd Declension Measurement 195
moenia -ium n. pl. walls, fortifications Noun: 3rd Declension The City 593
mollis -e soft, yielding, gentle Adjective: 3rd Declension Other Senses 356
moneō monēre monuī monitum warn, advise Verb: 2nd Conjugation Speech/Oratory 711
mōns montis m. mountain Noun: 3rd Declension Geography 242
mora -ae f. delay, hindrance Noun: 1st Declension Time 399
morbus -ī m. sickness, disease Noun: 2nd Declension The Body 658
morior morī mortuus sum die Verb: Deponent Life and Being 253
moror morārī morātus sum delay Verb: Deponent Time 581
mors mortis f. death Noun: 3rd Declension Life and Being 95
mortālis -e liable to death, mortal; (as subst.) a mortal Adjective: 3rd Declension Life and Being 950
mōs mōris m. custom, habit; (pl.) character Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 181
moveō -ēre mōvī mōtum move Verb: 2nd Conjugation Motion 192
mox soon Adverb Time 469
mulier -eris f. woman Noun: 3rd Declension People 961
multitūdō -inis f. multitude, number Noun: 3rd Declension Measurement 733
multus -a -um much, many; multō, by far Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 43
mundus -a -um clean, neat, elegant Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 997
mundus -ī m. world, universe, heavens Noun: 2nd Declension Earth and Water 350
mūnus mūneris n. gift, offering; duty, obligation; (pl.) gladiatorial show Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 276
mūrus -ī m. wall Noun: 2nd Declension The House 508
mūtō -āre change Verb: 1st Conjugation Making/Doing 315
nam or namque for, indeed, really Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 61
narrō -āre relate, recount Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 910
nāscor nāscī nātus sum be born Verb: Deponent Life and Being 266
nātūra -ae f. nature Noun: 1st Declension Life and Being 180
nātus -ī m. son Noun: 2nd Declension The Household 211
nāvis -is f. ship Noun: 3rd Declension Travel 353
lest, that not Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
ne (enclitic) interrogative particle attached to the emphatic word in a question Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 238
nec and not, nor; nec ... nec, neither ... nor; → neque Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 19
necesse (indecl. adj.) necessary Adjective: Indeclinable Business/Money 773
necessitās -tātis f. necessity, need Noun: 3rd Declension Business/Money 911
nefās n. indecl. impiety, wickedness Noun: Indeclinable Justice 541
negō -āre deny, refuse Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 294
negōtium -ī n. business Noun: 2nd Declension Business/Money 846
nēmō no one (gen. nūllīus, dat. nūllī, abl. nūllō or nūllā → nūllus -a -um) Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 179
nemus nemoris n. grove, forest Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 461
neque and not, nor; neque ... neque, neither ... nor; → nec Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 72
nesciō -scīre not know, be ignorant Verb: 4th Conjugation Education/Knowledge 525
niger nigra nigrum black Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Vision 634
nihil, nīl nothing; not at all Noun: Indeclinable Measurement 55
nimis or nimium excessively Adverb Personality Traits/Characteristics 841
nimius -a -um too much, excessive Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 502
nisi, nī if not, unless Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 100
nōbilis -e distinguished, noble; (as subst.) a nobleman or woman Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 455
noceō nocēre nocuī harm Verb: 2nd Conjugation Violence 509
nōlō nōlle nōluī be unwilling Verb: Irregular Emotions 458
nōmen -inis n. name Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 135
nōn not Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 6
nōndum not yet Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 436
nōs nostrum/nostrī nōbīs nōs we Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
nōscō nōscere nōvī nōtum learn, know Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 347
noster nostra nostrum our Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 52
nōtus -a -um well-known Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 477
novus -a -um new Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Time 139
nox noctis f. night Noun: 3rd Declension Lengths of Time 119
nūdus -a -um naked, bare Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension The Body 545
nūllus -a -um not any, no one Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 49
num interrogative particle implying negative answer Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 924
nūmen -inis n. divine will, deity Noun: 3rd Declension Religion 452
numerus -ī m. number, amount Noun: 2nd Declension Measurement 338
