Greek Core Vocabulary

HEADWORD DEFINITION PART OF SPEECH SEMANTIC GROUP FREQUENCY RANKsort ascending
hundredth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 524
report, tell verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 523
twentieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 522
ninth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 521
eighth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 520
when? adverb Time 519
nine adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 518
thirtieth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 517
sixth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 516
eight adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 515
light, daylight noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 514
indeed, yes (used in strong affirmation) adverb Particles 513
where pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 512
seventh adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 511
of copper or bronze adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Earth 510
witness noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Law and Judgment 509
fifth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 508
six adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 507
thirty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 506
money noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 505
tell, declare; (mid. and pass.) think (about) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 504
army noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 503
word, speech, tale; prophecy noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Writing and Talking 502
victory noun: 1st declension War and Peace 501
hundred adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 500
event, circumstance, misfortune noun: 1st declension Life and Death 499
about, around preposition Direction 498
army noun: 1st declension War and Peace 497
free, independent adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 496
[enclitic added to pronouns and other particles for emphasis] adverb Particles 495
walk, come, go verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 494
tenth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 493
at once, immediately adverb Time 492
countless; μύριοι 10,000; μυριάς -άδος ἡ 10,000, a countless amount adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 491
twenty adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 490
unjust adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 489
likelihood, probability; εἰκός (ἐστι) it is likely (+infin.) →ἔοικα noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 488
master (of the household); absolute ruler noun: 1st declension Government and Society 487
have the courage, dare; undertake, undergo verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 486
seven adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 485
tongue; language noun: 1st declension Body Parts 484
surely then (inviting assent to an inference) adverb Particles 483
spirit, god, demon noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Religion 482
pursue verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 481
[introduces a question] adverb Particles 480
safety, deliverance noun: 1st declension Help and Safety 479
ask (for), beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 478
very, very much adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 477
plan (to), decide (to); (mid.) deliberate verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 476
set free, release, deliver verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 475
bright, brilliant; well-known, illustrious adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 474
help, assist (+dat.) verb: contracted Help and Safety 473
worse, inferior (comp. of κακός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 472
better, abler, stronger, braver (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 471
ten adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 470
to be taken, conquered (act. supplied by αἱρέω) verb: deponent War and Peace 469
peace noun: 1st declension War and Peace 468
ugly, shameful, disgraceful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 467
thus, in this way; hither, here adverb Direction 466
heavy, grievous, tiresome adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 465
guide, leader, commander noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 464
allied with (+dat.); οἱ σύμμαχοι allies adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 463
fear verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 462
drive, set in motion verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 461
sacrifice verb: -ω vowel stem Religion 460
make war verb: contracted War and Peace 459
ask someone (acc.) something (acc.); question, beg verb: contracted Writing and Talking 458
letter, written character; (pl.) piece of writing, document(s) noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 457
our adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 456
bull, ox, cow noun: 3rd declension irregular Animals and Plants 455
look at, watch; look into, consider, examine verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 454
do, accomplish verb: contracted Work and Leisure 453
talk, chatter, babble verb: contracted Writing and Talking 452
get ready, prepare, provide verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 451
set in motion, urge on; (intrans.) start, hasten on verb: contracted Movement 450
such (as this), of such a sort (as this) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 449
think, intend to (+infin.); be minded towards (+adv. and dat.) verb: contracted The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 448
stadion or stade, the longest Greek unit of linear measure, about 185 meters noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 447
constitution, citizenship, republic noun: 1st declension Government and Society 446
