Headword Sort descending DEFINITION Part of Speech SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANK
ἀγαθός –ή –όν good, virtuous, brave, noble adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
ἀγγέλλω, ἀγγελῶ, ἤγγειλα, ἤγγελκα, ἤγγελμαι, ἠγγέλθην report, tell verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
ἄγω, ἄξω, ἤγαγον, ἦχα, ἦγμαι, ἤχθην lead, carry, bring; pass (time) verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
ἀγών ἀγῶνος, ὁ contest; struggle noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
ἀδελφός –οῦ, ὁ brother noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
ἀδικέω, ἀδικήσω, ἠδίκησα, ἠδίκηκα, ἠδίκημαι, ἠδικήθην do wrong; injure verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
ἄδικος ἄδικον unjust adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
ἀδύνατος –ον impossible; powerless adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
ἀεί always adverb Time 152
αἷμα αἵματος, τό blood noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
αἱρέω, αἱρήσω, 2 aor. εἷλον, ᾕρηκα, ᾕρημαι, ᾑρέθην take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
αἴρω, ἀρῶ, ἦρα, ἦρκα, ἦρμαι, ἤρθην take up, lift up; remove verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
αἰσθάνομαι, αἰσθήσομαι, 2 aor. ᾐσθόμην, ᾔσθημαι perceive, understand, hear, learn verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
αἰσχρός –ά –όν ugly, shameful, disgraceful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
αἰτέω, αἰτήσω, ᾔτησα, ᾔτηκα, ᾔτημαι, ᾐτήθην ask (for), beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
αἰτία αἰτίας, ἡ cause, origin; charge, accusation noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
αἴτιος αἰτία αἴτιον responsible, guilty adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
ἀκούω, ἀκούσομαι, ἤκουσα, ἀκήκοα, plup. ἠκηκόη or ἀκηκόη, ἠκούσθην listen (to), hear (of) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
ἀκριβής –ές exact, accurate, precise adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
ἀλήθεια ἀληθείας, ἡ truth noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
ἀληθής –ές true adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
ἁλίσκομαι, ἁλώσομαι, 2 aor. ἑάλων, ἑάλωκα to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω) verb: deponent War and Peace 469
ἀλλά but conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
ἀλλήλων –οις (oblique cases plural only) one another, each other pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
ἄλλος ἄλλη ἄλλο other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
ἄλλως otherwise adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
ἅμα at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.) adverb Time 146
ἁμαρτάνω, ἁμαρτήσομαι, ἡμάρτησα, 2 aor. ἥμαρτον, ἡμάρτηκα, ἡμάρτημαι, ἡμαρτήθην miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
ἀμείνων ἄμεινον better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
ἀμφί about, around preposition Direction 498
ἀμφότερος ἀμφοτέρα ἀμφότερον both adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
ἄν [marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)] adverb Particles 34
ἀνά up, on; throughout preposition Direction 36
ἀνάγκη ἀνάγκης, ἡ necessity noun: 1st declension World Order 184
ἀναιρέω, ἀναιρήσω, ἀνεῖλον, ἀνῄρηκα, ἀνῄρημαι, ἀνῃρέθην raise, take up; kill, destroy verb: contracted War and Peace 291
ἄνευ without (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
ἀνήρ ἀνδρός, ὁ man, husband noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
ἄνθρωπος –ου, ὁ/ἡ human being noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
ἀντί opposite (+gen.) preposition Direction 209
ἄνω up, upwards adverb Direction 316
ἄξιος ἀξία ἄξιον worthy, deserving adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
ἀξιόω, ἀξιώσω, ἠξίωσα, ἠξίωκα, ἠξίωμαι, ἠξιώθην consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
ἀπαλλάσσω, ἀπαλλάξω, ἀπήλλαξα, ἀπήλλαχα, ἀπήλλαγμαι, ἀπηλλάχθην or ἀπηλλάγην set free, release, deliver verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
ἅπας ἅπασα ἅπαν all together noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
ἁπλῶς simply, singly, in one way adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
ἀπό from (+gen.) preposition Direction 40
ἀποδίδωμι, ἀποδώσω, ἀπέδωκα, ἀποδέδωκα, ἀποδέδομαι, ἀπεδόθην give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
ἀποθνῄσκω, ἀποθανοῦμαι, 2 aor. ἀπέθανον, ἀποτέθνηκα die verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
ἀποκρίνω, ἀποκρινῶ, ἀπεκρινάμην, ἀπεκρίθη separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
ἀποκτείνω, ἀποκτενῶ, ἀπέκτεινα, ἀπέκτονα kill verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
ἀπόλλυμι, ἀπολῶ, ἀπώλεσα, 2 aor. mid. ἀπωλόμην, pf. ἀπολώλεκα (“I have utterly destroyed”) or ἀπόλωλα (“I am undone”) kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die verb: -μι Life and Death 279
ἆρα [introduces a question] adverb Particles 480
ἄρα therefore, then (drawing an inference) adverb Particles 102
ἀργύριον ἀργυρίου, τό money noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
ἀρετή ἀρετῆς, ἡ goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
ἀριθμός –οῦ, ὁ number noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
ἄριστος ἀρίστη ἄριστον best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
ἀρχή ἀρχῆς, ἡ beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy noun: 1st declension Time 87
ἄρχω, ἄρξω, ἦρξα, ἦργμαι, ἤρχθην begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.) verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
αὖ, αὖθις moreover; on the other hand; back (again) adverb Particles 349
αὐτίκα at once, immediately adverb Time 492
αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 2
ἀφαιρέω, ἀφαιρήσω, ἀφεῖλον, ἀφῄρηκα, ἀφῄρημαι, ἀφῃρέθην take from, take away verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
ἀφίημι, ἀφήσω, ἀφῆκα, ἀφεῖκα, ἀφεῖμαι, ἀφείθην send away, let go; let alone, neglect verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
