Greek Core Vocabulary

HEADWORD DEFINITION PART OF SPEECHsort descending SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANK
heavy, grievous, tiresome
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
sweet, pleasant
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
brief, short
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
good, virtuous, brave, noble
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
little, small, few
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
free, independent
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 2
beautiful, noble, honorable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
old, ancient
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
small, little, short
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
useful, serviceable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
whole, entire, complete
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
holy, venerated, divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
so large, so much
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
ugly, shameful, disgraceful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
rest, remaining, rest-of-the
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
bad, wicked, cowardly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
responsible, guilty
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
our
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
strong, powerful, able
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
difficult, troublesome
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
impossible; powerless
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
upright, straight, true, regular
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
wise, clever, skilled
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
both
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
alone, single
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
such, of such a sort
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
long, tall, large, long-lasting
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
strong
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
the other (of two); other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
which of the two? πότερον whether
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
young, new, fresh
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
such (as this), of such a sort (as this)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
clear, evident
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
of copper or bronze
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
big, great, powerful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
right, just
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
my, mine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
unjust
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
what sort of?
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
equal, the same as (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
easy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
worthy, deserving
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
visible, clear, manifest
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
beloved, dear; friendly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
like, resembling (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
worthless, bad, wicked
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
common, shared, mutual
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
true
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
clear, distinct, plain
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
exact, accurate, precise
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
better (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
more, larger (comp. of πολύς)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
thirty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
twenty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
thirtieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
six
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
seventh
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
fourth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
hundredth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
seven
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
eighth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
sixth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
third
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
eight
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
ninth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
fifth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
two
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
second
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
nine
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
tenth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
four
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
one
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
three
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
hundred
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
ten
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
twentieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
five
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
very, very much
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from
adverb Direction 330
therefore, then (drawing an inference)
adverb Particles 102
outside; except
adverb Direction 371
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future)
adverb Time 129
at once, immediately
adverb Time 492
then, next
adverb Time 255
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate
adverb Particles 59
no longer, no more
adverb Time 362
always
adverb Time 152
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional)
adverb Particles 245
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis]
adverb Particles 495
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion)
adverb Particles 327
more, rather
adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
however; of course
adverb Particles 204
here, there
adverb Direction 260
back, backwards; again
adverb Direction 120
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
from where, whence
adverb Direction 328
therefore, accordingly; at any rate
adverb Particles 44
[introduces a question]
adverb Particles 480
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.)
adverb Time 146
and indeed, and yet
adverb Particles 352
[emphasizes preceding particle]
adverb Particles 158
truly (emphasizes what follows)
adverb Particles 243
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way
adverb Particles 403
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
there
adverb Direction 405
how?
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
otherwise
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
still, yet
adverb Time 82
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation)
adverb Particles 513
between
adverb Direction 357
surely then (inviting assent to an inference)
adverb Particles 483
now
adverb Time 93
altogether, entirely
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)]
adverb Particles 34
there
adverb Direction 373
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
up, upwards
adverb Direction 316
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
only
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
when?
adverb Time 519
then, next
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν)
adverb Time 157
altogether, in all ways; at any rate
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness)
adverb Particles 60
at some time, ever, in the world
adverb Time 125
not (with indicative verbs)
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
simply, singly, in one way
adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
thus, in this way; hither, here
adverb Direction 466
equally, probably, perhaps
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
moreover; on the other hand; back (again)
adverb Particles 349
in this way
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
often
adverb Time 252
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming)
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
and; τε…τε both…and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed
conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
but
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
and not
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
and; but
conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
whether…or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
where, wherever
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
even if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
until; while, so long as
conjunction: subordinating Time 268
after, since, when
conjunction: subordinating Time 75
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 185
if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 216
whenever (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
before, until
conjunction: subordinating Time 359
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
just as, as if
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
the
definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative)
interjection Particles 112
pleasure, enjoyment
noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
safety, deliverance
noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
cause, origin; charge, accusation
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
battle
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
nourishment, food
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
knowledge, understanding, skill
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
necessity
noun: 1st declension World Order 184
peace
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment
noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
master (of the household); absolute ruler
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
earth
noun: 1st declension Earth 94
the sea
noun: 1st declension Earth 214
building, house, dwelling
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
sound, voice
noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
head
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
army
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
land; place
noun: 1st declension Earth 188
difference, disagreement
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
truth
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
victory
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy
noun: 1st declension Time 87
art, skill, craft
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
constitution, citizenship, republic
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
event, circumstance, misfortune
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
tongue; language
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
day
noun: 1st declension World Order 89
substance, property; essence
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
breath, life, soul
noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
number
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
soldier
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
sign, signal, mark
noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
slave
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
horse
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
stone
noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις)
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe
noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
house, home, family
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
eye
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
mind, perception, sense
noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
work, achievement, exploit
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
road, way, path
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
army
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
place, spot, district
noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
child
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.)