panic, fear, flight noun: 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 445
see, look (at) verb: -ω labial stem The Senses and Feelings 444
life, spirit; soul, heart, mind noun: 2nd declension Religion 443
take care of, provide for verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 442
beget, give birth to, produce verb: -ω dental stem Family and Friendship and the Home 441
a drawing, painting, writing; indictment noun: 1st declension Writing and Talking 440
hope; expectation noun: 3rd declension consonant stem The Senses and Feelings 439
will, determination; counsel, piece of advice; council of elders noun: 1st declension Government and Society 438
leave, abandon verb: -ω labial stem Movement 437
get, gain, acquire verb: deponent Taking and Giving 436
horseman, rider, charioteer noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως War and Peace 435
divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 434
nevertheless, all the same, notwithstanding adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 433
turn, direct towards a thing; put to flight, defeat; (pass.) turn one’s steps in a certain direction, go verb: -ω labial stem Movement 432
to speak against, to accuse (+gen.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 431
danger noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 430
five adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 429
separate, set apart, choοse; (mid.) answer, reply verb: -ω liquid stem Writing and Talking 428
carry; (mid. and pass) go, walk, march verb: -ω vowel stem Work and Leisure 427
altogether, in all ways; at any rate adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 426
better (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Ethics and Morals 425
escape the notice of (+acc. and nom. participle), be unknown; (mid. and pass.) forget verb: -ω liquid stem Government and Society 424
creator, poet noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 423
take up, seize; answer, reply; assume, suppose verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 422
trust in others, faith; that which gives confidence, assurance, pledge, guarantee noun: 3rd declension ι-stem The Senses and Feelings 421
weapon, tool, implement (mostly pl.) noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 420
what sort of? adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 419
useful, serviceable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 418
cut, cut down, cut to pieces verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 417
slave noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 416
learn, hear, inquire concerning (+gen.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 415
benefit, be useful or profitable to (+dat.); (impers.) συμφέρει it is of use, expedient (+infin.); τὸ συμφέρον use, profit, advantage verb: irregular Help and Safety 414
where, wherever conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 413
non-Greek, foreign; barbarous adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 412
guest-friend; foreigner, stranger noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 411
worthless, bad, wicked adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 410
throw, hurl; throw at, hit (acc.) with (dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 409
put to flight; (mid. and pass.) flee, fear verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 408
attempt, try, make a trial of (+gen.) verb: contracted Work and Leisure 407
arrangement, order; military unit noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 406
there adverb Direction 405
work, labor; stress, trouble, pain noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 404
(enclitic) somehow, in some way, in any way adverb Particles 403
destroy; corrupt verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 402
miss the mark (+gen.); fail, be wrong, make a mistake verb: -ω liquid stem Ethics and Morals 401
hinder, check, prevent (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 400
contest; struggle noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 399
hated, hateful; hostile to (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 398
equip, furnish, make ready verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 397
fourth adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 396
fall, fall down verb: -ω dental stem War and Peace 395
simply, singly, in one way adverb Measurements and Numerals 394
which of the two? πότερον whether adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 393
without (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 392
soldier noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 391
kill verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 390
take up, lift up; remove verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 389
equally, probably, perhaps adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 388
wall noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 387
to honor verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 386
loosen, unbind, set free; undo, destroy verb: -ω vowel stem War and Peace 384
to die, be dying verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 384
remind; (in pf. mid.) remember verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 383
fight (against) (+dat.) verb: deponent War and Peace 382
seize, catch up with, arrest, compel verb: -ω liquid stem War and Peace 381
child noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 380
difficult, troublesome adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 379
to be happy, rejoice at (+dat.), take joy in (+ptc.); χαῖρε, (pl.) χαίρετε hello, goodbye verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 378
perceive, understand, hear, learn verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 377
to be in awe (of), be astonished (at) verb: -ω dental stem The Senses and Feelings 376
