Greek Core Vocabulary

HEADWORDsort ascending DEFINITION PART OF SPEECH SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANK
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
just as, as if
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
thus, in this way; hither, here
adverb Direction 466
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative)
interjection Particles 112
breath, life, soul
noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from
adverb Direction 330
place, spot, district
noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
land; place
noun: 1st declension Earth 188
time
noun: 2nd declension Time 106
useful, serviceable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.)
verb: deponent Government and Society 104
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
hand
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
of copper or bronze
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
difficult, troublesome
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
light, daylight
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
sound, voice
noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature
verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.)
verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.)
verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
panic, fear, flight
noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
beloved, dear; friendly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not
verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
flee, run away, avoid, shun
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well
verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
clear, evident
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.)
preposition Direction 42
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances
verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
son
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
water
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
nourishment, food
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom
noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
third
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
thirtieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
thirty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate
verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
three
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν)
adverb Time 157
so large, so much
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
place; topic
noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
such, of such a sort
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
such (as this), of such a sort (as this)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional)
adverb Particles 245
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
to honor
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
beget, give birth to, produce
verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
art, skill, craft
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
four
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
fourth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
cut, cut down, cut to pieces
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
end, fulfillment, achievement
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
finish; die
verb: contracted Life and Death 365
child
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
wall
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
and; τε…τε both…and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
arrange, put in order
verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
arrangement, order; military unit
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
safety, deliverance
noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
body
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
save
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
form, figure, appearance, character
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
event, circumstance, misfortune
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage
verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result
verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
you
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
army
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
soldier
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
army
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
leader of an army, commander, general
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
mouth, face, opening
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
wise, clever, skilled
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
sign, signal, mark
noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
clear, distinct, plain
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
easy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
how?
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way
adverb Particles 403
fire
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
face, mask, person
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
add; (med.) join
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties
verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 22
before, in front of (+gen.)
preposition Time 203
before, until
conjunction: subordinating Time 359
old man; (pl.) ambassadors
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
action, transaction, business
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
foot
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion)
adverb Particles 327
where
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
which of the two? πότερον whether
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
at some time, ever, in the world
adverb Time 125
when?
adverb Time 519
river, stream
noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march
verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
worthless, bad, wicked
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
often
adverb Time 252
constitution, citizenship, republic
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
city, city-state
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
war
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
make war
verb: contracted War and Peace 459
what sort of?
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
creator, poet
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
wind, breath, spirit
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but
preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
mass, throng, crowd; number
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
more, larger (comp. of πολύς)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
sail
verb: contracted Government and Society 156
more, rather
adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
fall, fall down
verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
drink
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
around, about; concerning (+gen.)
preposition Direction 31
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis]
adverb Particles 495
five
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
send
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
fifth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease
verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
fatherland
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
father
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
every, all; whole (with article)
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
provide, present, offer; allow, grant
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
get ready, prepare, provide
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
transmit, hand over, surrender
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 46
altogether, entirely
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
altogether, in all ways; at any rate
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
back, backwards; again
adverb Direction 120
old, ancient
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
son, daughter, child; slave
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
eye
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
in this way
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
substance, property; essence
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
sky, heaven
noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
therefore, accordingly; at any rate
adverb Particles 44
surely then (inviting assent to an inference)
adverb Particles 483
no longer, no more
adverb Time 362
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
not (with indicative verbs)
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 185
whenever (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
the very one who, the very thing which
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
who, which, that
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
mountain, hill
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on
verb: contracted Movement 450
upright, straight, true, regular
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
see, look (to)
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
where, wherever
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.)
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
call by name
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
name; fame
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
like, resembling (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
whole, entire, complete
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
little, small, few
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
eight
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
house, home, family
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
building, house, dwelling
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
inhabit, occupy
verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.)
verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
from where, whence
adverb Direction 328
road, way, path
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
eighth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
the
definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
night
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
now
adverb Time 93
mind, perception, sense
noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
disease, sickness
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
custom, tradition, law
noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.)
verb: -ω dental stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 200
victory
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
conquer, win
verb: contracted War and Peace 346
island
noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
young, new, fresh
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
ship
noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
temple
noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation)
adverb Particles 513
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
alone, single
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
only
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
small, little, short
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
mix, mingle
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
mother
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
[emphasizes preceding particle]
adverb Particles 158
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
and not
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 216
between
adverb Direction 357
with (+gen.); after (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
part, share
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
stay, remain, endure, await
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
however; of course
adverb Particles 204
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed
conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
greatness, size, magnitude
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
big, great, powerful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
fight (against) (+dat.)
verb: deponent War and Peace 382
battle
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
witness
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
learn, ascertain
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
very, very much
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
long, tall, large, long-lasting
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
rest, remaining, rest-of-the
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
stone
noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
leave, abandon
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count
verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
the people, folk
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget
verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
take, grasp, seize; receive, get
verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
talk, chatter, babble
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
lord, master
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
get, gain, acquire
verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
judge, decide, determine
verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.)
