Greek Core Vocabulary

HEADWORDsort descending DEFINITION PART OF SPEECH SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANK
good, virtuous, brave, noble
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
report, tell
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
lead, carry, bring; pass (time)
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
contest; struggle
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
brother
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
do wrong; injure
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
unjust
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
impossible; powerless
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
always
adverb Time 152
blood
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
take up, lift up; remove
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
perceive, understand, hear, learn
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
ugly, shameful, disgraceful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
ask (for), beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
cause, origin; charge, accusation
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
responsible, guilty
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
listen (to), hear (of)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
exact, accurate, precise
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
truth
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
true
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω)
verb: deponent War and Peace 469
but
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
otherwise
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.)
adverb Time 146
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake
verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
about, around
preposition Direction 498
both
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)]
adverb Particles 34
up, on; throughout
preposition Direction 36
necessity
noun: 1st declension World Order 184
raise, take up; kill, destroy
verb: contracted War and Peace 291
without (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
man, husband
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
human being
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
opposite (+gen.)
preposition Direction 209
up, upwards
adverb Direction 316
worthy, deserving
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
set free, release, deliver
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
all together
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
simply, singly, in one way
adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
from (+gen.)
preposition Direction 40
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
die
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
kill
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die
verb: -μι Life and Death 279
[introduces a question]
adverb Particles 480
therefore, then (drawing an inference)
adverb Particles 102
money
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
number
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy
noun: 1st declension Time 87
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
moreover; on the other hand; back (again)
adverb Particles 349
at once, immediately
adverb Time 492
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 2
take from, take away
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
send away, let go; let alone, neglect
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
come to, arrive at
verb: deponent Movement 320
walk, come, go
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
heavy, grievous, tiresome
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
king
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
better (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
life
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
see, look (at)
verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
help, assist (+dat.)
verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes
verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
bull, ox, cow
noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
brief, short
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming)
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate
adverb Particles 59
race, family; kind, class
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
earth
noun: 1st declension Earth 94
become; be born; happen, be
verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
tongue; language
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s)
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment
noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
write
verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
woman, wife
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
spirit, god, demon
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
and; but
conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
fear
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
show, point out
verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
ten
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
tenth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
master (of the household); absolute ruler
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
second
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
take, accept; welcome, entertain
verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness)
adverb Particles 60
visible, clear, manifest
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
show, declare, explain
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις)
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
destroy; corrupt
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
difference, disagreement
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
teach
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
give, grant, offer
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
right, just
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
pursue
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
slave
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
do, accomplish
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to)
verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
power, strength, ability
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
strong, powerful, able
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
two
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
seventh
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
I, we
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to)
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
nation
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
I saw
verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
twenty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
twentieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι)
verb: -μι Movement 224
be, exist
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί
verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
peace
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
into, to, towards (+acc.)
preposition Direction 18
one
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
then, next
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
whether…or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
from, out of (+gen.)
preposition Direction 29
each (of several)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
each (of two)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
hundred
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
hundredth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
there
adverb Direction 373
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
sixth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
drive, set in motion
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
free, independent
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
hope; expectation
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
my, mine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
in, among (+dat.)
preposition Direction 9
opposite, facing; opposing
preposition Direction 163
ninth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
there
adverb Direction 405
nine
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
here, there
adverb Direction 260
six
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
outside; except
adverb Direction 371
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit
verb: irregular Characteristics 270
after, since, when
conjunction: subordinating Time 75
then, next
adverb Time 255
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.)
preposition Direction 19
knowledge, understanding, skill
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
follow
verb: deponent Movement 301
word, speech, tale; prophecy
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
seven
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
work, labor
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
work, achievement, exploit
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
ask, ask one about (+double acc.)
verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
come, go
verb: deponent Movement 138
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
the other (of two); other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
still, yet
adverb Time 82
year
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
find (out), discover, devise
verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
have, hold, keep
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
until; while, so long as
conjunction: subordinating Time 268
live
verb: contracted Life and Death 189
seek
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
living being, animal
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
truly (emphasizes what follows)
adverb Particles 243
guide, leader, commander
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future)
adverb Time 129
pleasure, enjoyment
noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
sweet, pleasant
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
I have come, I am present
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
sun
noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
day
noun: 1st declension World Order 89
our
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
the sea
noun: 1st declension Earth 214
death
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at)
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
god, goddess
noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
to die, be dying
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
daughter
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind
noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
sacrifice
verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
holy, venerated, divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
horseman, rider, charioteer
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
horse
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
equal, the same as (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
make to stand, set
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
strong
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
equally, probably, perhaps
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
the right time
noun: 2nd declension Time 231
and indeed, and yet
adverb Particles 352
bad, wicked, cowardly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
call, summon
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
beautiful, noble, honorable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
even if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one.
preposition Direction 20
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
equip, furnish, make ready
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι)
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
head
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
danger
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
set in motion, move, rouse
verb: contracted Movement 172
common, shared, mutual
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
take care of, provide for
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe
noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.)