allow, permit (+acc. and infin.); let be, let alone verb: contracted Law and Judgment 375
knowledge, understanding, skill noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 374
there adverb Direction 373
island noun: 2nd declension Earth 372
outside; except adverb Direction 371
transmit, hand over, surrender verb: -μι Taking and Giving 370
building, house, dwelling noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 369
daughter noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 368
the people, folk noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 367
mix, mingle verb: -μι Work and Leisure 366
finish; die verb: contracted Life and Death 365
stop, put an end to; (mid.) cease verb: -ω vowel stem Movement 364
old man; (pl.) ambassadors noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 363
no longer, no more adverb Time 362
leader of an army, commander, general noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 361
do wrong; injure verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 360
before, until conjunction: subordinating Time 359
belong to, have to do with; be fitting for (+dat.); arrive at; οἱ προσήκοντες relatives; τὰ προσήκoντα duties verb: -ω palatal stem Ethics and Morals 358
between adverb Direction 357
honor, esteem; price, value; office, magistracy noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 356
thought, intelligence, opinion, purpose noun: 1st declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 355
more, larger (comp. of πολύς) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 354
more, rather adverb Measurements and Numerals 353
and indeed, and yet adverb Particles 352
sharp, keen, shrill, pungent adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 351
fatherland noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 350
moreover; on the other hand; back (again) adverb Particles 349
temple noun: 2nd declension Religion 348
agree with, say the same thing as (+dat.) verb: contracted Law and Judgment 347
conquer, win verb: contracted War and Peace 346
wise, clever, skilled adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 345
clear, distinct, plain adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Showing and Finding 344
action, transaction, business noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Work and Leisure 343
otherwise adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 342
send away, let go; let alone, neglect verb: -μι Taking and Giving 341
old, ancient adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 340
stone noun: 2nd declension Earth 339
disease, sickness noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 338
sweet, pleasant adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 337
place, spot, district noun: 2nd declension Earth 336
justice, lawsuit, trial, penalty noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 335
truth noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 334
strong adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 333
brief, short adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 332
stronger, mightier; better, more excellent (comp. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 331
separately, apart; (+gen.) without, separate from adverb Direction 330
mouth, face, opening noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 329
from where, whence adverb Direction 328
(enclitic) somewhere; I suppose, perhaps (to qualify an assertion) adverb Particles 327
exact, accurate, precise adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Measurements and Numerals 326
impossible; powerless adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 325
nourish, feed, support, maintain; rear, educate verb: -ω labial stem Life and Death 324
battle noun: 1st declension War and Peace 323
work, labor verb: deponent Work and Leisure 322
sufficient, enough; competent, able to (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Help and Safety 321
come to, arrive at verb: deponent Movement 320
take, accept; welcome, entertain verb: deponent Family and Friendship and the Home 319
eye noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 318
arrange, put in order verb: -ω palatal stem Government and Society 317
up, upwards adverb Direction 316
teach verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 315
trust, rely on, believe in (+dat.) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 314
face, mask, person noun: 2nd declension Body Parts 313
clear, evident adjective: 1st and 2nd declension The Senses and Feelings 312
luck, fortune (good or bad), fate, chance noun: 1st declension Life and Death 311
take from, take away verb: contracted Taking and Giving 310
easy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 309
best, noblest (superl. of ἀγαθός) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 308
house, home, family noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 307
strong, powerful, able adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 306
four adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 305
(prep.) except (+gen.); (conj.) except that, unless, but preposition Prepositions without Direction 304
mountain, hill noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Earth 303
less, weaker (comp. of κακός or μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Characteristics 302
follow verb: deponent Movement 301
sky, heaven noun: 2nd declension World Order 300
the (common) people; country district (opp. πόλις) noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 299
be victorious, conquer, rule, surpass, excel (+gen.) verb: contracted Government and Society 298
difference, disagreement noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 297
awesome, terrible; clever, clever at (+infin.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 296
mother noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 295
pleasure, enjoyment noun: 1st declension Work and Leisure 294