ἀφικνέομαι, ἀφίξομαι, 2 aor. ἀφικόμην, ἀφῖγμαι come to, arrive at verb: deponent Movement 320
βαίνω, βήσομαι, 2 aor. ἔβην, βέβηκα walk, come, go verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
βάλλω, βαλῶ, 2 aor. ἔβαλον, βέβληκα, βέβλημαι, ἐβλήθην throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
βάρβαρος –ον non-Greek, foreign; barbarous adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
βαρύς βαρεῖα βαρύ heavy, grievous, tiresome adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
βασιλεύς βασιλέως, ὁ king noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
βελτίων βέλτιον better (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
βίος βίου, ὁ life noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
βλέπω, βλέψομαι, ἔβλεψα see, look (at) verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
βοηθέω, βοηθήσω, ἐβοήθησα, βεβοήθηκα help, assist (+dat.) verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
βουλεύω βουλεύσω, ἐβούλευσα, βεβούλευκα, βεβούλευμαι, ἐβουλεύθην plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
βουλή βουλῆς, ἡ will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
βούλομαι, βουλήσομαι, βεβούλημαι, ἐβουλήθην (+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
βοῦς βοός, ὁ/ἡ bull, ox, cow noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
βραχύς βραχεῖα βραχύ brief, short adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
γάρ for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming) conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
γε (enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate adverb Particles 59
γένος γένους, τό race, family; kind, class noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
γῆ γῆς, ἡ earth noun: 1st declension Earth 94
γίγνομαι, γενήσομαι, 2 aor. ἐγενόμην, γέγονα, γεγένημαι, ἐγενήθην become; be born; happen, be verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
γιγνώσκω, γνώσομαι, ἔγνων, ἔγνωκα, ἔγνωσμαι, ἐγνώσθην come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
γλῶσσα γλώσσης, ἡ tongue; language noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
γνώμη γνώμης, ἡ thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
γράμμα γράμματος, τό letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s) noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
γραφή γραφῆς, ἡ a drawing, painting, writing; indictment noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
γράφω, γράψω, ἔγραψα, γέγραφα, γέγραμμαι, ἐγράφην write verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
γυνή γυναικός, ἡ woman, wife noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
δαίμων δαίμονος, ὁ/ἡ spirit, god, demon noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
δέ and; but conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
δέδοικα, δείσομαι, ἔδεισα fear verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
δεῖ, δεήσει, impf. ἔδει it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
δείκνυμι, δείξω, ἔδειξα, δέδειχα, δέδειγμαι, ἐδείχθην show, point out verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
δεινός –ή –όν awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
δέκα ten adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
δέκατος –η –ον tenth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
δεσπότης –ου, ὁ master (of the household); absolute ruler noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
δεύτερος –α –ον second adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
δέχομαι, δέξομαι, ἐδεξάμην, δέδεγμαι, -εδέχθην take, accept; welcome, entertain verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
δέω, δεήσω, ἐδέησα, δεδέηκα, δεδέημαι, ἐδεήθην lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.) verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
δή surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness) adverb Particles 60
δῆλος δήλη δῆλον visible, clear, manifest adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
δηλόω, δηλώσω, ἐδήλωσα, δεδήλωκα, ἐδηλώθην show, declare, explain verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
δῆμος δήμου, ὁ the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις) noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
διά through, during, because of (+gen., acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
διαφέρω, διοίσω, 1 aor. διήνεγκα, 2 aor. διήνεγκον, διενήνοχα, διενήνεγμαι carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
διαφθείρω, διαφθερῶ, διέφθειρα, διέφθαρκα, διέφθαρμαι, διεφθάρην destroy; corrupt verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
διαφορά –ᾶς, ἡ difference, disagreement noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
διδάσκω, διδάξω, ἐδίδαξα, δεδίδαχα, δεδίδαγμαι, ἐδιδάχθην teach verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
δίδωμι, δώσω, ἔδωκα, δέδωκα, δέδομαι, ἐδόθην give, grant, offer verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
δίκαιος δικαία δίκαιον right, just adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
δίκη δίκης, ἡ justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
διώκω, διώξομαι, ἐδίωξα, δεδίωχα, ἐδιώχθην pursue verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
δοκέω, δόξω, ἔδοξα think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
δόξα δόξης, ἡ opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
δοῦλος δούλου, ὁ slave noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
δράω, δράσω, ἔδρασα, δέδρακα, δέδραμαι, ἐδράσθην do, accomplish verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
δύναμαι, δυνήσομαι, ἐδυνήθην, δεδύνημαι (+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to) verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
δύναμις δυνάμεως, ἡ power, strength, ability noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
δυνατός –ή –όν strong, powerful, able adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