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom
noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
river, stream
noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
disease, sickness
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
temple
noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
creator, poet
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
sky, heaven
noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
panic, fear, flight
noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
life
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
time
noun: 2nd declension Time 106
leader of an army, commander, general
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
danger
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
human being
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
god, goddess
noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
the people, folk
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
custom, tradition, law
noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
son
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
sun
noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
death
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
war
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
face, mask, person
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
brother
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind
noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
living being, animal
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
island
noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
the right time
noun: 2nd declension Time 231
lord, master
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
money
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
place; topic
noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
horseman, rider, charioteer
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
king
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
old man; (pl.) ambassadors
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
fatherland
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
name; fame
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
form, figure, appearance, character
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
blood
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
hand
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
guide, leader, commander
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
spirit, god, demon
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
fire
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s)
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
body
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
hope; expectation
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
contest; struggle
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
wind, breath, spirit
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
mouth, face, opening
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
night
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
son, daughter, child; slave
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
water
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
witness
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
light, daylight
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
foot
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
daughter
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
woman, wife
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
man, husband
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
ship
noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
every, all; whole (with article)
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
father
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
all together
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
mother
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
bull, ox, cow
noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
action, transaction, business
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
arrangement, order; military unit
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
power, strength, ability
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
city, city-state
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
race, family; kind, class
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
part, share
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
end, fulfillment, achievement
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
year
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
mass, throng, crowd; number
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
word, speech, tale; prophecy
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
mountain, hill
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
wall
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
greatness, size, magnitude
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
nation
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but
preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
before, in front of (+gen.)
preposition Time 203
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 46
up, on; throughout
preposition Direction 36
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.)
preposition Direction 42
from, out of (+gen.)
preposition Direction 29
without (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
about, around
preposition Direction 498
into, to, towards (+acc.)
preposition Direction 18
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
opposite, facing; opposing
preposition Direction 163
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one.
preposition Direction 20
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
from (+gen.)
preposition Direction 40
in, among (+dat.)
preposition Direction 9
with (+gen.); after (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.)
preposition Direction 19
around, about; concerning (+gen.)
preposition Direction 31
opposite (+gen.)
preposition Direction 209
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 22
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
who, which, that
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
where
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
each (of two)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
each (of several)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
I, we
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
the very one who, the very thing which
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
you
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not
verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
give, grant, offer
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
add; (med.) join
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
transmit, hand over, surrender
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
mix, mingle
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι)
verb: -μι Movement 224
send away, let go; let alone, neglect
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die
verb: -μι Life and Death 279
make to stand, set
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
show, point out
verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
get ready, prepare, provide
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
fall, fall down
verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
save
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at)
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
beget, give birth to, produce
verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.)
verb: -ω dental stem 200
fear
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
set free, release, deliver
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
call by name
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
take care of, provide for
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
equip, furnish, make ready
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
write
verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate
verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
leave, abandon
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
send
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
see, look (at)
verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
walk, come, go
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
judge, decide, determine
verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to)
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
stay, remain, endure, await
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake
verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result
verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
drive, set in motion
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
destroy; corrupt
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
take, grasp, seize; receive, get
verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
cut, cut down, cut to pieces
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
learn, ascertain
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget
verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
drink
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
kill
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
report, tell
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
arrange, put in order
verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
die
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
flee, run away, avoid, shun
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances
verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
provide, present, offer; allow, grant
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count
verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
take up, lift up; remove
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.)
verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties
verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
teach
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
have, hold, keep
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
find (out), discover, devise
verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
to die, be dying
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
lead, carry, bring; pass (time)
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
I have come, I am present
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
pursue
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
sacrifice
verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march
verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature
verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease
verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
listen (to), hear (of)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
raise, take up; kill, destroy
verb: contracted War and Peace 291
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on
verb: contracted Movement 450
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.)
verb: contracted Government and Society 298
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
help, assist (+dat.)
verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
to honor
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
seek
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
inhabit, occupy
verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
show, declare, explain
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
talk, chatter, babble
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
set in motion, move, rouse
verb: contracted Movement 172
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
finish; die
verb: contracted Life and Death 365
conquer, win
verb: contracted War and Peace 346
do, accomplish
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
ask (for), beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
call, summon
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.)
verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
sail
verb: contracted Government and Society 156
take from, take away
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
do wrong; injure
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
live
verb: contracted Life and Death 189
make war
verb: contracted War and Peace 459
see, look (to)
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.)
verb: deponent Government and Society 104
take, accept; welcome, entertain
verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
come to, arrive at
verb: deponent Movement 320
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι)
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
follow
verb: deponent Movement 301
work, labor
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
come, go
verb: deponent Movement 138
become; be born; happen, be
verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
perceive, understand, hear, learn
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes
verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω)
verb: deponent War and Peace 469
ask, ask one about (+double acc.)
verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
get, gain, acquire
verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
fight (against) (+dat.)
verb: deponent War and Peace 382
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to)
verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit
verb: irregular Characteristics 270
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage
verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
I saw
verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well
verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί
verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
be, exist
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.)
verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list