I have come, I am present verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 293
long, tall, large, long-lasting adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 292
raise, take up; kill, destroy verb: contracted War and Peace 291
judge, decide, determine verb: -ω liquid stem Law and Judgment 290
well (opp. κακῶς); thoroughly, competently; happily, fortunately adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 289
altogether, entirely adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 288
die verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 287
stay, remain, endure, await verb: -ω liquid stem Movement 286
mind, perception, sense noun: 2nd declension The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 285
give back; render; allow; (mid.) sell verb: -μι Taking and Giving 284
nation noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 283
road, way, path noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 282
night noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 281
death noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 280
kill, destroy; (mid.) perish, die verb: -μι Life and Death 279
on account of, for the sake of (+gen.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 278
sound, voice noun: 1st declension The Senses and Feelings 277
send verb: -ω labial stem Movement 276
save verb: -ω dental stem Help and Safety 275
thing, matter; (more commonly in pl.) goods or property, esp. money noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Government and Society 274
art, skill, craft noun: 1st declension Government and Society 273
set down, establish; bring into a certain state, render verb: -μι Work and Leisure 272
even if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 271
be like, look like (+dat.); seem; befit verb: irregular Characteristics 270
young, new, fresh adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 269
until; while, so long as conjunction: subordinating Time 268
consider worthy; require, demand, ask, claim verb: contracted Ethics and Morals 267
add; (med.) join verb: -μι Taking and Giving 266
take, grasp, take by force; (mid.) choose verb: contracted Taking and Giving 265
blood noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 264
order; ornament, decoration, adornment; world, universe noun: 2nd declension World Order 263
horse noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 262
flee, run away, avoid, shun verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 261
here, there adverb Direction 260
learn, ascertain verb: -ω liquid stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 259
nourishment, food noun: 1st declension Life and Death 258
form, figure, appearance, character noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Measurements and Numerals 257
seek verb: contracted Showing and Finding 256
then, next adverb Time 255
splendor, honor, glory; favor, goodwill, gratitude, thanks noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Ethics and Morals 254
drink verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 253
often adverb Time 252
to lie, be situated, be laid up in store, be set up, be established or ordained (used as pf. pass. of τίθημι) verb: deponent Work and Leisure 251
whether…or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 250
greatness, size, magnitude noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 249
brother noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 248
ask, ask one about (+double acc.) verb: deponent Writing and Talking 247
hostile; οἱ πολέμιοι the enemy adjective: 1st and 2nd declension War and Peace 246
therefore, accordingly (inferential); further, moreover (transitional) adverb Particles 245
visible, clear, manifest adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Showing and Finding 244
truly (emphasizes what follows) adverb Particles 243
worthy, deserving adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 242
lead, be the leader; regard, believe, think verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 241
end, fulfillment, achievement noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Life and Death 240
order, bid, command (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω vowel stem Law and Judgment 239
domestic, of the house; one’s own; fitting, suitable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 238
show, declare, explain verb: contracted Showing and Finding 237
each (of two) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 236
provide, present, offer; allow, grant verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 235
sign, signal, mark noun: 2nd declension Showing and Finding 234
both adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 233
inhabit, occupy verb: contracted Family and Friendship and the Home 232
the right time noun: 2nd declension Time 231
watch, guard, defend; (mid.) be on one’s guard against (+acc.) verb: -ω palatal stem War and Peace 230
coming after, following (+gen.); next, later; (adv.) ὕστερον afterwards adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Direction 229
number noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 228
substance, property; essence noun: 1st declension Family and Friendship and the Home 227
river, stream noun: 2nd declension Earth 226
quick, fast; (adv.) τάχα quickly; perhaps adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Characteristics 225
I will go (fut. of ἔρχομαι) verb: -μι Movement 224
straight, direct; (adv.) immediately adjective: -ύς, -εῖα, -ύ Measurements and Numerals 223
holy, venerated, divine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Religion 222
foot noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 221
smaller, less, fewer (comp. of μικρός) adjective: 3rd declension -ων, -ον Measurements and Numerals 220
fire noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 219
head noun: 1st declension Body Parts 218
opinion, judgment; reputation, honor, glory noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 217
