A School Grammar of Attic Greek

Thomas Dwight Goodell

COMPLEX SENTENCES/ Other Relative Clauses

620. Like Ὅς and Ὅστις Clauses, in construction and in the use of modes, are Clauses introduced by the other Relative Pronouns, ὅ, ὅσος, οἶος, ἡλίκος, ὁπόσος, ὁποῖος, ὁπηλίκος, ὁπότερος (227), or by the Relative Adverbs οὗ, ὅθεν, οἷ, ῃ̃̔, ὅπου, ὁπόθεν, ὅποι, ὅπῃ, or by ἔνθα, ἔνθεν, when these are relative (236):

Δεῦρό μοι φώνει βλέπων ὅσʼ ἄν σʼ ἐρωτῶ.
Look this way and answer whatever I ask you.
Soph. Oedipus the King 1122


σὺν ῡ̔μῖν μὲν ἂν οἶμαι εἶναι τῑ́μιος ὅπου ἂν ὦ.
With you I think I shοuld be in honor wherever I am.
Xen. Anabasis 1.3.6


Ὅσων ψαύοιμι πάντων τῶνδʼ ἀεὶ μετειχέτην.
All that I touched, this they always both shared.
Soph. Oedipus the King 1464-1465


ὅπου μὲν στρατηγὸς σῶς εἴη, τὸν στρατηγὸν παρεκάλουν, ὁπόθεν δὲ οἴχοιτο, τὸν ὑποστράτηγον.
Wherever a general was safe, they invited the general, and from whatever division he was gone, the second in command.
Xen. Anabasis 3.1.32


Ἐν τῇ Κῡ́ρου ἀρχῇ ἐγένετο ἀδεῶς πορεύεσθαι ὅπῃ τις ἤθελεν.
In Cyrusʼs province it became possible to travel fearlessly wherever one wished.
Xen. Anabasis 1.9.13


κρύψω τόδʼ ἔγχος ἔνθα μή τις ὄψεται.
I will hide this sword where none shall see it.
Soph. Ajax 658-659


a. Ὅσος and οἷος are often exclamatory, with no antecedent expressed; the clause then has the form of a simple sentence. ἡλίκος and other relatives are sometimes so used:

Ὅσος παρʼ ῡ̔μῖν ὁ φθόνος φυλάσσεται
How great the envy that is stored with you!
Soph. Oedipus the King 382


οἷόν μʼ ἀκούσαντʼ ἀρτίως ἔχει ψῡχῆς πλάνημα.
What wandering of soul, at hearing this just now, possesses me!
Soph. Oedipus the King 725-726


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