numquam never Adverb Time 251
nunc now Adverb Time 50
nūntius -ī m. messenger; news Noun: 2nd Declension Travel 919
ob against, on account of (+acc) Preposition Place 449
occīdō -cīdere -cīdī -cīsum kill, cut down Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 801
occupō -āre seize, occupy; anticipate, do a thing first (+ infin.) Verb: 1st Conjugation War and Peace 472
occurrō -currere -cucurrī -cursum run to meet; come into one’s mind Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 677
oculus -ī m. eye Noun: 2nd Declension The Body 206
ōdī ōdisse hate Verb: Irregular Emotions 790
odium -ī n. hatred Noun: 2nd Declension Emotions 522
offerō offerre obtulī oblātum present, offer, expose Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 812
officium -ī n. service, duty Noun: 2nd Declension The City 607
ōlim formerly, at that time Adverb Time 574
omnis -e all, every, as a whole Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 18
onus oneris n. load, burden Noun: 3rd Declension Measurement 842
opera -ae f. labor, activity, work Noun: 1st Declension Business/Money 843
oportet -ēre -uit it is proper, right (+ acc. + infin.) Verb: Impersonal Social Life 806
oppidum -ī n. town Noun: 2nd Declension The City 635
ops opis f. assistance, resources Noun: 3rd Declension Business/Money 318
optō -āre choose, select Verb: 1st Conjugation Personality Traits/Characteristics 417
opus operis n. work Noun: 3rd Declension Business/Money 332
ōrātiō -ōnis f. speech, address Noun: 3rd Declension Speech/Oratory 736
orbis -is m. circle; orbis terrārum: world Noun: 3rd Declension Geography 322
ōrdō -īnis m. order, rank Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 416
orior orīrī ortus sum arise, begin Verb: Deponent Time 642
ōrō -āre pray Verb: 1st Conjugation Religion 755
ōs ōris n. mouth, face Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 147
os ossis n. bone Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 696
ostendō ostendere ostendī ostentum show, hold out Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Other Senses 371
ōtium -ī n. leisure Noun: 2nd Declension Social Life 715
paene almost Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 944
pār paris equal Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 281
parcō parcere pepercī parsum spare, be sparing of (+ dat.) Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 412
parēns -ntis m./f. parent Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 190
pāreō pārēre pāruī obey Verb: 2nd Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 847
pariō parere peperī partum bring forth, give birth to; accomplish Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Life and Being 829
parō -āre prepare, acquire; parātus -a -um, ready Verb: 1st Conjugation Making/Doing 160
pars partis f. part Noun: 3rd Declension Measurement 65
parum too little Adverb Measurement 204
parvus -a -um small Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 143
pateō patēre patuī lie open, extend; be evident or obvious Verb: 2nd Conjugation Geography 550
pater patris m. father, ancestor Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 71
patior patī passus sum permit, endure Verb: Deponent Verbs of Compelling/Directing 185
patria -ae f. fatherland, country Noun: 1st Declension Geography 342
paucī -ae -a few, a few Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 858
paulō, paulum to only a small extent, slightly, a little Adverb Measurement 872
pauper -eris poor, lowly Adjective: 3rd Declension Business/Money 844
pāx pācis f. peace Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 388
peccō -āre commit a wrong, injure Verb: 1st Conjugation Justice 792
pectus -oris n. chest, breast Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 183
pecūnia -ae f. money Noun: 1st Declension Business/Money 530
pecus -oris n. cattle, sheep Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 566
pellō pellere pepulī pulsum strike, beat, push, drive Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 563
pendō pendere pependī pēnsum weigh, hang, suspend; pay Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Business/Money 988
per through (+acc.) Preposition Place 30
perdō -dere -didī -ditum destroy Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 488
pereō -īre -iī -itum perish, be lost Verb: Irregular Violence 268
pergō pergere perrēxī perrēctum continue, proceed; awaken Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 821
perīculum -ī n. danger Noun: 2nd Declension Violence 265
permittō -mittere -mīsī -missum yield, allow, permit Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 702
perpetuus -a -um unbroken, perpetual Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Lengths of Time 891
pertineō -tinēre -tinuī extend over, reach; refer to, pertain to, be the business of Verb: 2nd Conjugation Education/Knowledge 866
perveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum arrive, reach Verb: 4th Conjugation Travel 409
pēs pedis m. foot Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 199
petō petere petīvī petītum seek, aim at Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 83
pietās -tātis f. sense of duty, devotion, esp. between parents and children Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 767
pius -a -um dutiful, devoted, just, pious Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 748
placeō placēre placuī placitum please Verb: 2nd Conjugation Social Life 287
plēbs plēbis f. the common people Noun: 3rd Declension The City 649
plēnus -a -um full Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 459
plērumque generally Adverb Measurement 974
plērus- plēra- plērumque the greater part, very many, most, the majority Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 968
poena -ae f. penalty, punishment Noun: 1st Declension Justice 223
poēta -ae m. poet Noun: 1st Declension Writing/Poetry 913
pondus ponderis n. weight Noun: 3rd Declension Measurement 636
pōnō pōnere posuī positum put, place; put aside Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Transport 102
pontus -ī m. the open sea, the deep Noun: 2nd Declension Earth and Water 630
populus -ī m. people Noun: 2nd Declension The City 122
porta -ae f. gate Noun: 1st Declension The City 759
portō -āre carry a load Verb: 1st Conjugation Measurement 853
pōscō pōscere popōscī demand, claim; inquire into Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Speech/Oratory 487
possum posse potuī be able Verb: Irregular Making/Doing 23
post after (adv. and prep. +acc.) Preposition Time 164
posteā afterwards Adverb Time 964
posterus -a -um next, later Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Time 877
postquam after Conjunction Time 384
potēns potentis able, powerful Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 567
potestās -ātis f. power Noun: 3rd Declension The City 737
potis -e powerful, able Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 947
praebeō -ēre -uī -itum furnish, supply, render Verb: 2nd Conjugation Verbs of Transport 584
praeceptum -ī n. rule, precept; command Noun: 2nd Declension Justice 825
praecipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum anticipate, advise, warn Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Speech/Oratory 945
praeda -ae f. booty, prey Noun: 1st Declension War and Peace 626
praemium -ī n. bounty, reward Noun: 2nd Declension Business/Money 680
praesēns -ntis present, in person, ready Adjective: 3rd Declension Place 822
praesidium -ī n. garrison, protection Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 582
praestō -stāre -stitī -stitum excel, exhibit Verb: 1st Conjugation Other Senses 423
praeter by, along, past; besides, except (+ acc.) Preposition Place 756
praetereā besides, moreover Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 681
praetor -ōris m. praetor, one of the chief Roman magistrates Noun: 3rd Declension The City 878
precor -ārī pray, invoke Verb: Deponent Religion 492
premō premere pressī pressum press, pursue, overwhelm Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 240
pretium -ī n. price, worth, reward; pretium operae: a reward for trouble Noun: 2nd Declension Business/Money 629
prex precis f. prayers, entreaties Noun: 3rd Declension Religion 520
prīmum at first, firstly Adverb Time 252
prīmus -a -um first Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Time 91
prīnceps -cipis first, chief; (as subst.) leader, person in charge Adjective: 3rd Declension The City 317
prīncipium -ī n. beginning Noun: 2nd Declension Time 948
prior prius earlier, preceding Adjective: 3rd Declension Time 526
prius or priusquam before Adverb Time 484
prīvātus -a -um personal, private Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Social Life 882
prō for, on behalf of, in proportion to (+abl.) Preposition Non-Directional Prepositions 128
probō -āre approve, prove; convince one (dat.) of a thing (acc.) Verb: 1st Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 784
prōcēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum go forth, advance Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 746
procul at a distance Adverb Place 397
prōdō prōdere prōdidī prōditum publish, hand down; give over, betray Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Transport 929
proelium -ī n. battle Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 348
proficīscor -ficīscī -fectus sum set forth, go Verb: Deponent Travel 835
prohibeō -ēre -uī -itum restrain, keep away Verb: 2nd Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 604
prōmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum send forth, offer Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 720