until; (prep.) as far as, up to (+gen.) conjunction: subordinating Time 216
carry in different ways, spread; differ; (impers.) διαφέρει it makes a difference to (+dat.) verb: -ω liquid stem Work and Leisure 215
the sea noun: 1st declension Earth 214
upright, straight, true, regular adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 213
wind, breath, spirit noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Earth 212
third adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 211
ship noun: 3rd declension irregular Work and Leisure 210
opposite (+gen.) preposition Direction 209
year noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Time 208
your, yours (pl.; σός = sg.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 206
goodness, excellence; virtue; valor, bravery noun: 1st declension Ethics and Morals 206
call by name verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 204
however; of course adverb Particles 204
before, in front of (+gen.) preposition Time 203
incident, accident, misfortune, experience; passion, emotion; state, condition noun: 3rd declension σ-stem The Senses and Feelings 202
circle, ring, orb, disc, circular motion noun: 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 201
think, believe that (+acc. and infin.); hold as a custom, be accustomed to (+infin.) verb: -ω dental stem 200
life noun: 2nd declension Life and Death 199
three adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 198
how, as; so that, in order that (+subj. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 197
form, shape, figure; class, kind, sort noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 196
most, greatest, largest (superl. of πολύς) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 195
be present, be ready or at hand; (impers.) πάρεστί μοι it depends on me, it is in my power; τὰ παρόντα the present circumstances; τὸ παρόν just now verb: irregular Humanity and Being 194
persuade, win over; (mid. and pass.) obey, believe in, trust in (+dat.) verb: -ω dental stem Writing and Talking 193
cause, origin; charge, accusation noun: 1st declension Law and Judgment 192
sun noun: 2nd declension World Order 191
mass, throng, crowd; number noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Government and Society 190
live verb: contracted Life and Death 189
land; place noun: 1st declension Earth 188
war noun: 2nd declension War and Peace 187
second adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 186
when, whenever (+indic. or opt.) conjunction: subordinating Time 185
necessity noun: 1st declension World Order 184
rest, remaining, rest-of-the adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 183
(+infin.) wish (to); be willing (to) verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 182
(+infin.) think of doing, intend to, be about to verb: -ω liquid stem The Senses and Feelings 181
right, just adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 180
true adjective: 3rd declension -ης, -ες Ethics and Morals 179
then, next adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 178
with (+ dat. of accompaniment or means) preposition Prepositions without Direction 177
so large, so much adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 176
the very one who, the very thing which pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 175
how? adverb Pronouns/Interrogatives 174
suffer, experience, be affected in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω palatal stem Life and Death 173
set in motion, move, rouse verb: contracted Movement 172
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.) verb: deponent The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 171
common, shared, mutual adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Government and Society 170
custom, tradition, law noun: 2nd declension Law and Judgment 169
little, small, few adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 168
and not conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 167
hand noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 166
I saw verb: irregular The Senses and Feelings 165
to put, place; establish, ordain, institute; put in a certain state verb: -μι Work and Leisure 164
opposite, facing; opposing preposition Direction 163
thing; (pl.) circumstances, affairs, business noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Work and Leisure 162
living being, animal noun: 2nd declension Animals and Plants 161
show, point out verb: -μι Showing and Finding 160
it is necessary, it is fated, one ought (+infin. or +acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 159
[emphasizes preceding particle] adverb Particles 158
then, at that time; οἱ τότε the men of that time (opp. οἱ νῦν) adverb Time 157
sail verb: contracted Government and Society 156
work, achievement, exploit noun: 2nd declension Work and Leisure 155
meet, come to an agreement, correspond; happen, occur, come to pass; turn out in a certain way (+adv.), result verb: -ω liquid stem Family and Friendship and the Home 154
beloved, dear; friendly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 153
always adverb Time 152
(oblique cases plural only) one another, each other pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 151
middle, in the middle, moderate; τὸ μέσον midst adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 150
neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 149
way, manner, fashion; way of life, habit, custom noun: 2nd declension Characteristics 148
lead, carry, bring; pass (time) verb: -ω palatal stem Movement 147
at the same time; (prep.) together with (+dat.) adverb Time 146
make to stand, set verb: -μι Work and Leisure 145
hit, light upon, meet by chance (+gen.); reach, gain, obtain; happen to be (+ptc.) verb: -ω liquid stem Humanity and Being 144
come to know, learn; judge, think, or determine that (+acc. and infin.) verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 143