δύο two adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
ἐάν (εἰ-ἄν) if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
ἑαυτοῦ ἑαυτῆς ἑαυτοῦ him- her- itself (reflexive pron.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
ἐάω, ἐάσω, εἴασα allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
ἕβδομος –η –ον seventh adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
ἐγώ ἐμοῦ, (pl.) ἡμεῖς, ἡμῶν I, we pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
ἐθέλω, ἐθελήσω, ἠθέλησα, ἠθέληκα (+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to) verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
ἔθνος ἔθνους, τό nation noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
εἰ if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
εἶδον, 2 aor. of ὁράω, act. infin. ἰδεῖν, mid.infin. ἰδέσθαι I saw verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
εἶδος εἴδους, τό form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
εἰκός εἰκότος, τό likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
εἴκοσι(ν) twenty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
εἰκοστός –ή –όν twentieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
εἶμι, infin. ἰέναι, ptc. ἰών, ἰοῦσα, ἰόν I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι) verb: -μι Movement 224
εἰμί, ἔσομαι, impf. ἦν, infin. εἶναι be, exist verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
εἶπον I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
εἰρήνη εἰρήνης, ἡ peace noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
εἰς into, to, towards (+acc.) preposition Direction 18
εἷς μία ἕν one adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
εἶτα then, next adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
εἴτε…εἴτε whether…or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
ἐκ, ἐξ from, out of (+gen.) preposition Direction 29
ἕκαστος ἑκάστη ἕκαστον each (of several) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
ἑκάτερος ἑκατέρα ἑκάτερον each (of two) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
ἑκατόν hundred adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
ἑκατοστός –ή –όν hundredth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
ἐκεῖ there adverb Direction 373
ἐκεῖνος ἐκείνη ἐκεῖνο that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
ἕκτος –η –ον sixth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
ἐλάσσων ἔλασσον smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
ἐλαύνω, ἐλῶ, ἤλασα, -ελήλακα, ἐλήλαμαι, ἠλάθην drive, set in motion verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
ἐλεύθερος ἐλευθέρα ἐλεύθερον free, independent adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
ἐλπίς ἐλπίδος, ἡ hope; expectation noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
ἐμός ἐμή ἐμόν my, mine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
ἐν in, among (+dat.) preposition Direction 9
ἐναντίος ἐναντία ἐναντίον opposite, facing; opposing preposition Direction 163
ἔνατος –α –ον ninth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
ἕνεκα on account of, for the sake of (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
ἔνθα there adverb Direction 405
ἐννέα nine adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
ἐνταῦθα here, there adverb Direction 260
ἕξ six adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
ἔξω outside; except adverb Direction 371
ἔοικα, ptc. εἰκώς be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit verb: irregular Characteristics 270
ἐπεί after, since, when conjunction: subordinating Time 75
ἔπειτα then, next adverb Time 255
ἐπί at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.) preposition Direction 19
ἐπιστήμη –ης, ἡ knowledge, understanding, skill noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
ἕπομαι ἕψομαι, 2 aor. ἑσπόμην follow verb: deponent Movement 301
ἔπος ἔπους, τό word, speech, tale; prophecy noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
ἑπτά seven adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
ἐργάζομαι, ἐργάσομαι, εἰργασάμην, εἴργασμαι work, labor verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
ἔργον ἔργου, τό work, achievement, exploit noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
ἔρομαι, ἐρήσομαι, 2 aor. ἠρόμην ask, ask one about (+double acc.) verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
ἔρχομαι, fut. εἶμι or ἐλεύσομαι, 2 aor. ἦλθον, ἐλήλυθα come, go verb: deponent Movement 138
ἐρωτάω, ἐρήσομαι, 2 aor. ἠρόμην ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
ἕτερος ἑτέρα ἕτερον the other (of two); other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
ἔτι still, yet adverb Time 82
ἔτος ἔτους, τό year noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
εὖ well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
εὐθύς εὐθεῖα εὐθύ straight, direct; (adv.) immediately adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
εὑρίσκω, εὑρήσω, 2 aor. ηὗρον or εὗρον, ηὕρηκα or εὕρηκα, εὕρημαι, εὑρέθην find (out), discover, devise verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
ἐχθρός –ά –όν hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
ἔχω, ἕξω or σχήσω, 2 aor. ἔσχον, ἔσχηκα, impf. εἶχον have, hold, keep verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
ἕως until; while, so long as conjunction: subordinating Time 268
ζάω, ζήσω, ἔζησα, ἔζηκα live verb: contracted Life and Death 189
ζητέω, ζητήσω, ἐζήτησα, ἐζήτηκα seek verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
ζῷον ζῴου, τό living being, animal noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
truly (emphasizes what follows) adverb Particles 243
ἡγεμών ἡγεμόνος, ὁ guide, leader, commander noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
ἡγέομαι, ἡγήσομαι, ἡγησάμην, ἥγημαι lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
ἤδη already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future) adverb Time 129
ἡδονή –ῆς, ἡ pleasure, enjoyment noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