prope near, next; (comp.) propior, (superl.) proximus; (adv.) prope, nearly, almost Preposition Place 189
properō -āre hasten, speed Verb: 1st Conjugation Motion 537
prōpōnō -pōnere -posuī -positum put forth, propose, present Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Speech/Oratory 930
proprius -a -um one’s own, peculiar Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 854
propter because of (+ acc.) Preposition Non-Directional Prepositions 560
prōsum prodesse profuī be of use, do good, help (+ dat.) Verb: Irregular Social Life 373
prōtinus at once, forthwith Adverb Time 903
prōvincia -ae f. province; official duty Noun: 1st Declension The City 620
pūblicus -a -um public, belonging to the state Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension The City 517
pudor pudōris m. sense of shame, modesty, propriety Noun: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 616
puella -ae f. girl; girl-friend Noun: 1st Declension People 233
puer puerī m. boy; slave Noun: 2nd Declension People 191
pūgna -ae f. fist-fight; battle Noun: 1st Declension Violence 650
pugnō -āre fight Verb: 1st Conjugation Violence 708
pulcher -chra -chrum beautiful Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Vision 569
putō -āre think, suppose Verb: 1st Conjugation Education/Knowledge 166
quā where, how Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 336
quaerō -rere -sīvī -sītum seek, inquire Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Education/Knowledge 113
quālis -e of what kind? what? Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 263
quam how?; (after comparative) than Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 29
quamquam however, although Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 644
quamvīs however you like; although Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 489
quandō when?; since; sī quandō: if ever Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 621
quantum (adv.) how much? how greatly? how much! how greatly! as much as Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 557
quantus -a -um (interr.) how great? (rel.) of what size, amount, etc. (as subst.) what amount? (rel.) which amount; quantī, at what price? (rel.) at which price Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 311
quārē how? why? Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 786
quasi as if Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 938
quattuor four Adjective: Numeral Measurement 867
que and (postpositive enclitic) Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 4
quemadmodum in what manner, how Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 531
queror querī questus sum complain of, lament Verb: Deponent Emotions 518
quī quae quod who, which, what Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 3
quia because Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 132
quīcumque quaecumque quodcumque who-, whatever Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 284
quīdam quaedam quoddam a certain one, someone Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 126
quidem certainly, at least Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 136
quiēscō quiēscere quiēvī quiētum keep quiet; sleep Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Life and Being 969
quīn (adv.) indeed, in fact; (conjunction) so that ... not (+ subj.) Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 456
quīppe (adv.) indeed, surely Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 499
quis quid who? what? which? Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 212
quisquam quicquam/quidquam any (single) person, anyone at all Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
quisque quaeque quidque each one, everyone Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 197
quisquis quidquid whoever, whichever Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 129
quō for which reason; to or in what place; to what end, for what purpose? Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 305
quōmodo in what way, how? Conjunction Pronouns/Interrogatives 831
quondam formerly, once Adverb Time 542
quoniam since, seeing that Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 510
quoque also, too Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 76
quotiēns interr. how many times? how often? rel. as often as, whenever Adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 970
rapiō rapere rapuī raptum seize, tear away Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Violence 273
rārus -a -um wide apart, loose, thin; rare, seldom Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 752
ratiō -ōnis f. method, plan, reason Noun: 3rd Declension Education/Knowledge 256
recēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum step back, recoil, recede, withdraw Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 826
recēns -ntis fresh, new Adjective: 3rd Declension Time 781
recipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum take back, receive; sē recipere, betake oneself, go Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Verbs of Transport 319
rēctus -a -um straight, direct Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 823
reddō -dere -didī -ditum return, give back Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Transport 174
redeō -īre -iī -itum go back, return Verb: Irregular Motion 301
referō referre rettulī relātum bring back; report Verb: Irregular Verbs of Transport 171
regiō -ōnis f. boundary, region Noun: 3rd Declension Geography 585
rēgius -a -um kingly, royal Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 561
rēgnum -ī n. kingship, kingdom Noun: 2nd Declension Geography 121
regō regere rēxī rēctum guide, rule Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō The City 554
relinquō -linquere -līquī -lictum abandon Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 144
reliquus -a -um remaining, rest Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 788
reor rērī rātus sum think, imagine, suppose, deem Verb: Deponent Education/Knowledge 774
reperiō -perīre -pperī -pertum find, find out Verb: 4th Conjugation Education/Knowledge 765
repetō -petere -petīvī -petītum demand, exact; revisit; call to mind, recollect; repeat Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 651
rēs reī f. thing (rēs pūblica, commonwealth; rēs familiāris, family property, estate; rēs mīlitāris, art of war; rēs novae, revolution) Noun: 5th Declension Life and Being 38
respicio -ere -spēxī -spectum look back, regard, consider Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Vision 722
respondeō -spondēre -spondī -spōnsum answer Verb: 2nd Conjugation Speech/Oratory 535
retineō -tinēre -tinuī -tentum hold back, keep Verb: 2nd Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 647
reus -ī m. defendant Noun: 2nd Declension Justice 888
revertō -vertere -vertī turn back Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 995
revocō -āre call back, recall Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 813
rēx rēgis m. king Noun: 3rd Declension The City 60
rīdeō -ēre rīsī rīsum laugh, laugh at Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Emotions 874
rīpa -ae f. bank of a river Noun: 1st Declension Earth and Water 662
rogō -āre ask Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 551
rumpō rumpere rūpī ruptum break, rupture Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Violence 480
rūrsus back, again Adverb Place 440
rūs rūris n. country Noun: 3rd Declension Geography 879
sacer sacra sacrum holy, sacred Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Religion 398
sacerdōs -dōtis m./f. priest, priestess Noun: 3rd Declension Religion 939
saeculum -ī n. generation, age, century Noun: 2nd Declension Lengths of Time 776
saepe often Adverb Time 145
saevus -a -um fierce, raging, wrathful Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 244
salūs -ūtis f. health, safety Noun: 3rd Declension Life and Being 549
sānctus -a -um sacred, inviolable Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Religion 659
sanguis -inis m. blood Noun: 3rd Declension The Body 214
sānus -a -um sound, sane Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Life and Being 946
sapiēns -ntis wise; (as subst.) wise man, sage, philosopher Adjective: 3rd Declension Education/Knowledge 453
sapientia -ae f. wisdom Noun: 1st Declension Education/Knowledge 797
satis, sat enough, sufficient, sufficiently Adverb Measurement 341
saxum -ī n. rock, cliff, crag Noun: 2nd Declension Earth and Water 306
scelus -eris n. crime, sin Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 154
scientia -ae f. knowledge Noun: 1st Declension Education/Knowledge 971
scīlicet certainly, of course Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 889
sciō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum know Verb: 4th Conjugation Education/Knowledge 172
scrībō scrībere scrīpsī scrīptum write Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Writing/Poetry 568
secundus -a -um following; favorable; (as numeral) second Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 836
sēcūrus -a -um free from care, tranquil; careless Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 697
sed but Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 20
sedeō sedēre sēdī sessum sit Verb: 2nd Conjugation The House 506
sēdēs -is f. seat, abode, habitation Noun: 3rd Declension The House 403
semel once Adverb Time 789
semper always, ever Adverb Time 149
senātus -ūs m. senate Noun: 4th Declension The City 329