your, yours (sg.; ὑμέτερος = pl.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 142
one’s own; peculiar, separate, distinct adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 141
water noun: 3rd declension consonant stem World Order 140
son noun: 2nd declension Family and Friendship and the Home 139
come, go verb: deponent Movement 138
son, daughter, child; slave noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Family and Friendship and the Home 137
find (out), discover, devise verb: -ω palatal stem Showing and Finding 136
first, foremost, earliest; (adv.) τὸ πρῶτον in the first place adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 135
do, achieve, accomplish; do or fare in a certain way (+adv.) verb: -ω dental stem Work and Leisure 134
place; topic noun: 2nd declension Earth 133
race, family; kind, class noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Family and Friendship and the Home 132
listen (to), hear (of) verb: -ω vowel stem The Senses and Feelings 131
father noun: 3rd declension irregular Family and Friendship and the Home 130
already, now (of the immediate past); presently (of the immediate future) adverb Time 129
for (+gen), beyond (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 128
name; fame noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Writing and Talking 127
in order that (conj. +subj. or opt.); where (rel. adv. +indic.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 126
at some time, ever, in the world adverb Time 125
woman, wife noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 124
begin (+gen.); lead, rule, govern (+gen.) verb: -ω palatal stem Time 123
exist, be, belong to; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα existing circumstances verb: -ω palatal stem Humanity and Being 122
most, most of all; (in replies) certainly adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 121
back, backwards; again adverb Direction 120
responsible, guilty adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Law and Judgment 119
no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 118
breath, life, soul noun: 1st declension Humanity and Being 117
carry, bring, fetch; carry off or away; φέρε come now, well verb: irregular Work and Leisure 116
write verb: -ω labial stem Writing and Talking 115
bring to light, make appear, make clear; (pass.) come to light, be seen, appear, appear to be (+ptc. or infin.) verb: -ω liquid stem Showing and Finding 114
(+infin.) will, wish (to); be willing (to); ὁ βουλόμενος anyone who likes verb: deponent The Senses and Feelings 113
oh! (unemphatic when with the vocative) interjection Particles 112
king noun: 3rd declension -εύς, -έως Government and Society 111
to know (pf. in pres. sense); to know how to (+infin.) verb: irregular The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 110
only adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 109
whenever (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 108
equal, the same as (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 107
time noun: 2nd declension Time 106
two adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 105
use, experience, suffer (+dat.); treat someone in a certain way (+dat. and adv.) verb: deponent Government and Society 104
my, mine adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 103
therefore, then (drawing an inference) adverb Particles 102
part, share noun: 3rd declension σ-stem Measurements and Numerals 101
whole, entire, complete adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 100
this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 99
more, rather; μᾶλλον...ἤ rather than adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 98
lord, master noun: 2nd declension Government and Society 97
beautiful, noble, honorable adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 96
power, strength, ability noun: 3rd declension ι-stem War and Peace 95
earth noun: 1st declension Earth 94
now adverb Time 93
like, resembling (+dat.) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 92
all together noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 91
bring forth, produce, beget; 2 aor. ἔφυν grew, pf. πέφυκα be by nature verb: -ω vowel stem World Order 90
day noun: 1st declension World Order 89
each (of several) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 88
beginning, origin; rule, empire, realm; magistracy noun: 1st declension Time 87
(introducing natural or actual result clause) so as, so that, (with the result) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 86
(+infin.) to be able (to), be strong enough (to) verb: impersonal Work and Leisure 85
small, little, short adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 84
nature; (of the mind) one’s nature or disposition; regular order of nature noun: 3rd declension ι-stem World Order 83
still, yet adverb Time 82
give, grant, offer verb: -μι Taking and Giving 81
just as, as if conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 80
it is necessary, one must, one ought (+acc. and infin.) verb: impersonal Ethics and Morals 79
body noun: 3rd declension consonant stem Body Parts 78
call, summon verb: contracted Writing and Talking 77
however much; as great as; (in pl.) as many as; ὅσον (adv.) as much as adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 76
after, since, when conjunction: subordinating Time 75
man, husband noun: 3rd declension irregular Humanity and Being 74
bad, wicked, cowardly adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Characteristics 73
the other (of two); other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 72
think, suppose, imagine (+acc. and infin.); seem, seem good; (impers.) δοκεῖ μοι it seems to me verb: -ω palatal stem The Mind, Perceiving and Learning 71
take, grasp, seize; receive, get verb: -ω liquid stem Taking and Giving 70
such as, of what sort, like, (exclam.) what a!, how! ; οἷός τε (+infin.) fit or able to; οἷόν τε (+infin.) it is possible to adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 69
