A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

COMPLEX SENTENCES/ Word Order

676. Certain requirements of position for certain words and meanings have been described above--the attributive and predicate positions (552, 555, 556), the special rule for ὅδε, οὗτοs, ἐκεῖνος, etc. (553, 554 and a), the meanings of αὐτός according to its position (199), the fact that many words are postpositive (665-673), and that some particles throw their force on the preceding word (as μέν, δέ, γε, γοῦν, δή) while others throw their force on what follows (as καί, οὐδέ, μήν). Also, as in English, a preposition usually precedes its noun, a conjunction begins its clause, any word that looks back to a preceding clause is likely to stand near the beginning, any word that looks forward to the next clause is likely to stand near the end. These general requirements, and the necessity for clearness of syntax, take precedence of all other principles.

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