senex -is m. old man, elder; senior, older Noun: 3rd Declension People 558
sēnsus -ūs m. feeling, emotion, sense Noun: 4th Declension Emotions 793
sententia -ae f. opinion, judgment Noun: 1st Declension Education/Knowledge 586
sentiō sentīre sēnsī sēnsum perceive, feel, hear, see Verb: 4th Conjugation Other Senses 302
sepulcrum -ī n. place of burial, tomb, grave Noun: 2nd Declension Life and Being 949
sequor sequī secūtus sum follow Verb: Deponent Motion 108
sermō -ōnis m. conversation, discourse Noun: 3rd Declension Speech/Oratory 575
serviō -īre be a slave, serve (+ dat.) Verb: 4th Conjugation The Household 883
servō -āre save, watch over Verb: 1st Conjugation The Household 289
servus -ī m. slave Noun: 2nd Declension The Household 496
seu whether; seu ... seu: whether ... or → sīve Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 343
if Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
sīc in this manner, thus; sīc ... ut: in the same way as Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 79
sīcut just as Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 791
sīdus -eris n. star, constellation Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 359
sīgnum -ī n. sign, standard, mark Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 261
silva -ae f. forest, grove Noun: 1st Declension Animals/Plants 234
similis -e like, similar Adjective: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 414
simul at the same time Adverb Time 274
sine without (+ abl.) Preposition Non-Directional Prepositions 104
singulī -ae -a one each Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 507
sinō sinere sīvī situm allow, let go Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 717
sinus -ūs m. fold of a garment; lap, bay, gulf Noun: 4th Declension Earth and Water 478
sīve whether; sīve ... sīve: whether ... or → seu Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 362
socius -a -um friendly, allied; socius -ī m.: partner, comrade Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Social Life 372
sōl sōlis m. sun Noun: 3rd Declension Air and Fire 320
soleō -ēre -uī -itum be accustomed Verb: 2nd Conjugation Personality Traits/Characteristics 246
sōlum only, merely Adverb Measurement 897
sōlus -a -um only, alone Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 176
solvō solvere solvī solūtum release, set sail Verb: 2nd Conjugation Travel 325
somnus -ī m. sleep, slumber; (pl.) dreams Noun: 2nd Declension Life and Being 438
sonō sonāre sonuī sonitum sound, resound Verb: 1st Conjugation Other Senses 583
soror -ōris f. sister Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 497
sors sortis f. lot, fate, destiny; oracle Noun: 3rd Declension Religion 639
spargō spargere sparsī sparsum scatter Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Earth and Water 532
spatium -ī n. space Noun: 2nd Declension Air and Fire 426
speciēs -ēī f. aspect, appearance Noun: 5th Declension Vision 599
spectō -āre look at, consider Verb: 1st Conjugation Vision 473
spērō -āre to hope Verb: 1st Conjugation Emotions 648
spēs speī f. hope Noun: 5th Declension Emotions 232
spīritus -ūs m. breath, life, spirit Noun: 4th Declension Life and Being 703
statim immediately Adverb Time 798
statuō -ere -uī -ūtum set up, determine Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Justice 678
stella -ae f. star Noun: 1st Declension Air and Fire 934
stō stāre stetī statum stand Verb: 1st Conjugation Life and Being 168
studeō -ēre -uī be eager, be zealous, care for (+ dat.) Verb: 2nd Conjugation Emotions 989
studium -ī n. eagerness, zeal Noun: 2nd Declension Emotions 450
sub under, close to (+acc. or abl.) Preposition Place 118
subeō -īre -iī -itum go under; endure Verb: Irregular Motion 538
subitō suddenly, unexpectedly Adverb Time 848
sui sibi sē/sēsē him- her- itself, themselves Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 17
sum esse fuī futūrum be, exist; fut. infin. often = fore, impf. subj. often = forem for essem Verb: Irregular Life and Being 2
sūmō sūmere sūmpsī sūmptum take up Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 454
super over (adv. and prep. +acc.) Adverb Place 401
superbus -a -um overbearing, proud, haughty Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 656
superī -ōrum m. pl. those above, i.e. the gods Noun: 2nd Declension Religion 714
superō -āre overcome, surpass, defeat Verb: 1st Conjugation War and Peace 668
supersum -esse -fuī remain, survive; be superfluous (to) Verb: Irregular Place 623
superus -a -um situated above, upper Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Religion 99
supplicium -ī n. punishment, penalty Noun: 2nd Declension Justice 683
suprā above, beyond (adv. and prep. +acc.) Preposition Place 588
surgō surgere surrēxī surrēctum rise Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Earth and Water 570