neither...nor conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 68
alone, single adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 67
see, look (to) verb: contracted The Senses and Feelings 66
human being noun: 2nd declension Humanity and Being 65
lack, miss, stand in need of (+gen.) verb: contracted Taking and Giving 64
put in motion, let go, shoot; (mid.) hasten, rush verb: -μι Work and Leisure 63
one adjective: numeral Measurements and Numerals 62
city, city-state noun: 3rd declension ι-stem Government and Society 61
surely, really, now, in fact, indeed (gives greater exactness) adverb Particles 60
(enclitic) indeed; at least, at any rate adverb Particles 59
good, virtuous, brave, noble adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Ethics and Morals 58
I said, I spoke, 2 aor. → λέγω, φημί verb: irregular Writing and Talking 57
no one, nothing pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 56
such, of such a sort adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 55
that person or thing; ἐκεῖνος…οὗτος the former…the latter pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 54
and not, but not, nor; οὐδέ...οὐδέ not even...nor yet conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 53
big, great, powerful adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Measurements and Numerals 52
him- her- itself (reflexive pron.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 51
with (+gen.); after (+acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 50
god, goddess noun: 2nd declension Religion 49
before, earlier; τὸ πρότερον previously, before adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Time 48
in this way adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 47
from (+gen.); beside (+dat.); to, to the side of, contrary to (+acc.) preposition Direction 46
word, speech, discourse; thought, reason, account noun: 2nd declension Writing and Talking 45
therefore, accordingly; at any rate adverb Particles 44
make, produce, cause, do; (mid.) consider, reckon verb: contracted Work and Leisure 43
under (+gen., dat.); by (+gen. of personal agent); down under (+acc.) preposition Direction 42
say, assert, declare; οὐ φημί deny, refuse, say that...not verb: -μι Writing and Talking 41
from (+gen.) preposition Direction 40
other, another adjective: 1st and 2nd declension Pronouns/Interrogatives 39
if (+indic. or opt.); εἴπερ if indeed conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 38
because, that; (with superl.) as...as possible conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 37
up, on; throughout preposition Direction 36
you pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 35
[marks verbs as potential (with optative), or generalizing (with subjunctive)] adverb Particles 34
anyone who, anything which; (in indir. quest.) who, which, what pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 33
not (marks the negative as subjective or conditional); εἰ μή if not, except conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 32
around, about; concerning (+gen.) preposition Direction 31
much, many; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ for the most part noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 30
from, out of (+gen.) preposition Direction 29
have, hold, keep verb: -ω palatal stem Taking and Giving 28
every, all; whole (with article) noun: 3rd declension irregular Measurements and Numerals 27
but conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 26
through, during, because of (+gen., acc.) preposition Prepositions without Direction 25
if (+subj.) conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 24
become; be born; happen, be verb: deponent Humanity and Being 23
from the side of, in the presence of (+gen.); near, at, in addition to (+dat.); to, towards, in relation to (+acc.) preposition Direction 22
I, we pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 21
down, down (from or along), throughout, according to; κατὰ γῆν by land; κατὰ φύσιν in accordance with nature; κατ’ ἔθνη by nations; καθ᾿ἕνα one by one. preposition Direction 20
at (+gen.); on (+dat.); on to, against (+acc.) preposition Direction 19
into, to, towards (+acc.) preposition Direction 18
and; τε…τε both…and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 17
as, since; (introducing purpose clause) so that (+subj./opt.); (introducing indir. statement) that conjunction: subordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 16
say, speak (of), recount; pick up, collect, count verb: -ω palatal stem Writing and Talking 15
not (with indicative verbs) adverb Conjunctions/Adverbs 14
for (explanatory), indeed, in fact (confirming) conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 13
who, which, that pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 12
someone, something, anyone, anything, some, any (enclitic indef. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 11
on the one hand...on the other hand (often untranslated); μέν (by itself) indeed conjunction: coordinating Particles 10
in, among (+dat.) preposition Direction 9
or; than (after a comparative); ἤ...ἤ either...or conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 8
this, these; μετὰ ταῦτα after this pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 7
be, exist verb: irregular Humanity and Being 6
who? what? which? (interrog. pron./adj.) pronoun Pronouns/Interrogatives 5
and; but conjunction: coordinating Particles 4
and, also, even; καί...καί both...and conjunction: coordinating Conjunctions/Adverbs 3
him- her- itself etc. (for emphasis); the same (with article); (pron.) him, her, it etc. (in oblique cases) adjective: 1st and 2nd declension 2
the definite article Pronouns/Interrogatives 1
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Citation

Francese, Christopher. Greek Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014). http://dcc.dickinson.edu/greek-core-list