Greek Core Vocabulary

HEADWORD DEFINITION PART OF SPEECHsort descending SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANK
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
sweet, pleasant adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
brief, short adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
heavy, grievous, tiresome adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
clear, evident adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
of copper or bronze adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
such (as this), of such a sort (as this) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
big, great, powerful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
right, just adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
my, mine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
what sort of? adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
equal, the same as (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
easy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
unjust adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
visible, clear, manifest adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
worthy, deserving adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
beloved, dear; friendly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
worthless, bad, wicked adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
like, resembling (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
common, shared, mutual adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
good, virtuous, brave, noble adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
little, small, few adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 2
beautiful, noble, honorable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
old, ancient adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
free, independent adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
small, little, short adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
useful, serviceable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
holy, venerated, divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
so large, so much adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
whole, entire, complete adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
rest, remaining, rest-of-the adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
bad, wicked, cowardly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
responsible, guilty adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
our adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
ugly, shameful, disgraceful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
strong, powerful, able adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
difficult, troublesome adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
impossible; powerless adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
wise, clever, skilled adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
upright, straight, true, regular adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
such, of such a sort adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
long, tall, large, long-lasting adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
strong adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
the other (of two); other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
both adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
alone, single adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
which of the two? πότερον whether adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
young, new, fresh adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
exact, accurate, precise adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
true adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
clear, distinct, plain adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
better (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
more, larger (comp. of πολύς) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
two adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
fifth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
second adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
nine adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
tenth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
one adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
three adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
four adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
hundred adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
ten adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
twentieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
five adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
thirty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
twenty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
thirtieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
seventh adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
six adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
fourth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
hundredth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
seven adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
eighth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
sixth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
third adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
eight adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
ninth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
there adverb Direction 373
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
up, upwards adverb Direction 316
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
when? adverb Time 519
only adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
then, next adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν) adverb Time 157
altogether, in all ways; at any rate adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
at some time, ever, in the world adverb Time 125
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness) adverb Particles 60
not (with indicative verbs) adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
simply, singly, in one way adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
thus, in this way; hither, here adverb Direction 466
equally, probably, perhaps adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
moreover; on the other hand; back (again) adverb Particles 349
in this way adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
often adverb Time 252
therefore, then (drawing an inference) adverb Particles 102
outside; except adverb Direction 371
very, very much adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from adverb Direction 330
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future) adverb Time 129
at once, immediately adverb Time 492
then, next adverb Time 255
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate adverb Particles 59
no longer, no more adverb Time 362
always adverb Time 152
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional) adverb Particles 245
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion) adverb Particles 327
more, rather adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
however; of course adverb Particles 204
here, there adverb Direction 260
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis] adverb Particles 495
back, backwards; again adverb Direction 120
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
from where, whence adverb Direction 328
therefore, accordingly; at any rate adverb Particles 44
[introduces a question] adverb Particles 480
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.) adverb Time 146
truly (emphasizes what follows) adverb Particles 243
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way adverb Particles 403
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
there adverb Direction 405
and indeed, and yet adverb Particles 352
[emphasizes preceding particle] adverb Particles 158
how? adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
otherwise adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
still, yet adverb Time 82
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation) adverb Particles 513
between adverb Direction 357
surely then (inviting assent to an inference) adverb Particles 483
now adverb Time 93
altogether, entirely adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)] adverb Particles 34
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
but conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
and not conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
and; but conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
whether…or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming) conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
and; τε…τε both…and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.) conjunction: subordinating Time 216
whenever (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
before, until conjunction: subordinating Time 359
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
just as, as if conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
where, wherever conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
even if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
until; while, so long as conjunction: subordinating Time 268
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Time 185
if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
after, since, when conjunction: subordinating Time 75
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
the definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative) interjection Particles 112
art, skill, craft noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
constitution, citizenship, republic noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
event, circumstance, misfortune noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
tongue; language noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
substance, property; essence noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
breath, life, soul noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
day noun: 1st declension World Order 89
safety, deliverance noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
pleasure, enjoyment noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
cause, origin; charge, accusation noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
battle noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
nourishment, food noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
knowledge, understanding, skill noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
necessity noun: 1st declension World Order 184
peace noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
master (of the household); absolute ruler noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
earth noun: 1st declension Earth 94
the sea noun: 1st declension Earth 214
building, house, dwelling noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
sound, voice noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
head noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
army noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
land; place noun: 1st declension Earth 188
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
difference, disagreement noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
victory noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy noun: 1st declension Time 87
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
truth noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
leader of an army, commander, general noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
danger noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
god, goddess noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
human being noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
son noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
the people, folk noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
custom, tradition, law noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
war noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
face, mask, person noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
sun noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
death noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
living being, animal noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
brother noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
the right time noun: 2nd declension Time 231
island noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
money noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
place; topic noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
lord, master noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
soldier noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
sign, signal, mark noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
slave noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
horse noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
number noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
stone noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις) noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
house, home, family noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
eye noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
mind, perception, sense noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
army noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
work, achievement, exploit noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
road, way, path noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
child noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
place, spot, district noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.) noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
river, stream noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
temple noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
disease, sickness noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
creator, poet noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
sky, heaven noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
panic, fear, flight noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
life noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
time noun: 2nd declension Time 106
king noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
old man; (pl.) ambassadors noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
horseman, rider, charioteer noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
mouth, face, opening noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
night noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
son, daughter, child; slave noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
water noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
witness noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
light, daylight noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
foot noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
name; fame noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
form, figure, appearance, character noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
fatherland noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
blood noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
hand noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
fire noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
guide, leader, commander noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
spirit, god, demon noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s) noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
body noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
hope; expectation noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
contest; struggle noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
wind, breath, spirit noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
father noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
ship noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
every, all; whole (with article) noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
all together noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
mother noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
bull, ox, cow noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
daughter noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
woman, wife noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
man, husband noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
action, transaction, business noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
arrangement, order; military unit noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
power, strength, ability noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
city, city-state noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
year noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
word, speech, tale; prophecy noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
mass, throng, crowd; number noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
mountain, hill noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
wall noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
greatness, size, magnitude noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
nation noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
part, share noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
race, family; kind, class noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
end, fulfillment, achievement noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
opposite, facing; opposing preposition Direction 163
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one. preposition Direction 20
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
from (+gen.) preposition Direction 40
in, among (+dat.) preposition Direction 9
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.) preposition Direction 19
with (+gen.); after (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
around, about; concerning (+gen.) preposition Direction 31
opposite (+gen.) preposition Direction 209
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.) preposition Direction 22
before, in front of (+gen.) preposition Time 203
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.) preposition Direction 46
up, on; throughout preposition Direction 36
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.) preposition Direction 42
from, out of (+gen.) preposition Direction 29
without (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
about, around preposition Direction 498
into, to, towards (+acc.) preposition Direction 18
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means) preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
I, we pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
the very one who, the very thing which pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
you pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
who, which, that pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
where pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
each (of two) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
each (of several) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι) verb: -μι Movement 224
send away, let go; let alone, neglect verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die verb: -μι Life and Death 279
make to stand, set verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
show, point out verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
add; (med.) join verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
give, grant, offer verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
transmit, hand over, surrender verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
mix, mingle verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
set free, release, deliver verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
call by name verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
take care of, provide for verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
equip, furnish, make ready verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
fall, fall down verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
get ready, prepare, provide verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
save verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
beget, give birth to, produce verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.) verb: -ω dental stem 200
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at) verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
fear verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
send verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
see, look (at) verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
write verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
leave, abandon verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
take, grasp, seize; receive, get verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
cut, cut down, cut to pieces verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
learn, ascertain verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
drink verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.) verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
kill verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
report, tell verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
walk, come, go verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
judge, decide, determine verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to) verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
stay, remain, endure, await verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.) verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
drive, set in motion verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
destroy; corrupt verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
to die, be dying verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
lead, carry, bring; pass (time) verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.) verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
I have come, I am present verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
pursue verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
arrange, put in order verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
die verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
flee, run away, avoid, shun verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
provide, present, offer; allow, grant verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
teach verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
take up, lift up; remove verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.) verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
find (out), discover, devise verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
have, hold, keep verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
listen (to), hear (of) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
sacrifice verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
show, declare, explain verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
talk, chatter, babble verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
set in motion, move, rouse verb: contracted Movement 172
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
finish; die verb: contracted Life and Death 365
conquer, win verb: contracted War and Peace 346
ask (for), beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
call, summon verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
do, accomplish verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.) verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
sail verb: contracted Government and Society 156
do wrong; injure verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
live verb: contracted Life and Death 189
take from, take away verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
make war verb: contracted War and Peace 459
see, look (to) verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on verb: contracted Movement 450
raise, take up; kill, destroy verb: contracted War and Peace 291
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.) verb: contracted Government and Society 298
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
help, assist (+dat.) verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
to honor verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.) verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
seek verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
inhabit, occupy verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.) verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
ask, ask one about (+double acc.) verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω) verb: deponent War and Peace 469
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
get, gain, acquire verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
fight (against) (+dat.) verb: deponent War and Peace 382
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.) verb: deponent Government and Society 104
take, accept; welcome, entertain verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι) verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
come to, arrive at verb: deponent Movement 320
follow verb: deponent Movement 301
come, go verb: deponent Movement 138
work, labor verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
perceive, understand, hear, learn verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
become; be born; happen, be verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to) verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
be, exist verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.) verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit verb: irregular Characteristics 270
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
I saw verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list