suscipiō -cipere -cēpī ceptum take up Verb: 3rd Conjugation -iō Verbs of Transport 937
sustineō sustinēre sustinuī sustentum hold up, sustain Verb: 2nd Conjugation Social Life 762
suus -a -um his own, her own, its own Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 27
taceō -ēre -uī -itum be silent; tacitus -a -um, silent Verb: 2nd Conjugation Other Senses 369
tālis tāle such Adjective: 3rd Declension Measurement 203
tam so, so much Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 96
tamen nevertheless, still Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 58
tamquam so as, just as Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 363
tandem finally Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 427
tangō tangere tetigī tāctum touch Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Other Senses 534
tantum, tantummodo only Adverb Measurement 216
tantus -a -um so great, so much; (as pronoun) such a quantity, so much; tantī, at such a price, of such worth Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 105
tardus -a -um slow, sluggish, lingering Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Time 738
tēctum -ī n. roof; building, house Noun: 2nd Declension The House 386
tegō tegere tēxī tēctum cover, conceal Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Deception 376
tellus tellūris f. earth Noun: 3rd Declension Earth and Water 337
tēlum -ī n. missile, weapon, spear Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 255
tempestas -tātis f. period of time, season; bad weather, storm Noun: 3rd Declension Lengths of Time 753
templum -ī n. consecrated ground; temple Noun: 2nd Declension Religion 485
temptō -āre try, test Verb: 1st Conjugation Making/Doing 430
tempus -oris n. time Noun: 3rd Declension Time 89
tendō tendere tetendī tentum stretch, extend, direct (one’s steps or course) Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Travel 529
tenebrae -brārum f. pl. darkness, the shadows Noun: 1st Declension Vision 775
teneō -ēre -uī tentum hold, keep Verb: 2nd Conjugation Other Senses 106
tener -era -erum tender Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Other Senses 490
tergum -ī n. back, rear; ā tergō: from the rear Noun: 2nd Declension The Body 474
terra -ae f. land Noun: 1st Declension Earth and Water 70
terreō terrēre terruī territum terrify, frighten Verb: 2nd Conjugation Emotions 705
tertius -a -um third Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 682
testis -is m. witness Noun: 3rd Declension Justice 741
timeō -ēre -uī to fear, to dread Verb: 2nd Conjugation Emotions 153
timor -ōris m. fear Noun: 3rd Declension Emotions 536
tollō tollere sustulī sublātum raise up, destroy Verb: Irregular Violence 293
tot so many Adverb Measurement 259
tōtus -a -um whole, entire Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 78
trādō -dere -didī -ditum hand over, yield Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Business/Money 297
trahō trahere trāxī trāctum drag, draw Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Verbs of Compelling/Directing 213
trānseō -īre -iī -itum go across Verb: Irregular Travel 431
trēs tria three Adjective: Numeral Measurement 533
tribūnus -ī m. tribune, title of various Roman officials, as mīlitum, plēbis, aerāriī Noun: 2nd Declension The City 807
trīstis -e sad, solemn, grim Adjective: 3rd Declension Emotions 275
tū tuī tibi tē you (sing.) Pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 9
tum or tunc then Adverb Time 56
turba -ae f. crowd, uproar Noun: 1st Declension The City 323
turbō -āre disturb, confuse Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 868
turpis -e ugly, unsightly; disgraceful Adjective: 3rd Declension Other Senses 377
tūtus -a -um safe, protected Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension War and Peace 365
tuus -a -um your Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 44
ubi where, when Adverb Place 92
ūllus -a -um any, anyone Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 178
ultimus -a -um farthest, final, last, ultimate Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Geography 432
ultrā beyond, further (adv. and prep. + acc.) Preposition Place 600
umbra -ae f. shade, shadow Noun: 1st Declension Vision 257
umquam ever Adverb Time 482
unda -ae f. wave, flowing water, water Noun: 1st Declension Earth and Water 207
unde from where Adverb Place 300
undique from all sides, on all sides Adverb Place 686
ūnus -a -um one Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 53
urbs urbis f. city Noun: 3rd Declension The City 82
ūsque up to; continuously Adverb Time 527
ūsus -ūs m. use, experience Noun: 4th Declension Education/Knowledge 446
ut, utī as (+ indic.); so that, with the result that (+ subj.); (in questions) in what manner, how; (exclam.) to what an extent! how! Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 15