ἡδύς ἡδεῖα ἡδύ sweet, pleasant adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
ἥκω, ἥξω, pf. ἧκα I have come, I am present verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
ἥλιος ἡλίου, ὁ sun noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
ἡμέρα ἡμέρας, ἡ day noun: 1st declension World Order 89
ἡμέτερος ἡμετέρα ἡμέτρον our adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
ἥσσων ἧσσον less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
θάλασσα θαλάσσης, ἡ the sea noun: 1st declension Earth 214
θάνατος θανάτου, ὁ death noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
θαυμάζω, θαυμάσομαι, ἐθαύμασα, τεθαύμακα, τεθαύμασμαι, ἐθαυμάσθην to be in awe (of), be astonished (at) verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
θεῖος θεία θεῖον divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
θεός θεοῦ, ὁ/ἡ god, goddess noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
θνῄσκω, 2 aor. -έθανον, τέθνηκα, θανοῦμαι to die, be dying verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
θυγάτηρ θυγατρός, ἡ daughter noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
θυμός θυμοῦ, ὁ life, spirit; soul, heart, mind noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
θύω, θύσω, ἔθυσα, τέθυκα, τέθυμαι, ἐτύθην sacrifice verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
ἴδιος ἰδία ἴδιον one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
ἱερός –ά –όν holy, venerated, divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
ἵημι, ἥσω, ἧκα, -εἷκα, εἷμαι, -εἵθην put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
ἱκανός –ή –όν sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
ἵνα in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
ἱππεύς ἱππέως, ὁ horseman, rider, charioteer noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
ἵππος ἵππου, ὁ horse noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
ἴσος ἴση ἴσον equal, the same as (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
ἵστημι στήσω will set, ἔστησα set, caused to stand, 2 aor. ἔστην stood, ἕστηκα stand, plup. εἱστήκη stood, ἐστάθην stood make to stand, set verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
ἰσχυρός –ά –όν strong adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
ἴσως equally, probably, perhaps adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
καθίστημι, καταστήσω, κατέστησα, κατέστην, καθέστηκα, plupf. καθειστήκη, κατεστάθην set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
καί and, also, even; καί...καί both...and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
καιρός καιροῦ, ὁ the right time noun: 2nd declension Time 231
καίτοι (καί-τοι) and indeed, and yet adverb Particles 352
κακός –ή –όν bad, wicked, cowardly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
καλέω, καλῶ, ἐκάλεσα, κέκληκα, κέκλημαι, ἐκλήθην call, summon verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
καλός –ή –όν beautiful, noble, honorable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
κἄν (καὶ-ἄν) even if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
κατά down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one. preposition Direction 20
καταλαμβάνω, καταλήψομαι, κατέλαβον, κατείληφα, κατείλημμαι, κατελήφθην seize, catch up with, arrest, compel verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
κατασκευάζω, κατασκευάσω, κατεσκεύασα equip, furnish, make ready verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
κατηγορέω, κατηγορήσω, κατηγόρησα, κατηγόρηκα, κατηγόρημαι, κατηγορήθην to speak against, to accuse (+gen.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
κεῖμαι, κείσομαι to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι) verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
κελεύω, κελεύσω, ἐκέλευσα, κεκέλευκα, κεκέλευσμαι, ἐκελεύσθην order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
κεφαλή –ῆς, ἡ head noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
κίνδυνος κινδύνου, ὁ danger noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
κινέω, κινήσω, ἐκίνησα, κεκίνηκα, κεκίνημαι, ἐκινήθην set in motion, move, rouse verb: contracted Movement 172
κοινός –ή –όν common, shared, mutual adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
κομίζω, κομιῶ, ἐκόμισα, κεκόμικα, κεκόμισμαι, ἐκομίσθην take care of, provide for verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
κόσμος κόσμου, ὁ order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
κρατέω, κρατήσω, ἐκράτησα, κεκράτηκα, κεκράτημαι, ἐκρατήθην be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.) verb: contracted Government and Society 298
κρείσσων κρεῖσσον stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
κρίνω, κρινῶ, ἔκρινα, κέκρικα, κέκριμαι, ἐκρίθην judge, decide, determine verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
κτάομαι, κτήσομαι, ἐκτησάμην, κέκτημαι get, gain, acquire verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
κύκλος κύκλου, ὁ circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
κύριος κυρίου, ὁ lord, master noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
κωλύω, κωλύσω, ἐκώλυσα, κεκώλυκα, κεκώλυμαι, ἐκωλύθην hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
λαλέω, λαλήσω, ἐλάλησα, λελάληκα, ἐλαλήθην talk, chatter, babble verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
λαμβάνω, λήψομαι, ἔλαβον, εἴληφα, εἴλημμαι, ἐλήφθην take, grasp, seize; receive, get verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
λαμπρός –ά –όν bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
λανθάνω, λήσω, ἔλαθον, λέληθα escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
λαός λαοῦ, ὁ the people, folk noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
λέγω, ἐρῶ, εἶπον, εἴρηκα, λέλεγμαι, ἐλέχθην and ἐρρήθην say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
λείπω, λείψω, ἔλιπον, λέλοιπα, λέλειμμαι, ἐλείφθην leave, abandon verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