verb: contracted Government and Society 298
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
judge, decide, determine
verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
get, gain, acquire
verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
lord, master
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
talk, chatter, babble
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
take, grasp, seize; receive, get
verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget
verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
the people, folk
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count
verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
leave, abandon
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
stone
noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
rest, remaining, rest-of-the
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
long, tall, large, long-lasting
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
very, very much
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
learn, ascertain
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
witness
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
battle
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
fight (against) (+dat.)
verb: deponent War and Peace 382
big, great, powerful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
greatness, size, magnitude
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed
conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
however; of course
adverb Particles 204
stay, remain, endure, await
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
part, share
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
with (+gen.); after (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
between
adverb Direction 357
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 216
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
and not
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
[emphasizes preceding particle]
adverb Particles 158
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
mother
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
mix, mingle
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
small, little, short
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
only
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
alone, single
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation)
adverb Particles 513
temple
noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
ship
noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
young, new, fresh
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
island
noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
conquer, win
verb: contracted War and Peace 346
victory
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.)
verb: -ω dental stem 200
custom, tradition, law
noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
disease, sickness
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
mind, perception, sense
noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
now
adverb Time 93
night
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
the
definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
eighth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
road, way, path
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
from where, whence
adverb Direction 328
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.)
verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
inhabit, occupy
verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
building, house, dwelling
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
house, home, family
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
eight
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
little, small, few
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
whole, entire, complete
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
like, resembling (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
name; fame
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
call by name
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.)
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
where, wherever
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
see, look (to)
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
upright, straight, true, regular
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on
verb: contracted Movement 450
mountain, hill
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
who, which, that
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
the very one who, the very thing which
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
whenever (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 185
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
not (with indicative verbs)
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
no longer, no more
adverb Time 362
surely then (inviting assent to an inference)
adverb Particles 483
therefore, accordingly; at any rate
adverb Particles 44
sky, heaven
noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
substance, property; essence
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
in this way
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
eye
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
son, daughter, child; slave
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
old, ancient
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
back, backwards; again
adverb Direction 120
altogether, in all ways; at any rate
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
altogether, entirely
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 46
transmit, hand over, surrender
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
get ready, prepare, provide
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
provide, present, offer; allow, grant
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
every, all; whole (with article)
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
father
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
fatherland
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease
verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
fifth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
send
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
five
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis]
adverb Particles 495
around, about; concerning (+gen.)
preposition Direction 31
drink
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
fall, fall down
verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
more, rather
adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
sail
verb: contracted Government and Society 156
more, larger (comp. of πολύς)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
mass, throng, crowd; number
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but
preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
wind, breath, spirit
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
creator, poet
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
what sort of?
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
make war
verb: contracted War and Peace 459
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
war
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
city, city-state
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
constitution, citizenship, republic
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
often
adverb Time 252
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
worthless, bad, wicked
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march
verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
river, stream
noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
when?
adverb Time 519
at some time, ever, in the world
adverb Time 125
which of the two? πότερον whether
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion)
adverb Particles 327
where
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
foot
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
action, transaction, business
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
old man; (pl.) ambassadors
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
before, until
conjunction: subordinating Time 359
before, in front of (+gen.)
preposition Time 203
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 22
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties
verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
add; (med.) join
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
face, mask, person
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
fire
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
how?
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way
adverb Particles 403
easy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
clear, distinct, plain
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
sign, signal, mark
noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
wise, clever, skilled
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
mouth, face, opening
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
leader of an army, commander, general
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
army
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
soldier
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
army
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
you
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result
verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage
verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
event, circumstance, misfortune
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
form, figure, appearance, character
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
save
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
body
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
safety, deliverance
noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
arrangement, order; military unit
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
arrange, put in order
verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
and; τε…τε both…and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
wall
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
child
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
finish; die
verb: contracted Life and Death 365
end, fulfillment, achievement
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
cut, cut down, cut to pieces
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
fourth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
four
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
art, skill, craft
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
beget, give birth to, produce
verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
to honor
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional)
adverb Particles 245
such (as this), of such a sort (as this)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
such, of such a sort
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
place; topic
noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
so large, so much
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν)
adverb Time 157
three
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate
verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
thirty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
thirtieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
third
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom
noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
nourishment, food
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
water
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
son
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances
verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.)
preposition Direction 42
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
clear, evident
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well
verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
flee, run away, avoid, shun
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not
verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
beloved, dear; friendly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
panic, fear, flight
noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.)
verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.)
verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature
verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
sound, voice
noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
light, daylight
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
difficult, troublesome
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
of copper or bronze
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
hand
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.)
verb: deponent Government and Society 104
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
useful, serviceable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
time
noun: 2nd declension Time 106
land; place
noun: 1st declension Earth 188
place, spot, district
noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from
adverb Direction 330
breath, life, soul
noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative)
interjection Particles 112
thus, in this way; hither, here
adverb Direction 466
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
just as, as if
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list