uterque utraque utrumque each of two Conjunction Measurement 243
ūtilis -e useful Adjective: 3rd Declension Making/Doing 850
ūtor ūtī ūsus sum use, consume, employ (+ abl.) Verb: Deponent Making/Doing 330
utrum whether; utrum ... an: whether ... or Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 827
uxor uxōris f. wife Noun: 3rd Declension The Household 552
vacō vacāre be empty, open, unoccupied Verb: 1st Conjugation Measurement 724
vacuus -a -um empty Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Measurement 673
vagus -a -um wandering, shifting Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Travel 674
valeō valēre valuī be strong, excel, be valid, prevail; valē: farewell! Verb: 2nd Conjugation Social Life 539
validus -a -um strong Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 816
vanus -a -um empty; false, deceitful Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Deception 856
varius -a -um changing, varied, various Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Other Senses 631
vātēs -is m. poet, bard Noun: 3rd Declension Writing/Poetry 684
ve or (postpositive enclitic) Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 307
vehō vehere vēxī vectum carry; vehor vehī vectus sum: travel, ride Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Travel 632
vel or else, or; even; vel ... vel: either … or Conjunction Conjunctions/Adverbs 141
velut even as, just as Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 447
veniō venīre vēnī ventum come Verb: 4th Conjugation Motion 63
ventus -ī m. wind Noun: 2nd Declension Air and Fire 269
verbum -ī n. word Noun: 2nd Declension Writing/Poetry 188
vērē truly Adverb Speech/Oratory 983
vereor verērī veritus sum fear, stand in awe of Verb: Deponent Emotions 884
vērō in fact, certainly, without doubt Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 280
vertō vertere vertī versum turn Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Motion 288
vērus -a -um true Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Speech/Oratory 410
vester vestra vestrum your Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 282
vestīgium -ī n. footstep, footprint, track Noun: 2nd Declension Travel 716
vestis -is f. garment, robe, clothing Noun: 3rd Declension Life and Being 413
vetō -āre vetuī vetītum forbid Verb: 1st Conjugation Verbs of Compelling/Directing 665
vetus veteris old Adjective: 3rd Declension Time 295
via -ae f. way, street Noun: 1st Declension Travel 196
vīcīnus -a -um neighboring, near Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Geography 940
victor -ōris m. conqueror Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 340
victōria -ae f. victory Noun: 1st Declension War and Peace 750
videō vidēre vīdī vīsum see Verb: 2nd Conjugation Vision 31
vincō vincere vīcī victum conquer Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō War and Peace 101
vinculum -ī n. bond, fetter, tie Noun: 2nd Declension War and Peace 594
vīnum -ī n. vine, wine Noun: 2nd Declension Animals/Plants 640
vir virī m. man Noun: 2nd Declension People 85
virgō -inis f. maiden, virgin, girl Noun: 3rd Declension People 418
virtūs -ūtis f. valor, manliness, virtue Noun: 3rd Declension Personality Traits/Characteristics 111
vīs f. force; (acc.) vim, (abl.) vī; (pl.) vīrēs, strength Noun: 3rd Declension War and Peace 115
vīta -ae f. life Noun: 1st Declension Life and Being 87
vitium -ī n. flaw, fault, crime Noun: 2nd Declension Justice 326
vītō -āre avoid, shun Verb: 1st Conjugation Social Life 881
vīvō vīvere vīxī vīctum live Verb: 3rd Conjugation -ō Life and Being 156
vix scarcely Adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 352
vocō -āre call Verb: 1st Conjugation Speech/Oratory 158
volō velle voluī wish, be willing Verb: Irregular Emotions 66
volucer -cris -cre flying Adjective: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 977
volucris -is f./m. bird Noun: 3rd Declension Animals/Plants 976
voluntās -ātis f. wish, desire Noun: 3rd Declension Emotions 859
voluptās -ātis f. pleasure, enjoyment Noun: 3rd Declension Social Life 378
vōs you (pl.); (gen.) vestrum/vestrī, (dat./abl.) vōbīs, (acc.) vōs Adjective: 1st and 2nd Declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 130
vōtum -ī n. solemn promise, vow; hope Noun: 2nd Declension Religion 334
vōx vōcis f. voice, utterance Noun: 3rd Declension Speech/Oratory 169
vulgō commonly Adverb The City 991
vulgus -ī n. and m. the common people Noun: 2nd Declension The City 675
vulnus -eris n. wound Noun: 3rd Declension Violence 327
vultus -ūs m. look, expression, face Noun: 4th Declension The Body 209
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Latin Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/latin-vocabulary-list