λίθος λίθου, ὁ stone noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
λόγος λόγου, ὁ word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
λοιπός –ή –όν rest, remaining, rest-of-the adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
λύω, λύσω, ἔλυσα, λέλυκα, λέλυμαι, ἐλύθην loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
μακρός –ά –όν long, tall, large, long-lasting adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
μάλα very, very much adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
μάλιστα most, most of all; (in replies) certainly adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
μᾶλλον more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
μανθάνω, μαθήσομαι, ἔμαθον, μεμάθηκα learn, ascertain verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
μάρτυς μάρτυρος, ὁ/ἡ witness noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
μάχη μάχης, ἡ battle noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
μάχομαι, μαχοῦμαι, ἐμαχεσάμην, μεμάχημαι fight (against) (+dat.) verb: deponent War and Peace 382
μέγας μεγάλη μέγα big, great, powerful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
μέγεθος μεγέθους, τό greatness, size, magnitude noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
μέλλω, μελλήσω, ἐμέλλησα (+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
μέν...δέ on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
μέντοι however; of course adverb Particles 204
μένω, μενῶ, ἔμεινα, μεμένηκα stay, remain, endure, await verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
μέρος μέρους, τό part, share noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
μέσος μέση μέσον middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
μετά with (+gen.); after (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
μεταξύ between adverb Direction 357
μέχρι (+gen.) until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.) conjunction: subordinating Time 216
μή not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
μηδέ and not conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
μηδείς μηδεμία μηδέν no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
μήν [emphasizes preceding particle] adverb Particles 158
μήτε...μήτε neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
μήτηρ μητρός, ἡ mother noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
μίγνυμι, μείξω, ἔμειξα, μέμειγμαι, ἐμείχθην mix, mingle verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
μικρός –ά –όν small, little, short adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
μιμνήσκω, -μνήσω, -έμνησα, pf. μέμνημαι, ἐμνήσθην remind; (in pf. mid.) remember verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
μόνον only adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
μόνος μόνη μόνον alone, single adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
μυρίος μυρία μυρίον countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
ναί indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation) adverb Particles 513
ναός (νεώς) ναοῦ (νεώ), ὁ temple noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
ναῦς νεώς, ἡ ship noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
νέος νέα νέον young, new, fresh adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
νῆσος νήσου, ἡ island noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
νικάω, νικήσω, ἐνίκησα, νενίκηκα, νενίκημαι, ἐνικήθην conquer, win verb: contracted War and Peace 346
νίκη νίκης, ἡ victory noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
νομίζω, νομιῶ, ἐνόμισα, νενόμικα, νενόμισμαι, ἐνομίσθην think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.) verb: -ω dental stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 200
νόμος νόμου, ὁ custom, tradition, law noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
νόσος νόσου, ὁ disease, sickness noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
νοῦς (νόος), νοῦ (νόου), ὁ mind, perception, sense noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
νῦν, νυνί now adverb Time 93
νύξ νυκτός, ἡ night noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
ξένος ξένου, ὁ guest-friend; foreigner, stranger noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
ὁ ἡ τό the definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
ὄγδοος –η –ον eighth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
ὅδε ἥδε τόδε this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
ὁδός ὁδοῦ, ἡ road, way, path noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
ὅθεν from where, whence adverb Direction 328
οἶδα, infin. εἰδέναι, imper. ἴσθι, plupf. used as impf. ᾔδειν to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.) verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
οἰκεῖος οἰκεία οἰκεῖον domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
οἰκέω, οἰκήσω, ᾤκησα, ᾤκηκα, ᾠκήθην inhabit, occupy verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
οἰκία οἰκίας, ἡ building, house, dwelling noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
οἶκος οἴκου, ὁ house, home, family noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
οἴομαι or οἶμαι, οἰήσομαι, impf. ᾤμην, aor. ᾠήθην think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
οἷος οἵα οἷον such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
ὀκτώ eight adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
ὀλίγος ὀλίγη ὀλίγον little, small, few adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
ὅλος ὅλη ὅλον whole, entire, complete adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
ὅμοιος ὁμοία ὅμοιον like, resembling (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
ὁμολογέω, ὁμολογήσω, ὡμολόγησα, ὡμολόγηκα, ὡμολόγημαι, ὡμολογήθην agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
ὅμως nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
ὄνομα ὀνόματος, τό name; fame noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
ὀνομάζω, ὀνομάσω, ὠνόμασα, ὠνόμακα, ὠνόμασμαι, ὠνομάσθην call by name verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
