Greek Core Vocabulary

HEADWORD DEFINITION PART OF SPEECH SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANKsort ascending
hundredth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
report, tell
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
twentieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
ninth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
eighth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
when?
adverb Time 519
nine
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
thirtieth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
sixth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
eight
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
light, daylight
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation)
adverb Particles 513
where
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
seventh
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
of copper or bronze
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
witness
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
fifth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
six
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
thirty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
money
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
army
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
word, speech, tale; prophecy
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
victory
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
hundred
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
event, circumstance, misfortune
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
about, around
preposition Direction 498
army
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
free, independent
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis]
adverb Particles 495
walk, come, go
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
tenth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
at once, immediately
adverb Time 492
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
twenty
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
unjust
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
master (of the household); absolute ruler
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
seven
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
tongue; language
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
surely then (inviting assent to an inference)
adverb Particles 483
spirit, god, demon
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
pursue
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
[introduces a question]
adverb Particles 480
safety, deliverance
noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
ask (for), beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
very, very much
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
set free, release, deliver
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
help, assist (+dat.)
verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
ten
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω)
verb: deponent War and Peace 469
peace
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
ugly, shameful, disgraceful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
thus, in this way; hither, here
adverb Direction 466
heavy, grievous, tiresome
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
guide, leader, commander
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
fear
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
drive, set in motion
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
sacrifice
verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
make war
verb: contracted War and Peace 459
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s)
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
our
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
bull, ox, cow
noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
do, accomplish
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
talk, chatter, babble
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
get ready, prepare, provide
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on
verb: contracted Movement 450
such (as this), of such a sort (as this)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.)
verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
constitution, citizenship, republic
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
panic, fear, flight
noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
see, look (at)
verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind
noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
take care of, provide for
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
beget, give birth to, produce
verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment
noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
hope; expectation
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
leave, abandon
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
get, gain, acquire
verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
horseman, rider, charioteer
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
danger
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
five
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply
verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march
verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
altogether, in all ways; at any rate
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
better (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget
verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
creator, poet
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.)
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
what sort of?
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
useful, serviceable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
cut, cut down, cut to pieces
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
slave
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage
verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
where, wherever
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
worthless, bad, wicked
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
arrangement, order; military unit
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
there
adverb Direction 405
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way
adverb Particles 403
destroy; corrupt
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake
verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
contest; struggle
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
equip, furnish, make ready
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
fourth
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
fall, fall down
verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
simply, singly, in one way
adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
which of the two? πότερον whether
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
without (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
soldier
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
kill
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
take up, lift up; remove
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
equally, probably, perhaps
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
wall
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
to honor
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy
verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
to die, be dying
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
fight (against) (+dat.)
verb: deponent War and Peace 382
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel
verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
child
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
difficult, troublesome
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
perceive, understand, hear, learn
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at)
verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
knowledge, understanding, skill
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
there
adverb Direction 373
island
noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
outside; except
adverb Direction 371
transmit, hand over, surrender
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
building, house, dwelling
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
daughter
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
the people, folk
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
mix, mingle
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
finish; die
verb: contracted Life and Death 365
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease
verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
old man; (pl.) ambassadors
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
no longer, no more
adverb Time 362
leader of an army, commander, general
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
do wrong; injure
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
before, until
conjunction: subordinating Time 359
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties
verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
between
adverb Direction 357
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose
noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
more, larger (comp. of πολύς)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
more, rather
adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
and indeed, and yet
adverb Particles 352
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
fatherland
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
moreover; on the other hand; back (again)
adverb Particles 349
temple
noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.)
verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
conquer, win
verb: contracted War and Peace 346
wise, clever, skilled
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
clear, distinct, plain
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
action, transaction, business
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
otherwise
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
send away, let go; let alone, neglect
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
old, ancient
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
stone
noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
disease, sickness
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
sweet, pleasant
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
place, spot, district
noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
truth
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
strong
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
brief, short
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from
adverb Direction 330
mouth, face, opening
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
from where, whence
adverb Direction 328
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion)
adverb Particles 327
exact, accurate, precise
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
impossible; powerless
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate
verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
battle
noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
work, labor
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
come to, arrive at
verb: deponent Movement 320
take, accept; welcome, entertain
verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
eye
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
arrange, put in order
verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
up, upwards
adverb Direction 316
teach
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
face, mask, person
noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
clear, evident
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
take from, take away
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
easy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
house, home, family
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
strong, powerful, able
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
four
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but
preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
mountain, hill
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
follow
verb: deponent Movement 301
sky, heaven
noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις)
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.)
verb: contracted Government and Society 298
difference, disagreement
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
mother
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
pleasure, enjoyment
noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
I have come, I am present
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
long, tall, large, long-lasting
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
raise, take up; kill, destroy
verb: contracted War and Peace 291
judge, decide, determine
verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
altogether, entirely
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
die
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
stay, remain, endure, await
verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
mind, perception, sense
noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
nation
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
road, way, path
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
night
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
death
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die
verb: -μι Life and Death 279
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
sound, voice
noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
send
verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
save
verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
art, skill, craft
noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
even if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit
verb: irregular Characteristics 270
young, new, fresh
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
until; while, so long as
conjunction: subordinating Time 268
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim
verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
add; (med.) join
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
blood
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe
noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
horse
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
flee, run away, avoid, shun
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
here, there
adverb Direction 260
learn, ascertain
verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
nourishment, food
noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
form, figure, appearance, character
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
seek
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
then, next
adverb Time 255
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
drink
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
often
adverb Time 252
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι)
verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
whether…or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
greatness, size, magnitude
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
brother
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
ask, ask one about (+double acc.)
verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional)
adverb Particles 245
visible, clear, manifest
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
truly (emphasizes what follows)
adverb Particles 243
worthy, deserving
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
end, fulfillment, achievement
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
show, declare, explain
verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
each (of two)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
provide, present, offer; allow, grant
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
sign, signal, mark
noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
both
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
inhabit, occupy
verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
the right time
noun: 2nd declension Time 231
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.)
verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
number
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
substance, property; essence
noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
river, stream
noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι)
verb: -μι Movement 224
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately
adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
holy, venerated, divine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
foot
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός)
adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
fire
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
head
noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 216
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
the sea
noun: 1st declension Earth 214
upright, straight, true, regular
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
wind, breath, spirit
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
third
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
ship
noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
opposite (+gen.)
preposition Direction 209
year
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery
noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
call by name
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
however; of course
adverb Particles 204
before, in front of (+gen.)
preposition Time 203
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion
noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.)
verb: -ω dental stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 200
life
noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
three
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.)
verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
cause, origin; charge, accusation
noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
sun
noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
mass, throng, crowd; number
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
live
verb: contracted Life and Death 189
land; place
noun: 1st declension Earth 188
war
noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
second
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.)
conjunction: subordinating Time 185
necessity
noun: 1st declension World Order 184
rest, remaining, rest-of-the
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to)
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to
verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
right, just
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
true
adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
then, next
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
so large, so much
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
the very one who, the very thing which
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
how?
adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
set in motion, move, rouse
verb: contracted Movement 172
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.)
verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
common, shared, mutual
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
custom, tradition, law
noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
little, small, few
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
and not
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
hand
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
I saw
verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
opposite, facing; opposing
preposition Direction 163
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
living being, animal
noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
show, point out
verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
[emphasizes preceding particle]
adverb Particles 158
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν)
adverb Time 157
sail
verb: contracted Government and Society 156
work, achievement, exploit
noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result
verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
beloved, dear; friendly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
always
adverb Time 152
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom
noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
lead, carry, bring; pass (time)
verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.)
adverb Time 146
make to stand, set
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.)
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
water
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
son
noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
come, go
verb: deponent Movement 138
son, daughter, child; slave
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
find (out), discover, devise
verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.)
verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
place; topic
noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
race, family; kind, class
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
listen (to), hear (of)
verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
father
noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future)
adverb Time 129
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
name; fame
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
at some time, ever, in the world
adverb Time 125
woman, wife
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.)
verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances
verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
back, backwards; again
adverb Direction 120
responsible, guilty
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
breath, life, soul
noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well
verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
write
verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.)
verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes
verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative)
interjection Particles 112
king
noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.)
verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
only
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
whenever (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
equal, the same as (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
time
noun: 2nd declension Time 106
two
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.)
verb: deponent Government and Society 104
my, mine
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
therefore, then (drawing an inference)
adverb Particles 102
part, share
noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
whole, entire, complete
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
lord, master
noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
beautiful, noble, honorable
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
power, strength, ability
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
earth
noun: 1st declension Earth 94
now
adverb Time 93
like, resembling (+dat.)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
all together
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature
verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
day
noun: 1st declension World Order 89
each (of several)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy
noun: 1st declension Time 87
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to)
verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
small, little, short
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
still, yet
adverb Time 82
give, grant, offer
verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
just as, as if
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.)
verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
body
noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
call, summon
verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
after, since, when
conjunction: subordinating Time 75
man, husband
noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
bad, wicked, cowardly
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
the other (of two); other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me
verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
take, grasp, seize; receive, get
verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
neither...nor
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
alone, single
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
see, look (to)
verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
human being
noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.)
verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush
verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
one
adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
city, city-state
noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness)
adverb Particles 60
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate
adverb Particles 59
good, virtuous, brave, noble
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί
verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
no one, nothing
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
such, of such a sort
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
big, great, powerful
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
with (+gen.); after (+acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
god, goddess
noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
in this way
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 46
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account
noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
therefore, accordingly; at any rate
adverb Particles 44
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon
verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.)
preposition Direction 42
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not
verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
from (+gen.)
preposition Direction 40
other, another
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
up, on; throughout
preposition Direction 36
you
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)]
adverb Particles 34
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
around, about; concerning (+gen.)
preposition Direction 31
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
from, out of (+gen.)
preposition Direction 29
have, hold, keep
verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
every, all; whole (with article)
noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
but
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.)
preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
if (+subj.)
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
become; be born; happen, be
verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.)
preposition Direction 22
I, we
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one.
preposition Direction 20
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.)
preposition Direction 19
into, to, towards (+acc.)
preposition Direction 18
and; τε…τε both…and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that
conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count
verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
not (with indicative verbs)
adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming)
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
who, which, that
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed
conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
in, among (+dat.)
preposition Direction 9
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
be, exist
verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.)
pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
and; but
conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and
conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases)
adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 2
the
definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list