verb: contracted Government and Society 298
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe
noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
take care of, provide for
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
common, shared, mutual
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
set in motion, move, rouse
verb: contracted Movement 172
danger
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
head
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι)
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
equip, furnish, make ready
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one.
preposition Direction 20
even if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
beautiful, noble, honorable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
call, summon
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
bad, wicked, cowardly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
and indeed, and yet
adverb Particles 352
the right time
noun: 2nd declension Time 231
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
equally, probably, perhaps
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
strong
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
make to stand, set
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
equal, the same as (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
horse
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
horseman, rider, charioteer
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
holy, venerated, divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
sacrifice
verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind
noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
daughter
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
to die, be dying
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
god, goddess
noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at)
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
death
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
the sea
noun: 1st declension Earth 214
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
our
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
day
noun: 1st declension World Order 89
sun
noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
I have come, I am present
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
sweet, pleasant
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
pleasure, enjoyment
noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future)
adverb Time 129
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
guide, leader, commander
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
truly (emphasizes what follows)
adverb Particles 243
living being, animal
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
seek
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
live
verb: contracted Life and Death 189
until; while, so long as
conjunction: subordinating Time 268
have, hold, keep
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
find (out), discover, devise
verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
year
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
still, yet
adverb Time 82
the other (of two); other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
come, go
verb: deponent Movement 138
ask, ask one about (+double acc.)
verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
work, achievement, exploit
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
work, labor
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
seven
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
word, speech, tale; prophecy
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
follow
verb: deponent Movement 301
knowledge, understanding, skill
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.)
preposition Direction 19
then, next
adverb Time 255
after, since, when
conjunction: subordinating Time 75
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit
verb: irregular Characteristics 270
outside; except
adverb Direction 371
six
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
here, there
adverb Direction 260
nine
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
there
adverb Direction 405
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
ninth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
opposite, facing; opposing
preposition Direction 163
in, among (+dat.)
preposition Direction 9
my, mine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
hope; expectation
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
free, independent
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
drive, set in motion
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
sixth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
there
adverb Direction 373
hundredth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
hundred
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
each (of two)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
each (of several)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
from, out of (+gen.)
preposition Direction 29
whether…or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
then, next
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
one
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
into, to, towards (+acc.)
preposition Direction 18
peace
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί
verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
be, exist
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι)
verb: -μι Movement 224
twentieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
twenty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
I saw
verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
nation
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to)
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
I, we
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
seventh
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
two
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
strong, powerful, able
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
power, strength, ability
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to)
verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
do, accomplish
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
slave
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
pursue
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
right, just
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
give, grant, offer
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
teach
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
difference, disagreement
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
destroy; corrupt
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις)
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
show, declare, explain
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
visible, clear, manifest
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness)
adverb Particles 60
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
take, accept; welcome, entertain
verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
second
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
master (of the household); absolute ruler
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
tenth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
ten
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
show, point out
verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
fear
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
and; but
conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
spirit, god, demon
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
woman, wife
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
write
verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment
noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s)
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
tongue; language
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
become; be born; happen, be
verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
earth
noun: 1st declension Earth 94
race, family; kind, class
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate
adverb Particles 59
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming)
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
brief, short
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
bull, ox, cow
noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes
verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
help, assist (+dat.)
verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
see, look (at)
verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
life
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
better (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
king
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
heavy, grievous, tiresome
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
walk, come, go
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
come to, arrive at
verb: deponent Movement 320
send away, let go; let alone, neglect
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
take from, take away
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 2
at once, immediately
adverb Time 492
moreover; on the other hand; back (again)
adverb Particles 349
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy
noun: 1st declension Time 87
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
number
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
money
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
[introduces a question]
adverb Particles 480
therefore, then (drawing an inference)
adverb Particles 102
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die
verb: -μι Life and Death 279
kill
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
die
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
from (+gen.)
preposition Direction 40
simply, singly, in one way
adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
all together
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
set free, release, deliver
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
worthy, deserving
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
up, upwards
adverb Direction 316
opposite (+gen.)
preposition Direction 209
human being
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
man, husband
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
without (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
raise, take up; kill, destroy
verb: contracted War and Peace 291
necessity
noun: 1st declension World Order 184
up, on; throughout
preposition Direction 36
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)]
adverb Particles 34
both
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
about, around
preposition Direction 498
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake
verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.)
adverb Time 146
otherwise
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
but
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω)
verb: deponent War and Peace 469
true
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
truth
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
exact, accurate, precise
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
listen (to), hear (of)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
responsible, guilty
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
cause, origin; charge, accusation
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
ask (for), beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
ugly, shameful, disgraceful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
perceive, understand, hear, learn
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
take up, lift up; remove
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
blood
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
always
adverb Time 152
impossible; powerless
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
unjust
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
do wrong; injure
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
brother
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
contest; struggle
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
lead, carry, bring; pass (time)
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
report, tell
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
good, virtuous, brave, noble
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list