ὀξύς ὀξεῖα ὀξύ sharp, keen, shrill, pungent adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
ὅπλον ὅπλου, τό weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.) noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
ὅπου where, wherever conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
ὅπως how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
ὁράω, ὄψομαι, 2 aor. εἶδον, ἑόρακα and ἑώρακα, ὤφθην, impf. ἑώρων see, look (to) verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
ὀρθός –ή –όν upright, straight, true, regular adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
ὁρμάω, ὁρμήσω, ὥρμησα, ὥρμηκα, ὥρμημαι, ὡρμήθην set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on verb: contracted Movement 450
ὄρος ὄρους, τό mountain, hill noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
ὅς ἥ ὅ who, which, that pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
ὅσος ὅση ὅσον however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
ὅσπερ ἥπερ ὅπερ the very one who, the very thing which pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
ὅστις ἥτις ὅ τι anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
ὅταν (ὅτε-ἄν) whenever (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
ὅτε when, whenever (+indic. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Time 185
ὅτι because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ not (with indicative verbs) adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
οὐδέ and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
οὐδείς οὐδεμία οὐδέν no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
οὐκέτι no longer, no more adverb Time 362
οὐκοῦν surely then (inviting assent to an inference) adverb Particles 483
οὖν therefore, accordingly; at any rate adverb Particles 44
οὐρανός –οῦ, ὁ sky, heaven noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
οὐσία οὐσίας, ἡ substance, property; essence noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
οὔτε...οὔτε neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
οὕτως in this way adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
ὀφθαλμός –οῦ, ὁ eye noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
πάθος πάθους, τό incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
παῖς παιδός, ὁ/ἡ son, daughter, child; slave noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
παλαιός –ά –όν old, ancient adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
πάλιν back, backwards; again adverb Direction 120
πάντως altogether, in all ways; at any rate adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
πάνυ altogether, entirely adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
παρά from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.) preposition Direction 46
παραδίδωμι, παραδώσω, παρέδωκα, παραδέδωκα, παραδέδομαι, παρεδόθην transmit, hand over, surrender verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
παρασκευάζω, παρασκευάσω, παρεσκεύασα get ready, prepare, provide verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
πάρειμι be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
παρέχω, παρέξω, παρέσχον, παρέσχηκα, impf. παρεῖχον provide, present, offer; allow, grant verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
πᾶς πᾶσα πᾶν every, all; whole (with article) noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
πάσχω, πείσομαι, ἔπαθον, πέπονθα suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
πατήρ πατρός, ὁ father noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
πατρίς πατρίδος, ἡ fatherland noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
παύω, παύσω, ἔπαυσα, πέπαυκα, πέπαυμαι, ἐπαύθην stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
πείθω, πείσω, ἔπεισα, πέποιθα, πέπεισμαι, ἐπείσθην persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
πειράω (usually mid. πειράομαι), πειράσομαι, ἐπείρασα, πεπείραμαι, ἐπειράθην attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.) verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
πεμπτός –ή –όν fifth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
πέμπω, πέμψω, ἔπεμψα, πέπομφα, πέπεμμαι, ἐπέμφθην send verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
πέντε five adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
περ [enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis] adverb Particles 495
περί around, about; concerning (+gen.) preposition Direction 31
πίνω, πίομαι, 2 aor. ἔπιον, πέπωκα, -πέπομαι, -επόθην drink verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
πίπτω, πεσοῦμαι, ἔπεσον, πέπτωκα fall, fall down verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
πιστεύω, πιστεύσω, ἐπίστευσα, πεπίστευκα, πεπίστευμαι, ἐπιστεύθην trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
πίστις πίστεως, ἡ trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
πλεῖστος πλείστη πλεῖστον most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
πλέον more, rather adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
πλέω, πλεύσομαι, ἔπλευσα, πέπλευκα, πέπλευσμαι, ἐπλεύσθην sail verb: contracted Government and Society 156
πλέων πλέον more, larger (comp. of πολύς) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
πλῆθος πλήθους, τό mass, throng, crowd; number noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
πλήν (prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
πνεῦμα πνεύματος, τό wind, breath, spirit noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
ποιέω, ποιήσω, ἐποίησα, πεποίηκα, πεποίημαι, ἐποιήθην make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
ποιητής –οῦ, ὁ creator, poet noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
ποῖος ποία ποῖον what sort of? adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
πολεμέω, πολεμήσω, ἐπολέμησα, πεπολέμηκα make war verb: contracted War and Peace 459
πολέμιος πολεμία πολέμιον hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
πόλεμος πολέμου ὁ war noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
πόλις πόλεως, ἡ city, city-state noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
πολιτεία –ας, ἡ constitution, citizenship, republic noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
πολλάκις often adverb Time 252
πολύς πολλή πολύ much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
πονηρός –ά –όν worthless, bad, wicked adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
πόνος πόνου, ὁ work, labor; stress, trouble, pain noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
πορεύω, πορεύσω, ἐπόρευσα, πεπόρευμαι, ἐπορεύθην carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
ποταμός –οῦ, ὁ river, stream noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
πότε when? adverb Time 519
ποτε (enclitic) at some time, ever, in the world adverb Time 125
πότερος ποτέρα πότερον which of the two? πότερον whether adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
που (enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion) adverb Particles 327
ποῦ where pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
πούς ποδός, ὁ foot noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
πρᾶγμα πράγματος, τό thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
πρᾶξις πράξεως, ἡ action, transaction, business noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
πράσσω, πράξω, ἔπραξα, πέπραχα, πέπραγμαι, ἐπράχθην do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
πρέσβυς πρέσβεως, ὁ old man; (pl.) ambassadors noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
πρίν before, until conjunction: subordinating Time 359
πρό before, in front of (+gen.) preposition Time 203
πρός from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.) preposition Direction 22
προσήκω προσήξω belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
προστίθημι, προσθήσω, προσέθηκα, προστέθηκα, προστέθειμαι (but commonly προσκεῖμαι instead), προσετέθην add; (med.) join verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
πρόσωπον προσώπου, τό face, mask, person noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
πρότερος προτέρα πρότερον before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
πρῶτος πρώτη πρῶτον first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
πυνθάνομαι, πεύσομαι, 2 aor. ἐπυθόμην, πέπυσμαι learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
πῦρ πυρός, τό fire noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
πῶς how? adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
πως (enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way adverb Particles 403
ῥᾴδιος ῥᾳδία ῥᾴδιον easy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
σαφής σαφές clear, distinct, plain adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
σημεῖον σημείου, τό sign, signal, mark noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
σκοπέω, σκοπήσω, ἐσκόπησα look at, watch; look into, consider, examine verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
σός σή σόν your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
σοφός –ή –όν wise, clever, skilled adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
στάδιον σταδίου, τό (pl. στάδια and στάδιοι) stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
στόμα στόματος, τό mouth, face, opening noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
στρατηγός –οῦ, ὁ leader of an army, commander, general noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
στρατιά –ᾶς, ἡ army noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
στρατιώτης –ου, ὁ soldier noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
στρατός –οῦ, ὁ army noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
σύ, σοῦ, (pl.) ὑμεῖς, ὑμῶν you pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
συμβαίνω, συμβήσομαι, 2 aor. συνέβην, συμβέβηκα meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
σύμμαχος –ον allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
συμφέρω, συνοίσω, 1 aor. συνήνεγκα benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
συμφορά –ᾶς, ἡ event, circumstance, misfortune noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
σύν with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means) preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
σχῆμα σχήματος, τό form, figure, appearance, character noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
σῴζω, σώσω, ἔσωσα, σέσωκα, ἐσώθην save verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
σῶμα σώματος, τό body noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
σωτηρία σωτηρίας, ἡ safety, deliverance noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
τάξις τάξεως, ἡ arrangement, order; military unit noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
τάσσω, τάξω, ἔταξα, τέταχα, τέταγμαι, ἐτάχθην arrange, put in order verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
ταχύς ταχεῖα ταχύ quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
τε and; τε…τε both…and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
τεῖχος τείχους, τό wall noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
τέκνον τέκνου, τό child noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
τελευτάω, τελευτήσω, ἐτελεύτησα, τετελεύτηκα, τετελεύτημαι, ἐτελευτήθην finish; die verb: contracted Life and Death 365
τέλος τέλους, τό end, fulfillment, achievement noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
τέμνω, τεμῶ, 2 aor. ἔτεμον, -τέτμηκα, τέτμημαι, ἐτμήθην cut, cut down, cut to pieces verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
τέταρτος –η –ον fourth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
τέτταρες τέτταρα four adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
τέχνη τέχνης, ἡ art, skill, craft noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
τίθημι, θήσω, ἔθηκα, τέθηκα, τέθειμαι (but usu. κεῖμαι instead), ἐτέθην to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
τίκτω, τέξω or τέξομαι, ἔτεκον, τέτοκα, τέτεγμαι, ἐτέχθην beget, give birth to, produce verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
τιμάω, τιμήσω, ἐτίμησα, τετίμηκα, τετίμημαι, ἐτιμήθην to honor verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
τιμή τιμῆς, ἡ honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
τις τι someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
τίς τί who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
τοίνυν (τοί-νυν) therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional) adverb Particles 245
τοιόσδε τοιάδε τοιόνδε such (as this), of such a sort (as this) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
τοιοῦτος τοιαύτη τοιοῦτο such, of such a sort adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
τολμάω, τολμήσω, ἐτόλμησα, τετόλμηκα, τετόλμημαι, ἐτολμήθην have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
τόπος τόπου, ὁ place; topic noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
τοσοῦτος –αύτη –οῦτο(ν) so large, so much adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
τότε then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν) adverb Time 157
τρεῖς τρία three adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
τρέπω, τρέψω, ἔτρεψα, τέτροφα, ἐτράπην turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
τρέφω, θρέψω, ἔθρεψα, τέθραμμαι, ἐτράφην nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
τριάκοντα thirty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
τριακοστός –ή –όν thirtieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
τρίτος –η –ον third adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
τρόπος τρόπου, ὁ way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
τροφή τροφῆς, ἡ nourishment, food noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
τυγχάνω, τεύξομαι, ἔτυχον, τετύχηκα. τέτυγμαι, ἐτύχθην hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.) verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
τύχη τύχης, ἡ luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
ὕδωρ ὕδατος, τό water noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
υἱός υἱοῦ, ὁ son noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
ὑμέτερος ὑμετέρα ὑμέτερον your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
ὑπάρχω, ὑπάρξω, ὑπῆρξα, ὑπῆργμαι, ὑπήρχθην exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
ὑπέρ for (+gen), beyond (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
ὑπό under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.) preposition Direction 42
ὑπολαμβάνω, ὑπολήψομαι, ὑπέλαβον, ὑπείληφα, ὑπείλημμαι, ὑπελήφθην take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
ὕστερος ὑστέρα ὕστερον coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
φαίνω, φανῶ, ἔφηνα, πέφηνα, πέφασμαι, ἐφάνην bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.) verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
φανερός –ά –όν clear, evident adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
φέρω, οἴσω, 1 aor. ἤνεγκα, 2 aor. ἤνεγκον, ἐνήνοχα, ἐνήνεγμαι, ἠνέχθην carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
φεύγω, φεύξομαι, ἔφυγον, πέφευγα flee, run away, avoid, shun verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
φημί, φήσω, impf. ἔφην say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
φίλος φίλη φίλον beloved, dear; friendly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
φοβέω, φοβήσω, ἐφόβησα, πεφόβημαι, ἐφοβήθην put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
φόβος φόβου, ὁ panic, fear, flight noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
φράζω, φράσω, ἔφρασα, πέφρακα, πέφρασμαι, ἐφράσθην tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
φρονέω, φρονήσω, ἐφρόνησα think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.) verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
φυλάσσω, φυλάξω, ἐφύλαξα, πεφύλαχα, πεφύλαγμαι, ἐφυλάχθην watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.) verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
φύσις φύσεως, ἡ nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
φύω, φύσω, ἔφυσα bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
φωνή φωνῆς, ἡ sound, voice noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
φῶς φωτός, τό light, daylight noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
χαίρω, χαιρήσω, κεχάρηκα, κεχάρημαι, ἐχάρην to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
χαλεπός –ή –όν difficult, troublesome adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
χαλκοῦς –ῆ –οῦν of copper or bronze adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
χάρις χάριτος, ἡ splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
χείρ χειρός, ἡ hand noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
χείρων χεῖρον worse, inferior (comp. of κακός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
χράομαι, χρήσομαι, ἐχρησάμην, κέχρημαι, ἐχρήσθην use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.) verb: deponent Government and Society 104
χρή, impf. χρῆν or ἐχρῆν, infin. χρῆναι it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
χρῆμα χρήματος, τό thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
χρήσιμος χρησίμη χρήσιμον useful, serviceable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
χρόνος χρόνου, ὁ time noun: 2nd declension Time 106
χώρα χώρας, ἡ land; place noun: 1st declension Earth 188
χωρίον χωρίου, τό place, spot, district noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
χωρίς separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from adverb Direction 330
ψυχή ψυχῆς, ἡ breath, life, soul noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative) interjection Particles 112
ὧδε thus, in this way; hither, here adverb Direction 466
ὡς as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
ὥσπερ just as, as if conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
ὥστε (introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86

Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list